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同位语从句

发布时间:2014-01-02 15:46:27  

Noun Clauses as the appositive

上面句子划红线的部 分在句中作名词的同 位语从句,对名词进 一步解释,说明名词 的具体内容。
同位语从句是在复合句中作名词的同位语的名词性从句

1. John Smith, the Nobel Prize winner, is an English. (名词词 组做同位语)

2. John Smith and David Smith both come from the States. (代 词做同位语)
3. John Smith loves his job, teaching English. (动名词词组做同 位语) 4. During all those years the young man had but one aim―to fight for the independence of his motherland. (动词不定式做 同位语) 5. John Smith has no idea which color is suitable for him. (从句 做同位语)

观察并翻译下列句子划红线的部分
? I have a dream that one day, all road will be make plain. ? We hold this truth to be self-evident that all men are created equal.
? Some people hold the opinion that the Internet is a curse.

同位语从句通常放在抽象含义的名词 (先行词)后:
Impression

Information
Evidence Question Suggestion Concept

Reason

That

The idea that you can do this work well without thinking is quite wrong.

Attention

在某些名词如demand, wish, suggestion, proposal, resolution 等后面的同位语从句要用虚拟语气。即(should)do的形式 There was a suggestion that Brown should be dropped from the t eam.

The resolution that women be allowed to join the society was carr ied.

I can understand their wishes that you should be the main speaker .

whether

We are not investigating the question whether he is trustworthy.

Whether 可引导同位语从句,但if不能引导同位语从句。
whether“是否”可以引导:主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句。 if“是否”,只能引导宾语从句和表语从句,不能引导主语从句。

The proposal whether we should built more entertainment facilities in public place is determined by the government.

【练】毫无疑问,家庭成员之间的关系已经不像以 前那么亲密了。
There is no doubt that the relationship between family members is not as close as it used to be.

【练】专家们正在讨论是否应该支持国际旅游业的 问题
Experts are discussing the question whether the international tourism should be supported.

连接 代词
what, who, whom, whose, which
引导同位语从句 1).I have no idea what size shoes she wears. 2).I have no idea which wine is best—it’s a matter of personal taste. 3).The question who will take his place is still not clear.

连接 副词
when, where, how, why
引导同位语从句

We haven’t yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation. We can’t solve the problem how we can travel faster than light.

1. Two thirds of all girls in Britain are on a diet./ The fact worries their parents and teachers a lot.

The fact that two thirds of all girls are on a diet worries their parents and teachers a lot.
2. The Queen of England

was on a three-day visit in China./ We heard the news last night.

We heard the news last night that the Queen of England was on a three-day visit in China.

3. Time travel is possible./ There is no scientific proof for the idea.

There is no scientific proof for the idea that time travel is possible.
4. Chinese students should be given more free time./ The suggestion is welcomed by many people, especially kids in school.

The suggestion that Chinese students should be given more free time is welcomed by many people, especially kids in school.

同位语从句有时可以不紧跟在它所说明的名词后面而是被别的词隔 开,以使得整个句子的结构显得平衡,即为分离同位语从句。例如:

He got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off.
Word came that Hussein had been captured.

Reading in IELTS

There is mounting evidence that learning a language produces psychological changes in the brain.(剑4 Test 2 Reading) 有越来越多的证据显示,学一种语言会使大脑产生心理变化。 There is evidence that these materials work, and that schools can achieve something.(剑6 Test 4 Reading) 有证据表明,这些材料行之有效,而且学校能够取得某些效果。

1.逗号“,” 例:Yet the Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky, one of the greatest of all film artists, described the film as a “work of genius.” 2.单个破折号“―” 例:Or it might have developed like television―as a strange, noisy transfer of music, information and narrative. 3.两个破折号,一前一后“...―...―...” 例:American imagery―the cars, the cities, the cowboys―became the primary imagery of film.

4.冒号“:” 例:The numeration system of the Tsimshian language (蒂 姆西亚语) in British Columbia contains seven distinct sets of words for numbers according to the class of the item being counted: for counting flat objects and animals, for round objects and time, for people, for long objects and trees, for canoes, for measures, and for counting when no particular object is being numerated.

5.括号() 例:What is more, some of the treated animals survived longer than the oldest-living animals in the control group, which means that the maximum lifespan (the oldest attainable age), not merely the normal lifespan, increased.
6.引导词(如or、that is to say、that is、in other words等) 例:We―that is to say my wife and I―will be attending the wedding.

Reading in IELTS

Sometimes it is slow: vast bubbles of magma―molten rock from the mantle―inch towards the surface, cooling slowly, to show through as granite extrusions. (剑4 Test 3 Reading)
These methods include strength training that duplicates what they are doing in their running events as well as plyometric, a technique pioneered in the former Soviet Union. (剑4 Test 4 Reading)

Writing in IELTS

Overall this graph gives evidence that Australia’s share of Japan’s tourist market has

been on the rise and will continue to do so. (剑3 Test 1 Writing)

在雅思写作中就可以漂亮的用上一句同位语从句来给文章结个尾:

After weighing both the advantages and disadvantages carefully, w e can come to the conclusion safely that there is no point in spendi ng large amounts of taxpayers’ money on cultural preservation

.


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