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牛津8A Unit8 基础巩固和单元试卷

发布时间:2013-12-31 12:44:53  

牛津8A Unit8 基础巩固和单元试卷

一、基础巩固

1 拖地_______________ 2 输掉决赛_____________ 3 成百上千___________ 4 冲走我们的村庄_____________ 5 撞倒一棵树 _____________6 自然灾害____________ 7 害怕___________ 8 朝四面八方跑_______________ 9 掉落_____________ 10 一点也不______________11 自言自语_______________ 12 平静下来______________ 13 呼喊求救_____________ 14 被困住_____________ 15 找到出路______________ 16 感到紧张_____________

二、语法总结

一、概念和用法:

(一)定义: 过去进行时,是表示过去某个具体时刻正在进行的事情或动作。

(二)结构 :was/were +doing (现在分词)

(三)用法

1、常用的时间状语this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while例如:

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

昨天晚上七点到九点的时候我们在看电视。

It was raining when they left the station.

他们离开车站的时候天正在下雨。

When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.

当我到达山顶的时候,阳光灿烂。

2. 过去进行时可以表示在过去某个时间点发生的事情。时间点可以用介词短语、副词或从句来表示。如: What was she doing at nine o'clock yesterday?

昨天晚上九点她在做什么? (介词短语表示时间点)

When I saw him he was decorating his room.

当我看见他的时候他正在装饰房间。 (when从句表示时间点)

过去进行时专项练习

( )1.My brother ___ while he ___ his bicycle and hurt himself.

A. fell, was riding B. fell, were riding C. had fallen, rode D. had fallen, was riding

( )2.When I __ Jane she ___ cotton in the fields.

A. had seen, was picking B. saw, picked C. had seen, picked D. saw, was picking

( )3.I don ' t think Jim saw me; he ___ into space.

A. just stared B. was just staring C. has just stared D. had just stared

( )4.I first met Lisa three years ago. She ___ at a radio shop at the time.

A. has worked B. was working C. had been working D. had worked

( )5.---Hey, look where you are going! ---Oh, I ' m terribly sorry.________.

A. I ' m not noticing B. I wasn ' t noticing C. I haven ' t noticed D. I don ' t notice

单元练习

一、根据句意思完成单词。

1 There is a small v________ at the foot of the hill.

2 There are many natural d________ every year, including flood, earthquakes.

3 The wall is made up of b__________ and stones.

4 Can you hear my heart b_____________?

5 “Who?s there?” David asked in a l_______ voice.

6 I have a __________(轻微的) headache.

7 The brave boy rushed into the fire without any f________. He wanted to save his mother.

8 She was so n________ about the exams that she couldn?t sleep.

9 My m_______ was empty when I saw him. I didn?t even know how to greet him.

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二、所给词的正确形式填空

1. Houston is the _____________ ( win ) of the basketball match.

2. I hope there ___________ ( be ) another charity show next week

3. There are _______________ ( hundred) of people by the sea.

4. I ___________ ( sleep ) when it started to rain.

5. Look! Eddie ____________ ( mop ) up the floor.

6. There are many students ____________ ( play ) football in the playground.

7. The earthquake in Tangshan ____________ ( kill ) millions of people several years ago

8. I ___________ ( not go ) back home until I finish my homework.

9. We should do something ___________ (prevent) flood.

10. You will get ___________ ( lose ) if you go out by yourself.

12. ---Who do you think ____________ (sing) in the next room? ---Maybe Amy is.

13. The girl knew she___________ (may) be there for a long time.

14. Being ____________ (live) is a beautiful thing, isn?t it?

三 单项选择题

( )1. Only a dog was _____after the car accident.

A. live B. lived C. lives D. alive

( )2. He got up late so he went to school_______.

A. hurry B. in hurry C. in hurried D. in a hurry

( ) 3. The ______ dog _______ last night. How poor it is!

A. died; die B. dead; died C. dying; die D. died; dead

( )4. Who is the most famous ______ pop star in the world?

A. alive B. living C. live D. lives

( )5. ---Could you join in a game with us this afternoon? ---_______. I?ve got a lot of homework to do.

A. I?m afraid. B. Of course C. Certainly D. I?m afraid not

( )6 Nobody knows what?s going ________ his mind. He is standing there with a strange expression(表情)

A across B through C cross D around

( )7 It ____ when I ________ in the country.

A happened, was living B had happened, lived C happened, had lived D was happening, lived

( )8 Please tell me _________ next.

A how to do it B what to do it C how can I do D what can I do

( )9 He happened ________ when you came to my home last night.

A am out B to out C to be out D be out

( ) 10 There is a piece of glass on the road. Would you ______ with me?

A. move it away B. move away it C. moving it away D. to move it away

( ) 11. The rain is ______ and the wind is _______.

A. heavy; strong B. heavily; hardly C. big; strong D. heavily; hard

( ) 12. The boy turned back and looked at me_______.

A. in surprising B. in surprise C. in surprised D. with surprise

( ) 13 _________ worried about me,Mom. I have grown up.

A Don?t B Don?t be C Not D Not be

( )14. There were_____ victims in the war.

A. five thousands B. thousands of C. six thousand of D. two thousands of

四、完型填空

Once there a every old peasant in a village . His name was Jack .He had a horse .It was almost as as he was . One day he set off with his son to the horse before it died .They walked because the father didn?t want the horse to be too tired .

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They met two neighbors on way .The neighbors said , ? Hello ,why are you walking ?You have a horse ,it?s a long way to the market .? Jack knew that was true ,so he rode on the horse his son was walking .Then they met two old women . ? What are you doing there ?Can?t you see tired your boy is ??So Jack got down ,and his son rode instead .

Next , three old men stopped them .One of them said , ? Why are you walking ,Jack ? Get an old man like you to walk today .? So Jack got on behind his son and they rode on . later , a girl passed them . ?Why aren?t you walking ?? she asked . ? It?s not far from the market .Give your poor horse a test .? So Jack and his son got down once again for a rest …

It?s the fact that you make all people pleasant all the time .

( ) 1 A living B had C were D was

( ) 2 A poor B old C strong D young

( ) 3 A buy B find C sell D ride

( ) 4 A their B them C his D theirs

( ) 5 A how B while C yet D or

( ) 6 A very B what C how D quite

( ) 7 A on B down C away D out

( ) 8 A to B towards C for D of

( ) 9 A Some time B Many time C Some times D Sometimes

( ) 10 A must B can C will D can?t

五 阅读理解

A

In March 1964, Alaska began to shake. There was a great earthquake. It was the biggest earthquake the country ever had. Shops and houses fell down. One street dropped 30 feet. One island rose about 11 metres into the air parts of the sea bottom became dry land. People felt the earthquake hundreds of kilometers away.

Each year there are many earthquakes. Most of them are small. They happen in different parts of the world. We are not sure what makes them. But if you are near, you can see the earth move. You may see a big crack(裂缝) in the ground. Sometimes the land drops on one side of the crack. It goes up on the other side of the crack. There is a new hill. The old world has a new shape.

( )1. The strongest earthquake in Alaska happened in __.

A. April 1967 B. June 1864 C. March 1964 D. May 1867

( )2. The word “earthquake” in the story means __.

A. a sudden dropping of the island. B. the making of a new hill

C. a strong shaking or moving of the ground. D. the rising and falling of the sea bottom.

( )3. The story wants to tell us __.

A. earthquake change the land B. houses fall down and streets are broken

C. Alaska shakes a lot D. how the strongest earthquake happened

( )4.From the story we know earthquakes happen _________.

A. in shops and other buildings B. only in big cities

C. in small countries D. in different parts of the world

( )5. From this story we can see __.

A. earthquakes often do a lot of harm B. people are trying to stop earthquakes

C. the bottom of the sea is nearly dry D. most people are afraid of earthquakes

B

About five hundred years ago,an earthquake happened in a small villgage.Luckily for them,nothing was destroyed and no one was hurt.But a huge stone feel from a nearby mountain and stopped in the middle of the road. When the earthquake stopped,many people came to the road and saw the stone.Some of the strongest men tried to lift the stone out

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of the road,But they couldn?t move it.They tried to push it but failed.They tried to pull it with ropes but nothing worked. “Well,”they said sadly.“There?s nothing we can do about it.We?ll have to change the way.”At this time a boy about 12years old said.”I think I can help you to move the stone away.”“You?”they shouted.”What are you talking about?”The men all laughed at the boy.

The next morning ,some people came into the road.One of them shouted.”The stone is gone.”More people ran out to see what had happened.It was true.The stone wasn?t on the road any longer.It wasn?t even near the road.The boy walked over to where the stone had been and said,”I buried it.”

The people looked rather surprised.“You see,”he said,”I dug a deep hole next to the stone and I dug a small incline (斜坡)up to the stone and the stone rolled down into the hole itself.Then I covered it with earth.”The villagers shouted,”Clever boy! Clever boy!”And some of them said,”Why didn?t we think out this good idea?”

( )1.Around 500 years ago,this story happened in a small________.

A.town B.village C.city D.country

( )2.After the earthquake. ________.

A.many people in the village died B.nothing happened

C.the whole village was covered with big stones

D.a huge stone fell down the mountain and stood in the middle of the road

( )3.The stone was moved out of the road by ________.

A.an old man B.a youn man C.a boy D.a girl

( )4.In the end,the huge stone was ________.

A.in the earth B. in the house C.in the river D.on the road side

( )5.From the passage,we can see that________.

A.the boy was stronger than the villagers B.the villagers were very foolish.

C.the boy was very bright and good at thinking

D.the villagers were all proud of the boy before the earthquake happened.

六 任务型阅读

The most important drink is water.Not many people understand this but it is quite true.People can l____1_____ for a long time without food,but they will die if two or three days w _____2____ water.In h____3_______ weather,many people do not drink e____4_____ water,because they don?t know how much water they n____5_____. After taking exercise,people need more w___6_____.The water in the man?s body is m_____7______ more than other matters(物质).We?d b____8______ have enough water,or we may get i11.

Water is necessary to all the living things.“There will be no l_____9______ if there is no water·”

So we must save water and don?t w ______10_______water.

1________ 2___________3____________4___________5_____________

6__________7____________8__________9____________10______________

More and more young people are recognizing (认识到) the advantages (有利条件) of living in a ___1_____ country and are deciding to study abroad. They realize it?s the best way to learn a____2____ the customs(风俗) and the way of life of other people. Student exchanges give teenagers the opportunity (机会) to live somewhere e ____3____ for a school year.

W ____4___ they are living abroad, they will eat new food, experience new traditions and l ___5____ how people of their own age live from day to day.

Students s ____6____ with carefully chosen host families (接待家庭) and attend a local (当地的) school. E ____7____ student on the exchange programme has somebody who directly supports them the w __ 8____ time they are abroad. To be chosen a ___9_____ an exchange student, you m ____10__ be between 15 and 18 years old and be good at a foreign language.

1__________ 2___________3__________4__________5____________

6__________7___________8___________9__________10___________

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1. hard / hardly

(1)hard adj.& adv. 作形容词时,有“难的”,“硬的”意思,作副词时,有“努力地”、“猛烈地”等意思。

(2) hardly adv. “简直不”、“几乎不”,在句中起否定作用。

I could _________write at that time.那时我几乎不会写字。

It rained ____________yesterday.

..........................................................................

2. hear/ hear of/ hear from

(1)hear 为及物动词,“听到”,表结果。

(2)hear of = hear about 为不及物动词,指某人间接地“听别人说起……”,

(3)hear from 一般后接 sb. 指“收到……来信”。如: Have you heard from Jim? 你收到吉姆的来信了吗? ..........................................................................

3. hope/ wish

这两个词都有“希望”的含义,hope一般指“希望”,wish指的是“愿望”。二者在使用上有如下区别:

(1)相同点:wish和hope都可接宾语从句。

但hope所表示的希望一般是能够实现的,而wish所表达的愿望一般是难以实现的或根本不可能的,所以其所接宾语从句中的动词用虚拟语气。

(2)不同点:A. hope to do sth. (√) hope sb. to do sth. (×) wish sb. to do sth. (√)

B. hope sb. sth. (×) wish sb. sth. (√)

I__________ you to have a good time at the party.我希望你在晚会上玩得愉快!

I_____________ you a Happy New Year! 祝你新年快乐!

..........................................................................

4.in all/ at all / after all 这些含有all 的短语的意义与all 的本意无关,极易混淆。

(1)in all“总计、总共”,在句中作状语

(2)at all“全然,根本不”,一般用于否定句中加强语气。

(3)after all “毕竟、终究、到底”,一般置于句首或句尾作状语。

_____________, he is a child.

There are 60 students in our class____________.

She doesn?t like football___________.

..........................................................................

5. sound/voice/noise 这三个词都表示“声音”,但使用起来有区别:

(1) sound一般指“声音”,指物体间互相碰撞发出的声音。

(2) voice一般指人或鸟儿发出的声音。

(3) noise指的是“嘈杂的声音”,即引起人们不愉快的喧闹、嘈杂音。

Can you hear the terrible ____________just now?

The famous singer has a beautiful____________.

Please stop making____________, boys.

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1 another 2 about 3 else 4 while 5 learn

6 stay 7 Each/Every 8 whole 9 as 10 must

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