When was it invented ?
1.掌握Unit9的重点词组和句型 2.灵活运用被动语态by+ pp结构 3. 了解一些发明物的发明史
被某人发明 be (was/were) invented by sb 在1876年 in 1876 用来做 be used for 舀冰淇淋 scoop ice cream 舀冰淇淋的勺子 heated ice cream scoop 带有可调整跟的鞋shoes with adjustable heels 高跟鞋shoes with high heels 用电池操作的拖鞋 battery--operated slippers 给某人做手术 operate on在黑暗中 in the dark 改变...的风格 change the style of sth
电灯泡 light bulb 微波炉 microwave oven 最有用的发明 the most helpful invention 错误的 by mistake 最后 in the end
一个叫...的厨师 a chef called
把盐撒在...上面 sprinkle salt on sth 偶然意外 by accident 直到...才 not...until 被发现 be discovered 根据….. according to 一个古老的中国传说 an ancient Chinese legend 煮开水 boil drinking water 在篝火上的炉 over an open fire
in this way
飞碟 flying disk在六世纪 in the sixth century
环游 travel over 包括某事 including sth 深受人们喜爱的运动much-loved and active sport 一个叫...的医生 a doctor called/named 出生于 be born in /on创造某物 create sth 在一个坚硬的木制地板上on a hard wooden floor ..的安全 the safety of 撞上某人 knock into sb 跌倒 fall down 把...分成...部分 divide sth into
...的目标 the aim of sth 朝...方向移动/跑 move/run towards 人们相信 It's believed that 历史上第一场篮球赛 the first basketball game in history
自从那以后since then ...的流行 the popularity of 引起全世界广泛传播 rise worldwide
...的数量 the number of 许多 a number of = a lot of 梦想做某事 dream about /of doing sth 一个发展中国家 a developing country 一个发达国家 a developed country 据说 It's said that ..的用途 the use of sth 由...制成<不 > be made from 由...制成<能> be made of
I.单项选择 1. ---Can the American student understand what the letter says? ---Sure. It _______in easy Chinese. B A. writes B. is written C. is writing D. wrote 2. ---Who was paper invented_______? A ---A Chinese man named Cai Lun long ago. A. by B. / C. for D. as 3. --- Do you mind _____ here? A --- It doesn’t matter to me. But the sign says, “ Smoking isn’t _____ here.” A. smoking, allowed B. smoking, allowing
4. A microwave oven is used _______ heating cold food. C A. by B. to C. for D. as 5. ---Can you fix this kind of machine here? A ---I’m afraid not. Maybe it ______ in that shop on the other side of the street. A. can be repaired B. repairs C. can repair D. can fix 6. Something in China _______to stop the population A from increasing in the past 20 years. A.has been done B. has done C. does D. is doing
7. --- Do you know when _______? B two hundred days. --- On August 8,2008. In about A.will Beijing Olympic Games be held B. Beijing Olympic Games will
be held C. will Beijing Olympic Games hold D. will Beijing Olympic Games hold D 8. Your homework must ________ before you leave school. A. hand in B. finish C. do D. be handed in 9. ______the way, would you please tell me whether we can C work out the problem_____ this way? A. On, in B. By, by C. By, in D. In, on
10. --- Which coat do you want to buy, the blue one or the green one? --- ______ of them. One for the son and the A other for the daughter. A. Both B. Every C. Neither D. Any 11. The number of the people who catch cancer D _______ increasing in the area. A number of them ______ died. A.are, have B. is, has C. are, has D. is, have
D 12. ---Do you know when _________? ---Over a century ago. A.was the telephone discovered B. the telephone was discovered C. was the telephone invented D. the telephone was invented 13. ---How long have you _______this watch? C ---More or less ten years, but it still works well. A. bought B. got C. had D. borrowed A 14. Chang'e-1 was _______ at 6:05 pm on Oct. 24 from Xichang in southwestern Sichuan A. sent up B. sending up C. send up D. to send up
15. Tom _______ to stay at home until his homework B _______. A. asked, was finished B. was asked, was finished C. asked, finished D. was asked, finished 16.She _______from the chair, ________ her voice A and went on speaking. A. rose, raised B. raised, rose C. rose, rose D. raised, raised 17.This is a ________ machine and it didn’t take the D farmers much time to finish the farm work. A. helpless B. useless C. help D. helpful
18. ______is believed that China will be able to send B man to the moon someday in the near future. A. That B. It C. He D. This 19. After the war, only a few buildings ________ in the B town. A. left B. remained C. were remained D. stand 20. My grandfather left his hometown in 1949. Ever since then, he ______ home. A A. has never returned B. never returned C .never returns D. will never return
II.单词拼写（每空限填一词) 1. The food is cold. Why not h________ it before you eat eat it. 2. There are 100 years in a c__________. entury 3. The temperature remains b________ zero. It is still elow cold. 4. The sun r________ in the east and sets in the west. ises 5.The computer is a modern i__________ with its help nvention we can do things better and faster. 6. Binoculars are used for _________(看) farther and looking clearly.
7. Many different characters are __________(创 created 造，塑造) in the young writer’s novels. 8. Ningbo is _________(发展) into a modern developing and exciting worldwide seaport city 9. The _________(古代的) people never ancient thought that man would travel to the moon. produced 10. Over10,000 cars were _________(生产，制 造) in the factory last year. inventor _______ 11. Edison was a great _______. He invented more than a thousand ________.(发明) inventions
III.单元副词或介词填空。 1. Keys are used _________ opening and closing the for doors. 2. If you knock ________som
eone by accident, you into should say sorry to him or her. 3. He took my book ________ mistake. by 4. At one time ________ history, the island belonged to in India. 5. The Beijing Olympics will be opened ________ on August 8, 2008. 6. Shen Nong discovered tea when he was boiling over drinking water _______ an open fire..
IV.把下列句子变为被动语态。 1. People enjoy basketball throughout the world. =Basketball _______enjoyed ________ people ________ by is throughout the world. 2. A farmer discovered coffee while he was looking after sheep in the ancient times. by = Coffee _______ ________ ________ a farmer while was discovered looking after sheep in the ancient times. 3. We appreciate your help greatly. = Your help _______ greatly ________. appreciated is 4. We have thrown away the meat. =The meat ________ ________ _________ away. have been thrown
5. The teacher divided the class into four groups to discuss where to go on vocation. = The class ________ _________ into four groups to were divided discuss where to go on vocation. 6. The children used the money they raised to buy a big present for the teacher. was used = The money they raised ________ _________ to buy a big present for the teacher. 7. They carry the apples to all parts of the country by truck or train. are carried = The apples ________ ________ to all parts of the
8. They established the sports club two years ago. =The sports club ________ ________ two years ago. was established 9. The Chinese invented the abacus in the sixth century. = The abacus _________ invented in the sixth _________ was century _______ the Chinese. by 10. We must finish the task by the end of this month. = The task _______ ________ _________ by the end of must be finished this month.