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初一英语时态专题复习教师用

发布时间:2014-01-03 14:45:21  

用教学质量说话的校外辅导班

初一英语时态专题复习

一、 一般现在时:(1、现在的状态。2、经常或习惯性动作。3、主语所具备的性格和能力。4、真理。)

1、标志:often(经常),usually(通常),sometimes(有时),always(总是),never(从不),

on Sundays(在星期天), every day/month/year(每一天/月/年)

2、结构:

(1)主语+连系动词be(am/is/are)+名词/形容词/数词/介词短语/副词等做表语表状态(包括There be +n.) 练习:1.I______(be) a student. My name_____(be) Tom.

2. Where _____(be) my shoes? They___(be) here.

3.Who ____(be) the girl with long straight hair? I think she ___(be) Kate.

4. You and I ___(not be) in Class Six.

5.___(be) there a supermarket on the Fifth Avenue? Yes, there_____(be).

6. ____ her parent tall? No, he____.

(2)主语(非第三人称单数)+行为动词原形+其他 (用助动词do 帮助构成否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问)

(3)主语(第三人称单数)+行为动词的第三人称单数+其他(用助动词does 帮助构成否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句)

行为动词第三人称单数加-s的形式1.- s 2. 辅音+y: study-studies 3.以s,x,ch,sh结尾watch-watches teach-teaches4特殊have-has do-does go-goes

.1)His parents _______(watch) TV every night. 肯定句 1) My brother _________(do) homework every day.

2)His parents _________(not watch) every night.否定句2)My brother________(not do)homework every day.

3)_____his parents_____(watch) TV every night?一般疑3)______ your brother _____ homework every day? Yes, they _______. No, they _______. Yes, he______. No, he _________.

4)When___ his parents _____(watch) TV? 特疑 4)When _____ your brother ____(do) homework?

They watch TV every night. He does homework every day.

二. 现在进行时:表示说话瞬间或现阶段正在进行的动作。

1、 标志: now(现在)listen(看)look(听)

2、 结构:主语+助动词be(am/is/are)+行为动词的现在分词(doing)

现在分词的构成:1.-ing: eat-eating 2.辅音字母+e: take-taking

3. sit, put, begin, run, swim, stop, get, shop,(双写最后一个辅音字母,再加ing.)

练习:1. Jim __________________(take) photos in the park now. 2. Jim_________(not take) in the park now. 3. _______________Jim____________(take) photos in the park now? Yes, he _____. No, he _______.

4. Where _________Jim ____________ photos now? In the park.

三、情态动词:1、任何主语+can/may/must+动词原形 2、主语+ can’t/may not/ mustn’t+动词原形

3、 Can/May/Must + 主语+ 动词原形? 4、疑问词+can/may/must+主语+动词原形?

四、非谓语动词(是固定搭配)

1. like+ to do不定式/doing动名词 2.want to do sth. 3. love to do 4. would like to do sth.

5. enjoy doing sth. 6. thanks for doing 7. stop doing sth 8. let sb. do sth.

She wants _____(have) a party. Does he like _______(swim)?

Thanks for _______(enjoy) CCTV show. She never stops ____(talk).

1 跃进教育

用教学质量说话的校外辅导班

五.祈使句:

Go straight and turn left/ right.

Go through Fifth Avenue.

Take a taxi(Take a bus,Take a walk……)

六.综合练习:1.Mr Green _____(be) a worker. Now he ____(work) in the field. 2.Listen! Who_______(sing)?

3.What time ____ your brother usually _____(do) his homework? 4.You can_______(come) here by bus.

5. Who ____(have) a ruler? 6.Are they_____(clean) the room? 7.-____ you____(eat) dinner? – Yes, we are.

8.Jack ____(have) a soccer ball, but he ____(not have) a basketball. 9._______Jim _______(like)______(run)?

10.They _____(be) from Canada. They______(not speak) Chinese. 11. He wants _________________(be) tall.

1.我们正在吃晚餐。 2、我们每天6点起床。

We __________________________. We __________________ at six every day.

3.你们在聊天吗?是的。 4、他们常常聊天吗?不是。

_______ they _______? Yes, they _____. ______ they often ______ ? No, they ________.

5、他在做什么?他在做作业。 6、他晚上常干什么?他常做作业。

What ____he ___? He_______. What ___he usually ___ in the evening? He usually______.

答案: 1.are having dinner 2. get up 3. Are , talking , are 4. Do , talk, don’t

5. is doing, is doing homework 6. does, do, does , homework

七.人称代词: 我 你 他 她 它 我们 你们 他/她/它们

主格: I you he she it we you they

宾格: me you him her it us you them

形容词性物主代词: 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他/她/它们的 my your his her its our your their

练习:1.________(我) am a worker. _________(你) are a doctor. ______(她) is a teacher.

2.This is (他的 )shirt.

3. This is __________(我的)pen.

4._________(他们的) trousers are there.

5. I like this picture. Please give ________(它) to ________(我).

6. People get ________(他们的) money from _________(我).

7._____(他们) are new students. _____(他们的) names are Lucy and Lily.

8. These are _____(我们的) shoes. Can ____(我们) wear ______(它们).

9.Thank _______ for _______(你的) help.

10. _______(他) loves _______(她), and _______(她) loves _______(他),too.

_______(我) love _________(你), and ________(你) love _______(我),too.

八,There be句型

句型转换

1)There is a bank on the street. 2) There are some cars in front of the park.

否定句:There _______a bank on the street. 否定句:There ______ _______cars in front of the bank.

2 跃进教育

用教学质量说话的校外辅导班

一般疑问句:_______ ______ a bank on the street? 一般疑问句:____ ______ ______cars in front of the bank? 就划线部分提问:________ on the street? 就划线部分提问:_____ _____ in front of the bank?

There’s a bank on the street. There are some cars in front of the bank.

同上:____ ______ ______are there on the street? 同上:____ ____ ____ are there in front of the bank There’s only one. There’re some.

初一英语易错知识点归类例析

[第一类] 名词类

1. 这些女老师们在干什么?

[误] What are the woman teachers doing?

[正] What are the women teachers doing?

[析] 在英语中,当一名词作定语修饰另一名词(单或复数形式)时,作定语的名词一般要用其单数形式;但当man,woman作定语修饰可数名词复数形式时,要用其复数形式men,women.

2. 房间里有多少人?

[误] How many peoples are there in the room?

[正] How many people are there in the room?

[析] people作“人、人们”解时,是个集合名词,其单复数同形。

3. 我想为我儿子买两瓶牛奶。

[误] I want to buy two bottle of milk for my son.

[正] I want to buy two bottles of milk for my son.

[析] 表示不可数名词的数量时,常用“a / an或数词 +表量的可数名词 + of + 不可数名词”这一结构, 其中当数词大于1时,表量的可数名词要用其复数形式。

[第二类] 动词类

4. 你妹妹通常什么时候去上学?

[误] What time does your sister usually goes to school?

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用教学质量说话的校外辅导班

[正] What time does your sister usually go to school?

[析] 借助助动词do(或does)构成疑问句或否定句时,句中的谓语动词用其原形。

5. 琳达晚上经常做作业,但今晚她在看电视。

[误] Linda often do her homework in the evening,but this evening she watching TV.

[正] Linda often does her homework in the evening,but this evening she is watching TV.

[析] 在初一英语学习阶段,我们接触到了两种主要时态:一般现在时和现在进行时。一般现在时表示经常的或习惯性的动作,常和often,usually,sometimes 等时间状语连用。在一般现在时的句子中,若主语是第三人称单数,谓语动词要用其第三人称单数形式。现在进行时表示现阶段正在进行或发生的动作,现在进行时由be(am / is / are) + ving形式构成。

6 这双鞋是红色的。

[误] This pair of shoes are red.

[正] This pair of shoes is red.

[析] 在shoes,trousers,gloves,glasses等表示成双成对的衣物或工具名词前用pair(表计量)修饰时,谓语动词的形式由pair的单复数形式来决定。

[第三类] 代词类

7. 这张票是她的,不是我的。

[误] This is hers ticket. It’s not my.

[正] This is her ticket. It’s not mine.

[析] 物主代词有形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词之分。形容词性物主代词之后一定要接名词,而名词性物主代词之后不需接任何词。

8. 吴老师教我们英语。

[误] Miss Wu teaches our English.

[正] Miss Wu teaches us English.

[析] teach sb. sth.中的sb.作teach的宾语,因此当sb.为人称代词时要用其宾格形式。

[第四类] 介词类

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用教学质量说话的校外辅导班

9. 你能找到这个问题的答案吗?

[误] Can you find the answer of this question?

[正] Can you find the answer to this question?

[析] 英语中用“the answer to …”表示“……的答案”。类似结构还有the key to the door,the way to the zoo等。

10. 格林先生星期六上午来这里。

[误] Mr Green will come here in Sunday evening.

[正] Mr Green will come here on Sunday evening.

[析] 表示在上午、下午等时,介词要用in;而表示在具体的某天上午、下午时,介词要用on.

11. 那个穿着红裙子的小女孩是我们老师的女儿。

[误] That little girl on a red skirt is our teacher’s daughter.

[正] That little girl in a red skirt is our teacher’s daughter.

[析] 用介词表示“穿戴衣物”时,只能用in,其他介词没有此用法。

[第五类] 副词类

12. 莉莉,你为什么不回家呢?

[误] Lily,why don’t you go to home?[正] Lily,why don’t you go home?

[析] come,go 等后接here,there,home等地点副词时,地点副词前不加to。

[第六类] 连词类

13. 我喜欢语文和英语,但我不喜欢体育和历史。

[误] I like Chinese and English,but I don’t like P.E.and history.

[正] I like Chinese and English,but I don’t like P.E.or history.

[析] 在肯定句中并列成分之间用and来连接;而在否定句中,并列成分之间的连接需用or。

[第七类] 冠词类

14. 乘飞机去北京花了史密斯一家人一个小时。

跃进教育 5

用教学质量说话的校外辅导班

[误] It takes Smiths a hour to go to Beijing by a plane. [正] It takes the Smiths an hour to go to Beijing by plane.

[析] 1.表示“……一家人”用结构“the + 姓氏复数”;

2.our 一词的第一个字母不发音,它是以元音音素开头的,所以“一小时”要用 an hour;

3.用介词by表示“乘坐”某种交通工具时,交通工具名词前不加任何冠词。

[第八类] 句法类

15. ――你不是学生吗? ――不,我是学生。

[误] ――Aren’t you a student? ――No, I am. [正] ――Aren’t you a student? ――Yes, I am.

[析] 对否定疑问句的回答是用Yes还是用No,这取决于实际情况:如果事实是肯定的,就用Yes表“不”;如果事实是否定的,就用No表“是的”。

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