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八年级上末复习知识点

发布时间:2014-01-03 10:35:51  

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eg:Would/Do you mind not smoking here? 请你别在这儿抽烟好吗?

Unit1 Topic 3重点短语

37.make friends with sb和...做朋友

38.一双运动鞋 shoes

39.be ready for为...做好准备

40.it’s one’s 第一次做某事 eg:It’s my first time to ride a bike.

41.make...把...定在...Let’s make it half past six.

42.prepare for…为...做好准备 You should prepare for the exam.

43.take photos照相

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44.be able to do sth=can do sth 能够做某事 eg:Tom was able to swim.

45.a symbol of一个...的象征/标志

46. stand for代表..Five rings stand forthe five parts of the world.

47.at least至少;最少

一般将来时态

1、时间标志:tomorrow,soon,later,next week(month,year?),

in a few days(months,years?) this afternoon/evening.

Unit 2

Topic1重点短语

48.What’s wrong with…?=What’s the matter with…?

What’s the trouble with…?What’s up?(一般用于口语)...怎么了

49.看牙医

50..很快就会康复

51. have a rest=have a good sleep休息一会

52 .day and night日日夜夜

53.plenty of=lots of =a lot of大量;许多

54. have a +疾病;(have

55.stay up熬夜,不睡觉

56=.=57.on the Internet在网上

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58 .不定代词和形容词连用时,形容词放不定代词之后

eg:nothing serious/sth important

59. take care of=look after=care for照顾;照料

60.one’s advice=one’s advice遵守某人的建议

61.exciting修饰物 excited修饰人(类似的interesting/interested)

eg:an exciting book/He is very excited.

62.not…until直到...才He didn’t get up until 9:00.他直到9点才起床。

重点语法: 情态动词

63. must 必须、一定。对于must(必须、一定要)开头的问句,应用needn’t/don’t have to来回答。Must I...?=Yes,you must/No,you needn’t(don’t have to)

Must he clean the room before class?Yes,he must/No,he needn’t(don’t have to)

64、动词短语做主语(doing/to do)谓语动词用1).熬夜对你的身体是有害的。_____ ______ ______is bad for your health.

2)看电视太多对你的视力不好。______ ______ ______is bad for your eyes.

3)饭前洗手对我们的健康有好处。______ ______ _____ ____is good for our health. Unit2 Topic2重点短语

65 吃药

66.do morning/eye 做早(眼保健)操

67. 在阳光下

68.对...有好处/害 eg:Eating fruit is good for your health.

Reading in the sun is bad for you eyes.

69.give up sth./ sth.=stop doing sth.放弃/停止做某事

70.让某人做某事 He ask me to play football.

71.over=more than 多于 less than 少于

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72.重点语法:should /had better +动词原形

A、should和had better都是情态动词,意为“应该”和“最好”,无人称、数及时态的变化。缩写:should not=shouldn’t。

你们应该相互帮助You _______help each other.。

你不应该在课堂上说话。You _____ ______in class.

你最好休息一会儿。________ ________have a rest.

他最后别再干那种事。He’d better______ ______ that again.

B、表示委婉建议的句子:

1)Would you like 2) Could you please(not)do sth?

3) What about sth./sth.?=How about sth./ sth.?

4) Why not do sth.?

5) Would you mind sth?

C.What’s wrong with you? =What’s the matter with…?=What’s the trouble

with…?意为“有什么麻烦(病)”或“出了什么问题”等。

_______ _______ ________your bike?你的自行车出什么毛病了?

_______ _______ _________ ________the radio?你的收音机出什么毛病了? _______ ______ ________ _________your head?你的头怎么啦?

Unit3

Topic1重点短语

Top 1 What’s your hobby?

74..in free time=in spare time 在...空闲时间

75.need(1).既可作情态动词,无人称和时态的变化

(2)也可作实义动词 need+sth/to do sth

76.enjoy/like/love/be interested in/be fond of/prefer+(doing) sth

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77.maybe副词,一般放于句首,而may be中的may是情态动词。

Maybe he is a doctor=He may be a doctor.

78.not all“不全是”; not...at all一点也不

79.used to do sth过去常常做某事

(1)肯定句:主语+used to do eg:He used to go to school by bus.

(2)否定句:a:didn’t use to+...He didn’t use to go to school by bus.

b:usedn’t to +... He usedn’ to go to school by bus.

(3)一般疑问句:did +sb +use to do Did you use to go to school by bus.

(4)特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+sb+use to ...

80.动名词作主语,谓语动词为单eg:Eating too much sugar is harmful to your health.

81.It’s +adj +(for sb)+to do sth It’s easy to get started/say.

82.with”带有...具有”表示附有 She is a pretty girl with big eyes.

a building with two floors.

83.share sth with sb和某人分享某物 Tom shared the cake with his friends.

84.provide sb with给某人提供某物

Top 2 What sweet music!

85.感叹句

感叹句,不麻烦,how和what 应提前

名词词组跟waht,how与形副紧相连

主语、谓语不用变,省掉它们很常见

技巧:一断(在谓语动词后面断开,使句子分为两部分)

二去(去掉very ,too,much,quite等修饰语)

三加(若第二部分为名词,前面加what;若使形容词、副词,加how), 四换(前后两部分互换位置),

五感叹句(最后加上感叹号)。

A.主+谓 eg:What a clever he is.

主+谓 eg: What beautiful flowers they are. eg: What bad weather it is.

B.How ++主语+谓 eg:How clever he is.

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86.a kind of 一种... all kinds of各种各样...

87.not ...at all一点也不 eg:I don,t like rock music at all.

88.“...深受某人喜欢” Cartoon is popular with kids.

89.be famous 因...而著名;作为...而著名。

eg:He is famous for his kind./ He is famous as a writer.

90.at the age of...=when he/she was ...years old(一般为过去时态).

At the age of ten,Mr Brown was in London.

91.take lessons=have lessons上课 give sb lessons给某人上课

92.as+adj/adv+as“和...一样” Lily is as tall as Lucy/I can run as quickly as Tom.

93.so...that如此的..以至于The book is so interesting that I read it again and again.

94.teach sb 教某人做某事

95.go/keep on doing 继续干某事 He go on making music.

96.what do you think of...=How do you like...?你认为...怎么样 (借出)把某物借给某人

(借入)从某人那里借来某物

98.other+n 复数;others后不加名词;another表示又一;再一;

one...the other一个...另一个...

99.对数量进行提问:how many(可数名词)/how much (不可数)

100.How about+n/doing eg:How about you/going with us.

101.everyday+n adj每天的、日常的;everyday life日常生活

every day副词,做时间状语 I read English every day.

102.be good/bad be harmful/helpful

Top 3 What were you doing at this time yesterday?

103.过去进行时.

A:(1)陈述句:主语+was/were+doing+其他

eg:They were playing basketball from nine to ten yesterday morning.

(2)一般疑问句:was/were+主语+doing+其他

eg:Were you reading at 10:00p.m last night? Yse,I was./No,I wasn’t. 8

(3)特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句。

eg:What was Jim doing when the teacher came in?

B:时间标志:at this /that time; at 6 o’clock yeaterday; from 7 to 9 last night;

all day yesterday等

104.one of+n(复数) 意思:...的其中之一 eg:Tom is one of my good frienfs. agree with sb同意某人的观点

agree on/about sth 在某事上达成一致eg:I agree with you about/on that thing. agree to do sth同意做某事

106.pleasant愉快的(特指某事、魔物令人满意)

pleased 喜悦的(指某人对某事/某物感到高兴),

sb be pleased with对...感到高兴

eg:It’s a pleasant coat./ She was pleased with her exam results.

107.be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事。

108.too...to 太...而不能He is too young to go to school.

so...that 如此的...以至于He is so young that he can;t go to school.

not...enough to He isn’t old enough to go to school.

stop doing sth停止做某事(停下正在做的)

stop to do sth (停下来去做另外一件事)

stop sb (from) doing sth 阻止某人做某事

110形容词)weekend=a Unit 4

Top 1Which do you like better,plants or animals?

111.as we know=it is well known that 众所周知

112. 对某人来说很重要 Water is important to us.

113.share sth with sb和...分享某物

114.hundred/thousand d当前面是具体数字时,hundred;thousand 用,当表示不确定数字时,用复数

eg:three hundred/thousand hundreds/thousands of(成千上百的/成千上万的) 115.在某事里起作用) He plays an important part in match. 9

116.without 介词+sth/doing sth “没有”

eg:Without water,people can’t live.

She was afraid to go home without selling a box of matches. 117.

die 动词 die out 灭绝;消失

dead 形容词“死的”

death 名词“死亡”

eg:--Is that a dog? --Yes,it 118.比较级+比较级“越来越...”

the+比较级,the+比较级“越...越...

eg:smaller and smaller/bigger and bigger(越来越小/大)

The more,the better越多,越好

119. 保护某人免受/免于...

eg: Sunglasses can protect us from the strong sunshine.太阳镜可以保护我们免受

强太阳光的伤害。

220.feed on以...为食 eg:The tiger feeds on meat.

221.in danger处于危险之中

一些特殊动物处于危险之中。

他们计划去拯救濒危动物

(注意:“in+表示情绪或处境的名词”表示处于某种心态或境地eg: in fear 处于恐惧之中;in anger 处于愤怒之中/生着气; in need 在患难之中) Top 2 How can we protect ourselves from the earthquake?

222. be+形容词+to do sth 做某事很...

be sorry很难过做某事

be happy/sad 很高兴/悲伤做某事

be angry 很生气...

eg:I’m sorry to hear that.听到那个消息我很难过。

I’m very happy/glad to see you.见到你很高兴。

223 hear about=hear of 听说 Did you hear the good news?

hear from 收到...的来信 Did you hear from the Tom?

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224.else“其他的;别的”形容词。和something/anything/everything等不定代词连用,放在不定代词之后。

He can’t do anything else now.他现在不能做别的事情。

225.remember to do sth 记得去做某事(未做)

doing sth记得做过某事(已经做过)

eg:Remember to post the letter for me.记得要帮我寄信。

I remember posting the letter.我记得寄过信了。

226.try to do sth 试图/尽力做某事

doing sth 尝试做某事

eg:Don’不要试图抛出楼外。

to improve his maths.他努力去提高他的数学。

Try doing practice every day,you’ll win.试着每天做练习,你将会成功。 227.语法:There be句型

There be 句型“表示某地有某物”

A.时态

a.一般现在时态

there is+可数名词(单数)/不可数名词

there are+可数名词复数g.

b.一般过去时态

there was+可数名词单/不可数名词 There was a book on the desk yesterday. there were+可数名词复数There were some flowers in the park lasy year.去

年公园里有一些花。

c.一般将来时态( There will There will be a football match tomorrow.

B.句型

陈述句:There is/are+名词+其他

一般疑问句:Is/Are +there +其他..(注意:some变any)

特殊疑问句:How many/much +名词复数+are there+其他“多少的...” 11

eg:There is a book on the desk.(陈述句)

Is there a book on the desk?(一般疑问句)

How many books are there on the desk?(特殊疑问句)

C.主谓一致:就近原则:当有两个以上主语时,谓语应与就近的主语保持一致。 eg:There is an apple and three bananas in the bag.

There are three bananas and an apple in the bag.

228.turn on打开 turn off关掉 turn up 调高 turn down 关小/调低

Top 3 The Internet makes the world smaller.

229.face to face面对面

230.年代的表达方法:

(1)在表达“...世纪...年代”时,在表达年份的数字后加-s或-‘s ”

eg:20世纪60年代 in( the )1960s= in (the) 1960’s

(2)in 1840 1840年

in (the ) 1840’s/1840s’ 19世纪40年代

231. 多个形容词同时修饰一个名词时

限定词(冠词/名词所有格/物主代词/数量)+观点+形状+年龄/新旧+颜色+来源+材料/种类

232. be sure of +名词 确信;有把握

be sure to do sth “务必;一定” 用于祈使句

be sure that +句子

eg:I’m sure of my success.=I’m sure that I’ll win.我确信我会成功。

Be sure to come here on time tomorrow.明天一定要按时到这里。

use sth to do sth用某物去做某事

used to do sth 过去常常做某事

eg:I can’t use a word to describe my feeling.我不能用语言描述我的感觉。

I used to go to school on foot.

234.spend +时间/金钱时间/地点 12

235.change...into 把...变成 We can change water into ice o.我们能把水变成冰。 look for 寻找 I’m looking for a house.

look at 看... Look at me.

look after 照顾;照料

look over检查 look over the body检查身体

look up查找 look up the dictionary查字典

237. be different from 与...不同 Your bike is different from mine.

the same as...和...相同 My coat is the same as you.

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