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九年级单元总结

发布时间:2014-01-06 09:38:53  

Unit 1
一、知识点 1.Check in : 在旅馆的登记入住。 Check out: 在 旅馆结账离开。 2.By: ①通过…..方式(途径)。例:I learn English by listening to tapes. ②在…..旁边。例:by the window/the door ③乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car ④在……之前,到……为止。例:by October在10月 前 ⑤被 动 例:English is spoken by many people.

? 3.how与what的区别: ? how通常对方式或程度提问,意思有:怎么 样 如何,通常用来做状语、表语。 ? what通常对动作的发出者或接受者提问, 意思为 什么,通常做宾语,主语。 ? ①How is your summer holiday? It’s OK.(how表示程度 做表语) ? ②How did you travel around the world? ? I travel by air. ? ③What do you learn at school? ? I learn English, math and many other subjects.

① What…think of…? How…like… e.g. What do you think of this book?=How do you like this book? ② What…do with…? How…deal with…? I don’t know what I should do with the matter.=I don’t know how I should deal with it ③ What…like about…? How…like…? What do you like about China?=How do you like China? ④ What’s the weather like today? How’s the weather today? ⑤ What to do? How to do it? .I don’t know what to do next step?=I don’t know how to do it next step?

What good / bad weather it is today! (weather为不可数名词,其前不能加 a ) ㊣ What a fine / bad day it is today! (day为可数名词,其前要加 a ) 4. aloud, loud与loudly的用法 : 三个词 都与"大声"或"响亮"有关。 ①aloud是副词,重点在出声能让人听见,但 声音不一定很大, 常用在读书或说话上。通常放在动词之后。 aloud没有比较级形式。 如: He read the story aloud to his son.他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听。

②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与 speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比较 级,须放在动词之后。如: She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。 ③loudly是副词,与loud同义,有时两者可替 换使用,但往往 含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词 之前或之后。如: He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

5. voice 指人的嗓音 也指鸟鸣。 sound 指人可以听到的各种声音。 noise 指噪音、吵闹声 6. find + 宾语 + 宾补(名词 形容词 介词 短语 分词等) 例:I find him friendly. I found him working in the garden. We found him in bed. He found the window closed. We found her honest.

7. 常见的系动词有: ①是:am 、is、 are ②保持:keep、 stay ③ 转变:become、 get、 turn ④ ……起来 feel、 look、 smell、 taste、 sound 8. get + 宾语+宾补(形容词 过去分词 动词不定 式) 使某种情况发生 例:Get the shoes clean. 把鞋擦干净 Get Mr. Green to come. 让格林先生进来 I want to get my bike repair

ed. 我想去修自行车 You can’t get him waiting. 你不能让他老等着

10. practice , fun 做名词为不可数名词 11. add 补充说 又说 12. join 加入某团体 并成为其中一员 attend 出席参加会议或讲座 join in与take part in指参加到某项活动中去。 13.all、 both、 always以及every复合词与not连 用构成部分否定。其完全否定为:all---none, both---neither, everything---nothing, everybody---nobody. 14. be afraid of doing sth. / sth.害怕 be afraid of being alone be afraid to do sth.害怕 be afraid that恐怕担心,表示委婉语气

15.either:①放在否定句末表示“也” ②两者中的“任一” ③either…or…或者…或者.…引导主语部分,谓语 动词按照就近原则 16.complete完成,是个较正式的词,后不能接 动名词 finish指日常事物的完成 17.a,an 与序数词连用表示“又一”,“再一”。 例:Please give me a second apple. There comes a fifth girl. 18.have trouble/difficult/problem (in) doing….. 干…..遇到麻烦,困难

19.unless 除非,如果不,等于“if not”本身就表示否 定,引导条件状语从句,主句为将来时,条件状语从句 用一般现在时表示将来。 例:My baby sister doesn’t cry unless she’s hungry. =My baby sister doesn’t cry if she isn’t hungry. Unless you take more care, you’ll have an accident. 如果你不多加小心的话,你会出事的。 20.instead: adv. 代替,更换。 例:We have no coffee, would you like tea instead? 我们没有咖啡了,改喝茶好吗? Tom was ill, so I went instead.汤姆病了,所以换了我去。 instead of doing sth. 作为某人或某事物的替换 例:Let’s play cards instead of watching TV. We sometimes eat rice instead of potatoes.

21.spoken 口头的,口语的。spoken English 口头英语 speaking 讲话的,说某种语言的。Speaking skills讲英语的能 力 22. 提建议的句子: ①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping? ②Why don’t you + do sth.? 如:Why don’t you go shopping? ③Why not + do sth. ? 如:Why not go shopping? ④Let’s + do sth. 如: Let’s go shopping ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.? 如:Shall we/ I go shopping? 23. a lot 许多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

24. too?to 太?而不能 常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth. 如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了, 什么都不想说。 25. not ?at all 一点也不 根本不 如: I like milk very much. I don’t like coffee at all. 我非常喜欢牛奶。我一点也不喜欢咖啡。 26.be / get excited about sth.=== be / get excited about doing sth.=== be excited to do sth. 对?感兴奋 如: I am / get excited about going to Beijing.=== I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到 兴奋。

27. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某 事 如: The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束

。 ② end up with sth. 以…结束 如: The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌 唱而告终。 28. first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来、随后 29. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中 间 either 也(用于否定句)常在句末 too 也 (用于肯定句) 常在句末=as well

30. make mistakes 犯错 mistake sb. for …把……错认为…… make mistakes (in) doing sth. 在干某事方面出 错 by mistake 错误地;由于搞错 mistake---mistook----mistaken 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。 I mistook him for his brother.我错把他认成了 他的哥哥。 31. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don’t laugh at me!不要取笑我! 32. take notes 做笔记,做记录

33. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… 如: She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。 enjoy oneself 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 34. native speaker 说本族语的人 35. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形 式 …其中之一 如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她 是最受欢迎的教师之一。 36. It’s +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来 说)做某事… 如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English. 句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English

37. practice doing 练习做某事 如: She often practice speaking English. 她经常练 习说英语。 38. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如: LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经 决定去北京。 39. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem. 40. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/ 某事 如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

41. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如: I was angry with her. 我对她生气。 42. perhaps === maybe 也许 43. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两 年过去了。 44. see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调 正在发生 see sb. / sth. do 看见某人在做某事 如: 如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom.她看见他正在教室里画画。 45. each other 彼此

46. regard… as … 把…看作为…. 如: The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安 娜看成傻瓜。 47. too many 许多 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk much too 太 修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful 48. change… into… 将…变为… 如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书。

49. with the help of sb. == with one’s help 在 某人的帮助下 如:with the help of Li Lei == with Li Lei’s help 在李雷的帮助下 50. compare … to … 把…与…相比 如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky.你和 安娜相比,你是幸运的。 二、短语: 1.by making flashcards 通过做单词抽认卡 2. ask…for help 向某人求助 3.read aloud 朗读 4.that way (=in that

way) 通过那种方式 5.improve my speaking skills 提高我的会话技 巧

6.for example (=for instance)例如 7.have fun 玩得高兴 8.have conversations with friends 与朋友对 话 9.get excited 高兴,激动 10.end up speaking in Chinese 以说汉语结束 对话 11.do a survey about… 做有关…的调查 12.keep an English notebook 记英语笔记 13.spoken English (= oral English) 英语口语 14.make mistakes 犯错误

15.get the pronunciation right 使发音准确 16.practise speaking English 练习说英语 17.first of all 首先 18.begin with 以…开始 19.later on随后 20.in class在课堂上 21.laught at 嘲笑 22.take notes 记笔记 23.enjoy doing 喜欢干… 24.write down 写下,记下 25.look up (v + adv) 查找,查询 26.native speakers 说本族话的人 27.make up 编造,虚构,化妆,打扮

28.around the world 全世界 29.deal with 对待,处理,解决 30.worry about (be worried about) 担心,担忧 31.be angry with 生某人的气 32.stay angry 生气 33.go by 消逝 34. regard…as… 把…当做… 35.complain about/of 抱怨 36. change…into… 把…变成… (= turn into) 37.with the help of 在…的帮助下 38. compare…to (with)… 把…和…作比较 39.think of (think about) 想起,想到 40.physical problems身体上的问题 41.break off 中断,突然终止 42. not…at all 根本不,全然不

三、句子 1.How do you study for a test? 你怎样为考试做准 备? 2.I have learned a lot that way. 用那种方法,我已 经学到了很多东西。 3.It’s too hard to understand the voice. 听懂那些 声音太难了。 4.Memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. 记流行歌曲的词也起作用。 5. Wei Ming feels differently. 卫明有不同的感受。 6.He finds watching movies frustrating. 他觉得看电 影让人感到沮丧.

7.She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. 她又说和朋友对话根本没用。 8.I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没有搭档一起练习英语。 9.Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word. 随后,我认识到听不懂每个词并没有关系。 10.It’s amazing how much this helped. 我惊异 于这些方法竟如此有用。 11.My teacher is very impressed. 给老师留下了 深刻的印象。

14.Most people speak English as a second language. 英语对于大多数人来说是第二语言。 15.How do we deal with our problem? 我们怎样 处理我们的问题? 16.It is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers. 在老师的帮助下尽我们最大的努力来 应对挑战是我们的责任。 He can’t walk or even speak.他无法走路,甚 至无法说话12.She had trouble making complete sentences. 她很难造出完整的句子。 13.What do you think you are doing? 你在做什 么?

Unit 2 一、知识点 1. used to 过去常常

做某事,暗指现在已经不 存在的动作或状态. 后跟动词原形. used to do sth. There used to be ….(反意疑问句)didn’t there? 否定形式为: didn’t use to 或 usedn’t to 疑问形式为: Did…use to…? 或 Used…to…? be/get used to doing sth.习惯于, to 为介词.

2. wear 表示状态. =be in +颜色的词 put on 表示动作.dress + 人 给某人穿 衣服.dress sb. / oneself have on表示状态(不用于进行时态) 3. on the swim team on 是…的成员, 在…供职. 4. Don’t you remember me? 否定疑 问句.(考点) Yes, I do. 不, 我记得. No, I don’t 是 的, 我不记得了.

5. 反意疑问句: ① 陈述部分的主语为 this, that, 疑问部分主语 用it; 陈述部分主语用 these, those, 疑问部分 用they 做主语. 例: This is a new story, isnt ′it? Those are your parents, aren’t they? ② 陈述部分是 there be 结构, 疑问部分仍用 there 例: There was a man named Paul, wasn’t there? ③ I am 后的疑问句, 用aren’t I 例: I am in Class 2, aren’t I?

⑦ 当主语是第一人称I时, 若谓动为think, believe, guess 等词时, 且其后跟宾丛,这时疑问句部分的人 称, 时态要与宾语从句保持一致, 同时还要考虑否定 转移. 例: I don’t think he can finish the work in time, can he? ⑧ 前面是祈使句, 后用 will you? (let’s 开头时, 后 用shall we?) 6. be terrified of 害怕的程度比 be afraid of 深. 7. miss: ① 思念, 想念 例: I really miss the old days. ② 错过, 未中, 未赶上, 未找到. 例: It’s a pity that you miss the bus.

8. no more (用在句中)=not…any more (用在句尾) 指次数; no longer (用在句中)=not…any longer (用在句尾) 指时间. 9. right: ① adj. 正确的, 右边的② n. 右方, 权利③ adv. 直 接地. 10. It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot. = Yu Mei seems to have changed a lot. 11. afford + n. /pron. afford + to do 常与can, be able to 连 用. 例: Can you afford a new car? The film couldn’t afford to pay such large salaries. 12. as well as 连词, 不但…而且… 强调前者. (若引导主语, 谓动与前者在人称和数上一致 例: Living things need air and light as well as water. 生命不仅需要水, 还需要空气和阳光.

13. alone = by oneself 独自一人. lonely 孤独的, 寂寞的. 14. in the last/past + 一段时间 during the last/past + 一段时间 与现在完成时连用. 15. die (v.) dead (adj.) death (n.) dying (垂死的) 16. play the piano 弹钢琴 17. ①be/ become interested in sth. 对…感兴趣 ②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣 ③show great interest in 在……方面产生极大的兴趣 ④a place of interest 一处名胜 some places of interest 如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

⑤ interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣, 往往主语是人 ⑥ interesti

ng adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味, 主语往往是物 ⑦ an interesting book / man18. 害怕… be terrified of sth. 如:I am terrified of the dog. be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking. 19. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转 中/打开, 其反义词off. with the light on 灯开着 20. walk to somewhere 步行到某处 walk to school 步行到学校

21.spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间” ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间) ②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 如: He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间 在衣着 He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花费了三个月 去建这座桥。 pay for 花费 如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。 take动词 有“花费”的意思 常用的结构有: It take(s) sb. … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book. 22. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他聊天。

23. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事 worry 是 动词 be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词 如:Don’t worry about him. 不用担心他。 Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。 24. all the time 一直、始终 25. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如: A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到 了医院。 Lui took me home. 刘把我送回了家。(home 的前面 不能用to)

26. hardly adv. 几乎不、没有 hard 困难的;猛烈地 hardly ever 很少 hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后, 实义 动词之前 助动词/情态动词+hardly hardly + 实义动词 如: I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。 I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。 It rains hard outside, I could hardly go out. 27. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时 连用 如: I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年 内我在中国住。 28. be different from 与…不同

29. how to swim 怎样游泳 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用, 构成不定工短语。如: The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候 开始。 I don’t know where to go. 我不知道去哪。 30. make sb./ sth. + 形容词 make you happy make sb./ sth. + 动词原形 make him laugh 31. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

32.It seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如: It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了 许多。 33. help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事 help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事 She helped me with English. 她帮助我学英语。 She helped me (to) study English。 她帮助我学习英语。 34. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 15岁的 fifteen-year-olds 作名词指15岁的人

fifteen years old 指年龄 15岁 如: a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩 Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15岁的人喜欢唱歌。 I am fifteen years old . 我是15岁。

35.支付不起… can’t /could n’t afford to do sth. can’t / could n’t afford sth. 如:I can’t/could n’t afford to buy the car. I can’t/could n’t afford the car. 我买不起这个辆小车。 36. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力 如: Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去 跑。 37. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦 38. in the end 最后 39. make a decision 下决定 下决心 40. to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶 如: to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei’s surprise令李 雷惊讶

41. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如: His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是 以他而自豪 42. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如: You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注 意你的朋友。 43. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如: She is able to do it. 她能够做到。 44. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如: My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃 吸烟了。

二、 短语 1. be more interested in 对…更感兴趣. 2. on the swim team 游泳队的队员. 3. be terrified of 害怕. 4. gym class 体操课. 5. worry about. 担心. 6. all the time 一直, 总是 7. chat with 与…闲聊 8. hardly ever 几乎从不 9. walk to school = go to school on foot take the bus to school = go to school by bus

10. as well as 不仅…而且 11. get into trouble 遇到麻烦 12. make a decision 做出决定 13. to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是 14. take pride in 为…感到骄傲 15. pay attention to 留心, 注意 16. consist of 由…组成/构成. be made up of 由…组成/构成. 17. instead of 代替, 而不是 18. in the end 最后, 终于 19. play the piano 弹钢琴

三、句子 1.I used to be afraid of the dark. 我以前害怕黑暗. 2.I go to sleep with my bedroom light on. 我开着卧室 的灯睡觉. 3.I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends. 以前我常常花很多时间和我的朋友们玩游 戏. 4.I hardly ever have time for concerts. 我几乎没有时 间去听音乐会. 5.My life has changed a lot in the last few years. 6.It will make you stressed out. 那会使你紧张的. 7.It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot.


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