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一般现在时、现在进行时、一般将来时复习专练

发布时间:2014-01-05 15:39:04  

一般现在时基本用法介绍

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:

I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

- Do you often play football?

- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

- Does she go to work by bike?

- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work?

二、变否定句。

1. He wants a book.

2. Jimmy washes hands before dinner.

3. Lisa likes milk very much.

4. They walk to school.

5. Lingling and Dandan are 10 years old.

6. I am Chinese.

三、变一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答。

1.He wants a book.

2. Jimmy washes hands before dinner。

一般将来时

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:

①be going to + do;

②will+ do.

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won't。

例如:I'm going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I'm not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。Who 例如:I'm going to New York soon. →Who's going to New York soon.

2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She's going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

六、同义句:be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

练习:

填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I'll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I'm going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow? 8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30. 9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school? 10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

用所给词的适当形式填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?

15. It's Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) 。

有以下的词:now, look, listen.

句子的结构如下:beam

is +动词 ing

are

如:1. I am listening to the music now.

2. The students are drawing pictures now.

3. Listen! She is singing .

4. Look! Mr Li is riding a bike.

其中,动词的ing形式有如下方法:

A. 在动词后直接加ing: go-going , wash-washing, fly—flying

B. 以单个元音+单个辅音+e结尾 , 去掉e加ing,如 :drive—driving, ride--riding

C. 某些单词要双写词尾的字母:swim- swimming run—running get--getting

练习:

1.Mr Zheng____________ (read) a book now.

2. The rabbits____________(jump) now.

3.. Look ! Tom and John______________ (swim).

4. My brother____________(make) a kite in his room now.

5. Look! The bus___________(stop).

6. We_____________(have) an English class now.

7. Listen! Someone is _____________(come).

8. They___________(catch) butterflies now.

9. He ___________(do) an experiment now.

10. They___________(collect) stamps now.

11. Look! ____________He (dive) now.

12. Tom___________ ( watch ) TV in the dining room.

13. The doctors___________(get ) off the bus.

14. Come on. They __________( leave ) now.

15. It __________(eat) fish now.

16. My father _____________(work) in the office now.

17. Where is your mother?

She_____________(answer) the phone.

18. The teachers_________ (run) now.

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