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Unit5-8知识点

发布时间:2014-01-04 09:41:20  

Unit 5

一、知识点:

1.情态动词must, may , might, could, may , can’t表示推测含义与用法后面都接动词原形,都可以表示对现在情况的揣测和推断但他们

含义有所不同 must 一定 肯定 (100%的可能性)

may, might, could有可能,也许 (20%-80%的可能性)

can’t 不可能,不会 (可能性几乎为零)

The dictionary must be mine. It has my name on it.

he likes listening to pop music.

’s. After all, he is boy!

2. whose 谁的 疑问词 作定语 如:Whose book is this? This is Lily’s.

3. belong to 属于 如:That English book belongs to me.(不能用名词性的物主代词)

4. 当play 指弹奏乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词 如:play the guitar play the piano play the violin,当play 指进行球类运动时,则不用定冠词 如:play football play basketball

5. if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时代替将来时 如:

If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late.如果你不快点,你将会迟到

6. if you have any idea== if you know 如果你知道

尝试做某事 如:我尝试爬树。

9. because of + 名词/代词/名词性短语, I had to move because of my job.

because + 从句 如:I do it because I like it. 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。

10. own v.-owner n. listen v.-listener n. learn v.-learner n.

11. catch a bus 赶公车

12. neighbor 邻居 指人neighborhood 邻居 指地区也可指附近地区的人

13. local 当地的 如:local teacher 当地的教师

14. noise n. 噪音 是个可数名词 noises

15. call the police 报警 如:Quick! Call the police! 快!叫警察!

16. anything strange 一些奇怪的东西,当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面

17. there be sb./ sth. doing 如:There is a cat eating fish.

18. escape from …从哪里逃跑出来 如:He escaped from the burning building.

19. an ocean of + 名词 极多的,用不尽的 如:an ocean of energy.

20. unhappy 不高兴的 反义词 happy 高兴的

21. use up 用光、用完 如:

25. attempt to do 试图 如:The boys attempted to leave for Beijing.

26. wake 动词 唤醒 常用的词组:wake up 意为醒来 如:Please wake me up at 8 o’clock.

27. look for 寻找 指过程 find 找 指结果 如:

I am looking for a pen. 我正在找一支笔。(指找的过程)

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I found my pen just now. 我刚刚找到了我的笔。(指找的结果)

28. hear 听 指听的结果 listen 听 如:

Did you hear ? 你听到了吗?(指听的结果,听或没听到)

I often listen to the music. 我经常听音乐。(指听的过程)

29. try one’s best to do sth. 尽某人的最大努力去做某事 如:He tried his best to run.

名词所有格 : 名词所有格的构成有两种形式

①是在名词后面加 ’s 或是以s结尾 的名词,只在名词的后面加 ’

如:Ann’s book 安的书, our teachers’ office我们老师们的办公室

注:双方共有的所有格,只在后面一个名词加’s, 如:

Lily and Lucy’s father 莉莉和露西的爸爸(她们的爸爸是同一个人)

②有…of …介词短语表示无生命东西的所有格 如:

a picture of my family 我家人的相片

有时也有’s表示无生命的东西的所有格 如:

today’s newspaper, the city’s name

31、happen指偶然的发生;take place用于计划好的事情或自然的发生;(二者无被动语态)

happen to do sth碰巧干某事. happen to sb.某人发生了什么事

32、raise [reiz] 及物动词 举起、提高 ;募捐 用外力升起,如升旗

rise(不及物动词)上升。自然升起,如价格上涨,日出等。

Raise the money for charity. Raise the Five-red-star flag

33、hope to do sth;hope that从句。

wish to do sth;wish sb to do sth;wish that从句。

34、however与but:

(1)从语义上看,but所表示的是很明显的对比、转折。

(2)从语法上看,but是并列连词,however是个副词。

(3)从语序上看,but总位于所引导的句首,however可放在句首、句中、句尾。

(4)从标点上看,but之后没有逗号,however之前、之后短语用逗号隔开。

在完成时态

⑴由have/ has + 过去分词

⑵表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果

常与already, just , yet , ever, never 连用 是的。我刚刚完成了。 我已经完成了。 你曾经去过中国吗? 没有,我从来也没有去过。

⑶①表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作 或状态和表示过去某一时刻延续到现在(包括现在在内)的一段时间的状态连用如:(for + 时间段,since + 时间点,或过去某一动作, 以及how long ) ②注: 非延续性动词在现在完成 时态中不能和for, since 引导的表示一段时间的状语的肯定句连用。

应转为相应的延续性动词 如:

buy---- have die---- be dead join ---- be in

borrow----- keep leave---- be away

I have bought a pen.------ I have had a pen for 2 weeks.

2

The dog has died.------- The dog has been dead since last week.

⑷①have (has) been to + 地点 去过某地 已经回来

②have (has) gone to + 地点 去了某地 没有回来

③have been in + 地点 一直呆在某地 没有离开过 如:

She has been to Shanghai. 她去过上海。(已经回来)

She has gone to Shanghai. 她去了上海。(没有回来)

She has been in Shanghai for 2 days.她呆上海两天了。(没有离开过上海)

二、短语:

1、be long to属于 2、listen to classical music听古典音乐 3、at school上学、求学、在学校

4、go to the concert去听音乐会 5、have any/some idea知道 have no idea不知道

6、a math test on algebra有关代数的数学考试 7、the final exam期末考试

8、because of因为 9、a present for his mother送给她妈妈的礼物

10、run for exercise跑步锻炼 11、wear a suit穿西装 12、make a movie拍电影

13、in our neighborhood在我们附近、在我们小区 14、have fun玩耍、取闹

15、his or her own idea她(他)自己的看法 16、late night深夜

17、an ocean of许许多多、无穷无尽的 18、be care of=look out当心、小心

19、pretend to do sth假装干? 20、use up用完、用光

三、句子:

1、If you have any idea where might be please call me.

如果你知道它可能在哪,请打电话给我。

2、It’s crucial that I study for it because it counts 30%to the final exam.

关键是我必须学,因为它占期末考试的30%。

3、What do you think “anxious” means?你认为“anxious”是什么意思?

4、He could be running for exercise.他可能是跑步锻炼身体。

5、He might be running to catch a bus.他可能是在跑着赶公共汽车。

6、Why do you think the man is running?你觉得那个男的为什么跑?

7、No more mystery in Bell Tower neighborhood.钟塔附近不再有神秘的事了。

Unit 6

一、 知识点

1.prefer v.更喜爱,更喜欢,相当于like??better,其过去式、过去分词为preferred,常用于以下结构:

(1)prefer+名词、代词I preferred music. Which do you prefer?

(2)prefer+动词不定式“宁愿干??”

She prefers to live among the working people.

(3) prefer+v-ing I prefer living abroad.

(4)prefer+动词不定式复合结构:

常见的搭配有:

①prefer??to??喜欢??而不喜欢??(to为介词)She prefers apples to bananas.

②prefer doing to doing(to为介词)He prefers running to walking.

③prefer to do ?? rather than do sth.宁愿干??而不愿干??

They prefer to play games rather than watch TV.

2.gentle: ①轻柔,温和(往往指音乐、嗓音或风)②温柔的,文雅的(往往指人的性格)

3.remind??of??使某人回想起或意识到某人、某事

She reminded me of her sister. The pictures remind me of my school days.

4.表示“也”的用法:

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also 用在句中,too 用在句末,as well 多用于口语,用在句末,这三个表达都用在肯定句。either “也” 用在否定句尾

5. What do you think of ?? =How do you like??

6.as 的用法:

①用作连词“按照”

Please do it again as I told you.

②连词,当??的时候,着重强调两个动词同时发生. She sang as she worked.

③表示原因,“因为,由于”比较口语化,语气也较弱,所表示的原因比较明显。

As I didn’t know the way, I asked the policeman.

④as?as? 和??一样

7.over the years多年来 ,往往与现在完成时连用

8.though 不做副词“可是,不过,然而”放在句尾

9. be sure of +n. / pron. /短语

be sure that 从句 }相信,对??有把握

be sure to do 务必??一定?? make sure 确保,核实,查收,弄清楚

10.one of the+最高级+复数名词,最??之一

11.过去分词作定语,表示被动或完成

12. on display=on show

13.interest:①n.兴趣,趣味;②v.使感兴趣

He interested me in football.他使我对足球感兴趣。

I’ve got a lot of books that might interest you.我有许多可能使你感兴趣的书。

14.class 等级,级别,阶级

15. whatever=no matter what

16.suggest:①建议,后跟宾语从句,用虚拟语气;

②表示,暗示,后跟宾语从句,不用虚拟语气。

17. energy (n.)=energetic (adj.)

18.honest 该词是元音发音开头,前面的不定冠词用“an”.

19.先行词若为地点或时间时,后面的关系词用关系代词还是关系副词,要看关系词在定语从句中作什么

成分。若关系词作定语从句的主语、宾语或定语,用关系代词;若关系词作状语,则用关系副词。

20. along with 伴随… 同… 一道

I will go along with you. 我同你一道去。

I sing along with music. 我伴随着音乐唱歌。

21. dance to sth. 随着…跳舞

She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐而跳舞。

22. different kinds of 各种各样different kinds of clothes 各种各样的衣服

23. music n. 音乐 musician n. 音乐家 musical

24. take … to … 带…去…. 如:

My father often takes me to the park. 我的爸爸经常带我去公园。

Please take this box to my office. 请拿这个盒子到我的办公室。

25. be important to sb. 对…重要

be important for sb. to do. 做某事对某人很重要

26. though == although 作连词 虽然,尽管

放在句子中间/句首,不能和but 连用

Though it was very late, he went on working. 虽然很晚了,但他还在工作

Mr. Smith , though he was young, did it very well.

史密斯先生虽然年轻,却做得很好。

27. energy n. 活力 energetic adj. 有活力的 28. most of … …的大多数

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29. keep healthy 保持健康 30. get together 聚在一起

31. be bad for sth. 对…有坏处的

be bad for doing sth. 做…有坏处

32. take care of === look after 照顾 关心 如:

She often takes care of / looks after her son.

33 stay away from 远离… 如: Stay away from me , I have a cold. 请远离我,我得了感冒

34. to be honest 老实说 如: To be honest I really like flowers. 老实说我真的很喜欢花。

35. be in agreement 意见一致 常与介词on /about连用如:

They are in agreement on that question. 他们对那个问题意见一致。

二.短语

1.expect to do sth.期望干??expect sb. to do sth期望某人干??

2.catch up with追上,赶上 3.different kinds of music各种不同的音乐

4.quiet and gentle songs轻柔的歌曲 5. take?to? 带??到??

6. remind?of?使某人想起或意识到?? 7.her own songs她自己的歌曲

10.Hong Tao’s latest movie洪涛最近的电影 11.over the years多年来

13.one of the best known Chinese photographers世界上最有名的中国摄影家之一

14.on display展览,展出 15.come and go来来往往

16.can’t stand不能忍受 17.look for寻找 18.feel sick感到恶心,不舒服

19.have a great time玩得高兴20.to be honest说实话 21.be lucky to do幸运的是??

22.my six-month English course我6个月的英语课23.most of my friends我的大部分朋友

24.go for去找某人,想法得到某事物25.stay healthy保持健康 26.French fries薯条

三.句子

1.I love singers who write their own music.我喜欢自己创作曲子的歌手。

2.We prefer music that has great lyrics.我们更喜欢歌词很棒的曲子。

3.What do you dislike about this CD.你不喜欢这张CD的什么?

4.What does it remind you of?它使你想起了什么?

5.The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music.这首曲子使我想起了巴西舞曲。

6.It does have a few good features, though.

然而,它的确也有一些好的方面。

7.She really has something for everyone.

每个人的确都能从她的作品中领悟到一些东西。

8.Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition.

无论怎样,你都不能错过这次展出。

9.As the name suggests, the band has a lot of energy.

正如乐队名字所暗示的那样,这支乐队很有活力。

10. Some people say they are boring, but others say they are great.

11.If I were you, I’d eat nuts instead.如果我是你,我会改吃坚果。

Unit7

一、知识点:

1. tired 累的 tiring 令人疲惫的

bored 讨厌 boring 令人厌烦/讨厌的

excited 兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋/激动的

amazed 惊讶的 amazing 令人惊讶的

3. 想要做…:would like to do 想要…:would like sth.

常用的句型有:

What would you like to do? 你想要做什么?

I would like to visit GuiLin. 我想去参观桂林。

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What would you like ? 你想要 什么?

I would like some tea. 我想来些茶。

Would you like to go to my party? 你来不来参加我的晚会?

(表邀请) Yes, I’d love/ like to . No, thanks.

Would you like some tea or coffee? 你是要点茶还是咖啡?

Yes, I’d love/ like. No. thanks.

Where would you like to visit/ go? 你想去哪呢?(本单元的重点句型)

4. go on vacation 去度假 go on a trip 去旅行 go on a picnic 去野炊

5. hope to do 希望做某事 I hope to go to Beijing. 我希望去北京。

hope (that) + 从句 希望….

I hope that I can go to Beijing.我希望我能去北京。

I hope (that) she can pass the test.我希望她能通过考试。

6. I love places where the people are friendly. 我喜欢人们友好的地方。

where 关系副词,引导定语从句

where引导定语从句修饰表示地点的先行词如:the place, the city等

That is the school where I studied 10 years ago. 那就是我10年前所就读的学校。

8. consider doing考虑做某事 I am considering changing my job. 我正在考虑换工作。

9. cost (sb.) 钱、时间 The book cost me 10 yuan 这本书花了我10元。

10. in general 一般来说, 大体上, 通常

11. be supposed to do 应该做…. === should 如:

Scientists are supposed to know a lot. 科学家们应该知道更多。

12. take a trip 去旅行

13. provide sb. with sth 供应某人某物=== provide sth for sb.

如:They provide us with water.

They provide water for us.

14. how far 问路程 多远(20 kilometers , five munites’ walk)

how old 问年龄 多少岁(13 years old)

how long 问时间 多久;多长(since, for)

how often 问频率 多久一次(sometimes, often, 3 times a day, every day)

15. be away 离开 如: I was away 2days ago. 我两天前离开了。

17. let sb. do 让某人做某事 Let me help you.让我帮你吧。

let sb. not do 让某人不要做某Let us not laugh. 让我们不要笑了。

18. in the future 将来 She will a good mother in the future. 在将来她将会是一个好妈妈。

19. 用to 表示 “的”有: answers to question 问题的答案 the key to the door 这扇门的钥匙

20. as soon as possible 尽可能的快 21. continue doing == go on doing 继续做某事 如:

She continued singing. == She went on singing. 她继续唱歌。

22. according to 根据 23. be willing to do 愿意做某事 如: I am willing to help you. 我愿意帮你。

24. on the other hands 另一方面 25. hold on to sth. 保持,不要放弃 Please hold on to my hand.

26. come true 实现 如:My dream have come true. 我的梦实现了。

27.through 穿过 含有“in”的意思 across 横过 含有“on”的意思

28. Some day=someday 只指将来某一天one day 既可指将来某一天,也可指过去某一天。

28. Plan 计划打算(1) plan to do sth We are planning to visit London this summer /Do plan to stay late?

(2) 跟名词或者代词 Have you planned your trip?

We have been planning this visit for months.

(3) plan for 为?做计划He planned for a picnic if the next day were fine.

(4) plan on 打算有(做某事)She had not planned on so many guests.

They are planning on an/for an outing.

29.强调句型:It is(was)?that (who ,whom)?

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(1) 强调句型可用来强调各种句子成分

(2) 强调句中的连词who,whom只用来指代人,that 即可以指代人也可以指代物被强调部分是时间,地点等仍用that

(3)that,whom, who 后的句中的谓语与原句保持一致

(4)强调句中只有it is ,it was 两种时态形式,如:I am right ------It is I who(that) am right.

又如:They will have a meeting tomorrow.

It is they who(that) will have a meeting tomorrow.

It′s a meeting that they will have tomorrow.

30.在英语中,有although 不能有but;有because 不能有so

二 、短语

1.go on vacation 去度假 2.trek through the jungle 徒步穿越丛林3.some day 有朝一日

4.one of the liveliest cities 最有活力的城市之一 5.be supposed to do sth. 应该干。

6.pack light clothes 穿薄衣服 7.take a trip 去旅行

8.provide sb with sth = provide sth for sb 为了某人提供某物 9.work as tour guides 做导游的工作

13.dream of 梦想,想到 14.less realistic dreams 不现实的梦想

15.be willing to do sth. 愿意干。 16.achieve one’s dreams 实现梦想

17.sail across the pacific 横渡太平洋 18.hold on to 保持,不要放弃(卖掉)

19.take it easy 从容 轻松 不紧张 23.this time of year 一年中的这个时候

24.in general 通常 ,大体上, 一般而言

三、句子

1.where would you like to go on vacation?

I’d like to trek through the jungle.

2.l like places where the weather is always warm.

3.I like to go somewhere relaxing 我喜欢去休闲的地方

4.For your next vacation, why not consider visiting Paris?

你下次度假为什么不考虑去巴黎?

5.Traveling around Paris by taxi can cost a lot of money.

乘坐出租车游览巴黎要花费很多钱

6.So unless you speak French yourself, it’s best to travel with someone who can translate things for you. 因此,除非你自己会讲法语,否则最好与一个能为你翻译的人一起去。

7. We’d like to be away for three weeks. 我们大约要去三个星期.

8.The person has a lot of money to spend on the vacation. 度假中这个人有很多钱可以花.

9.I hope you can provide me with some information about the kinds of vacations that your firm can offer 我希望能给我提供一些贵公司能经营的旅游项目的信息.

10.Could you please give me some suggestions for vacation spots?你能给我一些有关度假地的建议吗?

11.You need to pack some warm clothes if you go there. 你如果去那里,需要带一些暖和的衣服。

12.I’d love to sail across the Pacific.我想横渡太平洋。

Unit 8

一.知识点: 短语动词小结

常见短语动词结构有下面几种:

1.动词+副词 如:give up 放弃 turn off 关掉 stay up 熬夜

这种结构有时相当于及物动词,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动

词和副词之间,如果是名词,则既可插在动词和副词之间,也可放

在短语动词后。

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2. 动词+介词 如:listen of 听 look at 看 belong to 属于

这种结构相当于及物动词,后面跟宾语。

3. 动词+副词+介词 如:come up with 提出,想出

run out of 用完,耗尽

4. 动词+名词(介词) 如:take part in参加 catch hold of 抓住

1.cheer (sb.) up 使(某人)高兴、振作 如:cheer me up 使我高兴clean up 打扫 clean-up n. 打扫

2. homeless adj. 无家可归的 a homeless boy 一个无家可归的男孩home n. 家

4. sick adj. 生病的 作表语、定语 ill adj. 生病的 作表语 ,不能作定语

5. volunteer to do v. 志愿效劳、主动贡献 volunteer n. 志愿者

6. come up with 提出 想出 === think up 想出 catch up with 赶上 追上

7. put off doing 推迟做某事put on 穿上 (指过程) put up 张贴

8. write down 写下 记下 9. call up 打电话 make a telephone call 打电话

10. set up 成立 建立 The new hospital was set up in 2000. 这座医院是在2000年成立的。

11. each 每个 各自的 强调第一个人或事物的个别情况 常与of 连用

every 每个 每一个的 一切的 则有“全体”的意思不能与of 连用

12. put …to use 把… 投入使用,利用

They put the new machine to use. 他们把新机器投入使用

13. help sb. (to) do 帮助某人做某事 help him (to) study

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 help him with English

14. plan to do 计划做某事 plan + 从句 I plan to go to Beijing. === I plan (that) I will go to Beijing.

15. spend … doing 花费…做… I spent a day visiting Beijing. 我花了一天的时间去参观北京。

spend… on sth. 花费…在… I spent 3 years on English.

16.not only … but (also) … 不但… 而且… 用来连接两个并列的成分

(1)引导以 not only …but (also)… 开头的句子往往引起部分倒装。

因此 ⑴Not only do I feel good but (also)…. 是倒装句。也是说得要

把前面的句子中的助动词或者是情态动词放在主语的前面。如:

①Not only can I do it but (also) I can do best. 我不仅能做到而且做得最好。

⑵Not only…but (also)… 接两主语时,谓语动词随后面的主语人称和数的变化 也就是就近原则 如: ①Not only Lily but (also) you like cat. 不仅莉莉而且你也喜欢猫。

②Not only you but (also) Lily likes cat. 不仅你而且莉莉喜欢猫。

常见的就近原则的结构有:

①Neither… nor…即不…也不… (两者都不)Neither you nor I like him. 我和你都不喜欢他。

②Either… or… 不是…就是… (两者中的一个)Either Lily or you are a student.

③Not only …but (also)…

④There be

17. join 参加 (指参加团体、组织) 如:join the Party 入党

take part in 参加 (指参加活动) 如:take part in sports meeting 参加运动会

18. run out 与 run out of

①run out (become used up). 其主语往往为物。如时间,食物,金钱,油等,本身就含有被动意义。 His money soon ran out. 他的钱很快就花光了。

My patience has completely run out. 我没有一点耐心了。

②run out of 主语为人,表示主动含义。

He is always running out of money before pay day. 他总是在发工资的日子还没有到就把钱花完了。 两者在一定条件下可以互换

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如:The petrol is running out. 汽油快用完了

= We are running out of petrol. 我们快把汽油用完了。

Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。= We are running out of time

19. take after (在外貌、性格等方面)与(父母等)相像 be similar to 与..相像 take after 相像

look after 照顾 take care of 照顾

20. work out v. + adj.

①结局,结果为

The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 他提出的这个策略效果很好。

②算出,制订出,消耗完(精力等)

He never seems to be worked out. 他好像永远不会疲乏似的。

He worked out a plan. 他制订了一个计划。

21. hang out闲荡,闲逛I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜欢和我的朋友一起去购物中心闲荡。

22. be able to do 能 会 be unable to do 不能 不会

23. thank you for doing 谢谢做某事 如:thank you for helping me 谢谢做帮助我

24. for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问 You don’t have money. That’s for sure. 你没有钱,这是毫无疑问的。

25. fill… with… 使…充满… 用…填充… She filled the bowl with water. 她用水填满碗。

27. help sb. out 帮助…做事,解决难题(摆脱困境) I can’t work out this math problem. Please help me out.

28. train n. 火车 train v. 训练 train sb. to do. 训练某人做某事

She trains her dog to fetch things. 她训练她的狗去取东西。

29. at once == right away 立刻 马上 如:

30. Do it at once. 马上去做。 I’ll go there at once/ right away. 我马上去那里。

30. one day 有一天 (指将来/过去) some day 有一天(指将来) 如:

One day I went to Beijing. 有一天我去了北京。

Some day I’ll go to Beijing. 有一天我将去北京。

31. specially adv. 特意地 专门地 特别地 special adj. 特别的

32. donation n. 捐赠物 donate v. 捐赠 赠送 33. part of speech 词性 词类

34. disabled adj. 肢体有残疾的 disable v. 不能

35. hand out 分发 hand out bananas

give out 分发 give out sth to sb. 分….给某人

give up doing 放弃… give up smoking 放弃吸烟

give away 赠送 捐赠 give away sth. to …. give away money to kids

give sb. sth. 给某人某东西 give me money 给我钱

give sth. to sb. 给某人某东西 give money to me 给我线

36. volunteer ①可数名词 “志愿者” ②adj. 自愿的 vi. volunteer to do sth

They are the Chinese People’s Volunteers. 他们是中国人民志愿军。

I volunteer to help you. 我自愿帮助你。

37. no longer = not ? any longer 指时间上不再延续。 no more = not ? any more 指动作上不再延续。

二.短语

1.clean up 清扫 2.give out 分发,发放 3.cheer up=make?happier 使...高兴,使...振作

4.after school study program 课外学习班 5.come up with=think up 提出,想出

6.put off 推迟 7.write down 写下,记下 8.put up 张贴 9.hand out 分发,发放

10.call up 打电话 11.ser up=establish 建立 12.be home to sb 是某人的家园

13.volunteer one’s time to do sth 自愿花时间干... 14.put?to use? 把...投入使用

15.elementary school小学16.plan to do sth计划干...打算17.coach a football team for kids 训练少年足球队 9

18.start a Chinese History club 开办一个中国史俱乐部 19.run out of 用完,耗尽

20.take after 在性格或长相方面与父母相象 21.fix up 修理 22.give away 捐赠

23.be similar to 与...相似 24.ask for 索要 25.a call-in center for parents 家长热线

27.put up signs asking for singing jobs 张贴寻求唱歌工作的广告

28.run out of money for singing lessons 学唱歌的钱用完了

29.disabled people 残疾人 30.for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问 31.fill?with... 用...填充... be full of 装满了...

32.help...out 帮助...做事,解决难题(摆脱困境)33.a specially trained dog 一只经过特殊训练的狗

34.train sb to do sth 训练某人干... 35.fetch my book 把我的书拿来

三.句子

1.We can’t put off making a plan. Clean-up Day is only two weeks from

now. 我们不能推迟制订计划,清洁日离现在只有两周了。

2.She puts this love to good use by working in the after-school care centre at her local elementary school. 她在当地的一所小学的课后辅导中心工作,使这个爱好得到较好的利用

3.Not only do I feel good about helping other people, but I get to spend time doing what I love to do. 帮助别

人不但自己感到快乐,而且我开始花时间做自己喜欢做的事了。

4.The three students plan to set up a student volunteer project at heir school. 这三个学生计划在他们校开展一个学生志愿者项目。

5.He also put up some sign asking for old bikes.他还贴了一些需求旧自行车的告。

6.The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 几米想出的这个办法很效。

7.He did a radio interview. 他接受了电台的采访。

8.We need to come up with a plan. 我们需要指定一个计划。

9.You could help clean up the city parks. 你可以帮助打扫城市公园。

10.He now has sixteen bikes to fix up and give away to children who

don’t have bikes. 他现在有16辆要修理的自行车,并准备把这些修好的自行车赠送给那些没有自行车的孩子。

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