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重庆市涪陵第十九中学八年级英语上册 Unit 4 Our world Topic 1 Section D导学案

发布时间:2014-01-02 14:39:16  

Unit 4 Our world Topic 1 Section D导学案

1. 能根据音标正确拼读并运用如下词汇:southwest, feed, bamboo, less, land, whale

等。

2. 能正确拼写本课新单词如:southwest, feed, bamboo, less, land, whale等。

3. 能正确运用重点语法:形容词的比较级和最高级。

4. 能运用比较级谈论事物的变化,正确谈论保护动物的话题。

Skill aims:

1. 能听懂谈论保护环境的话题及事物之间比较的话题。

2. 能够将本单元所学内容和以前所学知识相结合,在日常生活中谈论有关环境保护、爱

护动物话题,能够用口头表达的方式来比较事物之间的不同。

3. 能够读懂环保方面的杂志、期刊,能读懂描绘事物与事物之间相比较的文章。

4. 根据所学内容写出海报,倡议书等呼吁大家爱护环境、保护大自然。

Emotional aims:

通过本课学习,培养环保意识,爱护动物,从不使用珍稀动物身上的任何东西

开始。在本课的学习中能体会到很多大事都是从小事积累起来的。

二、学习重点(Key points):

1. 强化形容词比较级和最高级用法的练习。

2. 了解珍稀动物濒临灭绝的原因,能用英文发出号召:保护动物。

三、学习难点(Difficult points):

形容词的比较级和最高级。

四、学习策略(Learning strategies)

1. 在课前看看1中的三幅图片,脑袋中回忆一下自己对它们的了解有多少,可以帮助

你快速的记忆文章。

2. 根据自己已有的有关大熊猫、蓝鲸和华南虎的知识,联系课本上的新知识可以让你

在课堂上更加集中在你不明白的问题上。

一、自习

(一)阅读教材(词汇过关)

I.看第136页P.87-88的新单词,试拼读,并小组内相互拼读。

II.熟记并默写。

1.西南 2. 喂(养),饲养 3.以??为食

4.竹 5.(与不可数名词连用)较少的,更少的

1

6.越来越少 7.陆地;土地;登岸 8.鲸

9.海,海洋 11.南部(的);南方(的);南风;从南来的;在/向/自南方

10.海洋 12.处在危险状态 13.毛皮;皮子

14.骨头,骨质 15.特征;特点;特色

(二)阅读教材一. 写出下面形容词或副词的比较级和最高级1. fresh-- -- 2. blue -- -- 3. clear-- -- 4. quiet -- -- 5. good/well -- -- 6. big -- -- 7. small -- -- 8.little -- -- 9. few-- -- 10. heavy -- -- 11. large -- -- 12. old -- -- 13.lazy -- -- 14.thin -- --

(三) 在文中划出下列短语并翻译

1. feed on 2. less and less 3.in number

4. in the world 5.in danger 6.the oldest type of

(四) 在文中找到下列句子并翻译总结

1.They feed on bamboo.译: 。

feed动词:喂,养;过去式:fed. feed on以??为食。

feed sth. to sb./sth.把??喂给??吃。feed sb./sth. With sth.拿??来喂??

如:(1)她喂奶给孩子吃。She mike the baby.

(2)他正用香蕉喂猴子。He the monkey a banana.

2.But now they have less and less land to live on.译:

(1)less是little的比较级,属于不规则变化。

(2)to live on是不定式短语,在此句中做land的后置定语,意为“可居住的”,起形

容词的作用。在英语中,动词不定式做后置定语修饰前面的名词或代词时,他们之间构成逻

辑上的动宾关系。若动词为不及物动词,要在其后加相应的介词。如果动词不定式所修饰的

词为place,way,time时,则不定式后面的介词可省略。

如:你有可读的(刊物)吗?Do you have something ?(read与something

形成逻辑上的动宾关系)

我需要一支笔写字。I need a pen .(write with与pen形成

逻辑上的动宾关系,with不可省略)

我想要一个可以住的地方。I want a place (in).

2

3.They are also in danger now.译: 。

in danger处在危险中。英语中,“in+表示情绪或处境的名词”常用来表示“处于某种心态或境地”。如:生着气 in 在患难中 in

4.比较级的用法注意:

(1)不能与自身比较。即比较范围不能包括本身。

(2)当比较双方只出现一方(即无than及其之后的部分),且句中含有of the two结构时,比较级前需加定冠词the。

如:吉姆是两个孩子中个子较矮的那个。Jim is of the two.

李明比他班的任何一个学生都高。Ling Ming is than any other student in his class.

家长签字_________________预习等级__________________组长签字__________________

三、自主探究

活动一:听磁带,完成阅读1

1. 听磁带,完成表格

2. 阅读短文,理解大意

活动二:剖析课文,解决疑惑。

结合自身知识疑惑,小组讨论,师生共同解惑。

1. 掌握“wild, in danger, bear, wolf, southwest, bamboo”等常用的单词和短语。

2. 复习形容词的比较级和最高级,完成语法和功能用语部分。

3.讨论并总结这个话题的重点短语、重点句子和语法。

活动三:综合运用能力提升。

1.根据问题写作文。

2.小组修改,师生共同解惑,并学习范文。

四、自测

(一)单项选择

( ) 1.Chinese tigers are______ now, so we must try our best to protect them. 3

A. in the danger B. in danger

C. out of danger D. in dangerous

( ) 2. The eggs in this box are heavier than ________ in that box.

A. those B. that C. these D. the eggs ( ) 3. Water is necessary humans.

A. of B. on C. in D. for ( ) 4.Who is of the two?

A. The tallest B. taller C. the taller D. tallest

( ) 5. This kind of animal is more dangerous than _______ animal.

A. any B. any other C. other D. the other

(二)用所给词的正确形式填空 1. Which girl is (lovely), Maria or Jane? 2. There is much (little) rain in this city. 3. Our country is becoming and (strong). 4. The weather will get (bad) tomorrow. 5. In this exam, he does (well) in his class.

(三)综合填空。

用所给词的适当形式填空,其中有两项多余。

There are a lot of trees around us. The trees can help to make the air 1 and cleaner. They can also help to 2 the weather. They provide(提供) humans with food, 3 , medicine and other things. Because of the trees, many animals can live 4 the earth. But people often cut trees down in large numbers. The forests are becoming much 5 than before, so we should protect them well.

1._______ 2._______ 3._______ 4._______ 5._______

五、自结

我想说:学了section D, 我的收获有(从短语结构、重点句型、语法等方面总结)—— 1.本课本课主要学习了有关谈论濒危动物的话题内容,使我们认识到保护动物的重要性。所涉及的重点词汇和短语有feed,feed on, 4

等;需要掌握的重点句型有They feed on bamboo. 等。通过本课的学习,我能说出的英语句子及用英语谈论的事情有 。

2.通过本课的练习与测试,我觉得自己在 (词汇、句型、语法等)方面掌握得很好,在 方面还有些不足,我将通过 来加强这方面的训练。

六、课后作业。

(一)根据句意及首字母提示,完成下列句子。 1.Pandas like eating b very much.

2.Fish can’t live on the l . 3.Blue whale is the largest s animal in the world. 4.The girl is f hens with some rice. 5.We must finish the work with l time and fewer people.

(二)根据中文意思完成下列句子。

1.绵羊和奶牛都是食草动物。 Both sheep and cows grass.

2.现在学生用来做游戏的时间越来越少了。 Now students have time to have fun.

3.世界上许多动植物都处于濒临灭绝的危险。 Many animals and plants on the earth are of dying out.

4.在所有动物中我最喜欢的是熊猫。 I pandas of all the animals.

5.我们应该和动物们共享这个世界。 We should the same world animals.

(三)完形填空。

There are many types of animals in the world, but the number of them are becoming less and less these years. People kill animals 1 their fur, bone meat and so on.Thousands of kinds of animals is disappearing from the 2 . Hundreds more are in danger today. It is a 3 problem for us to solve. Why must we love and 4 animals?Because the animals and man are all living in the same place—the earth. So 5 has duty to help our neighbors. Animals are our friends, they 6 an important part in our life, they can bring happiness and comfort to us and add(增加) colors to our life. Some animals are even symbols of a country, the lovely Chinese panda is a(n) 7 . Luckily, some people are working to 8 the animals. Some groups raise(筹集)money to let people know about the problem. Quite a few countries pass laws (法 5

律) to protect animals 9 . Slowly, the number of some animals in danger is 10 .

Protecting animals is just like protecting ourselves, so we must do something now.

( )1.A.from B.for C.about D.with

( )2.A.land B.sea C.mountain D.earth

( )3.A.strict B.difficult C.serious D.stupid

( )4.A.protect B.feed C.keep D.control

( )5.A.everyone B.anyone C.someone D.no one

( )6.A.stand B.hold C.build D.play

( )7.A.feature B.example C.suggestion D.idea

( )8.A.save B.buy C.catch D.care

( )9.A.in future B.in number C.in danger D.in time

( )10.A.cheering B.happening C.changing D.growing 6

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