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2013新人教版八年级上册英语知识点短语句型(精华版)

发布时间:2014-01-02 15:46:14  

初中英语八年级上册复习要点

Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?

重点短语:

(1)go on vacation 去度假 (3)stay at home 呆在家 (5)go to the mountains 去爬山 (7)go to the beach 去沙滩 (9)visit museums 参观博物馆 (11)go to summer camp 去夏令营 (13)quite a few 相当多,不少 (15)study for…… 为…而学习 (17)go out 出去 (19)most of the time 大多数时间 (21)taste good 尝起来不错 (23)have a good time 过得愉快

(2)feel like 感受到 (4)go shopping 去买东西 (6)in the past 在过去 (8)walk around….. 四处走走 (10)too many 太多 (12)because of+短语 因为 (14)one bowl of 一碗。。。 (16)find out 查明,弄清 (18)take photos 照相 (20)something important 重要的事情 (22)up and down 上上下下 (24)come up 上来 (26)come down 下来

(25)of course 当然

重点语法:

(1)Where did you go on vacation? I went to New York City.

(2)Did you go out with anyone? No, No one was here. Everyone was on vacation. (3)Did you buy anything special? Yes, I bought something for my father. (4)How was the food? Everything tasted really good. (5)Did everyone have a good time? Oh,yes. Everything was excellent.

习惯用法:

(1)buy sth for sb./ buy sb. sth 为某人买某物 (2)taste + adj. 尝起来…… (3)nothing ….but + V.(原形)

除了…之外什么都没有

(4)seem + (to be) + adj 看起来 (5). arrive in + 大地方

arrive at + 小地方 到达某地 (6) decide to do sth. 决定做某事 (7). try doing sth. 尝试做某事 (8)try to do sth. 尽力做某事 (9)try one`s best to do sth尽力做某事

(10)enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 (11)want to do sth. 想去做某事 (12)start doing sth. 开始做某事 (13)stop doing sth. 停止做某事 stop doing sth 停下来做某事 (14)look + adj 看起来

(15)dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 (16)Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢? (17)so + adj + that + 从句 如此…以至于 (18)tell sb. (not) to do sth.

告诉某人(不要)做某事

(19) keep doing sth. 继续做某事

(20).forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 forget doing sth 忘记做过某事词语辨析:

1anywhere 与 somewhere 两者都是不定副词。 ○

anywhere 在任何地方 , 常用于否定句和疑问句中。I can?t find it anywhere.

somewhere 在某处,到某处,常用于肯定句。 I lost my key somewhere near here. 2 seem + 形容词 看起来….. You seem happy today. ○

seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事 I seem to have a cold

I seems / seemed + 从句 看起来好像…;似乎…. It seems that no one believe you. seem like ….好像,似乎….. It seems like a god idea.

3decide to do sth.决定做某事 They decide to visit the museum. ○

decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式 He can not decide when to leave.

4 start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,可与begin 互换 。 ○

He started doing his homework.

5over 介词,多于,超过,在…以上(表示数目、程度)= more than ○

My father is over 40 years old.

6. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数: Mother bought too many eggs yesterday. ○

too much 太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。

We have too much work to do. Don?t talk too much.

7 because of 因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。 ○

He can?t take a walk because of the rain.

because 连词,因为,引导状语从句,表示直接明确的原因或理由。

8too,…to 太….以至于不能…. Mother is too tired to go to school. ○

9have fun doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣 ○

Unit 2 How often do you exercise?

短语:

(1)help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

(2)go shopping 去买东西

(3)on weekends 在周末 (4)how often 多少次

(5)hardly ever 几乎从不

(6)once a week 一星期一次

(7)twice a month 一个月两次

(8)go to the movies 去看电影

(9)every day 每天 (10)use the Internet 上网 (11)be free=be not busy=have time 有空 (12)have dance and piano lessons 上舞蹈和钢琴课 (13)swing dance 摇摆舞 (14)play tennis 打乒乓球 (15)stay up late 熬夜到很晚 (16)go to sleep 睡觉 (17)go to bed 上床睡觉

(18)at least 至少,不少于,起码

(19)go to bed early 上床睡觉早

(20)play sports 做运动

(21)be good for 对….有好处

(22)be good at doing sth 擅长做某事

(23)go camping 去野营

(24)in one?s free time 在某人的业余时间里

(25)the most popular 最受欢迎的

(26)such as 例如….像….这样 (28)more than 多于 (29)old habits lie hard 旧习难改 (30)less than 少于 (31)junk food 垃圾食品 (32)take care of sb 照料某人 (33)look after sb 照顾某人 (34)have to do sth 必须做某事 (35)get in… 进入… (36)be late for 迟到 (27)go to the dentist 看牙科医生

语法要点:

(1)What do you usually do on weekends? I always exercise.

(2)What do they do on weekends? They often help my mother with housework.

(3)What does she do on weekends? She sometimes goes shopping.

(4)How often do you go to the movies? I go to the movies maybe once a month.

(5)How often does he watch TV? He hardly ever watches TV.

(6)Do you go shopping? No, I never go shopping.

习惯用法:

1. help sb. with sth=have sb do sth 帮助某人做某事

2. How about doing…? ….怎么样?/ ….好不好?

3. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

4. How many + 可数名词复数+ 一般疑问句 ….有多少…..

5. 主语+ find+ that 从句 …发现…

6. It’s + adj.+ to do sth. 做某事是….的

7. spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光

8. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事

9. by doing sth. 通过做某事

10. What?s your favorite…..? 你最喜欢的……是什么?

11 start doing sth. 开始做某事

12. the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式

13.full of 满的

14.what about doing sth ? 做某事怎么样?

15.not….at all 一点儿也不 I don`t like it at all. 我一点儿也不喜欢它。

词语辨析:

1. free 空闲的,有空的, 反义词为 busy. be free 有空,闲着,相当于 have time. I?ll be free next week. = I?ll have time next week.

2. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引

导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。 How come Tom didn?t come to the party? = Why didn?t Tom come to the party?

3. stay up late 指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。 Don?t stay up late next time.

stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。 He stayed up all night to write his story.

4. go to bed 强调“上床睡觉”的动作及过程,但人不一定睡着。I went to bed at eleven last night. go to sleep 强调“入睡,睡着,进入梦乡”。 She was so tired that she went to sleep soon.

5. find + 宾语 +名词, 发现 : We have found him (to be) a good boy.

find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty.

find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door.

6. percent 百分数, 基数词 + percent: percent 没有复数形式,作主语时,根据所修饰的名词

来判断谓语的单复数。 Forty percent of the students in our class are girls. Thirty percent of time passed.

7. more than 超过,多于,不仅仅, 相当于 over. 在句型转换中考查两者的同义替换。反义词

组为:less than. I lived in Shanghai for more than / over ten years.

8. afraid 形容词, 担心的,害怕的,在句中作表语,不用在名词前作定语。

I?m afraid we can?t come here on time.

be afraid of sb / sth 害怕某人 / 某事; be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事。

Some children are afraid of the dark. Don?t be afraid of asking question.

I?m afraid + 从句, 恐怕, 担心: I?m afraid I have to go now.

9. sometimes , sometime, some times , some time 的区别:

sometimes 频度副词, 有时。表示动作发生的不经常性,多与一般现在时连用,可位于句首、句

sometime 副词,某个时候。 表示不确切或不具体的时间,常用于过去时或将来时,对它用疑问词when.如:

some times 名词词组, 几次,几倍。其中time 是可数名词,对它提问用how many times

. some time 名词短语, 一段时间. 表示“一段时间”时,句中谓语动词常为延续性动词,提问时用

10.how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。 How often do you play sports? Three times a week.

how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here? How long is the ruler?

how far 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。 How far is it from here to the park? It?s about 2 kilometers.

Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

短语归纳与用法:

(1)more outgoing更外向 15)as…as…与……一样……

(2)the singing competition唱歌比赛 (16)be similar to与……相像的/类似的

(3)the same as和……相同;与……一致 (17)be different from与……不同

(4)care about关心;介意 (18)be like a mirror像一面镜子

(5)the most important最重要的 (19)as long as只要;既然

(6)bring out使显现;使表现出 (20)get better grades取得更好的成绩

(7)reach for伸手取 (21)in fact事实上;实际上

(8)make friends交朋友 (22)the other其他的

(9)touch one’s heart感动某人 (23)be talented in music有音乐天赋

(10)be good at擅长…… (24)be good with善于与……相处

(11)have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣 (25)be good at doing sth擅长做某事

(12)make sb. do sth.让某人做某事 (26)want to do sth.想要做某事

(13)as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样……

(14)It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事是……的。

语法知识:

(1)Is Tom smarter than Sam? No,he isn?t. Sam is smarter than Tom.

(2)Is Tara more outgoing than Tina? No, she isn?t. Tina is more outgoing than Tara.

(3)Are you as friendly as your sister? No, I?m not. I?m friendlier.

(4)Does Tara work as hard as Tina? Yes, she does.

(5)Who?s more hardworking at school? Tina thinks she works harder than me.

词语辨析:

(1)laugh v. & n. 笑

We all laughed loudly when she made a joke. 她说了个笑话,我们都大声笑起来。

We all laughed at his joke. 听了他的笑话我们都笑起来。

He laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。/不要高兴得太早。

(与at连用)嘲笑

Don?t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。

People have often laughed at stories told by seamen. 人们常常嘲笑海员所讲的故事。

Everyone laughed at his foolish antics. 大家都笑他那种愚蠢的滑稽动作。

名词:笑;笑声 We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

(2)though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although

Though it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。

Though he was poor he was happy. 虽然他很穷却很快乐。

注意:在though引导的从句后不使用but。如:

Though he was poor,but he was happy.(误)

though adv.. 不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。

Jim said that he would come, he didn?t , though.

Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater

重点句型:

1. It has the biggest screens.

2. The DJs choose songs the most carefuuly.

3. How do you like it so far? 到目前为止,你认为它怎么样?

4. Thanks forget telling me.

5. Can I ask you some questions?

重点短语:

(1)movie theater电影院 (2)be close to…离……近

(3)clothes store服装店 (4)in town在镇上

(5)so far到目前为止 (6)10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程

(7)talent show才艺表演 (8)have….in common 有相同特征(想法、兴趣方面)相同

(9)around the world世界各地;全世界 (10)more and more……越来越……

(11)and so on等等 (12)all kinds of……各种各样的

(13)be up to是……的职责;由……决定 (14)not everybody 并不是每个人

(15)make up编造(故事、谎言等) (16)play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响

(17)play a role in doing sth. 发挥做某事的作用(18)no problem 没什么,别客气

(19)for example例如 (20) take…seriously认真对待

(21)give sb. sth.给某人某物 (22)come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到

(23)play a role 发挥作用,有影响 (24)Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。

(25)much+ adj./adv.的比较级 ……得多 (26)watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事

(27)play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色

(28)one of+可数名词的复数 ……之一(29)Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗?

(30)How do you like…? (31)What do you think of…?你认为…怎么样?

(32)how much…….?多少钱? (33)How far……?多远?

(34)How many……? 多少? (35)How long…..?多长?

Unite 5 Do you want to a game show?

重要短语:

(1)find out 查明,弄清 (2) be ready to do 准备好做某事…

(3)dress up 装扮,乔装打扮 (4)take sb`s place 代替,替换

(5)do a good job 干得好 (6) think of +名词或动词短语 认为….

(7)game shows 游戏节目 (8)learn from 向…学习 从…..获得

(9)talk shows 脱口秀 (10)soap opera 肥皂剧

(11)go on 发生 (12) watch a movie 观看一场电影

(13)one of the main reasons 最主要的原因之一(14)watch a sitcom 观看一部情景喜剧

(15)action movies 动作电影 (16) come out

(17)try one?s best 尽力,竭尽全力 (18)a pair of 一双,一对…

(19)as famous as 一样著名 (20)look like 全世界像

(21)around the world 世界各地 (22)have a discussion about…就…….讨论

(23)one day 有一天 (24)such as 比如

(25)a symbol of …..的象征 (26)something enjoyable 令人愉快的东西

(27)interesting information 有趣的资料 (28)happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

(29)expect to do sth.盼望做某事 (30)TV shows 电视节目

重要句型:

(1)What do you think of talk shows? I don?t mind them.

(2)I hope to be a TV reporter one day. How about you?

(3)

常用法:

(1)let sb do sth. 让某人做某事 (8)plan to do sth. 计划做某事

(2)hope to do sth. 希望做某事 (9)mind doing sth 介意做某事

(3)expect to do sth. 期待做某事 (10)How(what) about doing…做某事怎么样?

(4)be always ready to do sth. 总是准备做某事,随时随地可以从事某事

(5)try one?s best to do sth. 尽力做某事 (11) become +adj 变得…..

(6)not so …..as 不像…那样….;不如…..这么…(12)thank you for doing sth 谢谢你做某事

(7)love ding sth 喜爱做某事

语词辨析:

1.the other, the others, other, others,another

个中的一个……另一个……时,常用one …the other…。例:

the others 特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物),是the other的复数形式,相当于the other+复数名词。the other + 复数名词 = any other + 名词单数。例:

I?m different from Jeff because I?m louder than other

We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects.

others 例:

Some students are doing homework,others are talking loudly.

another I don?t like this one. Please show me another one.

2.find out

Please find out when Mrs Green will go to Beijing.

3. go on 发生,与 take place 同义

I wonder what was going on.

翻译:隔壁发生了什么? ?

4.happen

Sth + happens to sb. A traffic accident happened to his elder brother yesterday.

An accident happened on Park Street.

Sb + happens to do sth.

I happened to see my uncle on the street.

种原因或事先的安排。例:

Great changes have taken place in China.

The meeting will take place next Friday.

5.expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构:

I?m expecting Li Lin?s letter.

Lily expects to come back next week. I expect my mother to come back early.

I expected that I?ll come back next Monday.

6. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。 He is a serious man.

be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事当真

Peter is serious about Jenny. He wants to get married to her.

be serious about doing sth. 对某事当真 He?s serious about selling his house.

Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science

短语:

grow up every day be sure about make sure send…to… be able to the meaning of different kinds of the meaning of in common at the beginning of write down have to do with take up hardly ever too…to…

短语用法:

want to do sth. be going to + 动词原形

practice doing sth. keep on doing sth.

learn to do sth. finish doing sth

promise to do sth. help sb. to do sth.

remember to do sth. agree to do sth.

love to do sth.

be going to 的用法

1) be going to + 动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year

等时间状语或when 引导的时间状语从句连用。各种句式变换都借助be 动词完成,be随主语有am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。

肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。He is going to take the bus there.

否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 I?m not going to see my friends this weekend. 一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他

肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be. 否定回答: No, 主语 + be not.

Are you going to see your friends this weekend? Yes ,I am. / No, I?m not.

特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他?

What is he going to do this weekend? When are you going to see your friends?

2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点

We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

3) 表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。

The bus is coming. My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.

4) be going to 与 will 的区别:

① 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表达,will 没有人称和数的变化,变否定句要在will 后面加not, 也可用will 后面加 not,或者缩略式won?t, 变一般疑问句将will 提至 句首。

Will planes be large in the future? Yes, they will. / No, they won?t.

②will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。 I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.

③ 陈述将来的某个事实用will.

I will ten years old next year.

④表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will.

I?m tired I will go to bed.

⑤ 表示意愿用will.

I?ll tell you the truth.

⑥ 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to, 而不用 will.

1 promise vt. 保证,许诺。有三种结构:

1)promise to do sth. _____My mother promised to buy a piano for me.

2)promise sb. sth. _____ My aunt promised me a bike.

3)promise + that 从句_____ Tom promises that he can return on time.

promise n. 允诺, 诺言

Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise.

2.when 与 while 的区别:

when 表示“当…时候”,既指时间点,又指一段时间,when 引导的时间状语从句中的动词可以是终止性的也可以是延续性的。When the teacher came in, the students were talking.

When she arrives, I?ll call you.

while 表示“当…时候”,仅指一段时间,从句中的动作必须是延续性的,一般强调主从句的动作同时发生, while 还可以作并列连词,意为“ 而、却”,表示对比关系。

Lisa was singing while her mother was playing piano.

Tom is strong while his younger brother is week.

3. practice vt. 练习, 后接名词,代词或v-ing 作宾语。

Your elder sister is practicing the guitar in the room.

常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有:

考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, pardon.

承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy.

避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice.

否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.

不禁介意与逃亡: can?t help , mind, escape.

不准冒险凭想象: forbid, risk, imagine.

4. everyday 与 every day 区别

everyday adj. 每天的 在句中作定语,位于名词前。 This is our everyday homework. every day 副词短语, 在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。 He reads books every day.

Unit 7 Will people have robots?

短语:

on computers on paper live to be 200 years old free time in danger on the earth play a part in sth space station look for computer programmer in the future huandreds of the same…as over and over again get bored wake up look like fall down

用法:

will + 动词原形 将要做 fewer/more + 可数名词复数 更少/更多…

less/more + 不可数名词 更少/更多 try to do sth. 尽力做某事

have to do sth 不得不做某事 agree with sb. 同意某人的意见 such + 名词(词组) 如此 play a part in doing sth 参与做某事 make sb do sth 让某人做某事 help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

There will be + 主语 + 其他 将会有…. There is/are + sb. + doing sth 有…正在做… It is + 形容词 + for sb + to do sth 做某事对某人来说…的

语法:

What will the future be like? Cities will be more polluted. And there will be fewer trees. Will people use money in 100 years? No, they won?t. Everything will be free.

Will there be world peace? Yes, I hope so.

Kids will stuffy at home on computers. They won?t go to school.

Countable nouns Uncountable nouns

There will be more people. There will be more pollution.

There will be fewer trees. There will be less free time.

词语辨析:

1. every 与 each 的区别:

every 用来表整体,each 用来表个别。each 最低需是两,every 最低需是三。every adj.

every 作主用单数,each 可单也可复,作主、作定用单数,其他情况用复数。 each adj./ pron. Every teacher knows her.

There are lots of trees on each side of the road.

Each of the road has a dictionary.

2. on the earth 在地球上,作地点状语,位于句首或句末。 on earth 究竟,到底。用于疑问句或副词后,加强语气。

All the living things on the earth depend on the sun. / What on earth do you mean?

3. human, 指包括男人女人孩子的“人,人类”,有别于动物,自然景物,机器等的特殊群体,也可指具体的人。

person, 无性别之分,常用于数目不太大,而且数目比较精确的场合。

people, 泛指“人们”,表示复数概念。

man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指“男人”,a man 可指“一个人/ 一个男人”,复数形式为men.

He was the only human on the island.

There are only three persons in the room.

There are many people there.

Man is stronger than woman.

4. seem 连系动词,好像,似乎,看来。有下面几种用法:

seem + 名词 看起来。He seems a nice man.

seem like 好像,似乎。 It seemed like a good idea at the time.

seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/好像做某事。 I seem to have left my book at home.

It seems/seemed that 看起来好像…, 似乎…. He was very happy.

seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。 She seems to be happy.= She seems happy.

5. probably ad. maybe 相当于 perhaps. 也许,大概,可能。作状语.

probably 用于句中,可能性最大。 He will probably come tomorrow.

maybe/perhaps 用于句首。 Maybe/Perhaps you are right.

1. during / for / in 介词,在……期间。说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用during; 说到某事

持续多久则用for; 说到某事具体发生的时间用in.

We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday.

I?ve been here for two weeks.

They usually leave school in July.

一般将来时结构:

肯定式: 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他 will 用于各种人称,shall 用于第一人称。

主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。

否定式: 在will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won?t .

一般疑问句: 将will/shall/be 提到主语前面。

There be 句型的一般将来时:

There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。

肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won?t.

否定形式是:There won?t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有……

特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句? When will there be a nice basketball match?

Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

短语:

milk shake turn on pour into a cup of yogurt a good idea on Saturday cut up put into one more thing a piece of

at this time a few fill…with… cover…with… one by one

a long time

短语用法:

How many + 可数名词复数 How much + 不可数名词 let sb. + do sth. want + to do sth. forget + to do sth. how + to do sth. There are many reasons for 一段时间 +ago by + doing sth.

need + to do sth. make + 宾语 + 形容词 It?s time(for sb) + to do sth First…Next…Then…Finally…

句型:

Turn on the blender. How do you make a banana milk shake? How many bananas do we need? How much yogurt do we need? Now, it?s time to enjoy the rice noodles!

语法:

How do you make a banana milk shake? First, peel the banana.

Next, put the banana in the blender. Then, pour the milk into the blender. Finally, turn on the blender.

Countable nouns Uncountable nouns

How many bananas do we need? How much yogurt do we need? We need three bananas. We need one cup of yogurt.

主谓一致判断法:

1. 不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

2. 动名词或动词不定式作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

3. either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also..连接两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词与邻

近的名词或代词在人称和数上保持一致。

4. 在here, there 开头的倒装句中,谓语动词与后面的名词在数上保持一致。

词语辨析:

1. turn on 打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是turn off. turn up/turn down 调高/低音量。

2. pour…into… 将…倒入/灌入… into 是:进入… in 是:在…内。

在put, throw, break, lay, fall 等动词之后,既可用in,也可用into。但in可作副词,into不能。 He put all the books in/into the bag. Come in!

3. 有关make 的短语: make the bed 铺床 make tea 沏茶 make trouble 惹麻烦

make money 赚钱 make a decision 做决定 make a telephone call 打电话 make a visit 拜访 make a mistake 犯错误 make a noise 弄出噪音 make a living 谋生 make sure 务必

4. one more thing = another one thing 基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词

5. fill with 用…填充… be filled with = be full of 充满….

The boy filled the bottle with sand. / The bag was full of clothes.

6. cover…with… 用…把…覆盖 be covered with 被…所覆盖。 cover n. 封面,盖子。 Ann covered her face with her hands. / The cover of the magazine is nice.

7. It?s time (for sb) to do sth. 到某人做某事的时候了。

It?s time for sth. 到做某事的时候了。

Unit 9 Can you come to my party?

短语:

on Saturday afternoon have to prepare for go to the doctor have the flu help my parents come to the party meet my friend go to the party too much homework go to the movies another time last fall hang out after school on the weekend study for a test visit grandparents the day before yesterday the day after tomorrow

have a piano lesson look after accept an invitation turn down an invitation take a trip at the end of this month look forward to the opening of reply in writing go shopping do homework go to the concert

not…until

短语用法:

invite sb. to do sth. What + a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 (+ 主语 + 谓语)! help sb. (to) do sth What + 形容词 + 名词复数/不可数名词(+ 主语 + 谓语)! be sad to do sth. see sb to do sth / see sb doing sth

the best way to do sth. have a surprise party for sb

look forward to doing sth. reply to sth/sb.

What?s today? What?s the date today? What day is it today?

句型:

Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?

Sure, I?d love to. / Sorry, I can?t. I have to prepare for an exam.

语法:

Can you come to my party on Saturday? Sure, I?d love to. /Sorry, I must study for a math test. Can you go to the movie tomorrow Sure. That sound great. / I?m afraid not. I have the flu. night?

Can he go to the party? No, he can?t. He has to help his parents.

Can she go to the baseball game? No, she?s not available. She must go to the doctor.

Can they go to the movie? No, they?re not free. They might have to meet their friends. 词语辨析:

1. prepare意为“准备”,强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,

还可接不定式。 prepare for sth. 为…准备好。for的宾语不是动作的承受者,而是表示准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。 / prepare to do sth 准备做某事。 prepare 强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。 get/be ready意为“准备好”,强调准备的结果。常见结构有:①be ready(for sth.)②get sth. ready ③be ready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)

We _____ the mid-term examination.

Miss Li said, “Everyone should ______before class.

2. have the flu 患感冒 have a cold 感冒 have a cough 咳嗽 have a fever 发烧 have a sore throat 喉咙痛 have a headache 头痛 have a toothache 牙痛 3. hang out 常去某处,泡在某处 hang on 紧紧抓住 hang about 闲荡 hang up 挂电话,悬挂,挂起

4. catch you = bye bye catch a cold 感冒 catch sb?s eye 引起某人注意 catch the train 赶上火车

catch up with 赶上,,跟上 catch hold of 抓住

5.accept 接受 , 反义词为: refuse。 accept指主观上愿意接受,receive 收到,指客观上收到或拿到,但主观上不一定会接受。 I received his gift yesterday, but I wouldn?t like to accept it. 1. turn down = refuse 拒绝 turn up 放大,调高 turn over 翻身 take turns 依次,轮流

2. help sb.(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助人 help oneself to sth

随便吃

3. at the end of 在…末尾,在…尽头, by the end of 到…末为止 in the end of 终于

4. surprised 形容词,感到意外的,主语是人be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到意外

surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物 The news was surpring.

surprise 名词,惊奇、惊讶 to one?s surprise 动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth.

5. look forward to 期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb.

hear of = hear about 听说 6. make it 在约定的时间内到达,能够来 = arrive in time; Glad you could make it.

商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。 Let?s make it at seven o?clock on Tuesday.

成功办成某事 = succeed After years of hard work, he finally made it.

7. reply 回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词 reply to sb/sth. 对…..作出回答。

作及物动词,意为 回答,回答说。作名词,意为:答道,回信,答复,后跟介词 to .

answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作及物和不及物动词。

Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!

短语:

go to the party have a great /good time stay at home take the bus tomorrow night

have a class party have a class meeting half the class make some food

at the party order food potato chips be angry with sb. give sb some advice

travel around the world go to college make(a lot of)money get an education work hard a soccer player keep…to oneself talk to sb. in life in the end

be angry at/about sth make mistakes in the future run away the first step

in half solve a problem school clean-up

习惯用法:

ask sb. to do sth give sb sth. tell sb. to do sth too…to do sth be afraid to do sth. advise sb to do sth It?s best (not)to do sth. need to do sth

语法:

I think I?ll take the bus to the party. If you do, you?ll be late.

What will happen if they have the party today? If they have it today, half the class won?t come.

Should we ask people to bring food? If we ask people to bring food, they?ll just

bring potato chips and chocolate.

2013版人教版八年级英语上册各单元短语句子

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?

go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the mountains去爬山

go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆

go to summer camp去参观夏令营 quite a few相当多 study for为……而学习 go out出去 most of the time大部分时间

taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴 of course当然

feel like给……的感觉;感受到

go shopping去购物 in the past在过去 walk around四处走走

because of因为one bowl of… 一碗…… the next day第二天

drink tea喝茶 find out找出;查明 go on继续

take photos照相 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来

buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物

taste + adj. 尝起来…… look+adj. 看起来……

nothing…but+动词原形 除了……之外什么都没有

seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来……

arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地

decide to do sth.决定去做某事

try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事

forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事

start doing sth.开始做某事

stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

keep doing sth.继续做某事

Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢?

so+adj.+that+从句 如此……以至于……

tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

Unit2 How often do you exercise?

help with housework帮助做家务 on weekends在周末

how often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不

once a week每周一次 twice a month每月两次 every day每天 be free有空 go to the movies去看电影 use the Internet用互联网 swing dance摇摆舞 play tennis打网球stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 at least至少

have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课

go to bed early早点睡觉 play sports进行体育活动

be good for对……有好处 go camping去野营

not…at all一点儿也不…… in one?s free time在某人的业余时间

the most popular最受欢迎的such as比如;诸如 old habits die hard积习难改 go to the dentist去看牙医morn than多于;超过 less than少于

help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 How about…? ......怎么样?/ ……好不好? want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事

How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? ……有多少……?

主语+find+that从句. ……发现…… spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光 It?s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的……的。 ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事 by doing sth. 通过做某事

What?s your favorite……?你最喜爱的……是什么?

the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式

Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister.

more outgoing更外向 as…as…与……一样……

the singing competition唱歌比赛

be similar to与……相像的/类似的 the same as和……相同;与……一致

be different from与……不同

care about关心;介意 be like a mirror像一面镜子 the most important最重要的 as long as只要;既然 bring out使显现;使表现出

get better grades取得更好的成绩

reach for伸手取 in fact事实上;实际上 make friends交朋友 the other其他的

touch one?s heart感动某人 be talented in music有音乐天赋

be good at擅长…… be good with善于与……相处

have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣 be good at doing sth擅长做某事 make sb. do sth.让某人做某事

want to do sth.想要做某事 as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样……

It?s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。

形容词和副词的比较级、最高级

大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:1)原级(不作比较),修饰词very,so,too,pretty,really;

2)比较级,表示“较……”或“更……”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词than,A or B,of the two, 修饰词much,a lot,a little;3)最高级,表示“最……”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。 as…(原级)as与……一样…… not as/so…as不如

Liming is as tall as Jim. Jack runs as fast as Tom.

Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy.

Unit4 What’s the best movie theater?

movie theater电影院 close to…离……近 clothes store服装店 in town在镇上 so far到目前为止 10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 talent show才艺表演

in common共同;共有 around the world世界各地;全世界 more and more……越来

越……

and so on等等 all kinds of……各种各样的 be up to是……的职责;由……决定 not everybody并不是每个人 make up编造(故事、谎言等)

play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响

for example例如 take…seriously认真对待 give sb. sth.给某人某物

come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到

Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗?

How do you like…?你认为……怎么样?

Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。

What do you think of…?你认为……怎么样?

much+ adj./adv.的比较级 ……得多

watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事

play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色

one of+可数名词的复数 ……之一

形容词和副词的最高级

Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?

think of认为 learn from从……获得;向……学习 find out查明;弄清楚 talk show谈话节目

game show游戏节目 soap opera肥皂剧 go on发生 watch a movie看电影 a pair of一双;一对

try one?s best尽某人最大努力 as famous as与……一样有名

have a discussion about就……讨论

one day有一天 such as例如 dress up打扮;梳理 take sb.?s place代替;替换

do a good job干得好 something enjoyable令人愉快的东西 interesting information有趣的资料

one of……之一 look like看起来像 around the world全世界 a symbol of……的象征

let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth.希望做某事

happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 expect to do sth.盼望做某事

How about doing…?做……怎么样?

be ready to do sth.乐于做某事 try one?s best to do sth.尽力做某事

动词不定式做宾语

Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.

grow up成长;长大 every day每天 be sure about对……有把握 make sure确信;务必

send…to…把……送到…… be able to能 the meaning of……的意思

different kinds of不同种类的

write down写下;记下 have to do with关于;与……有关系 take up开始做;学着做

hardly ever几乎不;很少 too…to…太……而不能……/太……以至于不能

be going to+动词原形 打算做某事 practice doing练习做某事

keep on doing sth.不断地做某事

learn to do sth.学会做某事 finish doing sth.做完某事 promise to do sth.许诺去做某事

help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事 remember to do sth.记住做某事 agree to do sth.同意做某事

love to do sth.喜爱做某事 want to do sth.想要做某事

be going to的用法

Unit7 Will people have robots?

on computer在电脑上 on paper在纸上 live to do 200 years old活动200岁 free time空闲时间in danger处于危险之中 on the earth在地球上

play a part in sth.参与某事 space station太空站

look for寻找 computer programmer电脑编程员 in the future在未来

hundreds of许多;成百上千 the same…as…与……一样 over and over again多次;反复地

get bored感到厌烦的 wake up醒来 fall down倒塌

will+动词原形 将要做…… fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多……

less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多…… have to do sth.不得不做某事

agree with sb.同意某人的意见 such+名词(词组) 如此……

play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事

There will be + 主语+其他 将会有……

There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有……正在做某事

make sb. do sth. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 try to do sth. 尽力做某事 It?s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。

一般将来时

Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

milk shake奶昔 turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开 pour…into…把……倒入…… a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶 a good idea好主意 on Saturday在星期六 cut up切碎

put…into…把……放入…… one more thing还有一件事 a piece of一片/张/段/首…… at this time在这时 a few一些;几个 fill… with…用……把……装满

cover…with…用……覆盖…… one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次 a long time很长时间

how many+可数名词复数 多少…… how much+不可数名词 多少……

It?s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了

First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后……

want + to do sth.想要做某事 forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事 how + to do sth.如何做某事

need+to do sth.需要做某事 make+宾语+形容词 使……怎样 let sb. +do sth.让某人做某事

可数名词与不可数名词

Unit9 Can you come to my party?

on Saturday afternoon在周六下午 prepare for为……做准备 go to the doctor去看医生

have the flu患感冒 help my parents帮助我的父母 come to the party来参加聚会

another time其他时间 last fall去年秋天 go to the party去聚会

hang out常去某处;泡在某处 the day after tomorrow后天 the day before yesterday前天

have a piano lesson上钢琴课 look after照看;照顾 accept an invitaton接受邀请

turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 take a trip去旅行 at the end of this month这个月末

look forward to盼望;期待 the opening of… ……的开幕式/落成典礼

reply in writing书面回复go to the concert去听音乐会 not…until直到……才

meet my friend会见我的朋友 visit grandparents拜访祖父母 study for a test为考试学习

have to不得不 too much homework太多作业 do homework做家庭作业 go to the movies去看电影 after school放学后 on the weekend在周末 invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

see sb. do sth. see sb.doing sth.

the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What?s today?今天是什么日子? What?s the date today? What day is it today?

情态动词can表示邀请

Unit10 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

stay at home待在家里 take the bus乘公共汽车 tomorrow night明天晚上

have a class party进行班级聚会half the class一半的同学 make some food做些食物 order food订购食物 have a class meeting开班会

at the party在聚会上 potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 in the end最后

make mistakes犯错误go to the party去参加聚会 have a great/good 玩得开心 give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议

go to college上大学 make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱

travel around the world环游世界get an education得到教育 work hard努力工作 a soccer player一名足球运动员 keep…to oneself保守秘密

talk with sb.与某人交谈 in life 在生活中 be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 be angry with sb.生某人的气in the future在将来 run away逃避;逃跑 the first step第一步 in half分成两半

solve a problem解决问题 school clean-up学校大扫除

ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 give sb. sth.给某人某物

tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It?s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事 need to do sth.需要做某事

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