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2013人教版八年级上册英语知识点.

发布时间:2014-01-07 09:02:15  

2013人教版八年级上册英语知识点 Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?

1. go on vacation 去度假

2.stay at home 待在家里

3.go to the mountains

4. go to the beach

5. visit museums

6. go to summer camp

7.quite a few

8.study for

9.go out

10.most of the time

11. taste good

12.have a good time

13. of course

14.feel like

15.go shopping

16.in the past

17. walk around

18. because of

19. one bowl of? 去爬山 去海滩 参观博物馆 去参加夏令营 相当多 大部分时间 尝起来很好吃 玩得高兴 当然 给??的感觉;感受到去购物 在过去 四处走走 因为 一碗?? 为??而学习出去

20. the next day 第二天

21. drink tea 喝茶

22. find out 找出; 查明

23. go on 继续

24.take photos 照相

25. something important 重要的事

26. up and down 上上下下

27. come up 出来

28. buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物

29. taste + adj. 尝起来??

30. look+adj. 看起来??

31.nothing?but+动词原形 除了??之外什么都没有

32.seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来??

33. arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地

34.decide to do sth. 决定去做某事

35. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 /

36. try to do sth. 尽力去做某事

37. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事/

38. forget to do sth. 忘记做某事

39. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

40. want to do sth. 想去做某事

41. start doing sth. 开始做某事

42. stop doing sth. 停止做某事

43. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

44. keep doing sth. 继续做某事

45. Why not do. sth.? 为什么不做??呢?

46. so+adj.+that+从句 如此??以至于??

47. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

Unit2 How often do you exercise?

help with housework 帮助做家务

on weekends 在周末

how often 多久一次

hardly ever 几乎从不

once a week 每周一次

twice a month 每月两次

every day 每天

be free 有空

go to the movies 去看电影

use the Internet 用互联网

swing dance 摇摆舞

play tennis 打网球

stay up late 熬夜;睡得很晚

at least 至少

have dance and piano lessons 上舞蹈课和钢琴课 go to bed early 早点睡觉

play sports 进行体育活动

be good for 对??有好处

go camping 去野营

not?at all 一点儿也不??

in one’s free time 在某人的业余时间 the most popular 最受欢迎的

such as 比如;诸如

old habits die hard 积习难改

go to the dentist 去看牙医

morn than 多于;超过

less than 少于

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

How about?? ......怎么样?/ ??好不好? want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事 How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? ??有多少??? 主语+find+that从句. ??发现?? spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光

It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的??的。 ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事 by doing sth. 通过做某事

What’s your favorite??? 你最喜爱的??是什么? the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式

Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister. . more outgoing 更外向

as?as? 与??一样?? the singing competition

be similar to

the same as

be different from

care about

be like a mirror

the most important

as long as

bring out

get better grades

reach for

in fact

make friends

the other

touch one’s heart

be talented in music

be good at 唱歌比赛 与??相像的/类似的 和??相同;与??一致 与??不同 关心;介意 像一面镜子 最重要的 只要;既然 使显现;使表现出 取得更好的成绩 伸手取 事实上;实际上 交朋友 其他的 感动某人 有音乐天赋 擅长??

be good with 善于与??相处

have fun doing sth. 享受做某事的乐趣

be good at doing sth 擅长做某事

make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

want to do sth. 想要做某事

as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与??一样??

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事??的。 形容词和副词的比较级、最高级

大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:1)原级(不作比较),修饰词very,so,too,pretty,really;2)比较级,表示“较??”或“更??”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词than,A or B,of the two, 修饰词much,a lot,a little;3)最高级,表示“最??”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。 形容词和副词的比较级和最高级规则变化: 构 成 方 法 原 级 比 较 级 最 高 级 单音 节词 和部 分双 音节 词 一般在词尾加-er或-est high short higher shorter highest shortest 以字母e词尾的词,加-r或-st late fine later finest latest finest 重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母时,先双写辅音字母,再加-er或-est hot big thin fat hotter bigger thinner fatter hottest biggest thinnest fattest

以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,先把“y”改为“i”,再加 -er

或-est funny easy early funnier easier earlier funniest easiest earliest

多音节词和部分双音节词 在词前加more或most beautiful athletic outgoing more beautiful more athletic more outgoing most beautiful most athletic most outgoing

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化:

原 级 比较级 最高级

good/well better best

bad/badly worse worst

many/much more most

little less least

far farther(更远) further(更深远) farthest(最远) furthest(最深远)

as?(原级)as与??一样??

not as/so?as不如

Liming is as tall as Jim. Jack runs as fast as Tom. Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy. Unit4 What’s the best movie theater?

movie theater 电影院

close to? 离??近

clothes store 服装店

in town 在镇上

so far 到目前为止

10 minutes by bus 坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 talent show 才艺表演

in common 共同;共有

around the world 世界各地;全世界 more and more??

and so on

all kinds of??

be up to

not everybody

make up

play a role in?

for example

take?seriously

give sb. sth .

come true

Can I ask you some??

How do you like??

Thanks for doing sth.

What do you think of??

much+ adj./adv.的比较级

watch sb. do sth. 越来越?? 等等 各种各样的 是??的职责;由??决定 并不是每个人 编造(故事、谎言等) 在??方面发挥作用/有影响 例如 认真对待 给某人某物 我能问你一些??吗? 你认为??怎么样? 因做某事而感谢。 你认为??怎么样? ??得多 观看某人做某事 (梦想、希望)实现;达到

play a role in doing sth 在做某事方面扮演重要的角色 one of+可数名词的复数 ??之一

Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show? talk show 谈话节目

game show 游戏节目

soap opera

go on

watch a movie

a pair of

try one’s best

as famous as

have a discussion about

one day

such as

dress up

take sb.’s place

do a good job

something enjoyable

interesting information

one of??

look like

around the world 肥皂剧 发生 看电影 一双;一对 尽某人最大努力 与??一样有名 就??讨论 有一天 例如 打扮;梳理 代替;替换 干得好 令人愉快的东西 有趣的资料 之一 看起来像 全世界

a symbol of ??的象征

let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

plan to do sth. 计划/打算做某事

hope to do sth. 希望做某事

happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

expect to do sth. 盼望做某事

How about doing?? 做??怎么样?

be ready to do sth. 乐于做某事

try one’s best to do sth. 尽力做某事动词不定式做宾语 think of 认为

learn from 从??获得;向??学习

find out 查明;弄清楚

Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.

grow up 成长;长大

every day 每天

be sure about 对??有把握

make sure 确信;务必

send?to? 把??送到??

be able to能

the meaning of ??的意思

different kinds of 不同种类的

write down 写下;记下

have to do with 关于;与??有关系 take up 开始做;学着做 hardly ever 几乎不;很少 too?to? 太??而不能??/太??以至于不能 be going to+动词原形 打算做某事 practice doing 练习做某事 keep on doing sth. 不断地做某事

learn to do sth. 学会做某事 finish doing sth. 做完某事 promise to do sth. 许诺去做某事

help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 remember to do sth. 记住做某事

agree to do sth. 同意做某事

love to do sth. 喜爱做某事 want to do sth. 想要做某事 Unit7 Will people have robots?

on computer 在电脑上

on paper 在纸上

live to do 200 years old 活动200岁

free time 空闲时间

in danger 处于危险之中

on the earth 在地球上

play a part in sth. 参与某事 space station 太空站

look for 寻找

computer programmer 电脑编程员 in the future 在未来

hundreds of 许多;成百上千 the same?as? 与??一样

over and over again 多次;反复地 get bored 感到厌烦的

wake up 醒来

fall down 倒塌

will+动词原形 将要做??

fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多??

less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多??

have to do sth. 不得不做某事

agree with sb. 同意某人的意见

such+名词(词组) 如此??

play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事

There will be + 主语+其他 将会有??

There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有??正在做某事 make sb. do sth.

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

try to do sth. 尽力做某事

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事??的。 Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

milk shake奶昔

turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开

pour?into?把??倒入??

a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶

a good idea好主意

on Saturday在星期六

cut up切碎

put?into?把??放入??

one more thing还有一件事

a piece of一片/张/段/首??

at this time在这时

a few一些;几个

fill? with?用??把??装满

cover?with?用??覆盖??

one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次

a long time很长时间

how many+可数名词复数 多少??

how much+不可数名词 多少??

It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了

First?Next?Then?Finally 首先??接下来??然后??.最后??

want + to do sth.想要做某事

forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事

how + to do sth.如何做某事

need+to do sth.需要做某事

make+宾语+形容词 使??怎样

let sb. +do sth.让某人做某事 Unit9 Can you come to my party?

on Saturday afternoon在周六下午

prepare for为??做准备

go to the doctor去看医生

have the flu患感冒

help my parents帮助我的父母

come to the party来参加聚会

another time其他时间

last fall去年秋天

go to the party去聚会

hang out常去某处;泡在某处

the day after tomorrow后天

the day before yesterday前天

have a piano lesson上钢琴课

look after照看;照顾

accept an invitaton接受邀请

turn down an invitation拒绝邀请

take a trip去旅行

at the end of this month这个月末

look forward to盼望;期待

the opening of? ??的开幕式/落成典礼

reply in writing书面回复

go to the concert去听音乐会

not?until直到??才

meet my friend会见我的朋友

visit grandparents拜访祖父母

study for a test为考试学习

have to不得不

too much homework太多作业

do homework做家庭作业

go to the movies去看电影

after school放学后

on the weekend在周末

invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)! What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)! help sb.

(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

see sb. do sth.

see sb.doing sth.

the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对 look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What’s today?今天是什么日子?

What’s the date today?

What day is it today?

Unit10 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time! stay at home 待在家里

take the bus 乘公共汽车

tomorrow night 明天晚上

have a class party 进行班级聚会

half the class 一半的同学

make some food 做些食物

order food 订购食物

have a class meeting 开班会

at the party 在聚会上

potato chips 炸土豆片,炸薯条

in the end 最后

make mistakes 犯错误

go to the party 去参加聚会 have a great/good 玩得开心

give sb. some advice 给某人提一些建议 go to college 上大学

make(a lot of)money 赚(许多)钱 travel around the world 环游世界 get an education 得到教育 work hard 努力工作

a soccer player 一名足球运动员 keep?to oneself 保守秘密

talk with sb. 与某人交谈 in life 在生活中

be angry at/about sth. 因某事生气 be angry with sb. 生某人的气 in the future 在将来 run away 逃避;逃跑

the first step 第一步 in half 分成两半 solve a problem 解决问题 school clean-up 学校大扫除

ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

give sb. sth. 给某人某物

tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 too?to do sth. 太??而不能做某事 be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事

advise sb. to do sth. 劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth. 最好(不)做某事 need to do sth. 需要做某事

一、If引导的条件状语从句

某事很可能发生,条件是可能存在的,主句中某种情况发生的概率也是很高的。如:

If you ask him,he will help you.如果你请他帮忙,他会帮你的。

If you fail in the exam,you will let him down.如果你考试不及格,你会让他失望的。

If you have finished the homework, you can go home.如果你作业做完了就可以回家了。

另外,if从句还表示不可实现的条件或根本不可能存在的条件,也就是一种虚拟的条件或假设。从句多用一般过去时或过去完成时,表示对现在或过去的一种假设。如:

If I were you,I would invite him to the party.如果我是你,

我会邀请他参加聚会。

I would have arrived much earlier if I had not been caught in the traffic.要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。

另外你还要注意if 条件句的时态搭配

1.if从句用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时

If he runs he’ll get there in time. 如果他用跑的,他就会及时赶到那儿。

The cat will scratch you if you pull her tail. 如果你拉猫的尾巴,它就会抓你。

2.if从句用一般现在时,主句用may/might/can

If the fog gets thicker the plane may/might be diverted. 如果雾在大一些,飞机可能就会改在别的机场降落。

If it stops snowing we can go out. 如果雪停了,我们就可以出去。

3.if从句用一般现在时,主句用must/should

If you want to lose weight you must/should eat less bread. 如果你想减肥,你必须少吃面包。

4.if从句用一般现在时,主句用一般现在时

If you heat ice it turns to water. (也可用will turn)如果把冰加热,它就会化成水。

5.if从句用现在进行时,主句用一般将来时

If you are looking for Peter you’ll find him upstairs. 如

果你是在找彼得,上楼就会找到他。

6.if从句用现在完成时,主句用一般将来时

If you have finished dinner I’ll ask the waiter for the bill. 如果你吃完了,我就叫服务生来算账

二、should的用法

should 用法讲与练

should 一词在中学英语课本中出现频率很高。它的用法灵活、含义丰富,因而一直是历年高考关注的热点。现将其具体用法分述如下:

一 . should 作为助动词 shall 的过去式,可以在间接引语中与第一人称主语搭配,表示过去将来时间。例如:

The group leader announced that we should (= would ) begin to work soon.

小组长宣布:我们不久就开始工作。

A week ago, I told him that I should (= would) go to Beijing the next day.

一个星期以前,我告诉他我第二天就去北京。

二 . should 作为情态动词,通常用来表示现在或将来的责任或义务,译作“应该”、“应当”,这时它可以和 ought to, be supposed to 互换使用。例如:

You should (= are supposed to ) complete your test in time.

你们应该按时做完你们的实验。

You should (= ought to ) tell your mother about it at once.

你应该立即把此事告诉你妈妈。

In sum, theory should be combined with practice.

总之,理论应该与实验相结合。

三 . should 作为情态动词,可以用在条件状语从句中,表示语气较强的假设,译作“万一”、“竟然”,这时也可将 should 置于从句之首,即将 should 放在主语前面,而省略从属连词 if .例如:

If you should fail to come, ask Mrs Chen to work in your place. (= Should you fail to come, ask Mrs Chen to work in your place. ) 万一你来不了,就叫陈夫人代替你。

If anyone should come, say I am not at home. (= Should anyone come, say I am not at home. ) 万一有人来访,就说我不在家。

If it should rain tomorrow, I wouldn't go. (= Should it rain tomorrow, I wouldn't go.)

万一明天天下雨,我就不去了。

四 . should 作为情态动词,可以表示谦逊、客气、委婉之意,译为“可??”、“倒??”。例如:

I should say that it would be better to try it again.

我倒是认为最好再试一试。

You are mistaken, I should say. 据我看,你搞错了。

He should expect their basketball team to win the match.

他倒是希望他们的篮球队赢得这场比赛的胜利。

Should you like some tea ? 你可喜欢喝茶?

五 . should 作为情态动词,可以用来表示意外、惊喜或者在说话人看来是不可思议的。尤其在以 why, who, how 等开头的修辞疑问句或某些感叹句中常常译为“竟会”、“居然”。例如:

How should I know it ? 我怎么会知道这件事?

Why should you be so late today ? 你今天怎么来得这么晚?

When I went out, whom should I meet but my old friend Xiao Li ! 当我出去时,想不到竟会碰见我的老朋友小李!

I don't see any reason why he shouldn't be happy.

我不明白为什么他居然不愉快。

六 . should 作为情态动词,可以用来表示有较大可能实现的猜测、推论,通常译为“可能”、“总该??吧”,相当于 be expected

to .例如:

They should be home by now, I think. 我想现在他们总该到家了吧。

The report was written after a careful investigation, so it should be reliable.

这份报告是经过周密调查后才写成的,所以应该是可靠的。

七 . should 作为情态动词,用在由 so that, for fear that, lest 引导的目的状语从句和 in case (that) 引导的条件状语从句中,有“能够”、“可能”、“会”之意。例如:

They got up early so that they should (= could/ might) catch the first bus in time.

他们起得很早以便能及时赶上头班公交车。

He is working hared for fear that he should fall behind others.

他努力工作,唯恐落在别人后面。

We went over the document again and again lest we should miss any of the main points.

我们把文件看了一遍又一遍,唯恐忽略了其中的什么要点。

He took an umbrella in case (that) it should rain.

他带了一把雨伞,以防天下雨。

八 . should 作为情态动词,可以用于下列虚拟语气句中:

1. 用在表示与将来事实相反的条件状语从句中,构成“ If ?? should (do sth)??, ?? would/ could/ might (do sth.) ?? ”句式。例如:

If it should (或 were to ) rain tomorrow, the sports meeting would be put off. (= Should it rain tomorrow/ Were it to rain tomorrow, the sports meeting would be put off.)

如果明天天下雨,运动会就会延期举行。

2. 用在 suggest (propose), arrange, plan, decide,, advise, order, demand, request, desire, insist 等表示“建议”、“要求”、“命令”、“决定”、“安排”、“计划”、“主张”的动词后面接的宾语从句中。这里的 should 也可以省略。例如:

He suggested/ proposed/ demanded/ advised that they (should) read the rules carefully.

他建议 / 提议 / 要求 / 劝告他们要仔细阅读这些规则。

The doctor ordered that she (should) stay in bed for another week.

医生嘱咐她再卧床休息一个星期。

He insisted that we (should )take up the matter at the meeting.

他坚持要我们在会上提出这个问题。

3. 用在“ It is desired/ suggested/ requested/ ordered/

proposed/ decided ”之后由 that 引导的主语从句中, should 也可以省略。例如:

It is requested that Miss Yang (should) give a performance at the party.

人们要求杨小姐在聚会上表演一个节目。

It has been arranged (planned) that they (should) leave the following week.

已经安排(计划)让他们下星期动身。

It has been decided that the meeting (should) be postponed till next Saturday.

已经决定会议推迟到下周六举行。

4. 用在 suggestion, motion, proposal, order, plan, idea, advice, request, decision, requiry 等名词后面接的表语从句或同位语从句中, should 也可以省略。例如:

We all agreed to his suggestion (proposal) that we (should) go to Nanjing for a visit.

我们都同意他提出的要我们到南京去游览的建议。( should 用于同位语从句中)

My idea/ motion/ advice/ is that we (should) do more eye exercises every day.

我的意见是我们每天应该多做眼保健操。( should

用于表语从句中)

5. 用在“ It is / was necessary/ important/ strange/ incredible ”或“ It is a pity/ a shame/ no wonder ”之后由 that 引导的主语从句中, should 有“应该”、“必须”、“竟然”、“居然”之意。例如:

It is necessary that he (should) be sent there at once. 有必要马上派他到那里去。

It is strange that the wheel should turn so slowly.

真奇怪,这个轮子竟然转动得如此之慢。

It is a great pity/ shame/ that he should be so conceited.

真遗憾,他竟会这样自高自大。

九 . “ should have + - ed 分词”结构用来表达下述意义:

1. 表示“应该已经??”,“本来应该??”,即过去该做某事但实际没有做,其否定式“ shouldn't have + - ed 分词”意为“本来不应该??”。例如:

These cells should have been kept in somedry places. 这些电池本来应该放(保存)在干燥的地方。(但实际上没有把它们放在干燥的地方。)

You shouldn't have dept those cells in the damp place. 你本来不该把那些电池放在潮湿的地方。(但实际上已经把它们放到潮湿的地方了。)

2. 表示“(估计)应该已经??”,“大概已经??”,即对过

去情况的推测。例如:

They left at nine, so they should have arrived (= probably have arrived) home by now.

他们是九点钟走的,现在应该已经到家了。

They should have finished their work, for they began to do it so early.

他们很早就开始工作,现在大概已经干完了。

3. 意为“竟然已经??”,“居然已经??”,即表示说话人对已经出现的事态感到“惊奇、惊喜、怀疑”。例如:

I'm surprised that he should have been so foolish. 我很奇怪,他竟然会这么傻。

I'm amazed that Mr Harris should have said nothing about the matter.

这件事,哈里斯先生竟然只字未提,对此我大为惊异。

It is wonderful that you should have achieved so much these years.

这几年你竟然取得如此大的成就,你真了不起。

此外, should 还可以出现在“ should be doing sth ”或“ should have been doing sth ”等句式中,表示“应该正在??”或表示说话人的某种不满情绪。例如:

Why should we be sitting here doing nothing? 我们干嘛坐在这里闲着?

You should be wearing a mask. 你应当戴着口罩。

She shouldn't be working like that. She is still so weak.

她不应当那样干。她身体还很虚弱。

You should have been waiting for us. Why haven't you? 你应当等着我们的。怎么没有等?

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