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初三单选练习

发布时间:2014-01-04 16:47:48  

承思教育 中考专训

2013年房山区初三一模英语试卷

四、单项填空(共1分,每小题1分)

22. —Is this your key, Jenny? —No, A. His B. Hers C. Mine D. Yours

23. —How do you go home every day? —’s not far from here. A. On B. In C. By D. With

A. another B. others C. other D. the other

25. Write down the phone number, ’ll forget it. A. so B. and C. but D. or

. Please go to answer it. A. rings B. is ringing C. rang D. will ring

27. —Must I learn all these word by heart? —’ll be fine if you copy them in your exercise books.

A. needn’t B. can’t C. shouldn’t D. mustn’t

28. Li Hua’than Zhang Hui’s. A. cheap B. cheaper C. the cheaper D. the cheapest

29. —Do you know who cleaned the blackboard, Tina? —. A. do B. does C. did D. done

A. will tell B. tell C. told D. would tell

31. — —About ten minutes’ walk.

A. How far B. How long C. How often D. How soon

32. I A. make B. made C. will make D. have made

in Africa in the near future.

A. built B. are built C. were built D. will be built

34. ——You can take NO. 16 bus.

A. how can we get to the Olympic Park B. how we can get to the Olympic Park

C. how did we get to the Olympic Park D. how we got to the Olympic Park

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承思教育 中考专训

五、完形填空(共12分,每小题1分)

That holiday morning I didn’t have to go to school . Usually , on holidays , Mother me to sleep in . And I would certainly take full advantage of it . On this particular morning , I stood by my window overlooking the lot, having nothing better to do . But as it turned out , I was soon to learn about something As I watched several people go by , get into their cars and off , I an old man on a bicycle with a bucket on its handle and a basket rags and bottles on its back-carriage. He from one car to another , washing and cleaning them . From the water on the ground , it seemed that he had already washing and cleaning about a dozen or more cars . He must have begun to work quite early in the morning .

Several thoughts -dressed. He had on a pair of shorts and a simple T-shirt. The bicycle he rode was not by any means the kind modern cyclists would want to be seen riding on . But he seemed elderly men and women on their way to the market nearby.

There was a noticeable a bit of 挡风玻璃),then standing back to admire it; scrubbing(擦净) the wheels and again , standing back to see what they looked like after the scrub.

It was a to learn , I felt. At no age need one have to beg for a living if one has good health and is willing to work hard . For a while I felt of myself .Young as I am – just sixteen ,and there was this old man who must have been working perhaps before the sun rose.

35. A. forces B. allows C. causes D. asks

36. A. or B. so C. however D. besides

37. A. interesting B. surprising C. awful D. useful

38. A. noticed B. realized C. called D. discovered

39. A. searched B. left C. moved D. looked

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承思教育 中考专训

40. A. stopped B. finished C. intended D. stared

41. A. crossed B. hit C. troubled D. beat

42. A. busy B. careful C. tired D. satisfied

43. A. about B. for C. with D. like

44. A. worry B. pride t C. praise D. respect

45. A. lesson B. subject C. skill D. fact

46. A. tired B. doubtful C. fearful D. ashamed

三、阅读理解 阅读下列短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案。(40分)

A Special Offers

Free soft drink Buy one, get one free

Buy any meal for at

least 6 yuan at Mike’s Café Buy one shirt at

and receive a free soft drink. LOTTE-Mart’s Menswear (男

士专柜), and get another

We serve the best hamburgers

and snacks in the mall. Come shirt of the same price free.

in and try our delicious meals Hurry! Offer ends on

November 10.

and our excellent service.

Free soft drink offer ends on

November 12.

10% Off 6 Hours’ Free Parking

Show this ticket at

Xinhua Book Store to get a If you spend 100 yuan

10% discount on any book or more in RT-Mart, you will

you buy. We have lots of receive six hours of free

books to choose from. You are parking. Show your paying

sure to find something that ticket to the service desk, and

you’ll enjoy. Shop now for they will give you the Christmas. parking ticket. 3

承思教育 中考专训

47. You can get another shirt for free at LOTTE-Mart’s Menswear.

A. on December 10 B. on November 12 C. on November 10 D. on December 25

A. 80 yuan B. 90 yuan C. 95 yuan D. 100 yuan

49. You can get for free if you spent 6 yuan at Mike’s Café?

A. A soft drink. B. The best hamburgers. C. The best snacks. D. A delicious meal.

B

Some people have the feeling that nothing can be done about their poor reading ability(能力). They feel hopeless about it. Can you learn to read better, or must you agree that nothing can be done about it?

To be sure, people are different. You can not to do everything as well as certain other people do. If all the students in a class tried out for basketball, some would be very good players; others would be very poor; and many would be in between. But even the very poor players can become much better players if they are guided in the right way, and with plenty of practice. It is the same with reading. Some seem to enjoy reading and to read well without any special help. Others find reading a slow and tiring job. In between, there are all degrees of reading ability.

Many experiments have shown that just about every poor reader can improve his reading ability. In these experiments, the poor readers were given tests of reading ability. After some of the causes of their poor reading were discovered, they were given special instruction and practice in reading. After a few months, another test of the same kind was given. In nearly all experiments, these people had improved their reading ability.

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承思教育 中考专训

50.With the example of basketball players, the author shows ____.

A. why certain people are poor readers B. that there are differences in people’s abilities

C. why some people are good basketball players D. that good basketball players can be good readers

51.To improve their reading ability, people should ____.

A. work long and hard B. take different forms of tests

C. have special help and practice D. try different reading materials

52.What do the experiments want to show?

A. Good readers seem to enjoy reading B. Almost all poor readers can make progress

C. Causes of poor reading are difficult to find out D. Tests help people improve their reading ability

C

Disposing (处理)of waste has been a problem since humans started producing it. As more and more people choose to live close together in cities, the waste-disposal problem becomes increasingly difficult.

During the eighteenth century, it was usual for several neighboring towns to get together to select a faraway spot as a dumpsite to keep the waste. Residents or trash haulers(垃圾拖运者) would transport household rubbish, rotted wood, and old possessions to the site. Periodically(定期) some of the trash was burned and the rest was buried(掩埋). The unpleasant sights and smells caused no problem because nobody lived close by.

Factories, mills, and other industrial sites also had waste to be disposed of. Those located on rivers often just dumped the unwanted remains into the water. Others built huge burners with chimneys to deal with the problem.

Several facts make these choices unacceptable to modern society. The first problem is space. Dumps, which are now called landfills, are most needed in heavily populated areas. Such areas rarely have empty land suitable for this purpose. Property is either too expensive or too close to residential(住宅区的) neighborhoods. Long distance trash hauling has been a common practice, but once farm areas are refusing to accept rubbish from elsewhere, cheap land within trucking distance of major city areas is almost nonexistent.

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承思教育 中考专训

Awareness of pollution dangers has resulted in more strict rules of waste disposal. Pollution of rivers, ground water, land and air is a price people cannot longer pay to get rid of waste. The amount of waste, however, continues to grow.

Recycling efforts have become commonplace, and many towns require their people to take part. Even the most efficient recycling programs, however, can hope to deal with only about 50 percent of a city's reusable waste.

53.The best title for this passage would be .

A. Places for Disposing Waste B. Waste Pollution Dangers

C. Ways of Getting Rid of Waste D. Waste Disposal Problem

.

A. burying it B. burning it C. recycling it D. throwing it into rivers

A. draw people's attention to waste management B. warn people of the pollution dangers we are facing

C. call on people to take part in recycling programs D. tell people a better way to get rid of the waste

D

In the kitchen of my mother's houses there has always been a wooden stand (木架) with a small notepad (记事本) and a hole for a pencil.

I'm looking for paper on which to note down the name of a book I am introducing to my mother. Over forty years since my earliest memories of the kitchen pad and pencil, five houses later, the present paper and pencil look the same as they always did. Surely it can't be the same pencil? The pad is more modern, but the wooden stand is definitely the original (原始的)one.

"I'm just amazed you still have the same stand for holding the pad and pencil after all these years." I say to her, walking back into the living-room with a sheet of paper and the pencil. "You still use a pencil. Can't you afford a pen?"

My mother replies a little sharply. "It works perfectly well. I've always kept the stand in the kitchen. I never knew when I might want to note down an idea, and I was always in the 6

承思教育 中考专训

kitchen in those days. "

Immediately I can picture her, hair wild, blue housecoat covered in flour, a wooden spoon in one hand, the pencil in the other, her mouth moving silently. My mother smiles and says, "One day I was cooking and watching baby Pauline, and I had a brilliant thought, but the stand was empty. One of the children must have taken the paper. So I just picked up the breadboard and wrote it all down on the back. It turned out to be a real breakthrough for solving the mathematical problem I was working on. "

This story, which happened before I was born—reminds me how extraordinary my mother was, and is, as a gifted mathematician. I feel embarrassed that I complain about not having enough child-free time to work. Later, when my mother is in the bathroom, I go into her kitchen and turn over the breadboards. Sure enough, on the back of the smallest one, are some penciled marks I recognize as mathematics. Those symbols have travelled unaffectedthrough fifty years, rooted in the soil of a cheap wooden breadboard, invisible (看不到的) exhibits at every meal.

56.What is the meaning of the underlined word in Paragraph 5?

A. Simple but surprising B. Easy but valuable C. Funny and interesting D. Clever and great.

57.What does the author think first about the wooden stand?

A. It has great value for the family. B. It needs to be replaced by a better one.

C. It brings her back to her lonely childhood D. It should be passed on to the next generation.

58.The author feels ashamed for ________.

A. blaming her mother so much wrongly B. giving her mother a lot of trouble

C. not making good use of time as her mother did D. not making any breakthrough in her field

59.What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A. The mother is successful in her career. B. The family members like travelling.

C. The author had little time to play when young. D. The marks on the breadboard have disappeared.

七、阅读短文,根据短文内容,从短文后的五个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余选项,然后将所选答案写在答案纸的上。

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承思教育 中考专训

We sometimes call the lion ―the king of the jungle. ‖ And it can hunt the best. It is the highest animal in the land food chain.

In the sea, the shark is one of the animals at the top of the food chain. It can swim faster than the most other sea animals, and it can use its big teeth to eat them.

What is at the top of the world’s food chain? People are! We are not the biggest or fastest. But we are the cleverest . We could not run faster than cheetahs, so we invented cars and now we can move the fastest. We could not fight better than lions,. Now we can hunt the best.

People’s inventions are clever, For example, people invented factories, and now they make the air and rivers dirty. This can make terrible changes. Dirty rivers kill fish. then bears cannot eat the fish and the bears die. If we kill one part of the food chain, other parts also die. Remember that we are a part of the food chain, so we are in danger too! ! We should and we could do something for the world!

八、阅读短文,根据短文内容回答,并将答案写在答题纸上。(共10分,每小题2分)

DNA is the whole ―map‖ of the human body. It is something that all humans have, and it tells the body what to do. DNA is the reason that we look like our parents, because we get some of their DNA to make our own.

People have been trying to understand the human body for a long time. In I860, Mr Mendel discovered why we look the same as other people in our family. It is because of small things called ―genes‖(基因) in our body. In 1953, two scientists, Watson and Crick, found out that those small parts are really messages. They’re written in the DNA with a special 8

承思教育 中考专训

language.

In 1961, another two scientists found the first ―word‖ that they could understand in that language. It shows how DNA tells the cell (细胞)to build its parts, Scientists have now found all the words in the DNA map, but we still do not understand what they all do. By understanding what just one ―word‖ means, we can help to save people from several illnesses. So the more we understand, the more doctors will be able to do.

Most people hope that this will help to make better medicine and help sick people: Other people worry that when wc Icam more ―words‖ and find out more information, we will use it in the wrong way, just to make people more attractive (有吸引力的), or stop sick people getting jobs.

64. Do all humans have DNA?

65.When did Mr. Mendel discover why we look like our other family members?

66. What did the two scientists find in 1961?

67. Why do some people worry about learning more ―words‖ in the DNA map?

68. What is the passage mainly about?

书面表达(共25分)

九、完成句子,并将答案写在答题纸上。(共10分,每小题2分)

根据中文意思完成句子。

69. 今天天气很好。为什么不去钓鱼?

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承思教育 中考专训

It’s fine today. 70. Amy 非常喜欢运动,她擅长游泳。

swimming.

71. 上星期六,汤姆和玛丽都没有和我们一起去看电影。

72. 我们很有必要在业余爱好上花些时间。

our hobbies.

73. 李华帮妈妈做完家务才开始复习功课。

Li Hua 十、文段表达。(15分)

根据中文大意和英文提示词语,写出意思连贯、符合逻辑、不少于60词的短文。所给英文提示词语仅供选用。

74. 每个人都有一个属于自己的梦想,某杂志社要开展以“My Dream‖ 为题的征文活动,内容包括:作为一名中学生,你的梦想是什么?为什么?为了实现你的梦想,你打算怎么做?

提示词:want to be, be friendly to, help, hope to do, study, hard, come true

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承思教育 中考专训

人称代词

主格 I you she he it we you they

宾格 me

物主代词

形容词性

名词性

you my mine her your yours him his his it her hers us you them its our your their its ours yours theirs 11

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