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Unit 1-11 复习

发布时间:2014-01-02 10:35:08  

Unit 1 复习

1. How do you study for a test? 你怎么为考试而学习?

2. by making vocabulary lists 通过制作词汇列表

3. by asking the teacher for help 通过向老师寻求帮助

4. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?大声阅读来练习发音怎么样?

5. specific suggestions 具体建议

6. memorize 动词: 记住;熟记

7. the best way to do a +形容词+way to do

8. get excited : get +形容词

9. end up doing: end up speaking in Chinese

10. frustrated; frustrating

11. pronounce 动词 pronunciation 名词

12. spoken English 英语口语

13. make mistakes in grammar 在语法方面犯错误

14. I don’t know how to use commas. 我不知道怎么用逗号 特殊疑问词+to do

15. Why don’t you join an English club to practice speaking English?你为什么不参加英语俱乐部练习英语呢?

a. why don’t you=why not b. join+人/党派/团体 join in+活动 c. practice doing sth

16. I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没有搭档一起练英语。 类似句型 I don’t have a paper to write on. I don’t have a pen to write with.

17. later on 随后;以后

18. realize 动词 认识到;了解到

19. It doesn’t matter. 没关系

20. be afraid of sth; be afraid to do sth

21. laugh at me 嘲笑我

22. complete 形容词;完整的

23. take notes of 做笔记

24. have trouble in doing sth

25. look up new words in a dictionary 在字典里查新词

26. make up conversations 遍对话

27. speak English as a second language 把英语作为第二外语来讲

28. deal with 处理

29. regard…as 把?看作? I regard Tom as my best friend.

30. try one’s best to do 尽最大的努力去做

31. unfair 形容词 不公平

32. be angry with sb 生某人的气

33. watch/ see/ hear sb do (表示做了) watch/ see/ hear sb doing(表示正在做)

34. unless 除非

35. influence 影响 动词 名词

Unit 2

1. used to do sth; 过去常常做? be used to doing; 习惯于做? be used to do; 被用来做?

I used to get up late, but now I am used to getting up early. 我过去常晚起,但是我现在习惯早起。

2. I’m on the swim team. 我在游泳队里。

3. be interested in sth=take an interest in sth

4. an airplane 一架飞机

5. I used to be afraid of speaking in front of a group. 我过去害怕在小组面前讲话。

6. I’m terrified of the dark. 我害怕黑。

7. I go to sleep with my bedroom light on.

8. spiders and other insects 蜘蛛和其他昆虫

9. candy 糖果 可数名词或不可数名词

10. I used to chew gum a lot. 我过去嚼很多口香糖。 a lot 副词短语

11. not…any more=no more not…any longer=no longer 不再

12. chat with my grandmother 和我祖母聊天

13. My life has changed a lot in the past few years. 我的生活在过去几年里变化很大。a lot 副词短语

14. daily life 日常生活 China Daily 中国日报

15. It’ll make you stressed out. 那会让你疲惫的。

16. die 动词 死亡; death 名词 可数名词或不可数名词; dead 形容词 be dead与时间段连用

17. cause problems 制造问题 cause 动词

18. make a decision to do sth=decide to do sth 决定做某事

19. even though=even if 即使

20. to one’s surprise 让某人吃惊的是?

21. patient 形 耐心的

22. in the end 最后;终于 用于句末

23. take pride in=be proud of 对??感到骄傲

24. pay attention to 注意;留心 to 是介词 要加动名词

25. give up doing 放弃 give up smoking 戒烟

26. waste time/money 浪费时间/ 金钱

27. afford 动词 承担得起;买得起 I can afford a car.=I can afford to buy a car.

28. necessary 形容词 有必要的

Unit 3

1. allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事; allow doing sth 允许做某事; be allowed to do sth 被允许做某事

例句:We don’t allow students to smoke in class. 我们不允许学生在教室里抽烟。 We don’t allow smoking in class. 我们不允许在教室里抽烟。

Students shouldn’t be allowed to smoke in class. 学生不应该被允许在教室里抽烟。

2. get their ears pierced 打耳洞 get sth done; 类似结构 have sth done; 意思是使某事某物被??

I’ll have my hair cut tomorrow. (cut 过去式和过去分词都是cut) 我明天要理发。 You should ask someone to repair your bike. (同义句) = You should have/get your bike repaired.

3. He should stop wearing that silly earring. 他应该停止戴那个傻傻的耳钉。

stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情 stop to do sth 停下来去做另一件事情 stop sb from doing sth(补充) 防止某人做某事

4. He needs to spend time with friends. 他需要陪朋友度过一段时光。

a. need做实义动词 need sth需要?; need to do sth需要做?; need doing=need to be done(物做主语,表示被动)

例句:The bike needs repairing. = The bike needs to be repaired. 自行车需要找人修理。 b. need做情态动词,常用于否定句和一般疑问句。

例句: We needn’t sweep the floor. = We don’t need to sweep the floor. 我们不需要扫地。

5. stay up 熬夜 6. a driver’s license 驾照

7. so 用于肯定句,表示前句情况也适用于另一主语,用倒装语序

例句:——He went to see the man who was in hospital yesterday. 他昨天去看了那个住院的人。

——So did we. 我们也去看了。

so 表示前句情况属实,的确如此,用陈述语序。

例句:——He works hard. 他学习很努力。 ——So he does. 他的确很努力。

综合考法:——Ann has made great progress recently.

—— and .

A. So has she; so have you B So has she; so you have C So she has; so have you 解析:选C。句意:安最近取得了很大进步。她的确如此,你也是如此。

8. be strict with sb. 对某人严格 be strict in sth 对某事要求严格

9. concentrate on 全身贯注;专心于 We should concentrate on our study. 我们必须专心学习。

10. sometime 某时 sometimes 有时候 some time 一段时间 some times 几次

11. instead of 代替;而不是 I can’t go to the party. Mary will go instead of me. 我不能去聚会,Mary会替我去。

Though he is ill, he goes to school instead of staying at home. 尽管他病了,他还不去了学校而不是呆在家里。

12. be good for 对?有好处 反义短语 be bad for 对?有害 be good at 擅长于

13. get noisy 变吵闹

14. learn from each other 互相学习

15. at present 现在

16. Last summer I had an opportunity to volunteer at the local hospital. 去年夏天我在本地医院有一次机会参加志愿活动。

a. have an opportunity(=a chance) to do sth 有机会做?

b. volunteer 动词 volunteer to do 名词 志愿者

17. experience 动词 经历;体验 He experienced a lot in the countryside.

名词 经历 可数名词 a great experience(一次不错的经历) 经验 不可数名词

18. an old people’s home 养老院

19. both…and…连接主语,谓语动词用复数 反义短语 neither…nor…连接主语遵循就近原则

20. reply to sb/sth = answer sb/sth 回答

21. take/have a day off 请一天假;休息一天

22. Only then can he achieve his dream. only 引导短语做状语且放句首,主句用部分倒装


23. important 形容词 importance 不可数名词

24. succeed 动词 success 名词 successful 形容词 成功的

25. point 名词 论点;要点 26. teach 过去式taught 27. realistic 形容词 现实的 28. in the way 挡道

29. sleepy 形容词 困倦的 30. care about 关心 31. member 会员 32. achieve his dream 实现梦想

Unit 4

1. ——What would you do if you had a million dollars? 如果你有一百万你做什么? ——I would put it in a bank. 我会存在银行里。

虚拟语气,表示与事实相反。主句用would+动词原形,从句用一般过去式,be动词都用were。 比较下列各题:

a. If I were you, I would buy a big house.

b. I don’t know if(是否) he will come. If(如果) he comes, I’ll tell you.

c. I’ll invite Lucy to my party. What if she doesn’t come (not come).

2. medical research 医学研究

3. He doesn’t know what to wear.

4. What if everyone else brings a present? 如果其他人都带礼物怎么办? someone else’s tie 某个其他人的领带

5. I’m too tired to do well. (too…to…太?而不能)= I am so tired that I can’t do well. (so…that…如此?以至于)

6. confident 形容词 有信心的 confidence 名词 信心

7. energetic 形容词 有活力的 energy 名词 活力;能量

8. without permission 未经允许 People can’t live if there is no air or water. = People can’t live without air or water.

9. bother 动词 打扰 I’m sorry to bother you. 很抱歉打扰你。

10. get annoyed 生气

11. not…in the slightest=not…at all 一点也不

12. plenty of 足够的 修饰可数名词和不可数名词 There is plenty of rain/money.

13. Mary is easy to get along with. Mary 很容易相处。 get along (well/bad) with=get on (well/bad) with与?相处

14. I would rather stay at home than go to the party. 我宁愿呆在家里也不要去参加聚会。 宁愿做??而不愿做?? would rather do…than do…=would like to do…than do…=prefer to do…rather than do…

15. borrow sth from sb 向某人借某物 lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人 borrow和lend都是非延续性动词,不能和时间段


keep 保存;保管 延续性动词,可以与时间段连用。例:I keep the book for three weeks. 我保管那本书三个星期了。

16. What is he like? (他是什么样的人?强调询问性格) = What does he look like? (他长得怎么样?强调询问外貌)

17. I’d introduce myself. 我将做自我介绍。introduce sb to sb 把某人介绍给某人

18. knowledgeable 形容词 知识渊博的

19. “the rest” 或”the rest of the +名词”做主语时,谓语动词的数与the rest 代表的名词的数保持一致。

例:Have half of the bread. The rest tomorrow. A are B is C be 解析:选B,the rest 指剩下的面包

20. cover the table with a cloth 用布盖上桌子

21. offer sb sth = offer sth to sb offer 动词 提供;供给

22. refuse 动词 拒绝

23. let…down 让?失望;沮丧 I don’t want to let my parents down. 我不想让我的父母失望。

24. come up with=think of 想出;提出 常用come up with good ideas/ solutions 想出好主意/好的解决办法

25. come out 出版;发行

26. He has a lot of experience dealing with teenagers. 他处理青少年的问题很有经验 have a lot of experience (in) doing sth 做某事很有经验

27. It gives advice on what to do. 它给出了要做什么的建议。

on 关于 侧重于专门论及;about 侧重于泛泛而谈。

28. nervous 形容词 紧张的

29. listener 名词 听众

30. helpful 形容词 有帮助的;有用的

31. He didn’t know what he should do. (同义句) He didn’t know what to do.

32. go downstairs 下楼

33. hurt 受伤


1. a. must 一定 表示有把握的推测 b. may can 可能

c. could, might 可能 用于过去式,有时表示语气委婉,用could,might代替can may d. can’t 不可能

注意:The notebook must be Mary’s, isn’t it? 情态动词表示推断,反义疑问句不能用情态动词,而用实义动词

2. possibly 副词

3. anxious 形容词 焦虑的 be anxious about sth

4. hair band 发带

5. in the symphony hall在交响乐大厅

6. at the picnic 在野餐会

7. at your optometrist(验光师) appointment(约会;预约) 在验光师那里配眼镜

8. author 作者

9. Whose volleyball is this?= Who does this volleyball belong to?= Who is the owner(物主) of this volleyball? 是谁的


It must be Carla’s. = It must belong to Carla. 一定是卡拉的。

10. She’s worried because of her test. 她因为测试而担心。because+句子,不与so连用;because of +短语

11. It’s crucial(关键的) that I study for it because it makes up (组成)30% of the final exam.

12. chase 动词 追赶

13. 例1 ——When shall we go to the museum, this afternoon or tomorrow morning? —— is OK. I’m free these days. A .Both B. All C. Either D. Neither

解析:选C 句意为 我们什么时候去博物馆,今天下午还是明天早上?哪个时间都行,我这几天都有空。

both 两者都,用动词复数 all 三者或以上,用动词复数 either 两者中任何一个 用动词单数 _t_r_i_n_geither 两者都不 用动词单数

例2 Lucy Lily may go dancing with you, because they are not allowed to go out on school nights.

A Either, or B Neither, nor C Both, and D Not only, but also

解析:选B 句意为Lucy和Lily都不能和你去跳舞,因为他们在上学的晚上不允许外出。 A或者?或者 B 既不?也不 C 两者都 D 不仅?而且 其中ABD选项连接两个主语用就近原则 C 连接两


14. catch a bus 追赶公共汽车

15. extremely(非常 副词) worried 极度担心

16. He is interviewed by the local newspaper. 他被当地报社采访了。

17. a strange creature 一个奇怪的生物

18. noise 噪音 可数/不可数 sound 自然界的任何声音 voice 人说话唱歌的声音,也指鸟鸣声

19. next door neighbor 隔壁邻居 in our neighborhood 在我们的小区

20. It must be teenagers having fun. 一定是青少年在恶作剧

21. There must be something visiting the homes. 一定有人来到了住宅里。

There be sb/sth doing sth 有?在做?

22. the director of the zoo 动物园主管

23. Three monkeys escaped from the zoo. 三个猴子从动物园里逃了出来。

24. a dishonest boy 一个不诚实的男孩 an honest boy 一个城市的男孩

25. pretend 动词 假装 You can’t wake a person who is pretending to be asleep. 你叫不醒一个假装入睡的人。(强扭的瓜不


26. use up 用光 用尽

27. finger 手指

28. stone 石头

29. ocean 海洋

30. smell 名词 气味; 感官动词 闻起来 例:The dish smells good. 菜闻起来很香。

31. Lucy’s little brother has never heard of the story. (反义疑问句) Lucy’s little brother has never heard of the story, has


32. He can hardly speak English. (反义疑问句) He can hardly speak English, can he? Unit 6

1. 定语从句

当先行词是人时:a做主语用who/that 后面紧跟动词 b 做宾语用who/whom/that c 做定语用whose 后面有名词


例:Please tell me from whom you borrowed the English novel.

当先行词是物时,关系词用that/which, 下列五种特殊情况只能用that,不能用which a. 先行词被形容词最高级修饰 b. 先行词被序数词修饰 c. 先行词被the only,the very,the same 修饰

d. 先行词被all, no, everything, anything, nothing, little, few, much, the one等修饰时 e. 先行词既有人也有物

2. ——What kind of music do you like? 你喜欢哪种音乐?

——I like music that I can sing along with. 我喜欢我能跟着唱的音乐。

I like music that I can dance to. 我喜欢我能跟着跳舞的音乐。

I prefer music that has great lyrics. 我喜欢有好歌词的音乐。

3. prefer 动词 更喜欢(1)prefer A to B=like A better than B

(2)prefer doing sth to doing sth

(3)prefer to do sth

(4)prefer to do sth rather than do sth

4. remind sb of sth/sb 让某人想起 The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music. 那首曲子让我想起巴西舞曲。

5. ——What do you think of it? 你认为它怎么样?——I enjoy it a lot. 我非常喜欢。 你认为??怎么样?What do you think of…?= How do you like…?

6. look for entertainment 找乐子

7. a world-class photographer 一个世界级的摄影师

8. As the name suggests(暗示;表明), the band has lots of energy. 正如名字所表明的,那个乐队充满活力。

9. Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition. 无论你做什么都不要错过这次展览。whatever=no matter what

10. be sure to do sth 一定要做某事

11. The story interests me. The story is interesting to me. I’m interested in the story. = I take an interest in the story.

12. It does have a few good features, though.但是它的确有几个优点。强调句用do/does/did+动词原形

though=although 尽管 虽然,不能与but连用

13. one of the best-known photographers=one of the most famous photographers 最著名的摄影师之一

one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数 意为最??中的一个

14. on display=on show 展览 陈列

15. make sb do sth; make+名词+形容词 The news make me happy. 那个消息让我高兴。

16. I eat maily fruits and vegetables. 我主要吃水果和蔬菜。

17. to be honest 说实话

18 be in agreement 意见一致

19. stay away from 远离 与??保持距离

20. increase the risk of cancer 增加致癌危险

21. taste 感官动词 尝起来;例:The food tastes good and sells well. 那种食物尝起来不错买得很好。(taste+形容词,而


tasty 形容词 美味可口的

例题 I only eat food that tastes (taste) good. 我只吃尝起来美味的食物。

This person says tasty (taste) food is bad for you. 这个人说美味的食物对你有害。

22. expect 动词 期望

23 learn by heart 用心学习

24. suit 名词 套装; 动词 适合 suit sb fine/well 非常适合某人

考点; The color of your bag doesn’t suit(适合) your suit (衣服)well. 你包的颜色跟你的衣服颜色不配。

25. Zhou Jielun is a singer who his own music. (write) 答案:writes

Look!The children who happily lost their parents in the earthquake. (play) 答案:are playing

I like music that great lyrics. (have) 答案:has


Unit 7

1. tiring 累人的 修饰物; tired 疲倦的 修饰人

2. peaceful 形容词 平静的;和平的

3. thrilling 形容词 令人震颤的;令人激动的

4. educational 形容词 有教育意义的

5. fascinating 形容词 迷人的

6. ——Where would you like to visit? ——I’d like to trek through the jungle.

7. Why not consider visiting Paris? 为什么不考虑参观巴黎?consider doing sth

8. take it easy 从容;不紧张

9. in general 大体上;一般来说

10. I hope to see Niagara Falls some day. 我希望有一天去看尼亚加拉大瀑布。

hope to do sth; hope that+句子 没有hope sb to do sth 的用法 some day=one day 有一天

11. I like places where the weather is always warm. 我喜欢天气一直温暖的地方。

12. touristy 形容词 游客众多的 tourist 名词 游客

13. I’d like to go somewhere relaxing/warm. 修饰不定代词时,形容词放在后面。

14. one of the liveliest cities 最有活力的城市之一 one of the most famous churches 最著名的教堂之一

15. quite an expensive place= a very expensive place=so expensive a place=such an expensive place

16. Traveling around Paris by taxi can cost a lot of money, but it’s convenient to take the underground train.


17. Unless you speak French yourself, it’s best to travel with someone who can translate things for you.


translate 动词 翻译 translate…into… translator 名词 翻译家;翻译员

18. in eastern China=in the east of China=in the eastern part of China 在中国东部

19. provide me with some information=provide some information for me 给我提供一些信息

20. an inexpensive hotel 一个不贵的旅馆

21. Could you please give me some suggestions?

22. Isn’t it supposed tobe very hot? 难道不应该很热吗?be supposed to do=should do sth 被期望/要求;应该

23. pack light clothes 打包轻的衣服

24. We’d like to be away for three weeks.

25. mind one’s doing sth 介意某人做某事

26. Here are some of the findings of a survey about hopes and dreams, in which thousands of students across China took


27. report 动词 名词 reporter 名词记者 It’s reported that…据报道

28. sail across the Pacific Ocean 航海渡过太平洋

29. computer programming 计算机编程

30. after finishing your education 在接受完你的教育后

31. hold on to my idea 坚持我的观点

32. be willing to do sth 乐意做;愿意做

33. on the other hand另一方面

34. It seems that some students would like to start work as soon as possible. 看起来一些同学想尽快开始工作。

35. continue doing sth=go on doing sth 继续做某事

36. Quite a few(相当多 不少)said they dream of going to the moon one day. 相当多的人说他们梦想着有一天能去月球。


1.cheer (sb.) up 使(某人)高兴、振作 如:cheer me up 使我高兴 clean up 打扫 clean-up n. 打扫

2. hand out 分发

3. sick adj. 生病的 作表语、定语 ill adj. 生病的 作表语 ,不能作定语

4. volunteer to do v. 志愿效劳、主动贡献 volunteer n. 志愿者

5. come up with 提出 想出 === think up 想出

6.catch up with 赶上 追上

7. put off doing 推迟做某事 put on 穿上 (指过程) put up 张贴

8. call up 打电话 make a telephone call 打电话

9. put …to use 把? 投入使用,利用 They put the new machine to use. 他们把新机器投入使用

10.not only … but (also) … 不但? 而且? 用来连接两个并列的成分

11. join 参加 (指参加团体、组织) 如:join the Party 入党

take part in 参加 (指参加活动) 如:

take part in sports meeting 参加运动会

12. ①run out of == use up 用完 用尽

②run away 逃跑 The monkey has run away from the zoo.

③run to + 地方 跑到某地

13. take after (在外貌、性格等方面)与(父母等)相像 be similar to 与..相像

14. work out 算出 结局

15. hang out 闲荡 闲逛

16. be able to do 能 会 be unable to do 不能 不会

17. thank you for doing 谢谢做某事

18. for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问 You don’t have money. That’s for sure. 你没有钱,这是毫无疑问的。

19. fill… with… 使?充满? 用?填充? She filled the bowl with water. 她用水填满碗。

20. like prep. 像?

21. help sb. out 帮助?做事,解决难题(摆脱困境)

I can’t work out this math problem. Please help me out.


22. train n. 火车 train v. 训练 train sb. to do. 训练某人做某事

She trains her dog to fetch things. 她训练她的狗去取东西。

23. at once == right away 立刻 马上 如:Do it at once. 马上去做。

24. one day 有一天 (指将来/过去)

25. specially adv. 特意地 专门地 特别地 special adj. 特别的

26. disabled adj. 肢体有残疾的 disable v. 不能

Unit8 重点词组:

1.clean up 把?打扫干净 2.cheer up使振奋 3.put off推迟 4.give out分发 5.set up建立,创立 6.think up想出 7.put up

张贴 8.fix up修理 9.take after与?相像10.work out发展,成功 11.ask for 要求 12.hungry people饥饿的人们 13.make a

plan制定计划 14.at once立刻


Unit9 重点词组:

1.be used for用来做? 2.be invented by由某人发明 3.light bulb电灯泡4.the number of…的数量 5.by mistake 错误的

6.in the end 最后 7.salty enough足够咸 8.by accident偶然,意外 9.not…until……直道?才 10.knock into撞上(某


Unit10 重点词组:

1.give sb. a ride顺便送某人一程 2.come out 出现 3.run off跑掉 4.on time准时

5.break down坏掉 6.show up出席 7.set off出发 8.get married结婚 9.sell out卖光

10.wait for sb. to do等待某人做某事九年级英语


1. 过去完成时

(1) 构成:由助动词had + 过去分词 构成

否定式:had not + 过去分词 缩写形式:hadn’t

(2) 用法



(3) 它所表示的时间是“过去的过去”。

①表示过去某一时间可用by, before 等构成的短语来表示

②也可以用when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句来表示


When I got there, you had already eaten you meal.


By the time he got here, the bus had left.


2. by the time 直到?时候

指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的一段时间 如:

By the time we got to his house, he had finished supper.


3. 英语中表示“把某物遗忘在某处”常用 leave + 地点

而不是forget+地点 如:Unluckily, I left my book at home不幸的是,我把书忘在家里了。

4. close v. 关 adv. 接近地 靠近地 closed adj. 关的 5. come out 出来

6. on time 按时 准时 既不早也不迟 in time 及时 指在时限到来之前

7. luckily adv. 幸运地 lucky adj. 幸运的 luck n. 好运

8. give sb. a ride 让某搭便车 如: He often gives me a ride to school. 他经常让我搭便车去学校。 9.only just 刚刚好、恰

好 10. go off (闹钟)闹响 The alarm went off just now. 刚才警钟响了。 11. break down 坏掉

12. fool n. 傻子 呆子 v. 愚弄 欺骗 如: He is a fool. 他是一个呆子。

We can’t fool our teach. 我们不能欺骗我们的教师。(动词)

13. show up 出现 出席 She didn’t show up last night. 昨晚她没有出现

14. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某做事 如:

My friend invited me to watch TV. 我的朋友邀请我看电视。

15. set off 激起 出发 set up 建立

16. ①so … that 如此?以致于


②so that作“为了”时,引导目的状语从句,从句常出现情态动词,

作结果状语从句时,从句中一般不用情态动词 。

如:She got up early so that she could catch the bus.


She was so sad that she couldn’t say a word.


17. flee from 从?逃跑 避开 如:

They fled from their home. 他们从他们的家里逃了出来。

18. thrill v . 使人非常激动,使人非常紧张

thrilled adj. 指某人感到激动或感到紧张

thrilling adj. 指某事物使人心情激动

19. get married 结婚

20. convince v. 使信服 convincing adj. 令人信服的

21. land v. 着落

22. be late for 迟到

23. a piece of 一片/块/张 如: a piece of paper/ bread 一张纸/ 一块面包


1.宾语从句 宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。

①由连接词+ 主语+ 谓语 构成


②由that 引导 表示陈述意义 that 可省略

He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

③由if , whether 引导 表示一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等) I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish.


④由连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导 表示特殊疑问意义

Do you know what he wants to buy? 你知道他想要买什么吗? ⑤从句时态要与主句一致


He says (that ) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

I don’t know (that) she is singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。 She wants to know if I have finished my homework.


Do you know when he will be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来? 当主句是一般过去时,从句应使用过去某时态(一般过


He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。

I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。 She wanted to know if I had finished m homework.


Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?

2. get v. 得到、买、到达

3. make a telephone call 打电话

4. save money 省钱、存钱

5. ①问路常用的句子:

Do you know where …is ?

Can you tell me how can I get to …?

Could you tell me how to get to …?

②Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth.


③Could you tell me how to get to the park?

请你告诉我怎么才能去邮局好吗?中的how to get to the park 是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句,可是 相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)如:

I don’t know how to solve the problem. ==

I don’t know how I can solve the problem.我不知道如何解决这个问题 Can you tell me when to leave? ==

Can you tell me when I ill leave? 你能告诉我什么时候离开?

6. 日常交际用语:

take the elevator / escalator to the … floor.乘电梯/自动扶梯到?楼 turn left / right === take a left / right 向左/ 右转

go past 经过 go straight 向前直走

7. next to 旁边、紧接着 如:Lily is next to Ann. 莉莉就在安的旁边。

8. between … and… 在?和?之间

如: Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。

9. decide to do 决定做?

She decided to go to have lunch. 她决定去吃午餐。

decide v. decision n.

make a decision 做个决定

10. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方? 中的to hang out修饰前面名词place,不定式作定语.

如:There are something to eat. 这有吃的东西。中的to eat修饰代词 something,作定语.

11. kind of +adj./ adv. 译为“有点、一点”

如: She is kind of shy. 她有点害羞。

12. expensive 贵的 反义词 inexpensive 不贵的

13. crowded 拥挤的 反义词 uncrowded 不拥挤的

14. take a vacation == go on a vacation 去度假

15. dress up 打扮 dress up as 打扮成..

如:He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要打扮成圣诞老人。

16. on the beach 在海滩上 的介词用 on

17. politely adv. 有礼貌地 polite adj. 有礼貌的

18. depend on sth / doing / 从句 根据、依靠、依赖、决定于

Living things depend on the sunlight.生物对阳光有依赖性。

We can’t depend on his answer. 我们不能根据他的回答。

That depends on how you did it. 那决定于你怎样做这件事。

19. prefer动词 更喜欢 宁愿 常用的结构有:

prefer sth. 更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

prefer doing/ to do 宁愿做某事 I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。 prefer sth to sth. 同?相比更喜欢? I prefer dogs to cats.


prefer doing to doing 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着

prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。

20. on the other hand 另一方面

21. 把?借给某人

lend sb. sth. == lend sth.to sb. 如:

Lily lent me her book. == Lily lent her book to me .


22. such as 例如

23. I’m sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。

24. in a way 在某种程度说

25. in order to do 为了做? 表目的 如:

He got up early in order to catch the first bus.


26. 等级/同级比较:as…as , not as/so…as

①as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as


如: He works as hard as we. 他工作和我们同样努力。 ②否定式:not as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as

== not so + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as

He doesn’t work as / so hard as we. 他工作没有我们那样努力。

27. hand in 上交

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