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初中生必须掌握的315个英语词组

发布时间:2014-01-05 15:39:07  

初中生必须掌握的315个英语词组

1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+ do aVu中国英语学习网

eg :I like watching monkeys jump

2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)

4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样

6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with 同……一道,伴随……

eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去

the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树

习网

8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样

9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book 11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

13 at the age of 在……岁时

eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾

eg : At the end of the day

16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信

eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test

18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing 20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing aVu中国英语学习网

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕……

eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视

I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高

26 be ashamed to

27 be away from 远离

28 be away from 从……离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于

31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……

32 be careful 当心;小心

33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

34 be famous for 以……著名

35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好

36 be from = come from 来自

eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?

37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water

38 be glad+to+do/从句

39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English

42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处 Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处 aVu中国英语学习网

44 be in good health 身体健康

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble

46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到

Be late for class 上课迟到

48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother

49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)

aVu中国英语学习网

52 be not sure 表不确定

53 be on a visit to 参观

54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

55 be quiet 安静

56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰

57 be sick in bed 生病在床

58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you

59 be sorry to hear that

60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you

61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles

62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格

64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

65 be sure 表确定

66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试 69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事 eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕……

71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

72 be the same as … 和什么一样

73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早起 He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

He is used to working hard He is used to hard work 他习惯努力工作

74 be worth doing 值得做什么

75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事 be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句 76 because+句子 because of +短语 eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache aVu中国英语学习网

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么 aVu中国英语学习网

eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home aVu中国英语学习网

78 between…and… 两者之间 aVu中国英语学习网

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西 aVu中国英语学习网

eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen aVu中国英语学习网 80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同 aVu中国英语学习网

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth aVu中国英语学习网

eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station aVu中国英语学习网

我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站 aVu中国英语学习网

the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了 aVu中国英语学习网

He's bothering me to lend him money aVu中国英语学习网

82 by the end of 到……为止 aVu中国英语学习网

83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang aVu中国英语学习网

84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来 aVu中国英语学习网

85 catch up with sb 赶上某人 aVu中国英语学习网

86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地 aVu中国英语学习网

87 come in 进来 aVu中国英语学习网

88 come over to 过来 aVu中国英语学习网

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗? aVu中国英语学习网

90 communicate with sb 和某人交流 aVu中国英语学习网

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州? aVu中国英语学习网

92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 aVu中国英语学习网

93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 aVu中国英语学习网 95 do better in 在……方面做得更好 aVu中国英语学习网

96 do wrong 做错 aVu中国英语学习网

97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 aVu中国英语学习网

98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意…… aVu中国英语学习网

99 each +名(单)每一个…… eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 aVu中国英语学习网

100 end up +doing aVu中国英语学习网

101 enjoy +doing 喜欢 aVu中国英语学习网

102 escape from 从……逃跑 aVu中国英语学习网

eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison 犯人从监狱里逃跑出来aVu中国英语学习网 Some gas is escaping from the pipe 有一些气体从管子里冒出 aVu中国英语学习网

103 expect to do sth 期待做某事 aVu中国英语学习网

104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 aVu中国英语学习网

105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么 aVu中国英语学习网

106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home aVu中国英语学习网

107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样 aVu中国英语学习网

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样? eg : I find the book interesting aVu中国英语学习网 109 finish 完成+doing(名词) aVu中国英语学习网

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 aVu中国英语学习网

111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door aVu中国英语学习网

112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her aVu中国英语学习网

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…… aVu中国英语学习网

eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了) aVu中国英语学习网

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) aVu中国英语学习网

114 get a part-time job = find a part-time job aVu中国英语学习网

115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好 aVu中国英语学习网

116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 aVu中国英语学习网

117 get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备 eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math aVu中国英语学习网

118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦 aVu中国英语学习网

119 get sb to do sth aVu中国英语学习网

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 aVu中国英语学习网

121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall aVu中国英语学习网

122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 aVu中国英语学习网

123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳 aVu中国英语学习网

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 aVu中国英语学习网

125 go out away from go out of aVu中国英语学习网

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的) go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) aVu中国英语学习网

127 good way to 好方法 aVu中国英语学习网

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事 aVu中国英语学习网

129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 aVu中国英语学习网

130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈 aVu中国英语学习网

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since aVu中国英语学习网

132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来 aVu中国英语学习网

133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴 aVu中国英语学习网

134 have sth to do 有什么事要做 aVu中国英语学习网

eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 aVu中国英语学习网

I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做 aVu中国英语学习网

135 have to do sth 必须做某事 aVu中国英语学习网

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦

137 have…time +doing aVu中国英语学习网

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假

139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事 aVu中国英语学习网

140 help a lot 很大用处 aVu中国英语学习网

141 help sb with sth one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 142 hope to do sth 希望做某事 aVu中国英语学习网

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing) aVu中国英语学习网

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法 145 if : 是否=wether

eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会 He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :如果?table class=copyrights

初中英语重点句型回顾及用法点拨

1.[聚焦句型]Let sb.do...“让/允许/听任某人干…… [解读句型]let为使役动词,后跟不带to的不定式作宾补。Let\'s do≠Let us do。Let\'s do含有“咱们一起干”之意,包括对方在内,其反意疑问句句尾用shall we;Let us do是请求听者允许,意为“(你)让我们干”,不包括对方在内,其反意疑问句句尾用will you。另外,let往往不用在被动语态中。例如: Let\'s go swimming,shall we?咱们去游泳好吗? Let us have a rest,will you?让我们休息一会儿,好吗?

2.[聚焦句型]It\'s time to do...“该做……了”;It\'s time for...“是……的时候了” [解读句型]It\'s time后可跟不定式或 for +名词结构,有时用It\'s time for sb.to do,即“该某人做……了”。例如: It\'s time to begin our class.我们该上课了。 It\'s time for breakfast.该吃早饭了。 His talk was over,it was time for him to be off.他的话说完了,该离开了。

3.[聚焦句型]I\'d like /love +sth.“我想要……”;I\'d like /love to do“我想做……” [解读句型]I\'d =I should /would,主语为第二、第三人称时用would like =love。该句型后可跟名词或不定式作宾语。例如: I should like a word with you.我想跟你谈谈。 Miss Li would not like to speak about it before me.李小姐不想在我面前谈论这件事。

4.[聚焦句型]What about...?“……怎么样?”或“……怎么办?” [解读句型]What about...?=How about...?用来征求意见或询问消息,about后跟名词、代词或动名词。例如: Of course I\'ll come.What about next Tuesday?我当然会来。下周二怎么样? How about /What about(our)going for a walk?(我们)去散散步如何?

5.[聚焦句型]You\'d better(not)do...“你最好(不要)干……” [解读句型]had better其后直接跟动词原形,否定形式直接在其后面加上not,有时had可省略,主语也可以由其他人称代词担任。例如: You\'d better get some sleep.你最好休息一下。 Better not wait for him any longer.最好不要再等他了。 All these books had better be returned to the library on time.这些书最好按时归还给图书馆。

6.[聚焦句型]like better than...“与……相比更喜欢……;喜欢……胜过……” [解读句型]注意比较对象要一致。例如: I like English better than any other subject.和其他任何一科相比,我更喜欢英语。 Mother likes music better than father(does).妈妈比爸爸更喜欢音乐。

7.[聚焦句型]too +形容词/副词+to do“太……而不能干……” [解读句型]该句型本身已含有否定意义,不定式不能再用否定形式。不定式前可以有其逻辑主语“for sb.”。若谓语为系动词,too后跟

形容词;若谓语为行为动词,too后跟副词。例如: This maths problem is too difficult for me to work out.这道数学题太难了,我解不出来。 He walked too slowly to catch up with the team.他走得太慢了,跟不上队伍。

8.[聚焦句型]What +名词+主语+谓语;How +形容词/副词+主语+谓语 [解读句型]此为两个常用感叹句型,若中心词为名词,用what开头,名词前常有冠词、形容词修饰;若中心词为形容词或副词,用how开头。例如: What fine weather it is!多好的天气呀! How lovely the girl is!这个女孩多可爱呀!

9.[聚焦句型]so +be /have /助动词/情态动词+主语“……也是如此” [解读句型]该句型表示前面所说的肯定情况也适合后者,是一种典型的倒装句。其时态和动词要与前文一致。如前面陈述句为否定句,只需将so改为neither或nor即可。例如: —I like playing football.我喜欢踢足球。 —So do I.我也喜欢。 You didn\'t do quite well in English last term.Neither /Nor did M ary.上学期你在英语方面学得不好,玛丽也是这样。

10.[聚焦句型]Why not +动词原形“为什么不……” [解读句型]用于提出建议或批评,相当于Why don\'t you do...?例如: Why not go and ask Mr.Li for some advice?为何不去向李老师求教呢?

11.[聚焦句型]...was/weredo-ing...when...“正在进行……,忽然……” [解读句型]when在此处作连词,表示过去某个动作正在进行,突然发生另外一个动作,when等于and then或and at that time。主句常用过去进行时,从句常用一般过去时。例如: I was doing my homework when I heard someone crying for help outside.我正在做作业,忽然听到外面有人呼救。

12.[聚焦句型]It\'s better to do...than(to)do...“干……比干……好”。例如: It\'s better to say too little than(to)say too much.沉默寡言总比夸夸其谈好。 It\'s better to do something than to do nothing.干点事总比不干好。

13.[聚焦句型]What do you m eanby...“你……是什么意思?” [解读句型]by后可以跟名词、代词或动名词,you也可换成其他人称,也可用其他时态。例如: What do you mean by coming here this morning?今天上午你来这儿是什么意思? What did he mean by that?他那是什么意思?

14.[聚焦句型]a.主语+seem(to be)+adj./b.主语+seem+todo.../c.It seem s +that从句 [解读句型]本组句型是由seem构成的, seem为连系动词,意为“好像,似乎”,可接形容词作表语。但三个句型有区别,a、b可转换成c。句型c中,it是形式主语,真正主语是 that引导的从句,it不可改用其它代词。例如: The teacher seems to be serious.那位老师看起来很严肃。 They seem to finish the work.=It seems that they finished the work.看起来他们完成了工作。

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