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发布时间:2013-09-22 10:16:27  

Unit 2

Father and mother


love you.

What’s his name?

His name is Xia Yu.

Do you know his family?
father sister I’m Xia Yu. brother

This is his mother. …

This is his father. …

These are his parent s. …

That is his grandmother. …

That is his grandfather. …

Those are his grandparent S . …

This is his friend. … (朋友)

These are his friends. …


Let’s chant
Father, father, this is my father.

Mother, mother, that is my mother.
Grandfather, grandfather.

Grandmother, grandmother.
Parents, parents, these are my parents.

Brother, sister, those are my friends.

1a Match the words with the people in the
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. mother _a_ picture. father ____ c parents___ b brothers __ h grandmother ___ f 6. grandfather __ e i 7. friend ___ 8. grandparents ___ d g 9. sister ____

1. mother 2. father 3. parents 4. brothers

Listen and circle the words with the people in the picture.

5. grandmother 6. grandfather 7. friend 8. grandparents 9. sister

Role-play the conversation in 1a and talk about the other people in the picture.

2a Listen and circle the words you hear.

parents mother grandparents




grandmother grandfather friend

2b. Listen and match the names with the people in the picture.

1. Jenny ____ d 4. Bob ____ b

c 2. Jack ____ 3. Tom _____ a 5. Linda ____ 6. Mary ____ e f

2c. Ask and answer questions about the

photo in 2b.

2d. Read the dialogue in 2d and fill
in the blanks.

Those are Sally’s ( parents 莎莉的) _______

Paul He’s _____

She’s _____ Kate

This is Sally.

This is Jane.

Role-play the conversation. Sally: Good morning, Jane. Jane: Good morning, Sally. Sally: Oh, Jane, this is my sister Kate. Kate, this is my friend Jane. Kate: Nice to meet you, Jane. Jane: Nice to meet you, too. Are those your parents?

Kate: Yes, they are. Jane: And who’s he? Sally: He’s my brother, Paul. Jane: Oh, I see. Well, have a good day! Sally/Kate: Thanks! You, too.

1. parents是parent的复数形式,表示父 母双亲。parent表示父母双亲中的一 员——father或mother。类似的词还 有grandparent,意为“祖父(母); 外祖父(母)”。

This is a single parent family.

They are Jack's grandparents.


2. brothers意为“兄弟们”,是brother的复 数形式。brother意为“兄”或“弟”。 应注意在英语有一些称呼词不如汉语的称 号词意思明确,应视具体情况而定。类似 的单词还有sister “姐;妹”, aunt “姑 (姨、伯、婶、舅)母”,uncle“舅(叔、 伯、姑)父;姨夫”,cousin “堂兄(弟、 姊、妹);表兄(弟、姊、妹)”等。


Bill is my father's brother. He's my uncle? 贝

Linda is my aunt's daughter. She's my cousin.


3. Well, have a good day!

Have a good day!(=Have a nice day!)


“You, too.”,意为“也祝你过得愉


—Have a nice weekend!

—Thanks. You, too.

—Have a good holiday! 祝你假期愉快!

—Thank you. 谢谢!

4. This is …/That is … 这是……/那是……
This is… 意为“这是……”(指离说话


常用句型This is… / That is…,一般不
直接说He is...或She is...。

如:This is my aunt Mary.

①This is… 句型还可以用来说明某个事

This is a nice clock.


② Is this/that…? 意为“这/那是…… 吗?”是一般疑问句,应用Yes, it is. 或No, it isn't.来回答。 —Is this your grandmother? 这是你的外婆吗? —Yes, it is. 是的。

1. Remember the new words. 2. Try to introduce your family to your friend orally. (口头向你的朋友介绍你的家人) This is… That is… He’s… She’s… These are… Those are…

一、单项选择 1. —Is that your sister Anna? —No, ______ isn’t. A. it _________. A. sisters B. brother C. brothers B. she C. he 2. My aunt Alice and my mother are

3. —Are these your grandparents?
—Yes, _____ are. A. these B. they C. those 4. —_______ that boy? —He's my friend Jack. A. Is B. What's C. Who's

5. Look! That's my _______. Those are my parents. A. family B. brothers C. friends

二、用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空 1. Lucy, Mary and Linda are my good ______ (friend). friends 2. Look at the photo. Those are my ____________ (grandparent). grandparents 3. Is this (these) your sister? ___ 4. They are (be) my father and mother. ___ 5. Mr. Black has (有) three _______ brothers (brother).

1. my, is, Bill, This, friend, (.)

____________________ This is my friend Bill.
2. parents, these, your, Are, (?)

____________________ Are these your parents? 3. day, a, good, Have, (!) _______________ Have a good day!

4. are, grandparents, Those, his, (.)

Those are his grandparents. _________________________
5. is, she, Who, (?)

__________________ Who is she?

Let’s chant

Father, father, this is my father.
Mother, mother, that is my mother.

Grandfather, grandfather.
Grandmother, grandmother.

Parents, parents, these are my parents.
Brother, sister, those are my friends.


This is … .
These are … . (介绍位置相对较远的人)

That is ... .
Those are … .

Can you remember?
I’m Mary. This is my family. This is my _____________. brother sister This is my _____________. This is

my _____________. mother This is my _____________. father They are my __________. parents That is my _________. grandfather grandmother That’s my ________. They are my __________. grandparents


This is Xia Yu. That’s his family.

Who’s he? brother He’s his _________. Who’s she? sister She’s his _________.
Who’s he? father He’s his _________. Who’s she? She’s his _________. mother

Fill in the blanks.

1. 这是我的朋友简。
_____ ______ my friend Jane. This is

2. 那是我的爷爷。
_____ That’s my grandfather.

3. 这是我的兄弟们。
_____ are These ____ my brothers.

4. 那是我的父母亲。

_____ are Those _____ my parents.
5. 她是谁?______ she? Who’s

6. 她是我的妹妹。
She’s my ______. sister

7. 他是谁?______ he? Who’s
8. 他是我的弟弟。

_______ my brother. He’s

9. 他们是谁?

Who ____ they? are
10. 他们是我的祖父母。

_______ my grandparents. They’re

1. these是指示代词,意为“这些”,是this
的复数形式。These are… 句型意为“这


These are his parents. 这是他的父母亲。
These are blue skirts. 这是些蓝色的衬衫。

2. Are these/those…? 是一般疑问句, 意为“这/那(些)是……吗?”, 用Yes, they are. 或No, they aren't. 来回答。例如: Are these your friends? 这是你的朋友们吗? Yes, they are.是的。

3. who意为“谁;什么人”,是一个疑问 代词,用于对人的身份进行询问。 who's是who is的缩写形式,用于对单 个人进行询问,回答时常用 He's/She's/It's…。who’re (=who are)用 于对两个或两个以上的人进行询问, 回答时常用They’re (=They are)… 。

例如: —Who is that boy? 那名男孩是谁? —He’s my cousin. 他是我的堂弟。 —Who are they? 他们是谁? —They’re my brothers. 他们是我的弟弟们。

4. they意为“他(她、它)们”,


they are的缩写形式。

—Who’re they?

—They’re my cousins.

— Who’re Linda and Mary?

— They’re my sisters.


5. that’s 是that is的缩写形式。当人称代词 、指示代词及疑问词与be动词am, is, are 等连用时,为了简便常用缩写的形式。 大家试着写出下列缩写形式: who is = ________ who’s she is = ________ she’s it is = ________ it’s who are = _______ who’re he is = _________ he’s what is =what’s ________ they are = _______ I am = _________ they’re I’m

3a. Complete the conversation and practice it with your partner.
A: That is my family. That’s my mother. ___ B: Who’s he? _____ A: ____ my father. He’s B: Who’s ____? she


: She’s ___ sister. my
B: And ________ they? who are

A: They’re my grandparents. ______

3b. Look at the picture.

Make sentences with the
words in the three boxes.


father mother


my your

grandfather grandmother parents grandparents brother sister


This is my brother.
This is my sister. That is my father. That’s my mother. That’s my grandfather. Those are my parents.

3c. Ask and answer questions about the

Who’s he?

He’s my grandfather.

Who’s …?

用下列句型介绍一下你的一张家庭照片。 This is… That’s… These are… Those are…






B 1. This is my sister.
A 2. That's my grandfather.

D 3. These are Cui Tao and Li Dong.
C 4. Those are my father and mother. E 5. They're my friends Mary and Linda.

1. That is my brother. (变为复数句)

_____ are Those ___ my brothers.
2. It is a nice picture. (变为复数句)

____ are They ___ nice pictures. 3. Are these your sisters? (变为单数句) __ this Is ____ your sister?

4. Are those your friends?

Yes, ____ ____. No, ____ ______. they are they aren’t 5. He’s my father. (对划线部分提问) ______ he? Who’s

6. They’re my grandparents.

_______ they? Who’re

三、从方括中选择恰当的单词补全对话。 are, they, are, is, thanks, who’s, is, he’s, she’s A: This ______ my family. is B: Who’s he? A: ____ my father. He’s B: ______ she? Who’s A: _____ my mother. She’s

Are B: _______ those your grandparents? A: Yes, ____ ___. they are B: Is that your brother? __ A: Yes. He’s my brother, Dale. B: Oh, I see. Well, have a good day! A: ________! You, too. Thanks

grandmother grandfather



aunt uncle

(daughter) I am Gina.



Gina’s family

cousin cousin

My family Hi, I’m Jenny. Here are two nice photos of my family. My grandfather and grandmother are in the first photo. These are my parents, Alan and Mary.

In the next picture are my brothers, Bob And Eric. These two girls are my sister and my cousin Helen. Coco is in my family, too.

? 嗨,我是珍妮。 ? 在这里是两张漂亮的照片属于我的家庭。 ? 我的祖父和祖母是在第一张照片里。 ? 这些是我的父母,艾伦和玛丽。

? 在下一张照片是我的兄弟们,鲍勃和埃里 克 ? 这两个女孩是我的妹妹辛迪和堂妹海伦。 ? 可可也在我的家庭里。

2.Read the passage again and complete the sentences. 1.My name is Jenny . parent 2.Alan and Mary are my________ . 3.Bob and Eric are my brothers . ________ s sister 4.Cindy is my ______________. 5.Helen is my __________. cousin Coco is the name of my dog. 6.

My family Hi, I’m Jenny. Here are(be) two nice photos(photo) of my family. My grandfather and grandmother are(be) in the first photo.These are my parents, (be) Alan a

nd Mary. In the next picture are(be) my brothers, Bob And Eric. These two girl are(be) my sister and my cousin Helen. Coco is (be) in My family, too.


Family Tree
grandmother /grandma


mother/mom uncle

aunt daughter

son cousins brother I


按要求写出下列单词或句子。 grandpa 1. grandfather (口语) _______ dad 2. father (口语) ____

3. grandmother (口语) _______ grandma 4. mother (口语) ____ mom 5. friend (复数) _______ friends 6. aunt (对应词) uncle ___________

7. picture (同义词) ______ photo

8. son (对应词) _______ daughter
9. 这就是……。_____________________ Here is/are…

10. 我的两张家庭照片
____________________ two photos of my family in the first /next photo 11. 在第一/下张照片中 __________________ 12. 狗的名字 ____________________ the name of the dog

3a. Complete the passage with the words in the box.

【指导】 1.首先,读懂短文的大意。 (你好,我的名字叫保尔。这是我的一张 _____ 照片。这是我的 _____ 这是我的 ____, 约翰和鲍勃。这是我的妹妹_____。 )

2. 其次,分析选项中单词的意思、性
别、单复数 形式等信息。 3. 分析每句话意思,将选项对号入座。

Let’s check the answers.
Hi. My name is Paul. This is a photo

of my family These are my parents ______. ______
and these are my brothers John and _______, Bob. This is my sister Cindy _____.

Then draw a picture of Paul’s family.

3b. Bring a family photo to class and write about it. Then tell a classmate about your family.
Hi. I’m _________. Here is a photo of my family. These are _________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________

【指导】 1. 作文的前两句话已给出,第一空格处应填 好自己的名字。 2. 然后,将照片上的家人的姓名或与自己的 关系向大家作介绍。同学们可以按辈份或 年龄的大小有顺序地依次进行介绍。 3. 注意运用正确的句型,在介绍父母或祖父 母等多个人时,可用These/Those are…句 型;在介绍单个的人时,应用This/That is…句型。

Here’s an example:
Hi. I’m _____. Here is a photo of my Jack grandparents family. These are ____________ Those are my parents. __________________ Those are my aunt and __________________ uncle. This is my brother __________________ Bob. That is my cousin __________________ Dale. __________________

Self Check
1. Group the words for family members you
have learned. Male father/dad Both Female

mother/mom parents grandfather/ grandparents grandmother/ grandpa grandma cousin son brother daughter sister uncle aunt

2. Complete the conversation.
Bill: Here’s a photo of my family. Dale: ________ he? Who’s Bill: ____ my uncle. He’s Dale: Who’s this girl? _____ Bill: She’s my cousin. _____ Dale: Are theyyour parents? ___ Bill: Yes, ___ are. And these ___ my they are grandparents.


式。 a. 可以直接以数字计算的名词称为可数名 词,可数名词有单数和复数两种形式。 b. 对可数名词来说,当表示一个人或事物 时用单数形式;表示两个或两个以上的 人或事物时则用复数形式。 c. 单数名数名词变为复数名词有以下规则:

1、一般情况下在名词后面加-s。 pencil→pencils, sister→sisters, 2、以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,先将y 改为i,再加-es。 family → families 3、以s, x, ch, sh结尾的名词后加-es. watch→watches, box→boxes(盒子)

4、以f或fe结尾的名词,先将f或fe改为v, 再加-es knife→knives(小刀) 5、以o结尾的名词,有的加-es,有的直 接加-s。 tomato→tomatoes (西红柿) photo→photos 6、特殊情况,无规则可循。 man→men (男人)



This/That is…
These/Those are…句型。

一、写出下列单词的复数形式 parents 1. parent ________ 3. brother _______ brothers 5. that ________ those 7. family families _______ 9. watch watches ________ cousins 11. cousin _______ 2. sister ________ sisters 4. this ________ these 6. photo ________ photos 8. bus _________ buses 10. girl _________ girls 12. dog _________ dogs

二、根据首字母及图片提示,写出单词。 1. Look! This a p__________ of icture/hoto my brothers? 2. This is my a___, Mary. unt She's my father's s____. ister ncle 3. —Is Bob your u____? —Yes. He's my mom's b_______. rother 4. Jenny is my sister. She’s my dad's d_______. aughter 5. Is that boy your brother? ousin No. He's my c_____.


1. 这里有一张我的家庭照片。
Here __ a photo __ my family _____. is of

2. 这些是我的舅舅和舅母。
____ ____ ____. Here are my uncle and aunt

3. 那两名女孩子是我的表妹。
_____ ____ ______. Those two girls are my cousins

4. —咪咪是你的猫的名字吗?—不是。 —Is Mimi the name __ your cat? _____ of —No, __ isn't. it 5. 你的祖父母亲在下一张照片中吗? 是的。 —____ your _______ in the next ____ Are parents picture? —Yes, ____ ____. they are

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