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九年级英语语法

发布时间:2014-01-03 10:36:00  

. by + doing 通过……方式如:by studying with a group

by 还可以表示:"在…旁","靠近","在…期间"、"用,""经过","乘车"等 如:I live by the river. I have to go back by ten o'clock. The thief entered the room by the window.

The student went to park by bus.

2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论

如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影。

talk to sb. === talk with sb. 与某人说话

3. 提建议的句子:

①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping? ②Why don't you + do sth.? 如:Why don't you go shopping? ③Why not + do sth. ? 如:Why not go shopping?

④Let's + do sth. 如: Let's go shopping

⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.? 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

4. a lot 许多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

5. too…to 太…而不能 常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth. 如:I'm too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法 三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关。 ①aloud是副词,重点在出声能让人听见,但声音不一定很大,

常用在读书或说话上。通常放在动词之后。aloud没有比较级

形式。如: He read the story aloud to his son.他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听。

②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk,

laugh等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。如:

She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。 ③loudly是副词,与loud同义,有时两者可替换使用,但往往

含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。

如: He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

7. not …at all 一点也不 根本不 如:

I like milk very much. I don't like coffee at all.

我非常喜欢牛奶。我一点也不喜欢咖啡。

not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾

8. be / get excited about sth.=== be / get excited about doing sth. === be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋 如:

I am / get excited about going to Beijing.===

I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。

9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某事 如:

The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

② end up with sth. 以…结束 如:

The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

10. first of all 首先. to begin with 一开始 later on 后来、随

11. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间

either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

too 也 (用于肯定句) 常在句末

12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。 make a mistake 犯一个错误 如:I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。

13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don't laugh at me!不要取笑我!

14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… She enjoys playing football.她喜欢踢足球。

enjoy oneself 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

16. native speaker 说本族语的人

17. make up 组成、构成

18. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式 …其中之一

如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

19. It's +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事… 如:It's difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了。

句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English

20. practice doing 练习做某事 如:

She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。

21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如:

LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

22. unle假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句

如:You will fail unleyou work hard..假如你不努力你会失败。 I won't write unlehe writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写

23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/ 某事

如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如:I was angry with her. 我对她生气。

26. perhaps === maybe 也许

27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。

28. see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生 see sb. / sth. do 看见某人在做某事 如:

如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom.她看见他正在教室里画画。

29. each other 彼此

30. regard… as … 把…看作为…. 如:

The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

31. too many许多修饰可数名词如:too many girls

too much许多修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

much too太修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful

32. change…into…将…变为…

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