感叹句：用来表示说话时的喜悦、 惊讶等情感。英语感叹句常用 “what”和“how”引导，“what”和 “how”与所修饰的词置于句首，其 它部分用陈述句语序。
What a nice gift he sent us! What nice gifts he sent us! What fine weather it is today!
a/an+ adj.+ n. (单数) adj.+ n. (复数) adj.+ n. (不可数名词)
How nice a gift he sent us! How hard they are working! How heavy it is! How time flies.
adj.+ a/an+ n. (单数) + 主+谓 adj. /adv. /
a/an+ adj.+ n. (单数) What + adj.+ n. (复数) + 主+谓 adj.+ n. (不可数名词)
adj.+ a/an+ n. (单数) How + adj./adv. /
What\how 区 别： 去掉主谓部分，中心语是形容词或副词 的用how;中心语是名词的用what. What a bright boy he is! How _____ _____ bright the boy is! What good apples they are! _____ good the apples are! How _____ What cold weather it is! _____ 注：有时主谓部分可省略 How _____ cold the weather is!
注：若句中无形容词、副词，只有一个主谓部分， 则感叹词用： how ______I want to be a great teacher! How How ______ time flies!
1. It is a long story. what
What a long story it is!
2.This book is interesting. how
How interesting this book is!
What 与How 大转换
1. What a pretty girl she is! How pretty _______ _______ the girl is! 2. How difficult the questions are! What _________ difficult ________ they are. ________ questions 3. How big the factory is! What a it ____! _______ _______ big factory _____is
4.What a clever boy! is _______ _______ the boy _______! How clever 5. How tall the trees are! _______ tall trees ______ ______! they are What 6. What interesting books they are! How interesting ________ _______ the books ________! are 7. How funny the girl is! What a ________ _______ funny girl they _____! ____ are
? ? ?
多么聪明的姑娘啊！ What a clever girl she is! 多有趣的故事啊！ What an interesting story it is! 他最近取得了好大的进步啊 What great progress he had recently!
? ? ?
多漂亮的一张图片啊！ How nice a picture it is! 今天多冷啊！ How cold it is today! 她显得多高兴啊！ How happy she looks!
他学习多么努力啊！ How hard he worked! how 还可以修饰主谓句，例如 How time flies!
1. It is a beautiful rose.(改为what 和how 引导 的感叹句) What a beautiful rose it is! How beautiful a rose it is! 2. The students are playing football happily. (用how 改写为感叹句) How happily the students are playing football!
1. ____ fine the weather is! A. What a B. What C. How D. How a 2. ____ exciting film we saw yesterday! A. What a B. What an C. How a D. How 3. ____ great fun they had! A. What a B. How C. How a D. What
_____ dangerous the animals A. How B. What C. What
a D. 5. _____ fast he ran! A. How B. What C. What a D. 6. _____ nice fish they cooked! A. How B. What C. What a D.
are! How a