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一般过去时讲解及习题

发布时间:2014-01-03 14:45:06  

一般过去时的讲解

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。

一 结构

肯定句:主语+was/were+其他

否定句:主语+was/were+not

当谓语动词是be动词 一般疑问句:was/were+

主语+其他

Yes, 主语+was/were. No,主语+was/were+not

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+was/were+主语+其他

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn't)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren't)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

肯定句:主语+动词过去式+其他

否定句:主语+did+not+ 动词原形+其他

一般疑问句:did+主语+动词原形+其他

当谓语是实意动词 Yes, 主语+did. No, 主语+did+not

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其他

二 动词过去式变化规则

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾是辅音字母加一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

三 与表示过去的一些时间状语连用。

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过去时练习(一)

一 写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_____________ fly____________ plant____________ are ____________ drink_____________ play___________ go______________ make ________ does_____________ dance__________ worry___________ ask ___________ taste_____________ eat____________ draw____________ put ____________ throw____________ kick___________ pass____________ do __________

二、用be动词的适当形式填空

1.I _______ at school just now.

2.He ________ at the camp last week.

3.We ________ students two years ago.

4.They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

5.Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.

6.There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.

7.There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

8.The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

三、句型转换

1. It was exciting.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. They were in his pocket.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 过去时练习(2)

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1.I ______ an English teacher now.

2.She _______ happy yesterday.

3.They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4.Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5.The little dog _______ two years old this year.

6.Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

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7.There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday..

8.Today _______ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children's Day. All the students ______ very excited.

二、句型转换

1. There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

三、中译英

1. 我的故事书刚才还在手表旁边。

My storybook _______ beside the watch ______ _______.

2. 他们的外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了。

Their ________ ________ in the bedroom _______ __________.

3. 一会以前花园里有两只小鸟。

There _________ two _________ in the garden ______ _________ ___________.

行为动词的过去时练习(1)

一、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

二、句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. We sang some English songs.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

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过去时练习(3)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

二、句型转换

1. They played football in the playground.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

三、中译英

1. 格林先生去年住在中国。

Mr Green __________ ______ China _______ ________.

2. 昨天我们参观了农场。

We ____________ a farm _______________.

3. 他刚才在找他的手机。

He _________ his _________ _______ _______ now.

过去时综合练习(1)

一、 用动词的适当形式填空

1. It ______ (be) Ben's birthday last Friday.

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.

3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.

4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)

6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)

7. Jim's mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

二、中译英

1. 我们上周五看了一部电影。

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We _____________ a film ____________ _______________.

2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。

______ he _________ his r_________ and ________ last _______________ ____________? Yes, he ____.

3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。

What ______ you _____ last ______________ ___________? We ____________ the zoo.

4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。

Where _________ you _______ __________? I _________ at a _____________.

过去时综合练习(4)

一、用动词的适当形式填空

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday.

Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.

2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.

3. Don't ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)

5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.

6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)

7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)

二、中译英

1. 他的朋友在照看他的弟弟。

His friend ______ _________ ________ his brother.

2. 去年端午节我们没去看了龙舟比赛。

We _________ ______ to watch the _______ _______ races last ___________ _______ ___________.

3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有。

______ he ______ _______ _______ at the ________ lesson? No, he _______.

过去式练习(五)

一 单项选择: 从下列各题后所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。(10)

( )1. My father________ill yesterday.

A. isn't B. aren't C. wasn't D. weren't

( )2._______your parents at home last week﹖

A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were

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( )3.The twins______in Dalian last year. They________here now.

A. are; were B. were; are C. was; are D. were; was

( )4.

A. Was; before B. Is; before C. Was; after D. Is; after

( )5. —Who was on duty last Friday﹖

—__________

A. I am B. I was C. Yes, I was D. No, I wasn't

( )6. I cleaned my classroom ___________.

A with three hours B three hours ago

C in three hours D three hours before

( ) 7. I came _______ my house two days ago .

A back on B back to C to back D back

( ) 8 . ___________? He did some reading at home.

A What does your father do yesterday evening

B What does your brother do in the school

C What did your brother do over the weekend

D Where did your brother go last Sunday

( ) 9. What did you do ________ ? I went to the movies.

A next morning B over the weekend

C in the weekend D next Monday

( ) 10. The koala sleeps _______,but gets up _________.

A during the day; at the evening B at day ;during night

C in the day ;during the evening D during the day ; at night

二、请用正确动词形式填空。(10)

1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.

3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?

He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.

4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.

She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

6. When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year.

7. My friend, Carol, ________(study) for the math test and ________(practice) English last night.

8. ________ Mr. Li __________(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _________.

9. How _________(be) Jim's weekend? It _________(be not) bad.

10. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________.

三、翻译下列句子(20)

1. 我过了一个忙碌但却刺激的周末。

I _________ _________ __________ __________ exciting weekend.

2. Jenny喜欢看书。昨晚她看了一本英语书。

Jenny likes _________ __________. She _________ an English book last night.

3. Emma每天都看电视。可是昨天他没有看。

Emma__________ TV every day. But he _________ ________ ________ yesterday.

4. 上周六他们做什么了?他们做作业和购物了。

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What ________ they _________ _________ Saturday?

They _________ __________ homework and _________ __________.

5. 今天早上方方得做饭,因为他父亲不在家。

This morning Fangfang ____ ____ ____ ____ because his father _____ _____ ____ yesterday.

6. 你还有什么要说的? What _______ would you like _______ _______?

7. 放学别忘了向老师说声再见。 Don’t forget ______ _______ _______ _______ the teacher.

8. 为什么你昨晚没有看电视? Why _______ you _______ TV last night?

9. 他在打扫教室的时候,发现地上有块表。

When he ______ the classroom, he ______ a watch on the ground.

10. 他什么时候出生的?1980年。 ---When _______ he _______? ---_______ 1980.

四、改写句子:(20)

4、Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)Lucy ________ _______ her homework at home.

5、He found some meat in the fridge(冰箱).(变一般疑问句)

___________ he __________ ___________ meat in the fridge?

6、There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句)______there _____orange in the cup?

7. Frank read an interesting book about history. (一般疑问句)

_______ Frank _______ an interesting book about history?

8. Why not go out for a walk? (同义句) _______ ________ ________ out for a walk?

9. Thomas spent RMB 10 on this book. (否定句) Thomas______ _____RMB 10 on this book. (划线提问)

________ ________ ________ family _______ last week?

11. I think she is Lily’s sister. (否定句。注意否定转移)____________________

12. Sally often does some reading in the morning. (否定句)

Sally _______ often ______ some reading in the morning.

13. (划线提问) _______ _______ he _______ ________?

五、 改错题(20)

1.How is Jane yesterday? _____________________

2.He go to school by bus last week. ____________________________

3.He often goes home at 6:00 last month. ____________________________

4.I can fly kites seven years ago. ______________________________

5.Did you saw him just now. ____________________________________

6.Tom wasn’t watch TV last night. ____________________________________

7.I didn’t my homework yesterday. ____________________________________

8.He wait for you three hours ago. ____________________________________

9.Who find it just now ? ________________________________________

10.What make him cry (哭) just now? __________________________________

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