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与各种时态连用的时间状语

发布时间:2014-01-03 10:35:46  

与各种时态连用的时间状语

一、常与 一般现在时 连用的时间状语:

1、副词: always often never sometimes usually

2、短语: every day / week / month / year once a week hardly ever every ten minutes 每十分钟 every other ten minutes 每隔十分钟 now and then 不时 from time to time 不时

另:客观事实、客观真理只用一般现在时

eg: He always studies very hard.

They sometimes go to school on foot.

Ken doesn’t clean his teeth every day.

The No. 2 bus passes here every fifteen minutes.

Do you visit your uncle now and then?

附:一般现在时的基本句型: 肯定句: He / She / It / sb. does sth.

否定句: He / She / It / sb. doesn't do sth.

疑问句: Does he / she / it / sb. do sth.?

肯定句: I / You / We / They / 复数名词 do sth.

否定句: I / You / We / They / 复数名词 don't do sth. 疑问句: Do I / You / We / They / 复数名词 do sth.?

二、常与 一般过去时 连用的时间状语:

1、副词: yesterday

2、短语: last week / month / year / night last Monday yesterday morning / afternoon / evening last May just now = a moment ago two days ago

the day before yesterday the other day 前几天 in (已过去的)某年 / 月 on (已过去的)某天 at (已过去的)几点钟 与某些从句连用 eg: He always studied hard last year.

Mr. Smith came to see our teacher yesterday afternoon.

Did you meet him the other day?

They left here at 8:00.

Andrew’s father went to Australia in 1978.

He went to sleep after he finished his homework.

I didn’t hear from him a week ago.

The sports meet began on September 20.

附:一般现在时的基本句型: 肯定句: sb. did sth.

否定句: sb. didn't do sth.

疑问句: Did sb. do sth.?

三、常与 现在完成时 ( has / have done ) 连用的时间状语:

1、副词: already yet just ever before never recently

2、短语: how long for + 一段时间 these five years by far so far 1

since + 时间点 how many times in these / those days 次数 eg: He has lived in Sydney since 1986.

They have arrived here two days before. 比较: They arrived here two days ago. I have ever been to Guangzhou but I have never been to HK.

Have you found one yet?

Anne hasn’t lived here for four months.

How long have you worked as a doctor?

四、常与 现在进行时 ( is / am / are doing ) 连用的时间状语:

1、副词: now

2、某些警示性动词如: look listen

eg: Look! They are playing football.

He isn’t reading English now.

五、常与 过去进行时 ( was / were doing ) 连用的时间状语: at this / that time yesterday;

at 10:00 last night; from 7:00 to 8:00 yesterday morning; when / while 从句 eg: I was doing my homework at this time yesterday evening.

Were you watching TV at 8:00 p.m. last Friday?

He wasn’t doing his sums when I came to his house.

They watched me while I was making a cake.

六、常与 一般将来时 ( will / shall / be going to do ) 连用的时间状语:

1、副词: tomorrow

2、短语: next Sunday / week / month / year how soon in + 时间段 / (将来的) 某年 / 月 after + 时间点 on (将来的) 某天 in the future

eg: We will have an English Evening tomorrow.

He’ll be back in two hours.

Our school will build another library in 2004.

Tom will leave for Beijing after 9: 00 o’clock.

.

How soon will you write to Anne?

She will be ten years old on Saturday next week.

七、常与过去完成时(had done)连用的时间状语: by the end of last…; before / after 从句; by yesterday / last Monday

宾语从句

八、现在完成时与一般过去时、一般现在时的区别:

现在完成时强调的是动作虽发生或开始在过去,但跟现在有联系

一般过去时则强调 A)过去某一具体动作,可配过去的具体时间 B)过去某一时间内经常发生

的动作

一般现在时强调现在时间内经常发生的动作或客观事实

e.g.: I have done all my homework.

I did my homework last night.

I often did my homework before dinner last month.

I often do my homework before dinner.

He works as an engineer in a company.

It never snows in Hainan Island.

EXERCISES:

I. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the following words:

1. Mary usually _____________ (get) up early in the morning.

2. We _________ already ____________ ( have ) supper.

3. I ____________________ (call) him in half an hour.

4. Sue ______________________ ( not do ) any washing last year.

5. Listen! Someone _________________________ (knock) at the door.

6. They _________________________ (swim) in the river at this time yesterday.

7. He ________________________ (not book) the court yet.

8. Lucy and Lily ______________________ (not come) to my party tomorrow evening.

9. My pencil ______________ (break) while I ______________________ (draw) a horse.

10. They _____________________ (play) football when I ___________ (see) them.

11. He told the child that the sun ____________ ( go ) down in the west.

12. What will he be when he _____________ (grow) up?

13. We won’t begin our work until he ___________ (come).

14. Sue __________________ (join) the match of next July.

15. How long ______________ he ____________ (arrive) at the station?

16. How soon __________ he ____________ (arrive)?

17. My father ________________ (work) as a doctor ten years ago.

18. He never ____________ (tell) a lie when he ___________ (be) a child.

19. Sometimes last year, my parents ____________ (come) home very late.

20. The baby ______________ (drink) water every two hours.

21. He ________________ (call) me every other twenty minutes yesterday.

22. It _______________ (snow) heavily on the morning of last Saturday.

23. By the end of last year, they ___________________ (write) five songs.

24. He ___________ just _____________ (draw) a map.

25. They _______________________ (not hand) in their homework the other day.

26. He _________________________ (not come) here since last month.

27. Next week, I _______________________ (stay) with my aunt for two days.

28. Peter and Tim _____________________________ (not have) class at nine yesterday.

29. I _________________________ (return) you the book in three days.

30. Look! They ____________________________ (not clean) the windows at all! II. Multiple choice:

1. What _____ you ______ at this time last Sunday?

A. did...do B. have...done C. were...doing D. are...doing

2. He said the train ______ faster than any man.

A. run B. runs C. ran D. is running

3. How long ___ he ____ in Shenzhen?

A. did...come B. has...arrived C. will...reach D. has...been

4. Many people often _____ rice for supper in south China.

A. have B. has C. had D. are having

5. She ___ always ___ angry with nothing.

A. is...being B. will...be C. is.../ D. /...is

6. I didn’t know a word of English until I ____ here.

A. came B. have come C. had come D. was coming

7. I ____ you about that many times.

A. told B. tell C. have told D. am telling

8. Water _____ at 100 0 C.

A. boils B. is boiling C. has boiled D. boiled

9. Ken ___ up at 6:30 in the morning.

A. got B. get C. gets D. is getting

10. How many English words ____ you _____?

A. do...learn B. has...learned C. have...learned D. will...learn

11. I ____ him just now.

A. see B. saw C. have seen D. am seeing

12. He ____ his best to learn English well.

A. doesn’t B. hasn’t done C. do D. doesn’t do

13. Her new shoes _______ under the bed.

A. is B. are C. was D. am

14. Where ____ you _____? I’ve looked for you the whole morning.

A. have...gone B. did...go to C. are...going D. have...been

15. I ____ him but I ____ to him.

A. see...didn’t speak B. saw...spoke C. have seen...haven’t spoken D. saw...didn’t speak 4

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