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现在完成时用法解析与精品检测

发布时间:2014-01-01 12:42:01  

现在完成时

点击概念

现在完成时表示在此以前发生的动作或状态,强调过去这个动作对现在造成的影响或结果。其结构是“助动词have / has + done(过去分词)”。

点击基本用法

【点击要点1】

表示动作发生在过去并对现在有一定影响。

【亲身体验】

用所给动词的正确形式填空:

①Mom just (come) back from work. She needs to have a rest.

②China already (make) great progress in science and technology.

【点击要点2】

has gone to表示“某人去某地了”;而 has been to 表示“某人曾经去过某地”。

【亲身体验】

完成句子:

③我的很多同学都去过北京。

Many classmates of mine to Beijing.

④我哥哥不在家。他去海南度假了。

My brother isn’t at home. He to Hainan for a holiday.

【点击要点3】

从过去某时开始并且持续到现在的动作或状态,只能用于某些带有延续意义的动词,常与“for +段时间”或“ since + 过去的时间点”等时间状语连用。

点击时间状语

【亲身体验】

⑤改错:My father has left on business for two weeks.

⑥改为同义句:

The movie began about 20 minutes ago.

The movie has for about 20 minutes.

【点击要点4】

常与现在完成时连用的时间状语有:already, yet, ever, never, just, recently, in the last/past/recent few days/weeks/years, up to now, so far, since then, (for) the first time等。

【亲身体验】

用所给动词的正确形式填空:

⑦So far, my sister (do) very well at school.

⑧We (have not ) any news from him yet.

⑨—Have you come to our city before?

—No, it’s the first time I here.

A. even; come B. even; have come C. ever; come D. ever; have come

“现在完成时”牵手中考真题

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1. —Chen Jie, the workers our new library already.

—Really? I’ll go there and borrow some books. (浙江宁波)

A. decorated B. are decorating C. have decorated D. were decorated

2. —Why won’t you go to the movie with we, Betty?

—Because I _____ it twice. (山东威海)

A. see B. will see C. saw D. have seen

3. Henry speaks Chinse very well. He in China since 2002. (河北邢台)

A. stay B. stayed C. is staying D. has stayed

4. —Where is your mother?

—She to England, and she will be back next week. (内蒙古乌兰察布)

A. has been B. went C. go D. has gone

5. —China?

—For one year. (河北邢台)

A. have; come to B. have; been to C. have; been in D. have; gone to

6. Neither Jim nor his cousins __ to America, but __ of them know the country very well. (山东潍坊)

A. have been; all B. have been; both C. has been; all D. has been; both

7. —Hi, I _____ you for a long time.

—I ___ in Beijing. I’ve just come back. (湖北随州)

A. hadn’t seen; am B. haven’t seen; shall be

C. didn’t see; will be D. haven’t seen; was

8. —Where is my little dog?

—It____ the back of the house. (湖北武汉)

A. has gone to B. had gone to C. has been to D. had been to

参考答案:1-5 CDDDC 6-8 ADA

中考聚焦

考点1. has been to 与has gone to

My aunt isn’t here. She Shanghai on business. She will be back in three days. (2007重庆)

A. went B. has gone to C. has been to D. will go to

【要点简析】has gone to表示“某人去了某地(强调该人不在说话地点)”;而has been to表示“某人

曾经去过某地(现已经不在该地)”。句子意思是:她去上海出差了。选B。

考点2. in + 一段时间

—May I speak to Mr. White?

—Sorry, he Beijing, but he in three days. (2007山东烟台)

A. has been in; will come back B. has been to; won’t be back

C. has gone to; will come back D. has gone to; would be back

【要点简析】in 用于将来时,表示“在一段时间之后”。选C。

考点3. 复合形容词的用法

根据汉语提示补全句子:

①What are you going to do in your (两个月的)holiday? (2007山东青岛)

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选出与所给句子划线部分意义相同或相近并能代替的那一项:

②—Are you happy to have the two-month summer holiday?

—Sure. We can relax ourselves and do many things we like. (2007湖北黄冈)

A. two months B. two month C. two months’ D. two month’s

③There is tree in our school. (2007内蒙古乌兰察布)

A. a 8-metres-tall B. an 8-metre-tall C. an 8 metres tall D. a 8 metres tall

【要点简析】复合形容词“数词+连字符(-)+单数名词(+连字符+形容词)”作前置定语,在此结构中,名词必须用单数形式,也可以转化为“数词+名词的所有格形式(当数词超过1时,要用名词复数的所有格形式)”。①填写two-month ②选C ③选B。

考点4. thanks to

the bad weather, the swimming match bad been put off.

A. Because B. Thanks to C. With the help of

【要点简析】thanks to 意为“多亏;由于;因为”,to为介词,后面接名词或名词性短语,在句中作状语,表示原因,相当于because of… / as a result of… ;而because是连词,后面接从句。with the help of…“在??帮助下”,有褒义的感情色彩。选B。

【模拟试题】(答题时间:80分钟)

Ⅰ. 单项选择

1. We have never heard such wonderful news.

A. a B. an C. / D. the

2. —Darling, what about taking the dog a walk?

—Sure.

A. about B. of C. with

3. —have you been to the beach?

—Only once. D. for

A. How long B. How often

C. How many times D. How soon

4. The parents are very happy because their daughter will on CCTV next week.

A. see B. appear C. come D. arrive

﹡5. our government, more and more poor students return to school.

A. Thanks for B. Thanks about C. Thanks of D. Thanks to

6. All the parents hope their children can be successful .

A. any day B. every day C. some days D. some day

7. —he his mobile phone yet?

—Not yet.

A. Has; found B. Do; find C. Did; find D. Will; find

8. It’s getting dark. Please the light.

A. turn off B. turn down C. turn on D. turn to

﹡9. I must return the book to the library. I it for two weeks.

A. keep B. borrowed C. have kept D. have borrowed

﹡10. —Have you ever been to a concert?

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—Yes, I have. I to the New Year Concert last month.

A. have been B. went C. have gone D. will go

11. Her mother has worked in this hospital .

A. ten years ago B. since ten years ago

C. ten years later D. in ten years

12. Be sure miss the early bus tomorrow.

A. can’t B. won’t C. don’t D. not to

13. —Good luck to you!

A. You’re welcome. B. Thank you very much

C. That’s right. D. You’re lucky.

﹡14. —Sue, it’s your turn the dishes.

—Okay. I’ll do it.

A. wash B. washing C. washes D. to wash

15. Look, the old woman is flowers in the garden.

A. water B. watered C. watering D. waters

﹡Ⅱ. 完型填空

Not everyone has the chance to be a detective (侦探). But I ever got one when I was thirteen years old. It happened in 1988.

One afternoon, I was walking down the street when I saw my father’s new car. I to see my father, but to my . I saw a young woman driving instead. “She stole my father’s car,” I thought. So I quickly stopped a taxi and got in. I said to the driver, “Follow that new car

The taxi driver had a car telephone, and I asked him to call the police. Soon we heard the and its loudspeaker. The policeman told the woman to stop her car. Our car came to a stop, too. I right now and said to the woman, “It’s not your car. It’s my .”

The woman smiled and said, “Oh. You’re Mr. Johnson’s younger son, right? I’ve ever seen your photo at your father’s office.

Before I could say word, the woman explained that she was my father’s new assistant. My father had asked her to take his computer to the shop to have it . He lent her his car. After hearing her words, we called my father and he told us what she said was . The police and the taxi driver laughed. I very sorry. It was both the first time and the last time for me to work as a detective. Don’t you think my story funny?

16. A. except B expected C. think D. thought

17. A. surprised B. surprises C. surprise D. surprising

18. A. after B. in front C. at the back D. at the back of

19. A. noise B. voice C .cry D. sound

20. A. got in B. got into C .got out D. got away

21. A. father B. mother C .mother’s D. father’s

22. A. another B. other C. else D. others

23. A. repair B. repaired C. repairs D. repairing

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24. A. wrong

25. A. felt

Ⅲ. 阅读理解 B .really B. feel C. true C. fell D. truly D fallen

A

In most parts of the world, many students help their school make less pollution(污染). They join “environment club (环境俱乐部)”. In an environment club, people work together to make our environment clean.

Here are some things students often do:

No-garbage(垃圾)lunch. How much do you throw away after lunch? Environment clubs ask students to bring their lunches in bags that can be used again. Every week they will choose the classes that make the least garbage and report them to the whole school!

No-car day. On a no-car day, nobody comes to school in a car—not the students and not the teacher! Cars give pollution to our air, so remember:

Walk, jump, bike or run.

Use your legs! It’s lots of fun!

Turn off the water! Did you know that some toilets can waste(浪费)twenty to forty m3 of water an hour? In a year, that would fill a small river! In environment clubs, students mend those broken toilets.

We love our environment. Let’s work together to make it clean .

.

A. to run to school every day. B. to take exercise every day

C. not to forget to take cars D. not to throw away lunch bags

.

A. at school B in shops C in clubs D at home

will take a car to school.

A. Both students and teachers B. only students

C. neither students nor teachers D. only teachers .

A. a small river B. a club C. a lot of water D. a toilet

30. The writer wrote the passage to ask students to____ .

A. clean schools B. make less pollution

C. Join clubs D. help teachers

﹡B

An eight-year-old child heard her parents talking about her little brother. All she knew was that he was very sick and they had no money. Only a very expensive operation(手术)could save him now and there was no one to lend them the money .

When she heard her daddy say to her tearful mother “Only a miracle (奇迹)can save him now ,”the little girl went to her bedroom and pulled her money from its hiding place and counted it carefully .

She hurried to a drugstore (药店)with the money in her hand .

“And what do you want?”asked the salesman. “It’s for my little brother,”the girl answered .“He’s really,

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really sick and I want to buy a miracle.” “ Pardon?” said the salesman .

“My brother Andrews has something bad growing inside his head and my daddy says only a miracle can save him.So how much does a miracle cost?” “We don’t sell a miracle here, child.I’m sorry.” the salesman said with a smile .

“Listen, if it isn’t enough, I can try and get some more. Just tell me how much it costs.”

A well-dressed man heard it and asked , “What kind of a miracle does your brother need?”

“I don’t know,” she answered with her eyes full of tears. “He’s really sick and mum says he needs an operation. But my daddy can’t pay for it, so I have brought all my money.”

“How much do you have?” asked the man. “$1.11, but I can try and get some more,” she answered.

“Well, what a luck, ”smiled the man. “$1.11, the price of a miracle for little brothers.”

He took up the girl’s hand and said, “Take me to where you live. I want to see your brother and meet your parents. Let’s see if I have the kind of miracle you need .”

That well-dressed man was Dr Carlton Armstrong, a famous doctor. The operation was successful and it wasn’t long before Andrew was home again.

31. What was the trouble in the little girl’s family?

A. Her brother was seriously ill. B. They had no money

C. Nothing could save her brother. D. Both A and B

32. In the eye of the little girl, a miracle might be ____.

A. something interesting B. something cheap

C. some wonderful medicine D. some healthy food

33. The little girl said again and again “…I can try and get some more (money)” That shows___

A .she had still kept some money

B. she hoped not to be refused

C .there was no need to worry about money

D. she thought money was easy to get

34. What made the miracle happen?

A. The girl’s love for her brother B. The girl’s money.

C. The medicine from the drugstore D. Nobody can tell

35. From the passage we can infer(推断)that___

A. the doctor didn’t ask for any pay

B. a miracle is sure to happen if you keep on

C. the little girl is lovely but not so clever

D. Andrew was in fact not so sick as they had thought

C

Beijing chose five special doll mascots for the 2008 Olympic games on Friday November 11, 2005. They represent (代表) a panda, a Tibetan antelope, a swallow (燕子), a fish and the spirit of the Olympic flame (火焰).

The mascots are called “Five Friendlies”. The names of the five dolls are “Beibei” “Jingjing” “Huanhuan” “Yingying” and “Nini”. Beibei is the Fish, Jingjing is the Panda and also means “capital city”, Huanhuan is the Olympic Flame, Yingying is the Tibetan Antelope and Nini is the Swallow. They together mean “Beijing

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welcomes you.”

The mascot of the Olympic games usually becomes known to the public with only 1,000 days to go before the Games. The mascots will join the official games slogan (口号) “One World, One Dream”.

“The mascots carry the idea of the Games,” BOCOG official Zhang Ming said, “They’re part of Chinese culture. They show the Chinese people’s hope for peace and friendship in the world and the spirit of the Olympics. They should be popular with children and liked by people from around the world.”

The mascots will be put on T-shirts, bags, cups, pens, and anything to do with the Olympics. Coloured in the five colors of the Olympic rings, they also represent the sea, forests, fire, earth and air.

Several mascots are not strange. The 2000 Sydney games had three native Australian animals and two years later in Salt Lake City a hare, coyote (郊狼) and bear represented the event.

“We have been pleased about them,” IOC chairman Hein Verbruggen said in Beijing. “That means we like

41. I’m hearing from you.

42. His friend Jim will to a foreign country.

43. My brother his bedroom. It’s clean now.

44. I wonder whether I can go to Mars .

45. your help, I can work out the math problem

46. We’re very busy today. we’ve sold over forty bikes.

47. There are children playing in the zoo on Children’s Day.

48. Mr. Green and Mrs. Green often in the park after dinner.

49. The baby is sleeping now. You’d better the radio.

50. Robert came to China his roots last year.

Ⅴ. 句型转换。

51. They’ve already bought a new computer. (改为否定句)

They bought a new computer .

52. Anna’s already got the mail from the mailbox. (改为一般疑问句)

Anna got the mail from the mailbox ?

(对划线部分提问)

has the old man stayed in the park?

(对划线部分提问)

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﹡55. The Greens have stayed in China for three years. (改为同义句)

①The Greens China three years ago.

② three years the Greens came to China.

③Three years since the Greens came to China.

Ⅵ. 书面表达

给你的笔友Jim写一封信,向他讲述一下你最近的情况。80词左右。

提示:1. 好久没收到你的来信,我非常想念你。

2. 叙述自己最近的情况:结束了考试,现在在家休假,每天都很忙。特别是今天,有许多家务要去做,作业还没有完成,还要去浇花、购物。

3. 爸爸最近给我买了台电脑,晚上我要去上电脑课。现在我已学会给朋友发送电子邮件。

【试题答案】

Ⅰ. 1-5 CDCBD 6-10 DACCB 11-15 BDBDC

Ⅱ. 16-20 BCBDC 21-25 DABCA

Ⅲ. 26-30 DACCB 31-35 DCBAA

36. “吉祥物”.

37. “Five Friendlies”/ “Beibei” “Jingjing” “Huanhuan” “Yingying” and “Nini”.

38. “Beijing welcomes you.”

39. He felt pleased/satisfied about/with them.

40. Beijing chose 5 dolls for Olympic mascots.

Ⅳ. 41. looking forward to 42. be off 43. has cleaned out 44. some day 45. Thanks to

46. So far 47. thousands of 48. go for walks 49. turn off 50. in search of

Ⅴ. 51. haven’t; yet 52. Has; yet 53. How long 54. How soon

55. ①came to; ②It is, since; ③has passed

Ⅵ.

Dear Jim,

How’s everything? I haven’t heard from you for a long time. I missed you very much. I have finished my exams. I did very well in the exams. Now I’m spending my holiday at home.

I’m very busy every day, especially today. I have so many chores to do. I have to do my homework, of course. I started about an hour ago, but I haven’t finished. Then I have to water flowers and do some shopping.

My father has just bought a personal computer. In the evening I will have a computer class. Now I have learned to send e-mails to my friends. It’s very interesting.

I’m looking forward to hearing from you.

Yours,

Li Ming

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