haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

仁爱英语七上U1-4词汇

发布时间:2014-01-06 16:54:29  

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

Unit 1 Getting to Knowing You Topic 1 Hello!

1. Excuse me! 对不起,打扰了!(用在事情发生之前)

Sorry! 对不起(用在事情发生之后)

2. Nice to meet / see you. = Glad to meet / see you. 很高兴见到你。

3. Welcome to China / Fuzhou / Changle! 欢迎你到中国/福州/长乐来!

4. What's your name? 你叫什么名字?(常用于官方或者对小孩子说话)

My name is Maria. = I am Maria. 我叫Maria。

5. Stand up. 起立。 Sit down. 坐下。(反义词)

6. How do you do? How do you do? 你好! 你好!(初次见面时打招呼使用)

7. Have a nice day! You, too. 祝您一天愉快!您也是!

8. How are you? 你身体好吗?

I'm fine / OK / well. Thanks. 我很好,谢谢!(可以缩略为:Fine, thank you.)

Not bad, thanks. 不错,谢谢!

9. See you later! = See you soon! 等会儿见!

See you tomorrow! 明天见!

Good-bye! == Bye-bye! = Bye! 再见!

10. This is Mary. This is Tom. 这是Mary. 这是Tom. (用于第三者介绍他人时)

语言点:

1. Good morning. 一般用于黎明时到中午十二点之前

Good afternoon. 一般用于中午十二点以后到下午六点。

Good evening. 一般用于下午六点到晚上十点左右。

Good night. 一般用于睡觉前,表示"晚安"。

Good day. 一般在白天问好时用,表示"日安",尤其是澳大利亚和美国英语中使用较多。

Topic 2 Where are you from?

1. be from = come from 来自

Where are you from? = Where do you come from?

I'm from China. = I come from China. Are you from China? = Do you come from China?

2. be动词的一般疑问句提问与回答:

Am I in New York? Yes, you are. No, you aren't.

Are you from the USA? Yes, I am. No, I am not. / Yes, we are. No, we aren't.

Is she Maria? Yes, she is. Is he Tom? No, he isn't.

Is it my book? Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

Are they from England? Yes, they are. No, they aren't.

3. 两个疑问词where、who的使用:

Where are you from? I'm from China. I'm Chinese.

Where is she / he from? She / He is from Japan.

Where are they from? They're from France.

Where is Beijing? It's in China.

Who is he / she? He is Michael./ She is Jane.

Who are they / you? They are my teachers. / We are Maria and Jane. / I am Diana.

4. 要求了解一些较重要的西方国家的国家、城市、人民的名词。

5. Cheers! Cheers! 干杯!干杯!

Topic 3 I'm twelve years old.

2. 不同人称对年龄的询问与回答:

1

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

How old are you? I'm 14. / We are 14. How old is she / he / it? She / He / It is 14.

How old are they? They are 14 years old.

3. What's your telephone / cell phone / fax / BP number? It's 0591110

4. What's this / that in English? It's a toy. What are these / those? They are buses.

5. Is this / that a book? Yes, it is. / No, it isn't.

Are these / those desks? Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

6. How do you spell apple? A-P-P-L-E.

7. What class / grade are you in? I'm in Class 3 / Grade 7.

8. a high school 一所中学

a high school student 一个中学生

9. in the same class 在同一班级 in Class 2, Grade 7 在7年级2班

10. 名词的复数形式:

① 名词后面直接加s,如:apples, bananas

② 以s, x, sh, ch结尾的名词在后面加es,如:classes, dishes

③ 词尾为辅音字母加y结尾的名词,将y变为i再加es,如:family - families

④ 词尾为f,fe的单词,改fe为ves,如:knife - knives

特殊单词:man - men woman - women mouse - mice foot - feet Chinese - Chinese

语言点:

1. 班级年级的表示:通常班级在前,年级在后。如:Class 2, Grade 7.

2. a, an的使用:(记住口诀)

a、an一对双胞胎, (a和an都是不定冠词,译为"一??"

长得像来分不开。 表示一个没有特别指定的人或事物。)

姐妹二人都勤快,

天天都把单杠抬。 (a和an后只能跟可数名词单数。)

an姐姐干活爱跳舞, (an用于元音音素开头的单数可数名词前。但名词前有修饰

近身元音离不开。 词时,则根据最邻近的修饰语的第一个音素来决定。如:an apple; an English book. ) 妹妹a她更勤快,

富余单杠她全抬。 (其余辅音音素开头的单数可数名词前用a。)

物代指代来做客, (但名词前有物主代词、指示代词时,不能使用不定冠词。

姐妹二人歇下来。 如:a my book; a that bike 都是错的。)

2

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

Unit 2 Looking different Topic 1 He has big eyes.

词汇和重点句型:

1. film star 电影明星 2. look like 看起来像

3. not?but? 不是?而是? 4. be from = come from 来自

5. in the same school 在同一所学校 in different grades 在不同班级

6. 身体五官及各部位名称;部分颜色词语

7. 反义词:

small - big / large / wide long - short black - white tall - short new - old

8. I have a big nose = My nose is big.

I have big eyes. = My eyes are big.

She has a big nose. = Her nose is big.

She has big eyes. = Her eyes are big.

9. Do you have long hair? Yes, I do. No, I don't. / Yes, we do. No, we don't.

Does she / he have big eyes? Yes, she / he does. No, she / he doesn't.

Do they have new friends? Yes, they do. No, they don't.

10. I know. 我知道。 I don't know. 我不知道。

11. I'm thirteen years old. = I'm 13 years old. = I'm 13. = I'm thirteen.

语言点:

1. 在五官描述上,要注意英美人习惯。在西方国家进行外貌描述时,不说a big mouth,而说a wide mouth。他们的a big mouth往往用来指一个人嘴巴多,喜欢在背后说三道四。

2. 特别注意第三人单数时表达有时使用的是has。

Topic 2 Her hair is brown.

词汇和重点句型:

1. give something to somebody = give somebody something 给某人某物

Give the book to Maria = Give Maria the book. 把书给Maria.

2. right away 立刻,马上

3. dark skin 黑皮肤 light yellow skin 黄皮肤 fair skin 白皮肤

4. the boy over there 在那边的那个男孩 the boy under the tree 在树下的那个男孩

5. look the same 看起来一样 6. different looks 不同的外表

7. good friends 好朋友 8. look at the picture 看着图片

9. the pair of shoes / pants 这双鞋/裤子

10. 表示颜色的词语

11. 关于颜色的提问:What color??

-- What color is the skirt? -- It's white.

-- What color are the shirts? - They are white.

12. which疑问词的使用

Which girl? The girl in red. 哪个女孩?穿红色衣服的那个女孩。

Which bag? The blue one. 哪个包?蓝色那个。

13. What does she look like? 她看起来怎么样?

14. 区别以下两种问题:

Mike's pants are blue. What color are Mike's pants?

The blue pants are Mike's. Which pants are Mike's?

15. Which color / bag / clothes do you like? 你喜欢哪种颜色/哪个包/哪件衣服?

These are my favorite clothes. 这些是我最喜欢的衣服。

3

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

Topic 3 What does she look like?

词汇和重点句型:

1. What does she / he look like?

She is young with long legs. He is short with black hair.

2. Is the boy tall or short? He's short.

注意:选择疑问句的选择部分前升调,后降调。回答时要有具体内容,而不能用Yes / No回答。

3. 反义词或对应词:

small - big new - old old - young fat - thin long - short

man - woman boy - girl doctor - nurse dad - mum

4. 副词so、too、very的使用:

so fast 如此块!这么快! too fast 太快 very fast 很快

5. It will fit you soon. 它很快就会适合你的。

6. grow fast 长得快 7. go shopping 去购物

8. blue and white 蓝白相间 9. tall and thin 又高又瘦

10. curly / long / short hair 卷发/长发/短发

11. 人称代词和物主代词的使用:

Whose toy is this? It is my toy. =It's mine. It's your toy. =It's yours. It's his toy.= It's his. It's her toy.= It's hers. It's its toy. =It's its.

It's our toy. =It's ours. It's their toy.= It's theirs.

Recycle 1 Review of Units 1-2

1. each other 互相 2. over there 在那边

3. what color 什么颜色 4. look like 看起来像

5. May I have your telephone number / name ? 我可以知道你的电话号码 / 名字吗?

6. Which one? The one in a green sweater. 哪一个?穿绿色毛衣的那个。

7. on a blue bike 在蓝色自行车上 in the black car 在黑色汽车里

in the pink blouse 穿着紫色衬衫的

8. dark blue 深蓝 light blue 浅蓝

9. look at 看着 10. a Chinese soccer player 一个中国足球队球员

11. play soccer 踢足球 12. See you. 再见

复习要点:

1. 's的所有格形式:Wang Hai's mother 王海的妈妈 Jim's sister Jim的妹妹

2. 物主代词的使用:形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词

3. 名词复数形式

4

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

七年级上册期末复习之知识点归纳

Unit 3

1、 Could you(please)+动词原形?你能做某事吗?是礼貌问句,答句不能用Yes,I could(can).No,I can’t等。

答句常用:Sure/Ok/All right/No problem/Srry,I can’t等礼貌用语。

May I +动词原形?我能做某事吗?也是礼貌问句,答句也常用:Sure/Ok/All right/No problem

/Sorry,you can’t等礼貌用语。

2、help sb. ( to ) +动词原形== help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事 注意:sb 用代词时必须用宾格。 你能帮我学英语吗?Could you help me (to) study my English?=Could you help me with my English?

3、地点 住在某地; 人 和某人住在一起

4、

5、a lot = very much 放在句末,很,非常 I like the boy a lot/ very much.

not……at all 一点也不……,not要放在be动词、情态动词或do/does的后面。 :I 6、each other 相互,彼此,要放在动词后。 )

7、tell sb sth=tell sth to sb 告诉某人某事 。如:

Please tell me your name=please tell your name to me.

8、 No problem 没问题,表示同意=All right/OK/Sure.

9、speak,say,tell的用法比较

①speak + 语言 说某种语言 speak English说英语 speak Chinese 说中文

②speak to +某人 和某人说话 I want to speak to Mr Lee.我想和李老师说说话。

say后跟说的内容。 say hello to sb.向某人问好;

say goodbye to sb.向某人告别 Jim says:“I like my pet dog.”

I say to my mother:“Let me help you cook.”

tell 常用于表示告诉某人某事。

Please tell your mom about it.

10、the Great Wall 长城

11、①come/go to + 地点 来/去某地, 但home、 here、 there这些是副词,前面不能加to. 例:

go home回家;come here来这里;go there去那里

②go for +事情 例:go for a picnic 去野餐

③go + 动词ing 例:go fishing 去钓鱼;go shopping去购物

④go to +动词原形 去做某事(表目的) They all go to look after him.他们都去照看他

12、like + 动词ing 喜欢做某事 like to +动词原形 想要做某事

13、think of 认为,think about 考虑 ;I think +句子 我认为……

I think he you are right. 否定句常否定think。(否定前移)

例:I don’t think he can come. 我认为他不会来了.(不能说:I think he can’t come)

14、a little 一点①放在句尾②放在不可数名词前。如:

5

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

她有点喜欢牛奶。

她经常喝一点牛奶。

15、at home 在家; at school 在学校,在上学

16、have a seat / take a seat / sit down 请坐下

17、cook 厨师 cooker炊具

18、in a school 在学校;in a hospital在医院; in an office在办公室;但是: 在农场上; 在沙发上

19、a photo of one’s family 某人的全家照 family tree 家谱

20、在医院里(只表示地点) He is in a hospital.他在医院里 (不一定是因为生病来到医院)

in hospital 住院(因病) He is ill in hospital. 他生病住院

21、look after sb照顾某人

22、teach sb sth = teach sth to sb 教某人某东西

不用my)

21、help yourself to sth.(食物) 请随便吃…(招呼一个人)

help yourselves to sth (食物) 请随便吃…(招呼多人)

22、I’d like = I would like 我想要……

24、Would like + to +动词原形 = want + to +动词原形 想要做某事

25、something to eat 一些吃的东西=food食品

something to drink一些喝的东西=drink饮料

26、Here you are . 给你 Here we are. 我们到了

27、come in 请进 go out 出去

28、all right =OK 好的

29、 a cup of tea 一杯茶 two cups of tea 两杯茶

30、 milk for me 我要牛奶

31、 Why not +动词原形? = Why don’t you +动词原形? 为什么不做某事呢?

What /How about +动词ing ? ?怎么样??好不好?

32、Good idea 好主意

33、wait a moment = just a moment 等一下,请稍侯 等待某人

34、May I take your order ? 可以点菜了吗?你要点什么?(餐馆用语)

Can I help you ?= May I help you ?= What can I do for you ? 需要点什么帮忙吗?(服务员用语)

35、eat out 出去吃饭,下馆子 36、have… for breakfast 早饭吃…

37、have dinner吃正餐 have breakfast 吃早餐 have lunch吃午餐 have supper 吃晚餐

38、 a kind of… 一种…;…all kinds of 各种各样的…

39、对某人友好=be friendly to sb 例:

Miss Gao is kind to her students. 高老师对她的学生很友好。

40、such as 例如 41、be glad + to +动词原形 很高兴地做某事

6

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

I am glad to meet you, I am glad to be here.

42、What do/does + 某人+ do ? == What +be+ 某人? == What’s one’s job ? 回答:某人+ be + 职业.

例如: What does your father do? = What is your father? = What’s your father’s job? 回答:He is a teacher.

Unit 3 Getting together Topic 1 Please call me Mike

一、单词

1. in the same class 在同一班

2. study ? with? 与?一起学习?

3. No problem 没问题

4. by the way 顺便问一下

5. speak Chinese 讲汉语

6. only a little 只有一点点

7. Of course =Sure 当然

8. help\study each other 互相帮助/学习

9. live in ? 居住在?

10. the same age as ? 与?同岁

11. want to do sth. 想要做某事

12. come to China 来到中国

13. in English 用英语

14. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

15. the Great Wall 长城

16. at the English corner 在英语角

17. be helpful to? 对?有帮助

二、句型:

1. May I do sth.? 我可以做某事吗?

e.g. : May I have your name? May I study English with you? May I call you Mike?

2. like ? very much \ a lot 非常喜欢?? like ? a little 有点喜欢?

not like ? at all 根本不喜欢?? not like ? very much 不是很喜欢??

三、语法:

(一) 一般现在时

1.肯定句: We speak Chinese

否定句: We don't speak Chinese.

一般疑问句: Do you speak Chinese?

回答: Yes, we do. No, we don't.

2.肯定句: Mike speaks English.

否定句: Mike doesn't speak English.

一般疑问句: Does Mike speak English?

回答: Yes, he does. No, he doesn't.

3.动词第三人称单数构成形式:见书本107页

(二)代词

人称代词:

主格:在句中当句子主语

7

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

e.g. I have a good friend. He has a good friend.

宾格: 在句中当动词的宾语或介词的宾语,形成动宾或介宾结构.

Please call me Mike. (动宾) Give it (动宾) to me (介宾) . Help us find him. (动宾)

人称代词排列顺序:(可记住口诀)

you, he and I; we, you and they; he and she

口诀: 对你尊重you在前,谦虚礼貌I最后;

我们人多力量大,we要排在you之前,they委屈垫在后;

两性并列不平等,绅士风度放一边,he 在前she在后。

特殊情况:

1. 为了强调某人称,或是出现在承认错误之类的句中时,应把第一人称的I,放在前。

2. 当说话人I的身份很高或回忆往事时,可以先说I。

形容词性物主代词,不能单独使用,必须与名词共同使用.

e.g. my name your mother his friend their teacher

Topic2 Come and meet my family

一、单词

1.职业名称

teach (教) --------- teacher (教师) study (学习) --------- student (学生)

work (工作) --------- worker (工人) drive (驾驶) --------- driver (驾驶员)

farm (农场) --------- farmer (农夫) cook (烹调) --------- cook (厨师)

1. 对应词:teacher --------- student nurse --------- doctor

2. office worker公务员 policeman警察

waiter男服务员 --------- waitress女服务员 salesman 男售货员 --------- salesgirl女售货员

3. 家庭成员

grandfather --------- grandmother grandpa --------- grandma

father --------- mother Dad --------- Mum

Uncle --------- aunt son --------- daughter

brother --------- sister cousin

二、词组

1.工作场所:

in a school 在学校 in a hospital 在医院

in an office 在办公室 in a shop / store 在商店 on a farm 在农场

2. a student of Grade Seven 一名七年级的学生

have a job 有一份工作 look after? 照顾??; 保管??

a photo of my family 一张我家的相片 have a look 看一看

the young woman in yellow 穿黄衣服的年轻女士 on the sofa 在沙发上

三、句型:

1. I'm home. 我回来了. 2. Come in and make yourselves at home. 请进, 请别客气.

3. What a nice place! 多漂亮的一个地方! 4. Please have a seat= Please sit down. 请坐!

5. My parents are both office workers. 我父母二个都是公务员. We all love our work. 我们都喜爱我们的工作. 注意:both指两者"都"; all指三者或三者以上"都"

四、语法:

(一) 提问职业:

1.What do you do? I am a doctor. 2.What does he \she do? He \She is a doctor.

(二) 提问工作场所:

1. Where do you work? I work in a hospital\school

8

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

2.Where does he \she work. He\She works in an office\on a farm.

(三) 名词所有格: s' 或's, 表示"??的"

Kangkang's grandfather康康的祖父 Jane's family tree 珍妮的家谱 Teachers' book 教师用书(教师们的书)

Topic3 Would you like to eat?

Fruit: (可数) apple orange

Food: (可数) cake hamburger egg French fries dumpling noodles

(不可数) rice porridge bread meat chicken fish beef

Drink: (不可数) tea milk Coke coffee water juice

Eat (吃) + drink (喝) = have

something to drink 喝的东西 something to eat 吃的东西

二、句型;

1. help oneself (to sth) 请自便 (吃些某物)

2. would like = want 想要 Would you like some eggs? = Do you want some eggs?

What would you like to drink? = What do you like to drink?

3. Give me some meat. = Give some meat to me. 4. Why not have some milk? 表示提建议

5. Let's have some milk. 表示提建议 6. May I take your order? = May I help you?(限于用餐)

7. Wait a moment, please.请稍等片刻.

8. What do you think of the coffee? = How do you like the coffee? 你觉得咖啡怎么样?

9. Would you like to have dinner with me? (表邀请) Ok. I'd love to

10. I'm very glad to be here.我非常乐意呆在这儿 11. Any more rice? 再来些米饭怎么样?

12. They are all friendly \kind to me.他们都对我很友好。

三、语法: 可数名词和不可数名词的量

(一)可数名词: 可直接用基数词表具体的量

表"一":a cake \book \hamburger\bike an apple \orange \egg

two cakes three books four apples five eggs

(二)不可数名词:可用数量词来表示具体的量

a cup of tea \coffee two cups of tea \coffee

a glass of milk\water\juice three glasses of milk\water \juice

a bowl of ? 一碗?? two bowls of ? 两碗??

a box of ? 一盒\箱?? two boxes of ? 两盒\箱??

a bag of ? 一袋?? two bags of ? 两袋??

a bottle of ? 一瓶?? two bottles of ? 两瓶??

a kilo of ? 一公斤?? two kilos of ? 两公斤??

a kind of ? 两种?? two kinds of? 两种??

a plate of ? 一盘?? two plates of? 两盘??

a basket of eggs ? 一篮/筐鸡蛋?? two baskets of eggs? 两篮鸡蛋??

a pair of ? 一双/副/对?? two pairs of? 两双/副/对??

(三) 模糊的量

some既可以修饰可数也可以修饰不可数名词

a few + 可数 表示若干\一点 a few friends 几个朋友

a little + 不可数 表示若干\一点 a little water 一点点水

many + 可数 许多 many friends 许多朋友

much + 不可数 许多 much water 许多水

some apples 一些苹果 some meat\water 一些肉\水

9

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

Unit 4 Enjoying yourselves

Topic 1 Can I help you?

词汇:

1. 数词:21-101 注意:A. forty; eighty; B. 读音: ~teen 与 ~ty

2. 名词:可数名词与不可数名词的划分

3. 词形变换:

also (同义词) too each (同义词) every

kilo (复数) kilos watch (复数) watches

mouse (复数) mice expensive (同义词) dear

waiter (对应词) waitress try (第三人称单数) tries

sell (反义词) buy

4. 词语与短语:

on the fourth floor 在第四层楼

try on 试穿

be on sale 减价(出售)

another pair of pants 另一条裤子

two yuan a kilo 每公斤两元

sell / buy? for? 以?价出售/ 购买

have a look 看一看

a clothing shop 一家服装店

run over to? 跑到?

two bags of salt 两包盐

two kilos of eggs 两公斤鸡蛋

six bottles of milk 六瓶牛奶

Thanks anyway 仍然感谢。

Don't worry. 别担心。

Here is your change. 找你零钱。

5. 购物用语:

服务员或营业员: What can I do for you? Can / May / Could I help you? 回答: Yes, please. I'd like (to buy ) ? I want ( to buy ) ?

I'm looking for… Do you have…?

谈论事物: How do you like?? = What do you think of??

How do you look in this dress? Not bad. How do the pants fit? They're too long. 询问价格:

How much is +主语(单数或不可数)? How much are +主语(复数)? How much do you want for something?

讨论价格: How / What about thirty yuan?

That's too expensive. It's a good price. The price is good.

表示感谢: Thanks a lot. Thanks very much. Thanks anyway.

回答: Not at all. That's all right. You're welcome.

请求帮助:

Could you do me a favor? = Could you do a favor for me? = Could you help me? 决定与否: I'll take / have / get / buy it.

易错点:

1. some 常用于肯定句;any常用于否定句或疑问句。

10

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

e.g. I have some friends. I don't have any friends. Do you have any friends?

some 用于否定句时,希望得到对方肯定回答或征询意见

e.g. Would you like some bread? Do you want some corn and wheat?

2. try on the dress try the dress on try it on (T)

try on it (F)

3. a pair of pants / shoes / glasses an umbrella

4. How much is this pair of shoes? (T) How much are this pair of shoes? (F)

Topic 2 They are having a picnic

词语与短语:

be free 空闲;自由 visit a friend 拜访朋友

on Sunday 在星期日 go to West Hill 去西山

make a plan for? 为?制定计划 tomorrow afternoon 明天下午

tell somebody about something 告诉某人有关事项

right away 立刻;马上 discuss something 讨论某事

go swimming 去游泳 go out for a picnic 出去野炊

make a telephone call 打电话 have a discussion 讨论

do shopping 购物 go home 回家

make a picnic plan 订一份野炊计划 Don't forget 不要忘了。

speak to somebody 跟某人说话 take a message 捎口信

ask somebody to do 叫/要求某人做某事 call somebody back 给某人回电话

give somebody a call 给某人打电话 give somebody a message 给某人口信/消息 carry water 提水 collect firewood / garbage 捡柴火/垃圾

prepare food 准备食物 wash the dishes 洗碗筷

eat an apple 吃苹果 sing a song / songs 唱歌

have a picnic 野炊 look at a picture 看图

read a book 看书 play the guitar 弹吉他

fly a kite 放风筝 run after somebody / something 追逐某人/某物

eat / have dinner 吃饭 listen to the radio 听收音机

have a meeting 开会

电话用语:

1. - Hello! -- Hello!

2. 自己:this; 对方:that

e.g. This is ? 我是? Is that ?? 你是? 吗? Who's that? 你是谁?

3. What's up?

4. May I speak to …, please?

5. I beg your pardon?

6. Can I give her a message?

7. Could you ask her to call me back?

同义句:

1. Let's make a plan for the picnic. = Let's make a picnic plan.

2. Let's discuss. = Let's have a discuss.

3. I'll call her right away. = I'll make a telephone call to her right away. = I'll give her a call.

4. She isn't in now. = She isn't here now.

5. Can I give him a message? = Can I give a message to him?

11

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

重点句型:

1. Are you free this Saturday?

2. Would you like to have a picnic with somebody?

3. I have something to tell Matthew.

4. How happy they are!

语法:

1. must与have to的区别:

must受主观条件限制,表"必须";have to受客观条件限制,表"不得不" e.g. We must study hard. I have to look after my mother at home. She is ill.

2. 现在进行时:

1. 构成: be (am, is, are ) + V-ing (口诀:有be还有ing)

2. 用法:表示说话时正在发生或进行的动作。

3. 现在分词的构成:

① 在动词原形末尾加 -ing wash - washing collect -- collecting

② 以不发音e字母结尾的动词,先去掉e,再加 -ing

have - having drive - driving prepare - preparing see - seeing

③ a. 在重读闭音节中

b. 末尾是一个元音字母+一个辅音字母(r除外)

两者兼备时,双写末尾辅音字母,再加 -ing

e.g. open - opening listen - listening (缺a条件) eat - eating (缺b条件)

Topic 3 Let's go to the zoo!

词组与短语:

go to the zoo 去动物园 the king of all animals 兽中之王

like something best 最喜欢某物 climb trees 爬树

pick bananas 摘香蕉 on the bus 在公车上

talk about something / somebody 讨论某事/某人 play with a ball 玩球

be excited to do something 做某事很兴奋 be lost 迷路

at night 在晚上 Thank you all the same. 仍然谢谢你。

See you next time. 下次见。 have lessons 上课

have lunch 吃午餐 have sports 进行体育运动

go to bed 去睡觉

pass me a banana = pass a banana to me 递给我一个香蕉

重点句型:

1. What animal do you like best? = What's your favorite animal?

2. -- How long do elephants live? -- About sixty years.

3. How many hours do elephants sleep at night?

4. What time is it? = What's the time? = Could you tell me the time?

5. It's time to do something.

6. I have no watch. = I don't have a watch.

7. What's wrong with you?

8. Don't cry.

9. It's very kind of you to help us.

10. He is acting like a m&onkey.

He is running like a horse.

12

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

11. Would you please pass me a banana? 递给我香蕉好吗?

语法: 时间表达法: (两种)

1:00 one o'clock 1:05 one - o - five five past one

1:15 one fifteen a quarter past one 1:30 one thirty half past one

1:40 one forty twenty to two 1:45 one forty-five a quarter to two

Recycle 2 Review of Units 3 - 4

词语与短语:

help people to buy things 帮人家买东西 look after patients 照顾病人

cook food 煮东西 ride a bike 骑自行车

Thanks anyhow. 无论如何,仍然谢谢 think about? 考虑 ?

have fun 玩得愉快 in the afternoon / morning 在下午/ 上午

go to school 去上学 chat on the net 网上聊天

复习要点:

1. 职业名称及工作场所;询问职业 2. 复习现在进行时

3. 树状家谱;复习家庭成员及名词所有格 4. 询问价格

5. 复习询问时间及时间表达法

at、in、on在时间表达上的用法:(口诀)

at用在钟点、night;

上、下午、晚上都是in;

具体某天要用on,即便上下午包在内;

星期、季度、年太长,才于世纪同用in

Unit 4

1、try…on 试穿 (try on 不简单,it/them放中间)

2、 We/I will take it 我们/我 买下了 (这里的take 相当于buy)

3、 buy sth for sb = buy sb sth 给某人买某物;例: buy a shirt for Jim=buy Jim a shirt 给Jim买个衬衫

4、I’m just looking 我只是看看;

5、 365

(hundred不用复数;百位数和十位数之间加and , 十位数和个位数之间加”-“)

6、 a pair of 一对/一双/一条/副……例:

a pair of pants 一条裤子 a pair of shoes一双鞋子 a pair of glasses 一副眼镜

7、over there 在那边

8、 Are you kidding ? 你开玩笑吧

9、a bottle of milk一瓶牛奶 三瓶牛奶

10、thank you all the same 仍然谢谢你;

11、 Is that all? 就这么多吗? That’s all. 就这么多吧

I2、I think so. 我认为是这样的. I don’t think so. 我认为不是这样的.

13、当把东西给某人时可以说: Here you are 或 Here it is. (给你)

14、 Don’t worry.别担心 worry about + 宾语

如:Do you worry about your English?

15. a little +不可数名词 (肯定); 一点,一些;

16、 be free = have time 有空的;反义词:be busy = have no time

Are you free tomorrow? == Do you have time tomorrow ?

13

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

17、in,on,at表示时间的用法

①在某一天使用介词on :

On Sunday 在星期天 On Sunday morning 在星期天上午On Sunday afternoon On Sunday evening ②在某个时刻用at:

at five o’clock 在5 点 at a half past six 在6 点半

③在上午,下午,晚上用in:

in the morning 在早上/上午 in the afternoon in the evening

(但 at night 在夜里;at noon 在中午)

④this 接时间,不用介词:

this Sunday在这个星期天 this morning 在今天早上/上午

this afternoon 在今天下午 this evening 在今天晚上

⑤tomorrow前不用介词:

tomorrow morning 在明天早上/上午 tomorrow afternoon tomorrow evening

⑥next前不用介词:

next time 在下一次 next Sunday next morning next afternoon next evening

18、What’s up 什么事?

19、forget + to +动词原形. 忘记去做某事(事还没做)

forget doing 忘记曾做过某事(事已做完)

20、ask/tell sb + to +动词原形 叫某人做某事

ask/tell sb not +to+动词原形叫某人不要做某事

Tell Maria not to fly a kite tomorrow. 叫Maria不要明天放风筝。

21、 电话用语:

①Who’s this/that? 你是哪位?(不用you)

②…你是……吗?(不用you)

is …(speaking) 我是…(不用I)

④May I speak to……

我可以找…说句话吗?请找…接电话好吗?

22、do some shopping买东西

23、It’s fun 真是有趣的事

24、call sb = give sb a call 打电话给某人 call sb back 给某人回电话

25、 I’m afraid 恐怕…

26、I have no time = I don’t have any time 我没有时间 ( no = not any )

27、在家; go home 回家; get home到家; in one’s home 在某人的家里;

出去了,不在家;

28、sing a song / sing some songs 唱歌; fly a kite 放风筝; watch TV 看电视; read books 看书

29、let sb+动词原形 让某人做某事 例:

让Jim提水吧。

Let’我们回家吧。

30、时间读法:

①顺读法(eleven thirty-six 表示11:36)

②逆读法

1、分钟数≤30 ,

2、分钟>30

如:five to ten 表示 9:55; a querter to six 表示 5:45

注意:a querter常代替fifteen half常代替thirty

31、后跟两个宾语(指人和指物)的动词:

Ⅰ、用介词to(传递类的动词):

①give sth to sb = give sb sth 把某物给某人;②show sth to sb = show sb sth 把某物拿给某人看; 14

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

③tell sth to sb = tell sb sth 把某事告诉某人 ④teach sth to sb =teach sb sth 教某人某事

⑤take sth to sb =take sb sth 给某物给某人带来 ⑥bring sth to sb =bring sb sth给某物给某人带去来

Ⅱ、用介词for:

①buy sth for sb=buy sb sth 给某人买某物

②cook sth for sb=cook sb sth 给某人做某物 ③carry sth for sb=carry sb sth 给某人提某物

(注意:某物是it或them时,不能放在后面。)

32、去野餐 have a picnic 进行一次野餐

33、have to+动词原形 不得不, 必须 三单式是:has to

34、go to bed 上床睡觉 go to school去上学 go to work 去上班

35、It’s time to + 动词原形 该到做……的时候了。

It’s time for +名词/ 动词ing

It’s time for sb to+ 动词原形 是某人做某事的时候了 如:

It’s time to go home 该回家了。

It’s time for supper=It’s time for having supper

=It’s time to have supper是吃晚饭时间了。

36、do one’s home-work 做家庭作业;

37、have短语:

have a picnic 野餐; have class have a party have dinner/ breakfast /lunch/supper

have +东西 吃/喝…… have a good time 玩得很愉快 have to 不得不,必须

38、get up 起床

39、表示数量的词:

①许多的,大量的:a lot of = lots of

many +复数名词 much +不可数名词 a lot of = lots of +复数名词/不可数名词

②一些,几个:some ,any+复数名词/不可数名词

some 用在肯定句和礼貌问句;

any 用在否定句和平常的问句。

40、in the sun 在阳光下;

41、What’s wrong with you? 你怎么啦?

42、 on one’s way to 在某人去……的路上;

on one’s way home 在某人回家的路上(注意home前不用to)

注意:one’s指某人的,代表物主代词和名词所有格。

43、go shopping = go to the shop 去购物 类似的有 go swimming go fishing go skating 等等

44、It’s very kind of you 你真是太好了;

45、 thanks / thank you for +名词/动词ing 为……而感谢你;

46、 in the tree 在树上(外物附着) on the tree 在树上(树上本身长出的东西)

In the wall 在墙里 (如 window ) on the wall 在墙上

47、 ?你认为……怎么样?

?

48、 How much be + 主语? ( 回答:It’s / They’re + 价钱.)

How much is your English book ? 问价格还可以用 what’s the price of ……

49、 What time is it ? == What is the time? 几点了?

(回答:It’s +时间)

50、fine, nice, good, well

四者都可用作形容词表示"好"之意,主要区别在于:

(1) fine指物时表示的是质量上的"精细",形容人时表示的是"身体健康",也可以用来指"天气晴朗"。例如: Your parents are very fine. 你父母身体很健康。

That's a fine bike. 那是一台很好的机器。

15

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

It's a fine day today. 今天是散步的好时候。

(2)nice主要侧重于人或物的外表,有"美好","漂亮"的意思,也可用于问候或赞扬别人。例如:

Lucy looks nice. 露西看上去很漂亮。

These coats are very nice. 那些裙子很好看。

Nice to meet you. 见到你很高兴。

It's very nice of you. 你真好。

(3)good形容人时指"品德好",形容物时指"质量好",是表示人或物各方面都好的普通用语。例如:

Her son is a good student. 她儿子是一个好学生。

The red car is very good. 那辆红色小汽车很好。

(4)well只可用来形容人的"身体好",它也作副词,多放行为动词之后。例如:

I'm very well(=fine), thanks. 我身体很好,谢谢。 我的朋友们歌唱得好。

本册重点内容归纳

1、目前所学的动词的形式有4 种:

①动词原形;如:do;have;like

②动词的三单式(常在动词原形后加s);如:get-gets

③动词不定式(to+动词原形);如:meet-to meet

④动词ing式(动词原形后加ing)如:look-looking

2、表示征求意见或建议邀请的礼貌用语

Would you like +to+动词原形? (你想要??吗?)

How about+动词ing ?(??怎么样???好不好?)

What about +动词ing? (??怎么样???好不好?)

Why not +动词原形? (为什么不??呢?)

Why don’t you +动词原形 ?(你为什么不??呢?)

Let’s +动词原形.(让我们??吧。)

表示同意、答应:①Yes,I’d like to./Oh,I’d love to.

②All right/OK.③Great!④Sure.⑤Good idea!⑥Thanks.I’ll be glad to ⑦Thanks.That would be very nice.⑧I’d like that.

表示不同意、拒绝:①No,thanks.②Sorry,I can’t.

③I’d like to.But I’m afraid I can’t/I have no time.

3、目前学过的情态动词有can, may,could,would和will等五个。

学好情态动词必须把握三个用法:

①后必须跟动词原形 ;

②没有三单式(其后不能加s);

③可以把情态动词提到句首构成疑问句;

可以在情态动词后面加上not构成否定句。

4

①would like to+动词原形(想要做某事);

want to+动词原形(想要做某事);

②forget to+动词原形(忘记要做某事);

③like to +动词原形(喜欢做某事);

love to +动词原形(喜欢做某事)

16

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

④ask sb. to +动词原形.(请/叫某人做某事)

tell sb. to +动词原形.(告诉/叫某人做某事)

would like sb. to +动词原形.(想叫某人做某事)

want sb. to +动词原形.(想叫某人做某事)

⑤have to +动词原形(必须/不得不做某事)

⑥Nice/Glad/happy to +动词原形(很高兴做某事)

如:Nice to meet you.

I’m glad to be here.

⑦It’s time to +动词原形(是做某事的时候了)

It’5、目前学过的后跟动词原形的有:

①情态动词:can,may,could,would,will后;

②助动词do,don’t,does,doesn’t后(does,doesn’t一出现,三单式要滚蛋);

③动词please(请)后:如:Please tell him about the picnic.

④短语Why not…/Why don’t you…后;

⑤动词let 后;如:Let Jane help you. Let’s go home.

⑥动词help后,也可带to;如:Let’s help Maria (to) carry water.

⑦祈使句以动词原形开头,如:Have a seat , please.请坐下。

6的有:

①Be动词后的动词;如:Are you kidding? I. ..............

. ...

②所有的介词后;已学过的介词有:at,for,about,in,on,from,of,to,with,after等。

如:What about +动词ing? —Whatabout flying a kite with me ? ......

动词ing? — fishing this Sunday? .....

It’s time going home=It’s time to go home. .....

me=Thank you for your help.. .......

③go +动词ing——go fishing去钓鱼; go shopping去购物

④do some shopping购物

⑤like/love +动词ing (喜欢做某事)

7、 look at和see的用法

(1)look at表示“看、瞧”

看某人/物,其后必须接介词at,才能带宾语,如:

He looks at me。他看着我。

(2)seelook这个动作的结果,意思是“看到”,see后面能直接跟宾语。如: What can you see in the photo? 你能在图上看到什么? 看黑板!你看到了什么?

See 还指“看望,拜访”=visit. 如:

He wants to see(visit)his uncle this Sunday.

注意:看不见要用can’t see

8、look for和find的用法

(1)look for 表示“寻找”,强调找的过程;寻找某人/物,其后必须接介词for,才能带宾语,如:Let’little dog.我们找一找那只小狗吧。

(2)find 表示“找到,发现”,强调找的结果;如:

I look for my friend,Jim here and there,But I can’t find him now.

我到处找我的朋友吉姆,但是现在我找不到他。

注意:找不到要用can’t find

9、house、 home和family的用法

17

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

①house :“房子”,指居住的建筑物;

②home: 指广义的家。可以是居住的房子,也可以是包括家和家庭成员在内所有内容。也有“家乡、故乡”的意思,它具有house所没有的感情色彩(如“团聚”、“想家”等;

③family: (1)作“家庭”解,被看作一个整体,有单数和复数两个形式:family--families。例如:My family is very happy...

我的家庭很幸福。(2)表示“全家人”,指家庭的全体成员,叫做集体名词,不用加s,就表示复数,后面的动词用复数。例如:My family are all free this Sunday.这个周日我们全家都有空。 ...

再如:

Please come to my house(=home) this afternoon. 今天下午请到我家来。

He is not at home. 他不在家。

My family all get up early. 我们全家人都起得很早。

In China,many families live on the farm.在中国,许多家庭住在农村。

10、England English China Chinese America American

11、介词in 的用法

①in+语言 表示“用某语言” in English in Chinese

②in+地点 表示“在某地” 如: in Class Two in Grade Seven

in a hospital in Beijing in the USA

③in 表示“在?里” in the letter 在信里 in the photo 在照片里

④in+时间 表示“在某时间” 如:

in the morning 在早上/上午

in the afternoon 在下午

in the evening 在晚上

in 2009 在2009年

⑤in + 颜色 表示“穿着某颜色衣服” 如:

The woman in white 穿着白色衣服的妇女

The girl is in a red skirt. 那个女孩穿着红裙子。

⑥in the sun 在阳光下

12、and 、but、 then、 so和 or 怎样连结两个句子

①and表示连接关系,常不用译。 如:

I want to go fishing , and Jim likes it ,too.我想去钓鱼,吉姆也想去。

②but:"但是",表示转折关系 如:

Lily likes meat, but she doesn't like vegetables.

③then “然后”, 表示先后关系。如:

I'll go shopping, and then go to your home. 我要去买点东西,然后去你家。

④so:"所以,因此", 表因果关系。 如:

Jim likes apples,so his mom buys some for him.Jim喜欢苹果,因此他妈妈给他买了一些。

⑤or“不然,否则”表转折。 如:

I have to go with her , or she can’t find her way home.我必须和她一块去,不然她找不到她的家。

13、very、 very much 和a lot 的用法

①very很,非常,只修饰形容词,不能修饰动词。如:

Maria is very glad to live in China.

注意:我非常喜欢红色,不能说 I very like red. 要说I like red very much/a lot.

②very much =a lot 表示“很,非常”,修饰动词,放在句尾。如:

He wants to visit the Great Wall very much/a lot.

14、缩略式和完全式

① am.is.are 缩写

I’m = I am ; you’re = you are we’re = we are they’re = they are ;

He’s = he is she’s =she is it’s = it is ;

what’s = what is who’s =who is

18

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

② not 缩写

isn’t = is not aren’t = are not; can’t = can not;

don’t = do not doesn’t = does not

③其它缩写

I’ll = I will I’d = I would let’s = let us

15、可数名词和不可数名词 可数名词的用法:①有单数和复数两种形式。谓语动词要与名词单复数一致。

②可与a、 an、one、two 等表示数量的词直接连用。 不可数名词的用法:①只有单数形式,没有复数形式,即词尾不加s,并且只表示单数,谓语动词要用单数。 ②不与a、an、one、two 等表示数量的词连用。表示具体数量时,常用of短语。

如: a cup of tea 一杯茶 three glasses of juice 三杯果汁a lot of bread很多面包 常用不可数名词:

①液体类:water juice(果汁) tea milk orange(橙汁)

② 食品类:food(食品) bread(面包)meat(肉) rice (米饭) fish(鱼肉) chicken(鸡肉) salt(盐)

③语言类: English(英语) Chinese(中文)

④其它:hair(头发) time(时间) work(工作) age(年龄) help(帮助)homework(家庭作业) 常用修饰不可数名词的词:一些:some 、any 一点:a little 很多:much 、a lot of、 lots of

16、有单复数变化的词

①名词

(1) 名词单数变复数的方法

1)大部分在词尾加s.如:dog---dogs

2)以-s, -x, -ch, -sh 结尾的加es. 如:

class---classes bus---buses glass---glasses

box---boxes watch---watches(手表)

fish---fishes

3)以“辅音字母+ y”结尾的,变y为i,加es.

baby---babies(婴儿) family---families(家庭)

study---studies(书房) fly---flies(蝇子)

注意:boy ---boys play---plays toy---toys

way---ways monkey---monkeys

4)以 f, fe结尾的,变f, fe为v,加es.

half---halves(一半) knife---knives(小刀)

yourself(你自己)---yourselves(你们自己)

(2) 特殊变化的词

1) a 变e: man—men(男子) woman—women(女子)

snowman---snowmen(雪人)

Englishman--- Englishmen(英国人)

Englishwoman---Englishwomen(英国妇女)

2) o变e:foot---feet(脚) tooth---teeth(牙齿)

3) 单复数同形:Chinese---Chinese(中国人) fish---fish(鱼)

yuan---yuan(人民币元)

4) mouse—mice (老鼠) child—儿童)

5)合成词中一般变后面的词:apple tree---apple trees(苹果树)

但下列需前后都变:man teacher---men teachers(男教师) 女医生)

6)集体名词,以单数形式出现,但实为复数。例如:people(人们) police(警察们)本身就是复数,family指“全家人”时,本身也是复数,它们都不能加s. 如:The Chinese people are very kind.中国人民都 很友好。 Kangkang’s family are all tall and thin.康康全家人都又高又瘦。

19

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

②be动词: 单数am, is; 复数are

③行为动词:复数:动词原形

单数:在行为动词后加s或es(即动词的三单式)。 如:

Maria(likes是三单式,为单数) ....Maria and Jane(like是动词原形,为复数) ...........④指示代词 单数:this这个 that那个

复数:these这些 those那些

⑤人称代词和物主代词

(1)人称代词

单数:I, you,he, she,it; me,you,him, her,it

(我) (你) (他) (她) (它) (我) (你) (他) (她) (它)

复数:we, you, they us, you, them

(我们) (你们) (他们) (我们) (你们) (他们)

(2)物主代词

单数:my,your,his, her, its; mine, yours,his, hers,its

(我的) (你的) (他的) (她的)(它的) (我的) (你的) (他的) (她的) (它的)

复数:our, your, their; ours, yours, theirs

(我们的) (你们的) (他们的) (我们的) (你们的) (他们的)

17

用法:

①人称代词主格:作主语,常放在句首;

②人称代词宾格:作宾语,放在动词和介词后;

③形容词性物主代词:后有名词时,用形容词性;(有名则形)

④名词性物主代词:后无名词时,用名词性。(无名则名)

18、句子的成分

①主语:是句子要说明的人和物,是动作的发出者,是句子的主体,一般放在句首。主语由名词,代词担任。 ②谓语:说明主语的动作。只有动词才作谓语,一般放在主语之后。

③宾语:是动作的接受者。放在动词或介词后。由名词,代词担任。如:

often at home on Sunday.

主语 谓语 宾语

19、三单问题

①总则:主语是第三人称单数时,动词(谓语)要用三单式。如:

He gets up at six。 由于主语He是第三人称单数,动词get后要s,即gets是三单式。

②可以作第三人称单数主语(三单主语)的有:(1)he, she,it;(2)单个的人;单个的物。

③动词三单式的构成

(1)特殊的:be—is have—has

(2)有规律的:1)大部分在词尾加s; 如:

get—gets take--takes need-needs know—knows

2)以s, x,ch, sh,o 结尾的加es; 如:

guess—guesses(猜) watch--watches(看) teach―teaches(教) fish-fishes(钓鱼) go-goes(去) do-does

3)以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i,加es. 如:

study→studies(学习) fly→flies(飞,放)

carry→carries(提) worry—worries(担心)

20

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

注意:buy-buys say-says play-plays

20、数词 o——three—thirteen—thirty four—fourteen—forty(去掉u) five—fifteen—fifty

eight—eighteen—eighty

21、Be动词am,is are的使用分工

I 是am,you 是are;

is用于他她它(he,she,it);

单数is 复数are。

22、一般疑问句

是以Be动词、情态动词或Do/Does开头的,用Yes/No回答的问句。

Be动词:am, is, are; 情态动词:can,may,could,would,will等。

改一般疑问句的方法:先找后借 ①在句中找到Be动词(am, is, are)或情态动词(can,may,could,would,will),把它提到句首;②找不到以上词时,借Do或Does,放在句首。

注意:句子是三单主语时,借Does;不是三单主语时,借Do.并且:Does一出现,三单式要滚蛋。

23、否定句

含有否定词not或 no的句子。

改否定句的方法:先加后借 ①在句中找到Be动词(am, is, are)或情态动词(can,may,could,would,will),在它后面加not;②找不到以上词时,借don’t或doesn’t,放在动词前。

注意:句子是三单主语时,借doesn’t;不是三单主语时,借do.并且:doesn’t一出现,三单式要滚蛋。

24、特殊疑问句

以疑问词开头的疑问句叫特殊疑问句。常用的疑问词有:what who whose where how why等。回答特殊疑问句时,不能用yes/no,要问什么答什么。

特殊疑问句的结构:疑问词+一般疑问句?

对划线部分提问就是把句子改为特殊疑问句。方法如下:

①把划线部分替换成相应的疑问词,放在句首;

②把没划线部分改为一般疑问句,放在疑问词后。

提示:划线部分在句首时,只需第①步,没划线的词照抄。如:

------Who goes shopping with Miss Wang?

注意:(1)划线部分和相应的疑问词

某物――what(什么)

地点――where(在哪里)

身体状况(fine,OK)――how(怎样)

年龄――how old(多大)

班级――what class(几班)

年级――what grade(几年级)

颜色――what color(什么颜色)

某人――who(谁)

人名(句中有name)――what (什么)

物主代词、名词所有格――whose(谁的)

价格――how much(多少钱)

数量――how many(多少)

时间――what time(什么时间)

(2)特殊情况:提问时刻It’s twelve past six ------What time is it?/What’s the time?

提问职业His father is a driver.------What is his father?/What does his father do?

21

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

提问数量 does he have? ....

does he have? .....

提问长相 Jane has a round face.------What does Jane look like?

25、冠词的用法

① a /an 不定冠词,表示“一个…”,放在单数名词前,指不确定的某一个;

② the 定冠词,表示“这,那,这些,那些”,放在名词前,表示特指。

③ a 用在元音前(不是元音字母);an 用在辅音前(不是辅音字母)。如:(1) an English boy,an apple,an orange, an

egg , an eraser, an old monkey,

(2) an hour一个小时 half an hour 半小时 (hour中h不发音)

(3) a “ d”(一个d), an “i”, an “f ”, an “x”, a “u”.

★英语的一些重要原则★

①英文句子中至少有一个动词,用来作谓语。如:

我很高兴-----误:I very happy.正: 她最喜欢熊猫.------误:She favorite pandas.(favorite不是动词)

正:She likes pandas best/Her favorite is pandas.

②同一个句子中不能同时用be动词和行为动词。

误:正:

误:改为Do)

③句子中的单数名词前要带冠词,或用复数名词来表示类别。

误:orange is orange. 正: 误:He is doctor.(他是医生) 正:④限定词的唯一原则

限定词是指(1)冠词(定冠词,不定冠词)、(2)形容词性物主代词、(3)指示代词、(4)名词所有格、(5)量词(some, any, no,many , much等),这五类词只能用一个修饰同一个名词。

如:我的一本书--- 误:my a book 正:my book

吉姆的这个风筝---误:Jim’s this/the kite正:Jim’s kite ⑤形容词放在名词前的顺序

数量+大小形状+新旧+颜色+地方出处+名词。

my small yellow desk 我的小黄桌

an old brown English house 一座旧的棕色的英式房子

⑥英文句子结构顺序

主语+ 谓语+ 宾语+小时间+大时间+小地点+大地点。 主语 + 谓语 + 宾语 +小时间+大时间 + 小地点 + 大地点

22

☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆

23

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com