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2013八上Units1-10单元知识

发布时间:2014-01-04 11:45:22  

2013秋季新版八年级上册英语第一至五单元知识点小结

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?

1. go on vacation 度假 vacation相当于holiday,但vacation表示长的假期。

2. visit museums 参观博物馆 3. go to summer camp去参观夏令营

4. something interesting有趣的东西 5. in excitement 兴奋地

1)something,anything,nothing,everything是指物的不定代词。

somebody,someone,anybody,anyone,nobody,everybody,everyone是指人的不定代词。 somewhere,anywhere,nowhere,everywhere是指地点的不定代词。

2something special; somewhere wonderful.

3

大家都到齐了吗?

4)something,somebody,someone,somewhere而anything,anybody,anyone,anywhere用于否定句、疑问句及条件状语从句中。如: 你做了有趣的事吗?(表疑问)

Why don‘你为什么不跟我一起去拜访下某个人呢?(表建议) If anything happens, please tell me. 如果有事情发生,请告诉我。

6. buy sth. for sb. 或 buy sb. sth 如: buy some books for me. = buy me some books.

7. 提建议的句子: 8. ride bicycles 骑自行车

①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping?

②Why don‘t you + do sth.? 如:Why don‘t you go shopping?

如:Why not go shopping?

④Let‘s + 如: Let‘s go shopping

⑤ 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

9. long time no see 好久不见 10 . most of the time 大多数时间

11. enjoyable activities 令人愉快的活动 12. try paragliding 尝试滑翔伞运动

13. 辨析: get to/reach/arrive 都是“到达“的意思

get to+地点=reach+地点= arrive at+地点(小)=arrive in+地点(大)

注意:若他们后面要加地点副词here, there, home等,则不需要加介词。

14. nothing...but...意为“除......之外; 只有”,如:

我整天除了看电视什么也没干。

15. feel like 意为:“感受到;摸起来”,后跟宾语从句或名词。如:

I felt like I was a bird. 我感觉我是一只鸟。 It feels like a stone. 它摸起来像一块石头。 另外,构成短语 feel like doing sth.意为“想做某事”。如:I feel like eating.我想吃东西。

喜欢做…;乐意做…

=have fun/have a good time.

17. the top of the hill 山顶 18. feed(fed) hens and pigs 喂鸡和猪

我想知道过去这里的生活是什么样的 奇迹;令人惊讶的事情 如:No wonder! 难怪;不足为奇! 惊讶 如:wonder at sth. ; wonder to do sth.

感到疑惑;想知道 如:

如:21. Still no one seemed to be bored. 仍然没有人感到烦闷。

1)seem意为“好像;似乎;看来”,是个连系动词,构成的短语有: 好像做某事 如:

他们似乎在等你。 seem(to be)+adj. 似乎......

如: 昨天他似乎病了。

It seems that + 从句 似乎...... 如: 昨天他似乎病了。

其他表示状态的系动词有:feel(觉得); keep(保持);stay(保持);look(看来像...);

smell(闻起来)sound(听起来……)taste(尝起来……)

2bored (adj),意为“感到厌倦的、无聊的”,其主语是某人;

boring(adj),意为“令人厌倦的、无聊的”其主语是某物。 如:

我对这无聊的工作感到厌倦。

interested/ tired/ excited/ amazed/surprised

surprised/ tiring/ exciting/ amazing/surprising

22. decide(v)决定 decide to (not) do sth. = make a decision (not) to do sth.

decision(n) decide on doing sth. 决定做某事

如:Li Lei has decided to go to Beijing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

23. Because of the bad weather, we couldn‘t see anything below.

1)名词/代词/名短 因为工作的原因

because + 从句 如:我做这件事是因为我喜欢。

2)below意为“在......下面;低于”,其反义词为 above,意为“在......上面;高于”

24. 形容词/副词+enough 如:wet/quietly enough 足够漂亮

enough enough +名词 如:enough umbrellas 足够的雨伞

足够 (形/副)+enough+ (名) to do sth. 足够…去做…

如:I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。

她年龄不够,不能去上学。

同义句: (too… to… :太… 而不能…)

She is so young that she can‘t go to school.

形/副+that 从句: 名短+ that 从句:She is such a popular girl that...

如:He gets up early so that he can catch the early bus.

26. 反身代词:myself/yourself/itself/herself/himself/ourselves/yourselves/themselves

如:The child (herself) usually wears the clothes (herself).

27.What a difference a day makes! 一天的差异多大啊!

What a/an + adj.+ n(单 What + adj. +n(复不)+

!或 How + adv+!

28. I just stayed at homemost of the time to read and relax.

Unit2 How often do you exercise?

1. exercise (v/n)的用法

1)(动):锻炼. 如: He exercises every day.

2) (可数名词):“...操;练习”. 如:do morning/ eye exercises; do math exercises (不可数名词):“锻炼;运动”讲:如: We often do / take exercise on weekends.

2. ----How often do you usually go shopping? —Sometimes/Twice a week. 有时候/一周两次.

1) go shopping 意为“去购物”。Go+ v- ing : 表示进行某项活动。如:

Go swimming/ shopping/skating/skiing/fishing/climbing/hiking

2)频率副词:always=all the time, usually, often, sometimes=at times , hardly ever, never

(1).sometimes: 有时候;sometime:某时;some times:许多次/倍; some time: 一段时间

硬的;困难的;严厉的;勤奋的 a hard writer 努力地; 猛烈地 study/rain hard

3)how often表示―多久一次‖,是对动作的频率进行提问。其回答通常有:

频率副词: always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never

how often 次数+时间段: 如:once or twice a week

every +时间段: every day (每天) 区别:everyday(每天的;日常的) 注意:表示―一次或两次‖时,一般用once和twice表示。如:once a month(一个月一次)

而表示―三次或以上‖时,则用―数词+times‖结构。如:five times a year (一年五次)

4) 由how构成的疑问词组的用法

(1可数名词复数 如:how many programs how much+不可数名词。 如:how much coffee

但how much=what‘s the price of..? 还有“多少钱”的意思 如:How much are those pants?

(2)how many times: ―多少次‖. 其答语表示次数。如:once ,twice,three times等

(3) How old...? 询问年龄 如:How old are you? I am five.

(时间) 常用 for two days,for three hours等回答。 如:---How long is the river? --- 10 kms.

(5)how soon 用来询问过多久,多久以后,其答语是in two hours,in three days等。 如:How soon wil he come back? In an hour。

3. “空闲的”:Are you free tonight? 4. at least 至少 at most 最多 “自由的”: a free country freedom(n) 5. stay up 熬夜

: work for free. 6. junk food 垃圾食品

―满的;饱的‖ …be full of… : The bottle 瓶子里装满了水。 ―忙的”=busy

6.She says it‘她说那对我的健康有益。

(1)be good for:―对……有好处‖。 如:Doing exercise is good for our health.

(2)be good at:―擅长于……‖ 如:He is good at playing football.

(3) be good to sb./sth: ―对……好‖ 如:The old woman is good to us.

(4) be good to do sth.: ―适合;宜于‖ 如:The water is good to drink.

(5) be good with: ―与……相处好‖ 如: The teacher is good with his students.

7.go online = use the Internet :上网 8. Teenager magazine 青少年杂志

9. more than two hours=over two hours:超过 10. go to the dentist: 去看牙医

11. keep healthy = stay healthy = keep in good health: 保持健康 12. 叫…做某事

叫…不要做某事 ask sb. about sth. : 问某人某事 ask sb. for sth. : 向某人要求… 如:

13. 如:They help me with this problem. 他们帮助你解决这个问题。

help sb.(to)do. 如:They help you (to) solve this problem. 他们帮助你解决这个问题。

14. (n) 惊讶: to one‘s surprise 令某人惊讶的是 in surprise 惊讶地 surprise be surprised at sth. 对… 感到意外

(v) 使惊奇、意外: be surprised to do sth. 惊讶做某事

be surprised that + 从句

如:I was surprised at the news = I was surprised to hear the news.

15. fifteen percent of the students 百分之十五的学生 16. swing dance 摇摆舞

17. although(conj):―尽管;虽然‖,表示转折关系,同义词有though, 不能与but同时使用。 如: Although they‘re neighbors, they don‘t play together.

= They‘re neighbors, but they don‘t play together. 尽管他们是邻居,但是他们不在一起玩。

18. 也许,大概 (Maybe) he (maybe) knows it.

May + v(原):也许,大概 He may know it.

如:Maybe he is at home.= He maybe is at home.= He may be at home.

19. It‘ by: 通过… 方式 He went home by bus.= He went home on the bus= He took the bus home. through 通过… 方式+ 名词: (从…里面)穿过: Climb through the window.

注意: 横过(从一边到另一边) walk across the street.

such as =like + 名短: 如: such as winning the game.

for example + 句子: 如:It‘s healthy for the mind and the body.

21. 恶习难改. die(v):死亡;消失 death(n): 死亡; dead(adj): 死的; dying(adj): 垂死的;临终的;(植)枯萎的 dying wish----遗言

22. Here are the results. 以下是结果。

23. Most students use it for fun and not for homework.

24. 度过(时间) 如: 花费(时间、钱) 如: 同义句:

Unit3 I‘m more outgoing than my sister

1. 事实上;实际上 in fact 2. 唱歌比赛 the singing competition

3. 头发更短的那个 the one with shorter hair 4. 真正关心我 truly care about me

5. 只要;既然 …as long as… (像…一样长) 6. 一…就… … as soon as… ( 尽快…)

7. 分享一切 share everything 8. 与…不同 /有差异 be different from

9.与…一致/相同 be the same as… 10. 与… 相似的/类似的 be similar to…

11.摔断胳膊 break the arm 12. 小学 primary school

13.打电话询问更多信息 call for more information 14. 取得更好的成绩 get better grades

15. 形容词和副词的比较级

一、含义

1. 大多数形容词和副词有三个等级: 原级、比较级、最高级: good – better - best

2. 比较级:表示两者(人或物)之间的比较。

3. 加more/most ~的情况:①.部分双音节和多音节词;②.-ed/ing结尾的词;③adj+ly→adv.

4. 双写的词:一个大热天,一个胖子和一个瘦子穿着红衣服,汗湿了,很伤心。

big hot fat thin red wet sad

二.比较级基本句型:

↗连系动词+ adj.(比) 如: Lucy is slower than Lily.

1.主语++ than+ 对比成分

↘实义动词+ adv./ (比) 如:Lucy runs more slowly than Lily.

2. 主语必须与对比成分保持一致:.(→your hair)

3

adj./adv.(原级)+as …: ―如同…一样…‖ … not as/so+adj./adv.(原级)+as ?: ―不如……一样……‖

4.比较级+and+比较级:越来越…… e.g. They talked more and more loudly.

5. The比较级…,the+比较级…:越…就越… The more exercise you do, the stronger you‘ll be.

6. ―Which / Who is + 比较级, A or B?‖ e.g. Which T-shirt is nicer, this one or that one?

7. the+比较级+of the( two ) : 两者中较…的一个

Of the twins, she was the more hard-working .

8. 常用the one代单数可数名词,the ones /those 代替复数名词,that 代替不可数名词. e.g. .

9. 比较级前可用―数词+名词‖ 表示确定的度量。

e.g. I am (5 years) older than him.The room is (3 times) as large as that one.

注意: 1. 原级常与very, as,so, too, quite,pretty, really等连用。

2. 比较级常与much, even, far, than, a little, a bit, a lot 等连用.

3. Than 后的比较状语结构: 然而,你能看得出丽莎真的想赢。 讲述: tell a story/lie/joke.

1). tell 告诉 : tell sb. sth.(不能为it/them)= tell sth. to sb. ; tell sb. (not) to do sth. 辨别;识别:Can you tell the differences between the twins?

2).though意为―然而;但是‖,表示转折关系, 常放于句尾,用逗号隔开,而however可位于句首、句中或句末,常用逗号隔开。 However,You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win

‘t‘re good. 我认为朋友就像书---你不需要很多,只要好 就行。

look like : 看起来像(外貌) She is pretty tall.

be like:

像(性格,外貌)

He is outgoing/ serious.

我最好的朋友帮我激发出我最好的品质.

使显现;使表现出: The dress brings out the color of her skin.

bring out 生产;出版: The factory brings out a new kind of car. bring out the best/worst in sb. 激发出某人最好/最差的品质.

‘s always there to listen (to me).

我知道她关心我,因为她随时都能够听我倾诉。

(n) 小心;谨慎 Take care! 当心/保重 Cross the road with care.

1). care 介意;在乎(=mind) I don‘t care

(v) care about: 关心;在意 如:He doesn‘t care about care for 关心;照顾 = take care of或look after

喜欢;想要(否或疑) 如:

2). 随叫随到;不离左右 如:Parents are always there for children.

随时准备帮助 如:She is there to work out the problem.

20.I don‘t if: 是否; 如果

我真的不介意是否我的朋友与我一样还是不同。

21.They both like sports. 他们俩都喜欢运动。(both:两个都;用在实动之前,其它动词之后)

Both of …..+名词复数 如: Both of the flowers are beautiful. 两朵花都很漂亮。 both…and…两者都…… 反义词组:neither…nor…两者都不……

注意:all:都(三者或三者以上); either:两者中任一个;every:每个(三者或三者以上)

22.

一个真正的朋友(在你需要帮助的时候)向你伸出手,触动你的心弦。

reach /arrive at /get to the school

reach ( out one‘s hand) for sth. …取得联系:How can I reach you?

The forest reaches as far as the river. 森林延伸到河边。

接触;触摸:Don‘t touch the paint! 请勿触油漆!

触动;感动 我被他的话打动了。 接触;联系: keep in /losetouch with sb. 与...保持失去联系

get in touch with sb. 与...取得联系

( laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑某人)

make/let /have sb. do sth.= get sb. to do sth. 使某人做某事

make+宾语+形容词: 使某人/某事怎样 如: 2).

24. It‘s (make friends with sb. 与...交朋友)

某人做某事怎么样. (It是形式主语,to do sth.是真正主语)

25. The most important thing is to learn something new and have fun.

最重要的事情是学习新的东西和过的开心。

26.That‘s why I like reading books and I study harder in class.

那是我喜欢读书和在班上更努力学习的原因。

Unit 4 What‘s the best movie theater?

1.the best movie theater 最好的电影院 2.the biggest screens 最大的荧屏

3. the best sound 最好的音响 4. all kinds of… 各种各样的

5.the shortest waiting time 最短的等待时间 6. three meals a day 一日三餐

7.the most comfortable seats 最舒服的座位 take a seat 就坐

8.buy clothes the most cheaply买衣服最便宜 9. the worst service最差的服务

10. buy tickets the most quickly 买票最快 11. know the way around 熟悉周围的路

12. choose songs the most carefully选择歌曲最仔细 13. the street performers 街头表演者

14. the most exciting magicians最令人兴奋的魔术师 15. take…seriously认真对待…

16. the most creative talent show最有创意的才艺表演 17.and so on 等等

18. sing the most beautifully 唱得最动听 19. pretty loud 相当响亮

20.Welcome to the neighborhood! 欢迎来到社区! welcome to sp. 欢迎到…

形容词和副词的最高级

一、含义

1. 大多数形容词和副词有三个等级: 原级、比较级、最高级: badly – worse - worst

2. 最高级:表示三者或三者以上(人或物)之间的比较。

二.最高级基本句型结构

↗ of + 同类 ( of all/us..)

1. 主语 + 谓语动词 + the + adj./adv.(最) +

↘ in + 范围 (in China...)

如:Tara is the youngest of all. Linda draws (the) most carefully in her class.

注:1. 副词的最高级前可省略 “the”: 如:sit (the) most comfortably 坐得最舒适

2. 最高级前有其它的限定词时,不加“the”: 2. Which / Who …+the + 最高级…, A, B or C ?

e.g. Which do you like (the) best, apples, pears or oranges?

3. one of +the +最高级(形)+名(复): ―最…之一‖。

e.g. Jack Chen is one of the most famous actors in the world.

4. the + 序数词+最高级(形)+名(单):e.g. Hainan is the second largest island in China.

5. This is the +最高级(形)+名(单)+ that 从句:

e.g. This is the worst movie that I have ever seen. 这是我曾经看过的最糟糕的电影。

6. a+最高级(形)+名(单) : 表示―非常‖。e.g. Spring is a best season.

三.原级、比较级、最高级的相互转换

1e.g. He speaks more loudly than me.→ I don‘t speak as/so loudly as he/him.

2、比较级与最高级的转换: the other + (在范围之内) the+最高级 → 比较级 any other+ e.g. Jim is the tallest student in our class.

但:21. That‘s up to you to decide. 那由你决定。 由某人决定

be up to (doing) sth. 胜任;适合 如:He isn‘t up What‘up?= What‘ wrong?= What‘s the matter? 怎么哪?

what‘另外;还有 what‘更糟糕的是

22. so far: 迄今为止;到现在为止

同义句:1. How is the neighborhood? 2. What do you think of the neighborhood?

3. How do you feel about the neighborhood?

23. Thanks for telling me. thanks(n):感谢 如:many thanks = Thank you very much. thanks for (doing) sth. = thank sb. for (doing) sth. 感谢某人做某事

24.No problem. 1). 不客气;(回答感谢) 2)、没关系(回答道歉)3). 没问题(回答请求)

25.---How far is it from your home to the school? ---- 10 minutes by bus. 乘车十分钟的路程。 26.It‘s always interesting to watch other people show their talents. 看其他人展示他们的才艺总是有趣的。

( 经常或已发生)

( 某次或正在发生)

已发生)

( 某次或正在发生)

27. 全世界: around the world = in the world = all over the world.

28. All these shows have one thing in common. 所有的这些节目都有一个共同之处。

常见的;普通的 如:common knowledge 常识; common people 老百姓 共同的;公共的 如: common habits. have sth. in common (with sb.): (与某人)在某方面有共同之处。

与...一样: In common with others, she also likes music.

电影院离我家最近。

关闭;封闭 close the door/road. closed(adj):关闭的;不公开的 The door is closed. 近的;接近的 He is close to success. 他快要成功了。 亲密的;密切的 my close friend 我亲密的朋友。

接近;靠近 He sits close to the window. 他坐在窗户旁边。

30.When people watch the show, they usually play a role in deciding the winner.

当人们看节目的时候,他们通常扮演着决定获胜者的角色

play a role in ... 在...扮演角色/起作用 如:play an important role in the family play a role of ... 扮演...角色 如:play a role of a reporter play ?s role well 扮演...角色演得好 如: role well

获胜者总能得到丰厚的奖励。

获得一等奖 win the first prize

获得最佳演员奖 win the prize for the best actor 奖项颁给…. The prize goes to Jim.

32. Some think that the lives of the performers are made up.有些人认为表演者的身世是编造出来的。

伪造;编造 I made up a story as I went along. 我现场编了一个故事。

(为)化妆;打扮 The performers are making themselves up.

组成;构成 Girls make up 45% of the students.

make up for : 弥补;补偿 如:You should do something to make up for your mistake.

33. One great thing about them is that they give people a way to make their dreams come true. 关于这类节目一个很好的事情是他们给人们提供了一个实现他们梦想的方式。

1) give sb. a way to do sth : 给某人提供一个做... 的方式。

2) come true: (梦想等)实现 Study hard, your dream will come true one day.

be talented in: 在….有天赋 She is talented in music. have a talent for (doing) sth. :有….的天赋 He has a talent for painting.

贫穷的;可怜的 如: She is such a poor girl that she can‘t buy a toy. 糟糕的;质量差的 如: I

36. The place where you can enjoy your time. 你能享受时光的地方

A good place to have fun. 一个好玩的地方

Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?

1. Different kinds of TV shows

talk shows sitcoms news game shows talent shows sports shows

soap operas Beijing Opera fashion shows(时尚节目) comedy shows cartoon

2. Different kinds of movies:

action movies scary movies(恐怖片) comedy romance(爱情片) science fiction(科幻片) tragedy(悲剧片) documentary(纪录片)

3.do a good job 干得好 (well done) 4. something enjoyable令人愉快的东西

5. a symbol of ……的象征 6. in the 1930s 在二十世纪三十年代

7.a cartoon character 一个卡通人物 8. disagree/ agree with sb. (不)同意某人的观点或意见

make a plan to do sth.= plan to do sth. 制定计划做…

make a plan for sth. 为…制定计划 如: make a plan for your trip.

计划;

打算:plan (to do) sth 如: plan (to have) a trip (planning; planned)

站立:stand up 代表: stand for sth. Our flag stands for our country. 容忍(否): can‘t stand (doing) sth. 如: I can‘t stand telling lies.

7. --- What do you think of soap operas? --- I don‘t mind them.

认为;以为:如: What do you think of sitcoms.

想起;记得:如: I can‘t think of his name now.

考虑;关心:如: Lei Feng always thought of other people first.

想一想; 想象:如: Think of the past, you‘ll feel happier.

think about: 考虑 如: He is thinking about going on vacation .

think highly/lightly of sb. /sth.: 对…评价甚高/ 轻视 ; 看重/看轻

如: Mr. Black thinks highly of his students.

think out: 想出(= come up with= think up ) 如: think out a plan

think over … : 仔细考虑….. 如: Let me think it over.

think twice : 慎重考虑; 三思而后行 如: You‘d better think twice about going there alone

2). (n) 头脑;想法;心思 如: Out of sight, out of mind 眼不见,心不烦 (v)注意;留心: 如: Mind your head! 当心别碰头!Mind your own business! 别管闲事 介意;反对(否,疑问,条状)如 keep... in mind: 记住..。 make up one‘s mind to do sth. 下定决心做…..

change one‘s mind:改变想法 be of /in two minds:犹豫不决 out of one‘s mind: 失去理智 to my mind:依我看 Would /Do you mind (doing) sth.? 你介意。。。吗?

never mind: 没关系(回答道歉: sorry); 别担心(用于安慰对方: I broke the cup.)

希望:如: He never gave up his hope.

1. 希望: …hope …hope +that从句.

我希望如此。 I hope not. 我不希望如此。

2: …wish +that从句. 如: I wish that I were a bird.

…wish(sb.) to do sth. 如: Do you really wish me to go? wish +sb.+ adj./n. 如: wish you success; wish you a happy New Year.

发现 如: I found a wallet lying on the ground. 我发现一只钱包掉在地上

3. 认为;发觉 如: I found it necessary to take exercise.

如: You‘d better find out who broke the window. 如: They looked for it everywhere, but they didn‘t find it.

4. (happen):What‘s going on here?

How did you go on in your study? 你的学习进展得怎么样?

go on doing sth. = go on with sth. it will go on raining all day.

: go on to do sth. 如: Stop reading. Let‘s go on to answer the question.

9 about sth. 讨论……

with sb. = discuss with sb. 与…… 讨论

我喜欢跟着故事的发展看看接下来发生什么。

如:

I followed her up the steps. 我跟着她上了楼梯。

如:Follow my advice.

…前进: 如: Follow the road to the bridge.

理解;听清楚(sb) 如: Y

(go on):= What‘s wrong with you? /偶然做...:你给我打电话时我正好不在家。

11.

expect sth/that+从句: I expect the result. expect (sb. )to do sth. I expect (you) to win the game. 预料;认为:I expect that he will come soon. I expect so: 我认为如此 I expect not.= I don‘t expect so. 我不认为如此

2). learn… from :从…中学到… ; learn from … :向…学习

12. famous be famous for...: 因(技能;特色)出名 Edison was famous for his inventions 有名的;著名的 be famous as...: 因(身份;产地)出名 He is famous as a magacian.

(演员)出场 : My friend didn‘t appear until 6 o‘clock.

: His new book will appear next week.

似乎;好像(seem) He appears (to be) serious.

出来;花开;发芽 : It‘s wonderful to watch the stars come out at night. (书刊、产品等)上市;发行:His new record(唱片)came out last week. (秘密;真相)传出;大白: The truth will come out sooner or later.

15. He become very rich and successful.

1). rich: 有钱的;丰富的 He is rich in experience. 他经验丰富

2). success (n):成功----- succeed(v)取得成功----successful(adj)/ successfully(adv) 成功的

主要原因之一是米老鼠就像一个普通人,他总是尽力面对任何危险。

the reason for (doing) sth.

2尽力做...: try to do sth. I try to solve the problem myself.我尽力自己解决问题 尝试做...: try doing sth. He tried opening the door, but he failed

have a try: 试一试 try on:试穿(衣、鞋等)try out:测试(机器);试用(某人)

3) : You can ask me any question at any time. 任何一个/一些(条状) :If you have any problem(s),please tell me. 若干;一些(否、疑问):Are there any messages for me?

4) danger(n)--- dangerous(adj)17. luck(n幸运的/不幸的 good luck 祝你好运(事前)

运气 (adv) luckily/unluckily 幸运地 /不幸地 bad luck 真倒霉 (事后)

失去;丢失 such as losing his girlfriend

迷失(方向、路) lose the way

输掉((比赛) lose the game ; lose to sb : 输给某人

19. ready be ready to do sth. 准备/乐于做... ; be ready for sth. 为...做准备 愿意的;准备好的 get ready to do sth./ for sth. (为)准备(做...)

(n) 女裙;礼服 (vi) 穿衣 : She dresses casually. 她穿着随意。 给...穿衣: The little girl can dress herself.

化妆;打扮 dress up as sb.化妆成某人 be /get dressed (in...)穿...衣

2) take one‘s place = take the place of sb. : 代替;替换

take place : 发生(happen)

Unit 6 I‘m going to study computer science

1. Different kinds of professions(职业)

computer programmmer cook docter nurse engineer teacher violinist driver soldier pianist (basketball) player scientist actor/actress waiter farmer writer reporter pilot musician magician policeman/policewoman worker postman firefighter babysitter artist conductor shopkeeper salesman clerk lawyer judge model poet guide bookseller sailor manager director photographor painter dancer singer secretary

2. 询问职业:What do you do? What are you? What‘s your job?

3. grow up成长;长大 4. a race car driver 一个赛车手 5. the coming year 来年

6. get a lot of exercise 多锻炼 7. write down 写下;记下 8. physical health 身体健康

9. study medicine at a university 在大学学医 10. take medicine. 吃药

11. New Year‘s resolutions 新年的决心 12. eat healthier food 吃更健康的食物

13. give the meaning of resolution 解释决心的含义 14. make the soccer team 组建足球队

15. a cooking school 一所厨师学校 16. another foreign language 另一门外语

17. at the beginning of… 在…开始时 18. at the end of … 在…结束时/的终点

19. What do you want to be when you grow up?

生长;发育 逐渐变得;渐渐 种植 People grow rice in South China.

留长;蓄长(头发、胡须等 I‘ve dicided to grow my hair.

grow up 长大;成长 grow into... 长成 He has grown into a young man

20. 我将继续写故事。

: 如: keep healthy.

如: keep a diary

;饲养(动) 如: keep his family; keep a pet.

如: You can keep the book for two days.

keep (sb.)doing sth. (不停)做… 如:They kept me talking.

keep on doing sth. (间歇后)做… 如:keep on trying

阻止某人做… keep up with 跟上;赶上

一定会... 如:She is sure to pass the text. 对...有把握 如:I‘m sure of the result. 确信... 如:I‘m sure that he will succeed. /务必 如:Be sure to come tomorrow.

如:You should make sure of the time. 如:Make sure (that) anyone else knows the secrets sure = certainly = of course 当然(回答请求)

22. I‘m going to write articles and 如:send a letter/ message

如:send sb. to sp. ; send sb to do sth.

如: Will you send a car for him?

发射;使上升 send away 开除;赶走; send for 派(人)去请

23.听起来像一个好计划。 (n)声音 voice: 嗓音;说话声 noise:噪音

(v)听起来 sound+adj 听起来像 It sounds like a good idea.

24. 有些人也许会说他们将会开始一项业余爱好,比如绘画或摄影

please take up your book and read.

He took up (playing) golf when he was a child.

(时、空) The desk takes up too much room. I‘m sorry to take up your time.

新的一年的开始常常是下决心的时候。

朝/向;(电话礼物)给 如:I‘ 为了... 如: 在...期间(时) 如: I‘ 适于... 如: 对...来说 如: It‘ 以为…交换/代价 如:

因为 如: 支持 如:(反对) the plan?

have to do with... 与...有关 每周(一次)的 a weekly newspaper have nothing to do with...与...无关每周(一次)= every week day---daily每周(的); month---monthly每月(的) ; year---yearly 每年(的)

28.Most of the time, we make promises to other people. 大部分时候,我们向别人做出承诺。 (n)承诺;诺言 make promises (to sb.)to do sth. 许下承诺...

promise (sb.) to do sth. I promise (you) not to tell anyone.

承诺 promise that从句 He promised (that) he would help me. 保证 promise sb.sth.=promise sth. to sb. I can‘t promise you anything.

keep a promise :遵守承诺 break a promise 违背承诺

29. The first resolution is about my own personal improvement. 第一个决心与自我提高有关。

(v) 拥有 : 他拥有自己的书房。 自己的 : 我亲眼看到的这起事故。 owner: 所有者;拥有者 the owner of the house on one‘s own: 单独;独自 (=alone)

2). improve(v):(使)好转;改善 I expect to improve my English. improve on sth. 对…做出改进: He improved on his plan.

问题;疑问 提问;盘问;询问 她被询问有关火灾的事情。

;对...表示疑问: No one has ever questioned his honesty. 没有人怀疑他的忠诚。

一般将来时

1. 含义:一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复

发生的动作,常与tomorrow, soon, 等表示将来的时间状语连用.

2. 结构: 助动词 + 动词原形: 1) will +动词原形 2) be going to +动词原形

1). 否定: 一加二改 : 一加(助动词 + not ); 二改 (some 改为 any )

1). He will visit you tomorrow. ----- He won‘t visit you tomorrow. (won‘t = will not)

2). They‘re going to buy some food. ---- They aren‘t going to buy any food.

2). 一般疑问:一提二改三升调:把(will / be)提 到句首;把some改为any、句号改为问好;读声调

1). Will he visit you tomorrow? ------ Yes, he will. / No, he won‘t.

2). Are they going to buy any food? ------ Yes , they are. / No, they aren‘t.

3. 辨析:从不严格的语法角度而言 ,be going to与 will二者可以互换, 但:

1)be going to 表示根据主观判断及将要发生的事情,或含有―计划,准备‖的意思。

2)will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。 He will be twenty years old next month.

4.注意:

1). There be 句型的一般将来时结构为:将会有...

2). come, go, leave, arrive等表示位置移动的动词常用现在进行时表示将来:He is leaving.

3). 在条件、时间状语从句中,一般是主将从现。

If it is fine tomorrow, I‘m going on a trip.

Unit 7 Will people have robots?

1. live to be 200 years old 活动200岁 2. in the future 在未来

3. world peace 世界和平 4. live in an apartment 住在公寓里 5. look for 寻找

5. on a space station 在太空站 6. in space 在太空 7. seem impossible 似乎不可能

8. human servants 人类的仆人 9. think like a human/humans 像人类一样思考

10. over and over again 反复地 11.pollute the environment 污染环境

12. on the earth在地球上 13. the meaning(s) of words 单词的意思 14. in the sea. 在海洋

15. another foreign language 另一门外语 16. move to other planets. 搬到其他的星球去

17. in the sky. 在空中 18. in danger处于危险之中 18. during the week 在这周之内

19. out of danger 脱离危险 在某一点上;在某种程度上;在某个时候 书将只在电脑里, 而不是在纸上。

纸: a piece of paper

一张纸

试卷;论文;报纸: The students are busy doing their papers.

22. There will be more pollution. 将会有更多的污染。

将会有… (不能have与连用)

2). pollution(u.n): 污染;公害 pollute(v):污染;弄脏 polluted(adj):受污染的

23. Everyone should play a part in saving the earth. 每个人应该参与挽救地球。

部分;参加;零件;器官 some parts of the machine;every part of the body. 参加;参与 = take part in …

在…起作用/有影响 = play a role in…

24. I‘I‘ll go to the moon by rocket. 我将乘火箭去月球。 苍蝇

鸟、飞机等)飞 I want to fly up into the sky.

使(飞机等)飞行;驾驶 I‘ll fly (the spaceship) to other planets. (旗帜、头发等)飘扬 The flag is flying in the wind.

时间)飞逝 Time flies when I‘m reading a book.

现在已经有机器人在工厂里工作了。 There be sb. doing sth. 有某人正在做…

25. They agree it may take hundreds of years. 他们同意这可能花费几百年的时间。

1) It takes + 时间 + (for sb.) to do sth. 某人花费时间区做某事。

It took me half an hour to finish my homework.

agree to do sth. (认真商量) 2. Is she going to agree to our idea? agree with sb./opinion(观点)/what he said.

某人(达成协议的双方)就…达成协议.

Do you agree with me about/on the plan?

sth.;

1). (n) belief 信念;信仰 I can‘t believe my eyes/ears. ‘ll come. 认为;相信 believe sb. 相信某人的话。

2). believe in sth. 信仰;信赖;相信(…的存在) Do you believe in God?

3). believe it or not. 信不信由你;I believe so. 我这样认为;I believe not. 我不这样认为

27. Which side do you agree with? 你同意哪一方的观点?

side: 一方; 一边; 一面;一侧等 change sides 改变立场、观点; side by side 肩并肩 from side to side 左右地; put sth to one side 把… 搁在一边 这些新的机器人将会有许多不同的形状。

The buildings are similar in shape.

He exercises every day to keep in shape.

His old coat is out of shape. 身体状况不佳的:He is out of shape these days.

29. under the building. 如果楼房倒塌而里面还有人,蛇形机器人就能帮助寻找人。 秋天(美)= autumn Leaves turn red in the fall.

The rain began to fall again.

(价格、温度、声音等)下降 The temperature fell to below 00C.

变为(状态) fall asleep ; fall ill

词组:fall down: 跌倒; (物) 倒塌 fall off :从...上落下;(物)脱落

fall into: 掉入;落入 fall over He fell over a stone.

fall behind: 落后 fall in love with...: 爱上...

30. I think I‘ll take a holiday in Hong Kong when possible.我想如果可能的话,我会去香港度假。 take a holiday: 去度假 ; when possible = if possible: 如果可能的话 一般将来时

1. 含义:一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复

发生的动作.

1). In the future, there will be less fresh water.

2). They‘re going to buy some food right away.

2. 常与一般将来时连用的时间状语有:

立刻;马上), soon, right away(立刻;马上), right now(现在;马上), sooner or later(迟早), later,in + 一段时间等

3. 结构: 1) will +动词原形 2) be going to +动词原形

1). 否定: 一加二改 : 一加(助动词 + not ); 二改 (some 改为 any )

1). He will visit you tomorrow. --- He won‘t visit you tomorrow.

2). ---- They aren‘t going to buy any food.

2). 一般疑问:一提二改三升调:把(will / be)提 到句首;把some改为any、句号改为问好;读声调

1). Will he visit you tomorrow? ------ Yes, he will. / No, he won‘t.

2). Are they going to buy any food? ------ Yes , they are. / No, they aren‘t.

4. 注意:

1). 在口语中, will常缩写为’ll, will not常缩写为won‘t.

2). 在疑问句中, 主语为第一人称(I 和we)时,常用助动词shall:

Shall we meet at the school gate tomorrow?

3). be going to 也可以表示将要发生的动作或安排,含有―计划,准备‖的意思。更强调 主观:

而will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情: He will be twenty years old next month. 从不严格的语法角度而言 ,be going to与 will二者可以.

4). There be 句型的一般将来时结构为:

将会有... (不能与have连用)

5). come, go, leave, arrive等表示位置移动的动词常用现在进行时表示将来:

‘clock tomorrow.

6).

If(如果on a trip. 引导条件状语的词: if(如果); if (是否)

引导时间状语的词:when , after, before, ,

not .... until....

Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

Grammar: 可数名词与不可数名词;祈使句 Topic: 描述制作过程;遵循指令做事

1. a piece of … 一片/张/段/条/根/幅/首…… 2. one by one 一个接一个;逐个;依次

3. a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶 4. traditional food 传统的食物 5. the main dish 主菜

6. at a very high temperature 用高温 7. take one‘s temperature 量某人的体温 往汤里加点盐 add … to ... 把……加到……上/里面

9. pour …into… 把……倒入/灌入… 10. make a list of … 列一份 … 清单 把玉米放入爆米花机里 put…into…把…放入…

12. rice noodles 米粉 13. another 10 minutes = 10 more minutes 又/再十分钟

14. Let me think(…) : 让我想一想 Let me see= Let‘s see. 让我想想看

15. peel three bananas. 剥三根香蕉 16. dig/dug a hole 挖坑

17. First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后……

18. That‘s it. 表示某事了结、停止、结束 19.one more thing = another one thing还有一件事

20.in a different way 用一种不同的方式 21. mix together 混合到一起。

22. take out a book from the library = take a book out of the library 从图书馆里借出一本书 ?

(n)摇动;抖动: Give the bottle a good shake. 好好地摇一下瓶子。 /颤抖:Shake the bottle before drinking.

: He shook the snow off his coat at the door.

握手 shake one‘s head 摇头 for a shake 一瞬间

24. Turn on the blender. 打开搅拌器。

:打开(电、煤气、水等) Will you please turn on the light? It‘s too dark.

turn off: 关掉(电、煤气、水等) Please turn the light off when you leave the building. turn up:

调高(音量等) I can‘t hear clearly, please turn up the radio.

If he doesn‘t turn up in ten minutes, we‘ll have to go.

调低(音量等):Please turn down the TV when I‘m talking on the phone. 拒绝 She turned down his invitation.

25. cut up the bananas. 把香蕉切碎。cut:(n)切口;伤口;(v) 切,割,剪,砍,削等 cut… into… :把…切成… cut the turkey into pieces.

cut off: 切断;中断 He almost cut off his finger while working.

cut up 切碎;剁碎 cut the onion up in small pieces.

He was cut up badly when he fell off his bike.

cut down:砍倒;削减 They cut down the old trees in order to build a new factory.

26. A: How much yogurt do we need? B: We need one cup of yogurt.

1). how many: 多少 + 可数名词: how many watermelons do you need?

多少 + 不可数名词: How much cheese/sugar do we need?

多少钱= What‘d the price of…? How much is the butter?

(n) : There‘s no need for you to hurry. 你没有必要慌张。 Sb. need sth. She needs help. 实Sb. need to do sth. You need to get it back tomorrow.

Sth. need doing = sth. need to be done. The bike needs repairing.

情: ) 用于否定和疑问: You needn‘t tell me. 你没有必要告诉我。

Need I go there? in need of…: 需要… at need: 在紧急时

27. most Americans still /by having a big

meal at home with their family.

现在,大部分的美国人仍然通过和家人在家里共进丰盛的一餐来庆祝这个感恩的节日。The idea of (doing) sth: 目的;意图 He is saving money with the idea of buying a car.

28. America about 400 years ago. 400年前来美国居住的第一批流浪者。

29. Next,接下来,把这个面包混合物填充到火鸡里。 使充满;装满: fill A with B = A be filled with B = A be full of B

占据,胜任(职位;工作) : She is the best person to fill this kind of job. (n)混合物(=mixture);食品混合干配料 a cake mix

使掺和;使混合: mix…with…: 把…与…调在一起 vmix… into…: 把…掺在…里面 调制: mix salad 拌色拉

30.

盖子;封面;罩: The book has a blue cover.

cover … with… = …be covered with…

She covered the table with a cloth. = The table was covered with a cloth.

Jim tried to cover his mistake with a joke.

31. Finally, serve it to your friends with some vegetables. 最后,与其它食物一起端出来供朋友使用。 为…服务/工作/效力: serve people.

接待;服侍(顾客):Are you being served? 你点过菜了吗?/有人接待你吗? 端出(食物);伺候…进餐:

32. Now, it‘s time to enjoy the rice noodles! 现在,到了享用米粉的时候了。

It‘s time for supper. It‘s time to have supper

It‘s time for you to get up.

可数名词与不可数名词

一.初中常见的不可数名词有:

wood ice ice cream wool metal glass hair dust air water milk wine beer bread sugar rice meat cheese weather sunshine experience traffic homework advice housework information peace trouble anger food fish grass tea drink coffee fruit snow education knowledge time music coke paper orange chicken hair exercise friendship pollution work room news salad popcorn corn salt pepper gravy honey soup porridge sunshine light money rain wind Chinese Japanese English beef pork oil juice 二.1.既可修饰可数名词也可修饰:all, some, most, a lot of, lots of, plenty of …

2.修饰可数名词的词有:数词(one...), few, a few, many, a number of, numbers of...

3. 修饰不可数名词的词有:little, a little, a bit of, much, a great deal of, a large amount of

4. three pieces of paper 祈使句

一. 定义:祈使句指的是表示命令、请求、建议或劝告的句子。其主语you常省略,谓语动词用原形,句末用感叹号或句号,读降调。

二.结构:

1. 肯定的祈使句:动词原形+其他 Stand up, please. Be careful!

2.否定的祈使句: 1). Don't + 动词原形 Don‘t laugh at others.

2). Never do sth. Never do that again!

3). No + v-ing/n. No smoking! No noise, please.

4). Let‘s not do sth. Let‘s not waste time.

5). Don‘t let sb. do sth. Don‘t let them make any noise.

三.祈使句的考点:A: Don‘t forget to turn off the light. B: OK. I won‘t.

A: Don‘t play on the road. B: Sorry. I won‘t. A: Remember to return it as soon as possible B: OK./All right./I will.

Unit9 Can you come to my party?

on Saturday afternoon在周六下午 prepare for为……做准备 go to the doctor去看医生

have the flu患感冒 help my parents帮助我的父母 come to the party来参加聚会

another time其他时间 last fall去年秋天 go to the party去聚会

hang out常去某处;泡在某处 the day after tomorrow后天 the day before yesterday前天

have a piano lesson上钢琴课 look after照看;照顾 accept an invitaton接受邀请

turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 take a trip去旅行 at the end of this month这个月末

look forward to盼望;期待 the opening of… ……的开幕式/落成典礼 reply in writing书面回复

go to the concert去听音乐会 not…until直到……才

meet my friend会见我的朋友 visit grandparents拜访祖父母 study for a test为考试学习

have to不得不 too much homework太多作业 do homework做家庭作业

go to the movies去看电影 after school放学后 on the weekend在周末

invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)! What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

see sb. do sth. see sb.doing sth.

the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What’s today?今天是什么日子? What’s the date today? What day is it today?

情态动词can表示邀请

Unit10 If you go to the party,you‘ll have a great time!

stay at home待在家里 take the bus乘公共汽车 tomorrow night明天晚上 have a class party进行班级聚会

half the class一半的同学 make some food做些食物 order food订购食物 have a class meeting开班会

at the party在聚会上 potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 in the end最后 make mistakes犯错误

go to the party去参加聚会 have a great/good 玩得开心 give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议

go to college上大学 make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱 travel around the world环游世界

get an education得到教育 work hard努力工作 a soccer player一名足球运动员 keep…to oneself保守秘密

talk with sb.与某人交谈 in life 在生活中 be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 be angry with sb.生某人的气

in the future在将来 run away逃避;逃跑 the first step第一步 in half分成两半

solve a problem解决问题 school clean-up学校大扫除

ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 give sb. sth.给某人某物

tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事 need to do sth.需要做某事

一、If引导的条件状语从句

二、should的用法

常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有:

考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggestadvise, look forward to, excuse, pardon. 承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy.

避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice.

否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.

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