新目标 九年级 Unit 12
Eat, have fun and learn in Watertown!
take a vacation Watertown is a place for the family to _______________（度 假）. Teenagers will want to visit the world’s largest _____________（水滑道） and eat at Uncle Bob’s. A different water slides rock band plays at Uncle Bob’s every night. Kids will enjoy the organized Clown City Cafe. They have _____________(organize) games and the staff _____________(盛装打扮) as clowns. dress up
There’s also a lot for parents in Watertown. If they love good food, they can find it at the Farmer’s Market where the food is both and _______delicious _________（既……又……）cheap. While the children have fun, parents can __________________（上舞蹈课） take dance lessons on the beach. And everyone can learn something in Watertown. There are three museums! Teenagers love the Sports Museum and kids enjoy the Science Museum. Parents will spend many happy hours _____________（walk）through the History walking Museum.
1. Watertown is a great place for the family to take a vacation. 对一个家庭来说，水乡（城）是一个 度假的好地方。 （1）someplace + is +…for sb. to do sth.是大家常用的一个固定句型。
例： Library is a quiet place for students to read books. （2）vacation是假期,休假之意, 有短语 on vacation。 例： They are in Florida on vacation. 他们正在佛罗里达度假。
sound / noise / voice
sound 的含义最广，凡是能听得见的声音都可以 叫sound，包括人的声音，鸟的叫声，机器的声 音等，这种声音可能悦耳，也可能是噪音； noise通常指“噪声”； voice专门指人的声音．例如：
1.Do you like listening to the sound of the sea?
2.The noise outside kept him awake. 3.She has a very sweet voice.
in order to do sth 为了…它引导的目的状
1. In order to have a bright future, we need to work hard.
in order not to do sth 为了不…
2. He got up early in order not to be late.
so as (not) to 也表目的
一般放在句中 3. He got up early in order to/so as to catch the first bus.
1. ask for information or help 咨询信息或请求帮助 2. a very common and necessary activity 一个常见的和必要的事 3. know how to do… 知道怎样做… know 后常接“wh-词+动词不定式”结构，做宾语 We don’t know how to thank you enough . Do you know what to do about it ?
4. sound rude 听起来很粗野 5. similar requests 类似的要求 6. correct English 正确的英语 7. make requests 提出请求 make + 表动作的名词，其意思就是这名词所 表示的动作。例如： make a decision make a call make repairs make a suggestion 8. change the way we speak 改变我们说话的方式
9. depend on 依赖，依靠 depend on + 名词 ： Living things depend on sunlight . depend on + V-ing We can depend on his coming on time . Depend on + 从句
That depends on how you do it . The expressions you use might depend on whom you are speaking to or how well you know them .
10. be alright = all right = OK 11. in some situation 在某些情况下
12. a very direct order
13. include extra language
14. such as
15. lead in to a question or request 引入一个问题或要求 16. stop a stranger 拦住一个陌生人
17. in order ( not ) to offend people
为了（不）冒犯别人 18. any other language 任何其它语言
Unit 12 You’re supposed to shake hands.
What do the people do when they meet for the first time?
1. In Brazil
2. In the United States what do the people do when they meet for the first time?
3. In Japan what do the people do when
they meet for the first time?
2.bow v. 鞠躬,弯腰 如: Bow to the Queen. 向女王鞠躬致敬。
4. In Mexico what do the people do
when they meet for the first time?
5. In Korea what do the people do when
they meet for the first time?
Countries 1.__Brazil c 2.__the united b states 3.__Japan a 4.__Mexio b 5.__Korea a Customs
a. bow b. shake hands c. kiss
1.You are supposed to shake hands. Be supposed to do… 应该……被期
意思是 “be expected to do sth, or
have to do sth.”
You’re supposed to ask the teacher if you want to leave the classroom..
We are not supposed to play
football on Sunday.
This is secret and I’m not supposed to talk about it. 这是秘密,我不应该谈论。 She is late for class again and she is supposed to say sorry to the teacher.
2a Listening Maria’s mistake
___arrived late ___ate wrong food ___greeted Paul’s mother the wrong way
___wore the wrong clothes
Maria: I supposed to_______________, arrive at 7:00 but I arrived at 8:00. Maria: In my country, it’s different. When you’re invited for 7:00, you’re supposed to__________ . come later Dan: And you were supposed to ____________ instead. shake hands Dan: I guess you should have asked what you were supposed to_____. wear
How was the dinner at Paul’s house last night?
Well, it was OK, but I made some mistakes. I was supposed to arrive at 7:00,but I arrived at 8:00.
Unit 12 You’re supposed to shake hands. Section A2
greet =to welcome or say “hello” 动词 “问候,打招呼” 如: He greeted her by saying “good morning” 他象她打招呼说 “早上好”。
She greeted me with a friendly smile. 她向我微笑致意。 A beautiful view greeted us. 美丽的景色呈现在我们面前。
Attitude about Colombia being on time We are pretty relax about time.
visiting a friend’s house making plans with friends
We often just drop by our
friends’ homes. We don’t have to make plans when we get together with friends.
Attitude about Switzerland being on time
visiting a friend’s house making plans with friends It’s very important to be on time. We never visit a friend’s house without calling first. We usually make plans to meet friends.
Explanations 1.Where I’m from, we are pretty
relaxed about time.
我来的那个地方对时间非常放松。 句子中的 “Where I’m from” 是一个 由 “where” 引导的地点状语从句。
引导地点状语从句的副词除了where 还有wherever。 如: Just stay where you are. 就留在你原来的地方。
Wherever you are, you can see new factories and stories, new schools and hospitals. 无论你走到哪里, 你都能见到新建的 工厂, 商店, 学校和医院。
2.We are the land of watches, after all! 毕竟我们是手表王国。 (1)句中的land 是一个名词, “国家” “国 土”的意思。如: After living in foreign lands for many years, the man went back home. 在外国居住了多年之后, 这个人回到了 自己的祖国。
land 还可以表示 “陆地” “土壤”
“土地”等意思。 如： We traveled by land until we reached the sea. 我们在陆路旅行, 一直到大海。
(2)句子中的 “after all’’ 意思是 “毕 竟”。 如: So you see, I was right after all. 你看, 毕竟还是我对吧。 You decided to come after all. 你毕竟还是决定来了。
3b)What kind of rules do you have in Colombia?
Well, they have pretty relaxed rules.
Well, it’s OK if you’re not on time.
In the United States, you’re not supposed to eat with your hands.
You’re not supposed to
talk at the table.
In China, you’re not supposed to pick up your bowl to eat.
In Korea, the
is supposed to start
In Brazil, you should wipe your mouth with your napkin every time you take a drink.
d —1.You aren’t supposed to __2.It’s polite… a __3.It’s rude… b __4. You shouldn’t… c
You aren’t supposed to eat or drink while walking down the street.
It’s polite to make noise while eating noodles.
1. In china, you’re not supposed
to pick up your bowl to eat .
在中国, 你不应该端起你的饭碗 吃。 pick up “捡起; 拾起; 拿起”。
如: A girl picked up a wallet on her way home. 一个小女孩在回家的路上捡到了一个 钱包。 The phone stopped ringing just as I picked up the receiver. 我一拿起听筒, 电话就不响了。
2.In Brazil, you should wipe your mouth with your napkin every time you take a drink. 在巴西, 每次喝完东西后你应该用餐 巾 纸擦嘴。 wipe 动词 意思是 “擦,擦去” 常与 away,
Wipe the dirt off your shoes.
抹去鞋上的污泥。 Wipe up the milk you spilled, please. 请抹掉洒出来的牛奶。
3. …to stick your
chopsticks into your food.
(1) stick 动词, “刺, 插入” 如: Stick a fork into the meat to see if it’s ready. 将叉插进肉里看熟了没有。
I can’t move. There’s a piece of wire
sticking in my leg.
里了。 (2)chopstick 是由 “chop(砍)+stick(棍子) 组成的合成词。意思是 “筷子” 它 通常以复数形式出现。
如： Our Chinese always use chopsticks to eat, but the English don’t use them. 我们中国人通常用筷子吃饭, 而英国 人不。
Unit 12 You’re supposed to shake hands. Section B1
6.把筷子插入食物中是粗鲁的。 It’s rude stick ___ _____ to _____ your chopsticks ___ the food. _________ into 7.你不应用筷子指人。 aren’t supposed to point ___ You _____ _________ ___ ______ at anyone with _____ your chopsticks. 8.在巴西，你每次喝完饮料都要用餐巾把嘴巴擦干净。 should with In Brazil, you _______ wipe your mouth ____ your take a drink napkin every time you _____ ___ ______. 9.在日本，吃面条时发出声音是礼貌的。 it’s polite make a _____ _____ In Japan ___ _______ to ____ __ noise while eating _____ noodles. 10.He should arrive there at 7:00.(同义句) is ________ to arrive He ___ supposed ___ ______ there at 7:00.
1.Why was Wang Kin nervous before
she arrived in France?
Her French was not very good.
2. Why did she have no reason to be nervous?
Her host family was really nice.
3.What differences have occurred in her French?
Her French has improved.
4. What does she find surprising? You put your bread on the tables not on the plate.
5. What is one particular challenge she is facing?
One particular challenge is learning how to behave at the dinner table.
1.table manners 餐桌礼仪 manner 是 “礼貌”的意思, 常以复 数 形式出现。 如: It’s bad manners to talk with a full mouth. 嘴里吃着东西说话是不礼貌的。
manner 还可以表示 “风俗;习惯”, 也常以复数形式出现。 如： The manners of the ancient Egyptians 古埃及的风俗习惯 manner 还可以表示 “方法;方式”
“态度;举止”等意思。如: Why are
you talking in such a strange manner? 你为什么用这种奇怪的方式谈话。
2. My biggest challenge is learning
how to behave at the dinner table.
behave 动词,意思是 “行为举止; 举止” 它的相应的名词是behavior, 意思 是 “行为”。 The boy behaved very well last night.
3....but I am used to it. 词组 get/be used to 意思是 “习惯于……”词组 中的 to 是介词 其后如果跟动词 动词应该用 动名词形式。 I’m getting used to the cold weather. 我开始习惯寒冷的天气。 She gets used to driving a small car.
He will get used to getting up early.
高兴 愤怒 COOL 闭嘴
Thank you for listening!
Table Manners in China
Talking about eating habit, unlike the West, where everyone has their own plate of food, in China the dishes are placed on the table and everybody shares.
Chinese are very proud of their culture of cuisine and will do their best to show their hospitality.
And sometimes the host will serve some dishes with his or her own chopsticks to guests to show his or her hospitality. This is a sign of politeness. The appropriate thing to do would be to eat the
say how yummy it is.
If you feel uncomfortable with this, you can just say a polite "thank you" and leave the food there. There some other rules that are suggested you follow to make your stay in China happier, though you will be forgiven if you have no idea of what they are.
1. Never stick your chopsticks upright in the rice bowl, lay them on your dish instead. Otherwise, it is deemed extremely impolite to the host and seniors present. The reason for this is that when somebody dies, the shrine to them contains a bowl of sand
or rice with two sticks of incense
stuck upright in it. So if you stick your chopsticks in the rice bowl, it looks like the shrine and is equivalent to wishing death upon a person at the table.
2. Make sure the spout of the teapot is not facing anyone. It is impolite to set the teapot down where the spout is facing towards somebody. The spout should always be directed to where nobody is sitting,
usually just outward from
3. Don't tap on your bowl with your chopsticks, since that will be deemed insult to the host or the chef. Beggars tap on their bowls, and also, when the food is coming too slow in a restaurant, people will tap their bowls. If you are in someone's home, it is like insulting the host or the cook.
4. Never try to turn a fish over and debone it yourself, since the separation of the fish skeleton from the lower half of the flesh will usually be performed by the host or a waiter. Superstitious people deem bad luck will ensue and a fishing boat will capsize if you do so.
This is especially true to southerners in China (to be specific, such as Guangdong, Guangxi and Fujian provinces, etc.), since, traditionally, southerners are the fishing population.
Put the following phrases in the correct blanks.
It’s rude to …
It’s polite to ...
1. make noise while eating 2. point at others with chopstick
3. say hello to others
4. wipe your mouth after dinner
5. talk loudly at the table
6. kiss or shake hands 7. meet without saying anything 8. arrive too late
9. shake hands when you first meet
10. eat while walking in the street
根据提示词列举出几条作为学生在家 或在学校等应该做和不应该做的。 （参照所给句型，尽量选用不同句型。）
smoke do our homework
get our ears pierced speak aloud in/on… be polite to… clean up
stay up be home by… drive a car wash the dishes bring snakes to the classroom choose our own clothes
make the bed by ourselves run in the hallways be late for school
参考句型： We are supposed to…/ We are not supposed to We should / shouldn’t… It’s polite/ rude to…
We are allowed to… / We aren’t allowed to… We can/ could/ can’t/ couldn’t… Things we are supposed to do:
Things we are supposed to do: ______________________________________ _____________________________________ ______________________________________ _____________________________________ ______________________________________ _____________________________________ ______________________________________ _____________________________________ ______________________________________ _____________________________________
Things we aren’t supposed to do: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________