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江苏省东台市唐洋镇中学九年级英语下册《Unit 1 Living on Mars(第5课时)Grammar》学案

发布时间:2014-01-06 11:38:33  

《Unit 1 Living on Mars(第5课时)Grammar》学案

Learning Aims

1. To learn to use “can”, “could”, “may” and “might” to talk about permission.

2. To learn to use “that” to introduce object clauses.

3. To learn to use “if” and “whether” to introduce object clauses.

Learning Procedures

Ⅰ. New words(阅读下面的句子,按提示自学划线部分的生词)

1. We all know that Mars is a planet in the solar system.

写出生词的音标、词义、词性:

solar ____________________

2. Are you certain transport on Mars will be much better than on Earth?

certain(1)写出词义、词性__________________

(2)副词形式: ___________________

(3)近义词: ___________________

(4)反义词: ___________________ Exercises: 用certain的以上形式填空。

(1) Are you _________that your class will win the game ?

(2)---Can you help me solve the problem? ---_____________.

II. New phrases(在课本中找出下列短语,并尝试翻译成中文)

1. make this dream come true _______________________ 2. in the solar system _______________________

3.travel at half the speed of light _______ _________________

4. There will be many people willing to move to Mars. ______________________

III. What will you learn in the part of Grammar in this unit?

阅读Page 13-15后回答:本单元语法部分主要内容是什么?

Grammar A: _________________________________________________________

Grammar B: _________________________________________________________ Grammar C: _________________________________________________________

Activity Two Learning Grammar A

Step One 阅读以下四组对话,分析其选择填空,尝试找出其中的规律。

(1) Daniel: Could (Could, Might) I write an article about space travelling for the newsletter,

Mr. Wu?

Mr. Wu: Yes, you can (can, may).That sounds like a good idea.

(2) Daniel: I’m writing about an article about space travel.

May (Could, May) I take the latest Space magazine home?

Librarian: Yes, you may (could, may). (3) Daniel: I need some pictures about things in space.

Can (Can, May)I use the pictures in your magazine?

Simon: For the newsletter? Sure, you can (can, may).

(4) Daniel: Dad, could (may, could)I use your computer to write my article?

Mr. Chen: Of course, you can (can, may).

Step Two Work out the rules.

Rules: 1.非正式的请求许可(熟悉的人,同伴),用____________。

2.正式的请求许可(向陌生人、老人、老师和上级) ,用____________。

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3.正式且礼貌的请求许可,用____________。

4.特别正式的请求许可,用____________(很少用)。

Step Three Complete the dialogue on Page 13.

Activity Three Learning Grammar B、C

Step One Read the following sentences and pay attention to the objective clauses

1. Everything we need to do is done.

I think (that) everything we need to do is done. 2. Has he checked this work?

I was wondering if /whether he had checked this work.

3. Will you stay at home or go to Shanghai with us ?

I’d like to know whether you will stay at home or go to Shanghai with us.

Step Two Work out the rules.

Rules: (1)__________句作宾语从句时,由__________ 引导。

(2) __________句作宾语从句时,由________、_________ 引导。

其中,若宾语从句中含有or 时,须由_________ 引导。

Step Three Finish the exercises on Page 14-15.

Homework

1. Read Page 13 -15 and remember the rules.

2. Preview Integrated Skills.

宾语从句中常见的错误

一. 连词错误

例1:He asked ________ there was a bookshop in the street.

A. that B. what C. how D. whether

错解:A;正解:D

剖析:ask 表明了宾语部分含有询问的意思。而that不能引导疑问语气的句子。

例2:Tell me ______ you will go with us or stay at home.

A. if B. whether C. that D. how

错解:A;正解:B

剖析:引导宾语从句时,if和whether常可以互换,但有些情况是不能互换的?穴当从句中提出了两种选择,或从句位于介词后面,只能用whether?雪。

二. 语序错误

例1:He wanted to know_______.

A. when would the holiday begin B. that he had come back from Beijing C. which one did I like best D. how he could get to the station

错解:A/C;正解:D

剖析:宾语从句必须用陈述句语序。

例2:I wonder____.

A. who broke the window B. who the window broke

C. whose coat is this D. what is the population of China

错解:B;正解:A

剖析:B貌似陈述句语序,但在这里连接词who是从句的主语,而不是the window。

三. 结构错误

例: I don’t know________.

A. which room I can live B. which room can I live

C. which room I can live in D. which room can I live in

错解:A;正解:C

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剖析:如果连接词在宾语从句中充当不及物动词后介词的宾语,并被放到从句句首时,不及物动词后的介词不能少。

四. 时态错误

例1:Long, long ago, people didn’t know the earth___ round the sun.

A. moving B. moved C. moves D. went

错解:B/D;正解:C

剖析:在学习宾语从句时,我们知道主从句的时态要考虑“一致”的原则。但当从句表示的是科学真理、格言、客观事实或其他不受时间限制、影响而客观存在的事物时,宾语从句的动词时态不受主句时态的限制,仍可用一般现在时。

例2:Could you tell me_______? A. how I can get to the post office B. how can I get to the post office

C. how could I get to the post office D. how I could get to the post office

错解:D;正解:A

剖析:主句中的Could在这里不是表示过去时态,而是表示语气的委婉。

Unit1 Lift on Mars grammar(第5课时)·课时检测

一.根据要求写出单词

1. It is c__________ that the sun has eight planets.

2. It’s hard for a s__________ to make friends in this townju.

3. Is g__________ a problem for the early settlers on Mars?

4. People can’t live without o__________.

5. We all know that the sun is a _________(恒星)

6. I am wondering if he is w__________ to help me with my English.

7. We all know that Mars is a planet in the s_________ system.

8. I want to make my dream become t__________ by working hard.

9. Do you know w_________ he is a kind person or not?

10. Anyone over eighteen years of age counts as a__________.

二. 用can (not), could(not), may(not), might(not), must(not) 填空

1. __________ I smoke now, doctor?

No, you’d better not now. you __________ do it in 3 months.

2. __________ I use your dictionary, Daniel?

Of course you __________, Millie. We are good friends. Mine is also yours.

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3. _________ I go outside to play, Mum?

4. __________ we take this magazine out of the reading room Miss Li?

No, you_______. Magazines or books ______ be taken out of the reading room.

5. __________ I speak to you for a moment please? Sure, but only 5 minutes.

三.判断下面的句子是不是宾语从句, 是的用O, 不是的用N

1. This is the pen that you are looking for. ___________

2. I know that you are a clever boy. ___________

3. Who is the girl that is standing there? ___________

4. People think that humans on Mars have to wear special boots to make themselves heavier. ___________

5. Lin Tao feels that his own team is even better. ___________

四. 句型转换

1. Does he still live in that street? I don’t know.(改成含有宾语从句的复合句)

I don’t know _________ he still _________ in that street.

2. How does he get on with his classmates? Could you tell me? (同上)

Could you tell me how _________ __________ on with his classmates?

3. The moon moves round the earth. My sister told me (同上)

My sister told me _________ the moon __________ round the earth.

4. Linda said to Robber, “ Can you give me a hand? (同上)

Linda asked Robber ________ __________ _________ give _________ a hand.

5. “ Don’t worry about me,” he said to his mother. (同上)

He __________ his mother __________ __________ worry about __________.

6. The little girl asked, “ Is the earth round?” (同上)

The little girl asked _________ the earth __________ round.

7. She said , “ They won’t come tomorrow.” (同上)

She said _________ they __________ come tomorrow.

8. Lin Mei didn’t know . Will there be a party? (同上)

L in Mei didin’t know _________ __________ __________ __________ a party.

9. She doesn’t know . Did Lucy pass the maths exam?(同上)

She doesn’t know _________ __________ __________ the maths exam.

10. Most of the students have gone home. I think. (同上)

I think __________ most of the students _________ home.

11. “ Knowledge is power.” My father said to me. (同上)

my father __________ me _________ knowledge _________ power.

12. She asks, “ Do you like fishing?” (同上)

She asks me _________ __________ __________ fishing.

13.She said she would help me with my English, ________ _______?(反意疑问句)

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