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Unit9_can_you_come_to_my_party

发布时间:2013-12-31 11:41:09  

Unit 9Can you come to my party?

【知识梳理】

重点短语

1. come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会 2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午

3. study for a test 为测验而学习 4. go to the doctor=see a doctor 去看医生

5. have/take a piano/guitar lesson上一堂钢琴(吉他)课 6. much too 太,过于

7. too much 太多 8. a birthday party 生日聚

9. soccer practice 足球训练 10. look for 寻找

11. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明 12. be (go) on vacation 度假

13. join sb. 加入某人(的行列) 14. a football match 足球比赛

15. keep quiet 保持安静(keep+形容词“保持某状态”)

keep+ (sb.) +doing 使 (某人) 不停地做某事” keep sth. 保存某物,饲养某物 16. a culture club 文化俱乐部

17. “给某人打电话”的几种说法:

call sb.( up), phone sb.(up), phone to sb., telephone sb.(up),

telephone to sb., ring sb.(up), give sb. a ring, give sb. a phone, make a telephone (call) to sb.

18. have to 不得不,必须 19. the day after tomorrow 后天 20. a science report 科学报告 重要句型【邀请用语】

1. Can you come to my party?

= Would you like to come to my party?

肯定回答:Sure, I'd love to.

否定回答:I'm sorry. I can't. I have to do my homework.

2. Maybe another time.

3. Thanks for asking (inviting). 谢谢邀请。

问星期 What is today? It is Monday?

What day is it today? It is Monday.

重要语法:

1.情态动词can / have to/ need/ must (较难点)

can 是能不能,能够做某事;

have to, 不得不,强调客观上的原因迫使不得不去做某事;

need 有没有必要,需不需要做某事;must 是必须做某事,具有强制性的意味。

2.时间状语前的介词的复习:星期、具体日期、具体某一天的早上、下午、晚上用on; On Sunday, on October 4th, on Monday morning/ afternoon/ evening, on a cold night? 年份、 月份、季节,在早上、下午、晚上用in.

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In 1999, in November, in the morning/ afternoon/ evening, in summer ?

复习时间介词:in .on . at. for 用法:

in+ 世纪、年、月份 on+ 日期、具体日期的(上、下、晚)、包含特定形容词的(上、下、晚) at+ 时刻 for+ 时间段(强调句子谓语动词的持续性、不间断性)

例: Mr Smith walked into an old city in Beijing ______ a cold morning .

The doctor often tells children to sleep______ eight hours at night.

When did your mom arrive in Beijing ,Jim? ______ half past six

注意:有了this , that, next , yesterday, tomorrow, 这些词时无介词。

This Monday, that afternoon, yesterday morning, tomorrow afternoon, next summer?.

3. too much,太多,修饰不可数名词,too many, 修饰可数名词;

much too, 太,后接形容词

4. whole adj 整个的;全部的;完整的 all 全部的

(1)在单数名词前多用whole ,在复数名词前多用all.

the whole school 整个学校 all the students 所有的学生

(2)all 可以修饰不可数名词, whole 一般不修饰不可数名词

all the money 所有的钱all the food 所有的食品

(3 ) 在表示时间的名词前既可以用whole 也可能用all 但要注意其结构不同

all the month = the whole month He’s jumping and singing the whole day .

He looked at the whole school ,but he couldn’t find it anywhere.

5.bring , take, carry

Bring 带来,拿来 Please ask your father to bring you here in August.

Take 带去,拿去 Remember to take your books when you leave.

Carry“随身携带”,搬,抗,拿,提,带等

I never carry much money. She carried her baby in her arms

6. I have to help my parents. 我必须帮助我的父母亲。

Have to +v原 ''不得不//必须、'' must+v原 ''必须'' .二者比较如下:

① have to有人称和数的变化,即第三人称单数用has to,其他人称用have to;

而must没有人称或数的变化。

例:He has to go there to visit his aunt.他不得不去那里拜访他的姑姑。

② have to有时态的变化,must没有。

例:He had to study late for the math test.他不得不为数学测试而学到很晚。

③ have to强调客观上“不得不”做某事;(非本身愿意) must指主观上“必须”做某事 (本身愿

意) 例:We must study hard.我们一定要努力学习。

主语We本身愿意 Students have to do so much homework every night.

主语students不愿意写这么多作业

7. What a small party ! 多小型的一个聚会啊。 语法小解:感叹句

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① 感叹句: 指表达喜怒哀乐等强烈感情的句子。一般可译为汉语的: ''........啊;........呀'' ② 构成:主要由what 和how 来引导。

初中阶段感叹句的基本句型如下:

What + a/an+adj+ 可数名词单数 +(主+谓)

What感叹句: What +adj+ 可数名词复数+(主+谓)

what修饰的中心词

What +adj+ 不可数名词 +(主+谓) 是 名词

How感叹句:How +adj/adv+(主+谓)

How 修饰adj//adv 易考点+易错点:

① 感叹句引导词(what和how)的选择;

② what感叹句中,因为对不可数名词的把握不清,所以极容易根据汉语思维选成what a /an.

8. I'm really busy this week. 这个星期我真的很忙。

be busy with+n 忙于某事 Betty is busy with her homework.

be busy +doing sth 忙于做某事 = Betty is busy______ (do) her homework.

9 class与lesson 区别:

① 在着重指“课时”时,可互换使用。 We have four English classes/lessons every week. ② 表示班级、课堂、课堂活动时只能用class

Don't talk in class. There are fifteen classes in our school, and I'm in Class 8.

③ 表示课、第几课、科目、功课时只能用lesson. We study Chinese,Maths,English and other lessons. There are 12 lessons in this book and Lesson Two is a little difficult.

10. another////other///others 比较:

Another. Adj. ''另一...///再一...'' another+可数名词单数 Other. Adj. ''其他的、、、///'' other+ 可数名词复数 Others. 代词. ''其他人///'' others 后不加名词

例 ① Did you meet______ people in the library just now?

② Some boys are playing soccer and ______ are watching them.

③ -Sir, this watch doesn't work .Can you show me______ one? -Sure. Wait please.

11. 复习 月份类、星期类、常见序数词

月份类: 一月 January 二月 February三月 March四月 April五月 May六月 June 七月 July八月 August九月 September十月 October十一月 November十二月 December

星期类: 星期一:Monday 星期二:Tuesday 星期三:Wednesday 星期四:Thursday

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星期五:Friday 星期六:Saturday 星期天:Sunday

友情提示: The first day of a week is Sunday. 英语中,一周的第一天是Sunday,而非 Monday. 对星期提问: What day is (it) today ? 今天是星期几? It's Tuesday today.\

对日期提问:What's the date today ? 今天是几月几号? It's September 10th.

对日期和星期同时提问:What's today? 今天是什么日子? It's Monday the 14th.

填空练习

① ─星期六你能来我的聚会吗?

─____ you _____ to my party on Saturday?

─当然,我乐意来。Sure. ____ _____ _____.

─对不起,我必须为数学考试而学习。

Sorry, I _____ _____ _____ a math test.

② ─ 明天晚上你能去看影剧院吗?

─ _____ you ____ to the movie ___________ night?

─当然可以,听起来很棒。

─ ______, that _______ ________.

─ 恐怕不行,我得了流感。

─ I’m ______ not. I have the ______.

③ ─ 他能去聚会吗?

─ _____ he ______ to the party

─ 不能。他必须帮助他的父母亲。

─ No, he ____. He _____ to help his parents.

④ ─ 她能参加棒球比赛吗?

─ ____ she go to the baseball _______?

─ 不,她没有空。她必须去看医生。

─ No, she’s _______ ________. She ______ to ____ to the ______.

⑤ ─ 他们能去看电影吗?

─ _____ they____ to the _______?

─ 不,他们没有空。他们可能必须去见朋友。

─ No, they’re not __________. They _____ ______ ____ meet their ________. 如何表达邀请与答复别人的邀请:

1. can 用于表示 “____________”,如: 汤姆会骑马。 ___________________

2. “Can you??”表达 “______________”, 答语:同意用____________________. 不同意用________________】. 如:恐怕不行,我要去探望我的姑姑。 _________________________

【课文解析】

1.Invitation n.邀请,请帖

invitation为名词,意为“邀请,请帖”。其动词形式是invite,意为“邀请”。

They invited us to come and live with them.他们邀请我们来和他们同住。

The Smiths invited us to dinner.史密斯一家邀请我们去吃饭。

Thanks for your invitation!谢谢你的邀请1

2·Jenny,can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?珍妮,你能来参加我星期六下午的聚会吗? 4

这是一个婉转请求对方去做某事的句型。情态动词can此处用来提出邀请。

Can you go shopping with me? Can you go to the movies this evening?

[辨析] can与could

Can为情态动词,可表示邀请或请求。用could时语气更委婉。其肯定答语一般为

Sure,I’d love to;否定答语中可用Sorry代替No,以示礼貌,即Sorry.I can't.

一Can you help me with my English?你能帮我学英语吗?

一Sure,I’d love to. /Sony, I can't.I'm a little ill.当然,我很乐意。我很抱歉,我有点病了。

3.I’d love to.我愿意。 I’d love to是I would love to的缩略形式。

常用来回答对方客气的邀请,也可以用I'd like to来表示,意为“我很愿意”。

—Would you love to go to the movies with me? 你愿意和我一起去看电影吗?

一Yes,I'd love to.是的,我很愿意。

—Can you come to my birthday party?你能来参加我的生日聚会吗?

—Sure,I’d love/like to.当然,我很愿意。

4. How about.……怎么样 。

How about...=What about...用来征求意见或询问消息,意为“……怎么样?/……好不好?”。 How/What about you?意为“你呢?”。

How about going to the park?去公园怎么样? How about playing football?踢足球好不好?

5. too much意为“太多”,用来修饰不可数名词。

There is too much dirty water in the lake.湖里的脏水太多了。

The boy eats too much meat.so he is fat.这男孩吃肉太多,因此他很胖。

6.Thanks for asking.多谢邀请。这是对别人提出邀请的礼貌性答语。

thanks是名词,其含义相当于thank you;for是介词,表示原因,其后接名词、代词或动名词。 Thanks for telling me about her.谢谢你把她的情况告诉我。

thanks为名词,常用于口语中,语气较随和。Thanks a lot./any thanks.语气轻于Thank you very much。

7.play soccer踢足球

play soccer意为“踢足球”,play后接表示体育运动项目的名词时,名词前不加冠词。 play basketball打篮球 play volleyball打排球

play tennis打网球 p1ay baseball打棒球 play football踢足球

表示“弹(奏)”某种乐器时,乐器名词前必须用定冠词the。

Play the piano弹钢琴 play the guitar弹吉他 play the accordion拉手风琴

8.Whom pron.谁

whom是who的宾格,在句中作宾语。

The girl with whom Jim is talking is my sister.=The girl(whom)Jim is talking with is my sister.正在和吉姆讲话的那位姑娘是我妹妹。 、

I met Jim.whom I told news to.我遇见了吉姆,并把那个消息告诉了他。

[辨析]whom与who

whom作疑问代词时,口语中常用who代替;但当其前有介词时,不能用who,只能用whom。 With' whom are you going?你要同谁去?(不能用who)

9.Come and have fun!来开心吧!

have fun意为“过得愉快,玩得高兴”,与have a good/great/nice time及enjoy oneself同义,都可以接动名词表示“高高兴兴地做某事/愉快地做某事”。

We had fun/had a great/nice time/enjoyed ourselves singing and dancing at the party.在晚会上我们高兴地唱歌、跳舞。(在晚会上我们又唱又跳,非常开心。)

10.join v.参加

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join用作及物动词,意为“参加,加入(某一团体或组织)”。

My father joined the Party in 1993.我爸爸1993年入党。

My brother joined the football club.我弟弟参加了足球俱乐部。

join与介词in或for连用,表示和某人一起做某事。

Can you join us in the game?和我们一起做游戏好吗?

I’d like to join you for tea.我想和你们一起喝茶。 11.一What's today?——今天什么日子?

一It’s Monday the 14th.——今天星期一,14号。

What's today?既询问星期也询问日期。答语为:It's+星期+日期。

What's the date today?今天是几号?此句型询问日期。答语为:It's+日期。

12.a lot很,非常,f分

a lot相当于副词,表示“十分,很”,常用来修饰形容词或副词的比较级。

Thanks a lot.非常感谢。

This picture is a lot more interesting than that one.这幅画比那幅有趣。

13.Please call me after the vacation.请似期后给我打电话。

call sb.意为“给某人打电话”。还可用:telephone/phone sb./ring sb.up,make/give a telephone call to sb.来表示。

I made/gave a telephone call to you,but there was no reply.我给你打过电话。但没人接。

14.Write replies to the invitation, ms.给邀请函写回信。

Reply v.&n回答,答复

Have you had a reply to your letter?您收到回信了吗?

Should I reply to his letter?我要回他的信吗?

He replied that he knew nothing about it.他回答说,他对此事一无所知。

[辨析】answer与reply

answer和reply都可以表示“答复”,但接名词或代词作宾语时,reply后必须加to,而answer后则不加to;且reply 指经过考虑一一答复,answer只表示一般的“应答”。

I didn't answer Too.but I replied to Mike.我没有答复汤姆,但答复了迈克。

15.match n.比赛

match为名词,意为“比赛,竞赛”,有双方参与,多指网球、足球、高尔夫球等体育运动项目的比赛,常指比较正规的大型比赛。

There will be a tennis match this afternoon.今天下午有一场网球比赛。

[辨析]game与match

game(美式英语),指“比赛”,也可用以指比赛中的局、场次;match(英式英语),专指tennis网球,wrestling摔跤,boxing拳击等“比赛”。

Though we lost the first two games,we managed to win the match at last.尽管我们翰了前两场,但最终还是赢得这场比赛的胜利。

have a match举行一场比赛 watch a match观看比赛

We are going to have a basketball match next week. 下周我们将举行一场篮球赛。

It is exciting to watch a close match.看一场势均力敌的比赛令人兴奋。

16.the whole day一整天

whole为形容词,意为“全部的,整个的,完整的”,通常放在名词的前面,其同音词是hole洞,坑, the whole day一整天 three whole days三整天 the whole story整个故事

[辨析]whole与all】

whole和all作为形容词,都有“整个的,完全的”之意,但用法略有不同。

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(1)与复数名词连用时,whole强调“整个的”,all表示“所有的”。

It snowed for three whole days.下了整整三天雪。

All my books are here.我所有的书都在这里。

(2)all和whole在句子中的位置不同,all放在限定词之前,whole放在限定词之后。

全部的时间 all the times/the whole time 全年all the year/the whole year

17.come over 过 来,从远处来

come over意为“过来,从远处来”。come over to+地点表示“(从一个地方)到(另)一个地方来”。 Come over! Here's a seat for you.过来,这儿有个座位。

He came over from France last week.他上周从法国来。

Can you come over to my school for a visit?你能到我学校来参观吗?

18.Can you come over to my house on Wednesday evening discuss the science report't星期三晚上 你能来我家讨论科学报告吗?

to discuss the science report该不定式在此处作目的状语,说明来“我”家的目的是为了讨论那个自然科学报告。不定式作目的状语在英语中很常见。

They went to the hospital to see their teacher.他们去医院看望他们的老师。

My father went to Beijing to find a job.我爸爸去北京找工作。

discuss为动词,意为“讨论”,名词discussion意为“讨论,谈论,商讨”。

a topic for discussion讨论的题目

have a discussion进行一次讨论

science为名词,意为“科学,自然科学”,名词scientist意为“科学家”。

19.I'm free till10:00pm.我一直到晚上10点都有空

prep.直到……为止,在……之前

I waited till he came.我一直等到他来。

We didn't hear about it till Mr Zhang's arrival.直到张先生来了,我们才听说那件事。

Walk on till you come to the intersection.一直走到交叉路口为止。 【典型例题】

例1. The students are having a class. Ask them to keep ________.

A. quiet B. quietly C. quick D. quickly

解析:keep quiet “保持安静”。quiet是形容词与keep一起构成词组。keep后面加上形容词表示“保持某种状态”。如:keep clean;keep warm等。

例2. 用join或take part in填空

(1)May I __________ the sports meeting?

(2)When did your father ________ the Party?

解析:根据“重,难点解析”第6点可知(1)填take part in,(2)填join

例3. He eats ________ food, so he is ________ fat.

A. much too;too much B. much too;too many

C. too much;much too D. too much;too many

解析:Too much,too many都是表示“太多的”意思,too much后接不可数名词,too many后接可数名词。Much too是“太?”的意思,后接形容词。意思是“他吃了太多食物,所以太胖了。”。 例4. ----Do you have a PE _______ every day?

----No, we have only two PE _______ every week. 解析:上一堂体育课,译为“have a PE lesson”。两节体育课,译为“have two PE classes” 例5. Tomorrow is Chinese Communist ________ birthday. We will have a tea ________.

A. party, Party . Party, party C. party's, party D. party's, party 7

解析:党的生日晚会译为“Party's birthday party”其中P大写是“党”的意思,p小写是“晚会”的意思。

测试题

一、单项选择

1. --- How long did you stay at the party?

--- I only stayed there for ________ hour.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

2. --- Can you go shopping with me?

--- I’d love to, but I ____________. I have much work to do.

A.am not B.can C.can't D. don’t

3.Yesterday I _______an English class of Mr. Green’s. It’s funny. I would like him to be my teacher.

A. listened B. taught C. gave D. had

4. --- Can you go fishing with me?

--- Sorry. I have _____ homework to do, I can’t go with you.

A. little B. a little C. a few D. few

5. --- Thank you for ______ me _____ my bike riding.--- You are welcome.

A. help, about B. helping, with

C. helped, with D. helping, to

6. --- Why didn’t you come to my party?

--- Sorry, but little dogs _______ ill and I had to look after them.

A. were B. was C. are D. is

7. --- What are you going to do______Monday night?

--- Nothing. Do you have any good ideas?

A.in B at C.on D. for

8. --- Jenny, come _________ . Don’t go away too far.

--- OK, mum. I am coming.

A. back B. out to C. from D. over to

9. --- Where are your students in you class from?

--- One is from HK and _____ are from Hangzhou.

A.others B.the other C. another D.the others

10. --- Who are you going hiking with? --- My _______ class.

A. and B. with C. whole D. all

11. --- Do you plan to take a vacation this month?

--- Yes, we ________ to Hainan and _______ here for a week.

A. go, stay B. going, staying C. are going, stay D. are going, staying

12. --- Can you go to the movies with me?

--- I’d love to, but I am _______. So let me go with you next time.

A. old B. stressed out C. free D. well

13. --- ________ is your birthday party? --- This Friday.

A How long B. How soon C. How often D. When

14. --- _______________--- It’s Monday, May 2nd.

A. What’s today? B. When is today?

C. How’s today? D. How’s the weather today?

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15. --- Can you come to play soccer with me?

--- ______________. I must study for the test.

A. Yes, I can B. I’d like to C. Sorry D. Sure

二、用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. --- For ________(who) is he waiting? --- I don’t know.

2. --- The apples are very nice. I want _________ (other) one to eat. May I?

--- Of course. Here you are.

3. ___________ (America) people are really friendly.

4. --- Are you free tomorrow?

--- No. I am _________ (leave) for Hangzhou to work.

5. Thank you for __________ (visit) us.

三、根据首字母写单词

1. I must go to have art l_________ every weekend.

2. Today is Monday and the day after t__________ is Wednesday.

3. If I am f________ and have nothing to do, I always feel boring.

4. There are a lot of basketball m________ in the USA every week.

5. Yesterday was my birthday. I had a big p________.

四、完形填空 10%

I am going to have a party tomorrow night. I promised(答应) mother that she needn’t do 1 for me. My friend Jane is coming, too. She would like to help me, 2 she can’t. Because she has a piano lesson in the morning and in the afternoon she has to babysit her sister. So I will do everything by myself. I try to make(使) 3 party a nice one.

I sent invitations to my friends 4 . Now I am thinking about what I need to do tomorrow. Yes! I have to clean the room and do some shopping. I am going 5 some food, drinks and some fruit in the supermarket. I am going to make a shopping list 6 I go. I also have to decorate(装饰) the room. I need to do so many things, so I 7 see the movie “Da Vinci Code” after lunch. A terrible thing!

The party begins 8 8pm. So I must have my dinner 9 . Because I am tired after I finish 10 so many things and after dinner I can have a short rest.

1. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

2. A. so B. although C. but D. because

3. A. a B. an C. the D. /

4. A. yesterday B. tomorrow C. tomorrow morning D. the day after tomorrow

5. A. buy B. sell C. to buy D. buying

6. A. after B. when C. how D. before

7. A. can B. not C. can’t D. never

8. A. at B. in C. on D. with

9. A. late B. early C. short D. quick

10 A. do B. to do C. did D. doing

五、阅读理解

Dear Carolyn,

I’d love to see you next week, but I’m very busy. I’m stressed out! I have to study for my English test on Monday night. I’m going to the dentist on Tuesday, and you have to see the dentist on Wednesday. My mother’s having a party on Friday, so I have to help 9

her with that. What are you doing on Thursday? I’m not busy that day. Are you working in the afternoon? Can we talk on the phone or listen to CDs? Call me!

阅读短信,判断正(T)误(F)

1. David can’t see Carolyn on Monday night.

2. David has to see the doctor on Wednesday.

3. Dave’s mother is free on friday.

4. Dave is free on Thursday.

5. David wants to listen to CDs with Carolyn.

六、词语填空

Hi Jim,

You ask me to go swimming next Sunday. Thanks a lot for 1 me. I’d like to go with you very much, 2 I am sorry to say that I can’t go. I’m busy and I 3 have time to take a good rest that day. In the morning, I have to get up 4 to meet my aunt at the train station. She is 5 to see my grandma. It will take me the 6 morning to wait at the station because I don’t know the arriving time of that 7 . And I have to study 8 the English test in the afternoon. There is 9 terrible thing in my family, my mother is ill. So I have to look after 10 at home. However(尽管如此), I can go with you next time. I hope you have a good time.

Jack

七、根据中文提示或首字母提示,写出单词,完成句子,一空一词 10%

1. _________ (美国的) cars are very good and cheap.

2. --- Can you come to my _________(音乐会)?

--- Of course. And I am going to ask all my family to come, too.

3. --- What are you doing _________(明天)?

--- Just stay at home and have a rest.

4. --- When are you going for a vacation?

--- I plan to go this __________ (周四).

5. I usually get up at 6 on __________(工作日), but late on weekends.

6. --- Are you busy now?

--- No. I am really f________.

7. --- Are there any l________ today?

--- Yes, we have three, they are Chinese, English and chemistry.

8. I had a p_______ because I got the first in the exam.

9. --- Do you like playing soccer?

--- No. But I like watching the m_________ on TV.

10. This noodles are so delicious, I want a_____

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