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中考英语完形填空(一鱼多吃练能力)

发布时间:2014-01-07 10:41:34  

Yesterday , we caught a big fish.

We have cooked the fish. Let’s looked at the delicious fish dishes.

完形填空 阅读理解

任务型阅读

let’s eat the FIRST dish. If you face this kind of exercises stamps, what will you do?

完形填空

Each blank(空格)in the cloze test is like each hurdle(栏) in 110 meters hurdle race.

dangerous It is very__________ to go into the cage, because there is a tiger in it.

bad cold drink

一、中考英语完形填空的命题特点
? 中考英语完形填空旨在全面考查考生英语基础知识和综 合运用语言的能力,其中包括词汇辨析能力、阅读理解 能力、逻辑推理和判断能力等。它不仅要求考生具有扎 实的基础知识,而且还要求考生具有独立分析、对比取 舍及灵活处理问题的能力。 ? 完形填空的命题原则是“以实词为主,虚词为辅,突出 词汇语境化”。实词中偏重于对动词和名词的考查,同 时也兼顾对形容词、副词以及其它词类的考查。试题以 情境意义选择为主,纯语法性选择近年已趋近于零。

Steps of Cloze Tests
(完形填空的解题步骤)

1、跳过空格,通读全文,掌握大意

2、瞻前顾后,先易后难,各个击破
3、复读全文,逐个核对,验证答案

Tips to Close Test:
1.注重首、尾句。 2.克服畏难、急躁情绪,耐心通读全文。 3.切勿看到一个空格就急着选出一个答 案,必须纵观全文、通篇考虑。 4.动笔时先易后难,注意从文中同样结构或 类似结构中寻找提示,大胆地作出猜测。 5如果选项从语法角度无法确定,则必须从语 篇(前提示、后暗示)意义上加以鉴别。

Remember:

熟能生巧!

Cloze tests are interesting and challenging, though difficult.

完型填空. Tommy hated school and was always 1 excuses not to go. If he sneezed, he would ask his mother to write a note saying he had a cold. If he had a headache, he would ask his mother to 2 him to the doctor 3 school hours. He 4 more time at home than he did at school.

One day he came home from school in the middle of the morning. His father 5 .
“You’re home early, “he said. “Is the school 6 today? “

“No, Dad, “Tommy said. “It’s open. I came home early. “
“ 7 did you do that? “his father asked him. “What did you say to the teacher? “ “I told her that I had a new baby brother and that I had to come home and help you. “ “But your mother 8 twins, “his father said, “a boy and a girl. You’ve got a baby brother and a

baby sister. “
“Yes, I know, Dad, “Tommy said. “I’m 9 up my baby sister 10 next week.

(

)1. A. finding B. looking for C. looking up D. finding out

(
( (

)2. A. take B. bring C. send D. carry
)3. A. in B. on C. during D. at )4. A. used B. gave C. paid D. spent

( )5. A. was angry B. was ill C. was surprised D. was happy ( ( ( )6. A. busy B. free C. close D. closed )7. A. How B. W

hat C. When D. Why )8. A. was born B. has taken C. has had D. has lived

(
(

)9. A. keeping B. leaving C. saving D. getting
)10. A. with B. to C. in D. for

The answers are:
BACDC DACCD

let’s eat the SECOND dish. If you face this kind of exercises stamps, what will you do?

阅读理解

教你“五个绝招”破解英语阅读理解
1. 分门别类识别文体 不同的文体阅读的要求与方法不同。 记叙文阅读主要抓四大要素,即时 间、地点、人物和事件的起因、发展

和结果,以及人物之间的关系、表现,
从中分析他们思想品质、性格特征等.

统览全篇摘录要点
阅读理解是对整个文章的目的、意图、 观点、立场、态度以及内在的逻辑关 系的理解,而不是断章取义的一孔之 见,所以统览全篇和问题是很有必要 的,这些问题会给你提供信息或暗示 文章中的一些重要细节。

开动脑筋推测词意 初中英语学科教学基本要求规定,学生 能根据上下文推测词义,并能不借助词 典读懂含有3%生词的语言材料。 常用方法: 1. 根据上下文猜测词意 2.根据构词法猜测词意 前缀un-表反义词,后缀- ment表名词, 后缀-er、-or或-ist表同源名词。见课 本P144

4. 用知识和生活经验理解短文

5. 条分缕析理解长句

Part 2 阅读理解 ( )1. Why did Tommy try to find excuses for not going to school? A. Because staying in school made him ill. B. Because he must look after his baby brother. C. Because he was too busy. D. Because he didn’t like school. ( )2. Where did Tommy spend most of his time? A. At school. B. At the doctor’s C. At home. D. In the park. ( )3. When Tommy did go to school, he . A. always studied hard B. tried to leave early C .was often in trouble D. was always sick ( )4. Why didn’t Tommy tell his teacher about the twins? A. Because they were very young. B. Because Tommy didn’t know about them. C. Because Tommy wanted to keep one of them for another excuse. D. Because his teacher didn’t like babies. ( )5. What’s the best title for this passage? A. Tommy’s Excuse B. Baby Twins C. Tommy’s School D.A Good Boy

The answers are:

DCBC A

let’s eat the THIRD dish. If you face this kind of exercises stamps, what will you do?

任务型阅读

任务型阅读不仅要求学生有良好的阅 读理解能力,还要求学生对词汇语法有 全面的掌握,所以在这道题型上要拿到 高分是不容易的,而且还要在基本工扎 实的基础上具备一定的解题技巧。 1. 看清要求:所填单词的词数及词的 来源(是否可用文中单词) 2. 浏览空格:通过文章展示的信息了 解文章结构和所填空格的相关信息。

3. 阅读全文:概括文章大意,注意 名称、数字和年代,有利于快速定 位信息源,同时划出与所填内容相 关的信息,圈出关键词(组),便 于复查时节省

时间。 4. 变化词形:这一步很关键,多数 学生容易在这里因而考虑不全面出错。 变化时要注意以下几点:

名词:注意可不可数及单复数 动词:注意是谓语动词还是非谓语的用法 ,谓语动词要注意时态和语态以及第三人 称,非谓语要注意在句中所做成分和动作 发生的先后以及和逻辑主语的关系(主动 还是被动) 形容词和副词:注意比较级和最高级的变 化 连词:注意文间的逻辑关系

5. 另外,今年的任务型阅读已经不仅 仅是在词形上进行变化,更多的是句 与句的转换甚至是对整段的总结,所 以学生要从句子和段落的意思上去分 析,切不可只盯着个别词的转换。 6. 复查:通读文章,确保表格的语意和 语法都正确,句首单词首字母要大写 ,检查拼写和语法错误,确保书写清 晰准确。

Part 3 任务型阅读 1.How many people are there in Tommy’s family? There are _______ people in Tommy’s family. 2. Who is looking after the twins? We are sure that ____is looking after the twins. 3. What would he say to his teacher for not going to school the next week? He would say“_______.” 4.Do you think Tommy’s excuse for next week is believable?_________________ 5.请在文章中找出一个能概括全文的句子,抄写在下面。 _______________________________

The answers are:
1. 5 / five 2. Tommy’s father 3. I have a new sister, I have to go home and help my father/mother. 4. No, I don’t. 5.The fist sentence of the passage.


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