一.延续性动词表示能够延续的动作,如：learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。延续性动词可以与表示时间段的状语连用。
表示时间段的短语有:for+一段时间,for 2 years; since从句,since he came here; since+时间点名词,since last year, since 5 days ago; how long; for a long time等。
二.非延续性动词也称终止性动词、瞬间动词,表示不能延续的动作,这种动作发生后立即结束。 如:open, die, close, begin, finish, come, go, move, borrow, lend, buy等。
非延续性动词在肯定句中与表示时间点的状语连用，如：two years ago; at 5 o'clock;
三.延续性动词与非延续性动词之间的转换：leave --- be away, borrow --- keep, buy --- have, begin/start --- be on, die --- be dead, finish --- be over, join --- be in+组织机构, be a member of+组织机构, open sth --- keep sth open, fall ill --- be ill, get up---be up, catch a cold --- have a cold, come here --- be here, go there --- be there, become --- be, come back --- be back, fall asleep --- be asleep, get to/ arrive/reach --- be (in), leave --- be away from, get to know --- know, go (get) out →be out， put on→ wear；catch a cold →have a cold等。
五. 例:The old man died 4 years ago. ----The old man has been dead for 4 years. ---- It is 4 years since the old man died. ----Four years has passed since the old man died. He joined the Party 2 years ago. -----He has been in the Party for 2 years. I bought the book 5 days ago. ---- I have had the book for 5 days.
1. When he arrived at the bus stop, the bus ________ for 20 minutes.
A. has left B. had left C. has been away D. had been away
2. I ______ the League for 5 years so far.
A. joined B. have joined C. have been in
3. The factory ________ since the February of 1988.
A . has been open B. has opened C. was open D. opened
4. Mary and Rose _______friends since they met in 2000.
A. have made B. have been C. made D. have become
5.You mustn't ________ until he comes back.
A. be away B. leave C. be left
6.The meeting _______ for a week now.
A. has finished B. has ended C. has been over
7.Miss Gao ______ this school for nearly 5 years.
A. has been in B. has come to C. has taught
8.Ben ______ a teacher for 4 years .
A. has been B. has become C. was D. became
9. I ______ home for a week.
A. have returned B. have been back C. returned
10. How long _______ he ________ ?
A. died B. has, died C. has, been dead
11. He ______ at eight yesterday afternoon.
A. slept B. was sleeping C. has sleep D. had slept
12.He ________ the car for a week.
A. bought B. has bought C. has had
13.-----How long _____ you _____ ill ? -----Two weeks.
A. did fall B. have, fell C. have, been
14.Since 2000, he _____ his hometown.
A. has left B. has moved away C. has been away from
15.I'll lend you the book , but you can only _____ it for 2 days.
A. borrow B. keep C. take
16.The bus ______ on the road for 2 hours so far.
A. has stopped B. stopped C. has been
17.Are you _____ the jacket these days?
A. wearing B. putting on C. dressing D. on
18.He ________ foe 2 hours.
A. got up B. has got up C. has been up
19. Tom is ill in hospital. He _______ a cold for several days.
A. is B. catches C. has caught D. has had
20.----- How long can I ______ the book? ------ Two weeks.
A. borrow B. lend C. get D. keep
( ) 1. Mr Wang ______ be in Nanjing now, he went to Beijing only this morning.
A. mustn’t B. may not C. can’t D. needn’t
( ) 2. –Must I saty at home, Mum? --No, you ______.
A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. don’t D. may not
( ) 3. –Can you go swimming with us this afternoon?
--Sorry, I can’t. I _____ take care of my little sister at home because my mother is ill.
A. can B. may C. would D. have to
( ) 4. –May I go to the cinema, Mum? --Certainly. But you ______ be back by 11 o’clock.
A. can B. may C. must D. need
( ) 5. To make our city more beautiful, rubbish ______ into the river.
A. needn’t be thrown B. mustn’t be thrown
C. can’t throw D. may not throw
( ) 6. –May I go out to play basketball, Dad?
--No, you ______. You must finish your homework first.
A. mustn’t B. may not C. couldn’t D. needn’t
( ) 7. –Where is Jack, please ? --He _____ be in the reading room.
A. can B. need C. would D. must
( ) 8. –Who is the man over there? Is it Mr Li?
--No, it ______ be him. Mr Li is much taller.
A. musn’t B. may not C. can’t D. needn’t
( ) 9. These books ______ out of the reading room. You have to read them here.
A. can’t take B. must be taken C. can take D. mustn’t be taken
( ) 10. –Mum, may I watch TV now?
--Sure, but you ______ help me with my housework first.
A. can B. may C. must D. could
( ) 11. The boy said he had to speak English in class, but he ______ speak it after calss.
A. could B. didn’t have to C. might D. shouldn’t
( ) 12. –Must we hand in the papers now? --No, you ______.
A. can’t B. may not C. mustn’t D. needn’t
( ) 13. John ______ go there with us tonight, but he isn’t very sure about it.
A. must B. can C. will D. may
( ) 14. Even the top students in our class can’t work out this problem. So it ______ be very difficult.
A. can B. may C. must D. need
( ) 15. Put on more clothes. You ______ be feeling cold with only a shirt on.
A. can B. could C. would D. must
( ) 16. It’s still early. You ______.
A. mustn’t hurry B. wouldn’t hurry
C. may not hurry D. don’t have to hurry
( ) 17. –May I stop here? --No, you ______.
A. mustn’t B. might not C. needn’t D. won’t
( ) 18. A computer ______ think for itself, it must be told what to do.
A. can’t B. couldn’t C. may not D. might not
( ) 19. –Could I borrow your dictionary? -- Yes, of course you _______.
A. might B. will C. can D. should
( ) 20. Peter ______ come with us tonight, but he isn’t very sure yet.
A. must B. may C. can D. will
( ) 21. Michael ______ be a policeman, for he’s much too short.
A. needn’t B. can’t C. should D. may
( ) 22. ______ I know your name?
A. May B. Will C. Shall D. Must
( ) 23. You ______ be more careful next time.
A. have to B. may C. must D. might
( ) 24. You ______ miss the lesson, though we ______ have it on Thursday.
A. mustn’t; needn’t B. needn’t; mustn’t C. mustn’t; mustn’t D. needn’t; needn’t
( ) 25. This pen looks like mine, yet it isn’t. whose ______ it be?
A. must B. may C. would D. can
( ) 26. What kinds of homes will we live in the future? Nobody ______ be sure, but scientists are working out new ideas now.
A. will B. may C. can D. must
( ) 27. I ______ like to know where you were born.
A. shall B. should C. do D. may
( ) 28. ______ you be happy!
A. Might B. Must C. Wish D. May
( ) 29. A teacher ______ do every exercise, but a student must.
A. may not B. needn’t C. can’t D. mustn’t
( ) 30. The matter ______ be changed into a gas, but it _______ be heated to its boiling point.
A. may; needn’t B. may; can C. mustn’t; needn’t D. can; must
( ) 31. Teachers and students ______ look coldly at you for a day or two, but there are friendly feelings in their hearts.
A. must B. can C. may D. should
( ) 32. Cars and buses ______ stop when the traffic lights turn red.
A. can B. need C. may D. must
( ) 33. –Do you think his story ______ true? --I don’ think so. But it sounds good.
A. must be B. may be C. can be D. has to be
( ) 34. Look out! The knife is very sharp. You ______ cut your finger.
A. need B. must C. should D. may
( ) 35. –How long ______ the book be kept?
--For two weeks, but you ______ return it on time.
A. can; may B. may; need C. can; must D. must; need
( ) 36. – May I have an apple, Mum?
--Certainly. But you ______ wash your hands first?
A. may B. must C. can D. need
( ) 37. –There is a lot of smoke coming out of the teaching building there.
--Really? It ______ be a fire, most probably.
A. can B. ought to C. may D. must
( ) 38. –Shall I tell John about the bad news?
--No, you ______. I think that will make him sad.
A. needn’t B. wouldn’t C. shouldn’t D. mustn’t
( ) 39. –Could I call you by your first name? --Yes, you ______.
A. will B. could C. may D. might
( ) 40. –Let’s go to the cinema, shall we? -- _______.
A. No, I can’t B. Yes, I will C. Yes, thank you D. No, we’d better not
( ) 41. --______ the man there be our new teacher?
--He ______ be, but I’m not sure.
A. May; mustn’t B. Can; may C. Must; can’t D. Can; can’t
( ) 42. –Sometime is knocking at the door. Who ______ it be?
--It ______ be Tom. He is still in the school.
A. can; can’t B. can; mustn’t C. might; could D. might; may
( ) 1. -- How long may I ______ your book?
--For a week. But you musn’t ______ it to others.
A. borrow; lend B. keep; lend C. lend; borrow D. keep; borrow
( ) 2. It won’t ______ them much time to fly to Beijing from Shanghai.
A. spend B. use C. take D. pay
( ) 3. Mr Wang ______ be in Nanjing now, he went to Beijing only this morning.
A. mustn’t be B. may not C. can’t D. needn’t
( ) 4. –Do you like the music the Moonlight Sonata? --Yes, it ______ really beautiful.
A. feels B. sounds C. listens D. hears
( ) 5. Lily finished _______ the book yesterday.
A. read B. reading C. to read D. reads
( ) 6. Mrs Brown isn’t here. She has to ______ her baby at home.
A. look at B. look for C. look like D. look after
( ) 7. I have to go now. please remember to _______ the lights when you leave.
A. turn off B. turn down C. turn up D. turn on
( ) 8. Susan’s parents have bought a large house with a swimming pool. It _______ be very expensive.
A. must B. can C. mustn’t D. can’t
( ) 9. –It’s too hot. Would you mind _______ the door? -- _______. Please do it now.
A. to open; OK B. opening; Certainly not
C. opening; Of course D. to open; Good idea
( ) 10. I want to _______ this book for a month.
A. borrow B. keep C. lend D. get
( ) 11. –How many times _______ you _______ to Beijing this year? --Three times.
A. have; been B. had; been C. have; gone D. had; gone
( ) 12. What a nice bag! But she _______ only thirty dollars for it.
A. cost B. took C. spend D. paid
( ) 13. Cotton _______ nice and soft.
A. is felt B. is feeling C. feel D. feels
( ) 14. I think this is the best way to solve the problem. Do you _______ me?
A. play with B. hear of C. agree with D. get on well with
( ) 15. –Guess who is coming to supper. – I don’t know. _______ me.
A. Speak B. Say C. Tell D. Tell
( ) 16. Please _______ your phones here with you tomorrow.
A. take B. bring C. carry D. lift
( ) 17. Don’t _______ your lessons. We’ll help you.
A. worry B. worried about C. be worried about D. be afraid
( ) 18. The window is broken. Try to _______ who broke it.
A. find out B. find C. look D. look for
( ) 19. He could _______ neither French nor German. So I ______ with him in English.
A. speak; talked B. talk; told C. say; spoke D. tell; talked
( ) 20. The ticket is on the floor. Would you please _______ for me?
A. pick it up B. pick up it C. pick up them D. pick them up
( ) 21. If you don’t know a word, you must _______ the word in a dictionary.
A. look up B. look down C. look over D. look out
( ) 22. It’s time for class. We’d better _______.
A. stop to talk B. to stop to talk C. stop talking D. to stop talking
( ) 23. There was a strange sound outside. Mary went out and _______ around, but she _______ nothing.
A. looked; saw B. saw; saw C. watched; looked D. looked; find
( ) 24. The woman _______ the child quickly and took him to hospital.
A. put on B. dressed C. had on D. was wearing
( ) 25. –Oh, you painted the walls yourself?
--Yes. It was not hard. The whole work didn’t _______ much.
A. want B. cost C. spend D. pay
( ) 26. --_______ all your things, Tom! I hate them here and there. –OK, Mum.
A. Put up B. Put on C. Put down D. Put away
( ) 27. Yuki loves wearing strange hats because she wants people to _______ her.
A. believe B. control C. notice D. visit
( ) 28. _______! It’s the music of Mozart. Be quiet.
A. Hear B. Sound C. Sing D. Listen
( ) 29. –The room is so dirty. _______ we clean it? -- Of course.
A. Will B. Would C. Do D. Shall
( ) 30. We must do something to stop people from _______.
A. to throw litter about B. to throw litter into
C. throwing litter about D. throwing litter into
( ) 1. Don’t make so much noise. We _______ to the music.
A. listened B. listen C. are listening D. have listened
( ) 2. I must return the camera to Li Lei. I _______ it for two weeks.
A. keep B. borrowed C. have kept D. have lent
( ) 3. –When will you tell him the good news? --I will tell him about it as soon as he _______ back.
A. comes B. came C. will come D. is coming
( ) 4. –Dad, please open the door, it _______. –OK, dear. I’m coming.
A. locks B. locked C. is locked D. was locked
( ) 5. –Did you go to Jim’s birthday party? --No, I _______.
A. am not invited B. wasn’t invited C. haven’t invited D. didn’t invite
( ) 6. A talk on Chinese history _______ in the school hall next week.
A. be given B. has been given C. will be given D. will give
( ) 7. You may go fishing if your work _______.
A. is done B. will be done C. has done D. have done
( ) 8. –What do you think of the football match yesterday?
--Well. It’s surprising. The strongest team of our school _______.
A. was beaten B. won C. scored D. was failed
( ) 9. –Would your younger brother go for a picnic this Sunday? --If I don’t go, _______.
A. so does he B. so he will C. neither will he D. neither does he
( ) 10. The trees must _______ three times a week.
A. water B. is watering C. be watered D. waters
( ) 11. –Did you see Tom at the party? -- No, he _______ by the time I got there.
A. left B. was leaving C. had left D. has left
( ) 12. –Why not go to see the dolphin show with me? --Because I ______ it.
A. saw B. will see C. see D. have seen
( ) 13. –Do you like watching cooking programs on TV?
--No, I don’t, but my twin brother _______. He’s very fond of cooking.
A. does B. do C. is D. are
( ) 14. Catherin _______ the letter before her mother came into her bedroom.
A. has written B. was written C. had written D. is writing
( ) 15. The old man is quite weak after the accident, so he _______.
A. must take care of B. must be take care of
C. must look after D. must be looked after
( ) 16. The ticket is on the floor. Would you please _______ for me?
A. pick it up B. pick up it C. pick up them D. pick them up
( ) 17. He _______ living in the country to the city.
A. likes B. prefers C. enjoys D. loves
( ) 18. How long have you _______ the book?
A. bought B. lent C. had D. borrowed
( ) 19. –Do you know him well ? --Sure. We _______ friend since ten years ago.
A. were B. have been C. have become D. have made
( ) 20. _______ me carefully, boys and girls. Can you _______ me?
A. Listen to; hear B. Hear; listen to
C. Hear; hear D. Listen to; hear from
( ) 21. –These farmers have been to the United States. –Really? When ______ there?
A. will they go B. did they go C. do they go D. have they gone
( ) 22. I’m sorry I haven’t got any money. I _______ my handbag at home.
A. have missed B. have left C. have put D. have forgotten
( ) 23. –Where is Miss Gao. Lily? --She _______ to the teachers’.
A. has been B. has gone C. went D. would go
( ) 24. When her father came back home, Joan _______ with her friend.
A. talked B. talks C. is talking D. was talking
( ) 25. –What’s that thing with three legs?
--It’s a cup. It ______ for drinking in the old days.
A. uses B. used C. is used D. was used
( ) 26. His uncle _______ in three days.
A. returns B. has returned C. returned D. will return
( ) 27. –Hi, Lin Tao. I didn’t see you at the party. --Oh, I _______ ready for the maths exam.
A. am getting B. was getting C. got D. have got
( ) 28. –Excuse me. What did you say you would like to do, Miss White?
--I said I’d better go back to the office. I _______ something this afternoon.
A. would meet B. meet C. am going to meet D. was meeting
( ) 29. What _______ the forest in our country in the last ten years.
A. has happened do B. is happened to C. has happened at
D. is happening
( ) 30. –What did Mr Jones do before he moved here?
--He _______ a city bus for over twenty-five years.
A. is driving B. drove C. has driven D. drives
( ) 31. –When _______ you _______ your homework?
--I had finished it before he _______ back.
A. have; finished; came B. have; finished; was coming
C. did; finish; came D. did; finish; was coming
( ) 32. Look! The boys _______ happily in the river.
A. swim B. swam C. will swim D. are swimming
( ) 33. Every spring, many trees _______ along the river.
A. were planted B. is planted C. will be planted D. are planted
( ) 34. The letter _______ in French. I can’t read it.
A. is writing B. is written C. wrote D. writes
( ) 35. If Mary _______ next Sunday, we will go boating together.
A. will come B. comes C. shall come D. should come
( ) 36. We expected that the English teacher _______ some advice on how to write an English letter.
A. will give B. gave C. is going to give D. would give
( ) 37. Five years ago nobody knew him, although he _______ more than 100 songs.
A. already wrote B. have already written
C. had already written D. was already writing
( ) 38. So far I _______ any success. However, I’ll keep trying.
A. don’t have B. didn’t have C. haven’t had D. won’t have
( ) 39. It was the third time that I _______ in at his office.
A. have dropped B. had dropped C. dropped D. was dropping
( ) 40. I often see Tom _______ homework while I am watching TV every evening.
A. do B. doing C. did D. to do
( ) 41. The flowers want _______. Look, the soil is so dry.
A. watering B. being watered C. to water D. waters
( ) 42. –Be careful! You might fall into the water.
--Thank you. I ______ I _______ so close to the pool.
A. didn’t know; am standing B. don’t know; am standing
C. didn’t know; was standing D. didn’t know; would stand
( ) 43. –Excuse me. Where is the sick boy sent here a moment ago?
--He ______ by the doctor.
A. has been examined B. will be examined
C. is examined D. is being examined
( ) 44.—Have you got the airplane tickets?
--No. when I _______ to the office, all the tickets to Beijing ______ out.
A. get; have been sold B. got; had been sold
C. got; had sold D. got; were being sold
( ) 45. –Your name again? I _______ quite catch it. –Bartholomew Liveli.
A. didn’t B. don’t C. couldn’t D. can’t
( ) 46. – Whom are you waiting for?
--Gary’s parents. But neither of them _______ yet.
A. arrived B. has arrived C. are arriving D. is arriving
( ) 47. He _______ in bed all day long because he had a headache.
A. lie B. lay C. laid D. lied
( ) 48. Would you _______ your voice a little so that everyone can hear you?
A. rise B. put C. lift D. raise
( ) 49. More and more people began to _______ that good health means good wealth.
A. learn B. understand C. consider D. realize
1---5 D C A B B; 6---10 C A A B C; 11---15 B C C C B; 16---20 C A C D D
1—5 CADCB 6—10 ADCDC 11—15 BDDCD 16—20 DAACB
21—25 BACAD 26—30 CCDBD 31—35 CDCDC 36—42 BBDCDBA
1—5 BCCBB 6—10 CAABB 11—15 ADDCC 16—20 BCAAA 21—25 ACABB 26—30 DCDD
1—5 CCACB 6—10 CAACC 11—15 CDACD 16—20 ABCBA 21—25 BBBDD
26—30 DBCAB 31—36 CDDBB 36—40 DCCBB 41—45 ACDBA 46—49 BBDD