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第三讲 形容词、副词

发布时间:2014-01-07 15:54:10  

语法专题复习

第三讲

形容词、副词

考点透析 1.形容词、副词比较级、最高级的常用句型及用法 (1) A+动词+比较级+than B A比B…… Tom runs faster than Mike. 汤姆比麦克跑得快。 (2) A +动词的否定式+so +原级+as B A不如 B…… Jane doesn't work so hard as her brother. 珍妮不如她哥哥努力。 (3)A+动词+as+原级+as B A和B 一样…… My house is as large as yours.

我的房子和你的一样大。 (4)A+动词no +比较级+than B A和B一样不…… You are no cleverer than he.=You are as foolish as he. 你和他一样的不聪明/你和他一样蠢。 (5)主语+动词+the +最高级+介词短语(比较范围) 在……中,xxx是最……的。 John is the tallest boy in his class. 约翰是班上最高的男孩。 (6)more A than B 与其说是B,倒不如说是A The girl was more frightened than hurt. 这个女孩与其说受伤了,倒不如说吓坏了。

2.在表示比较的句型中,要注意than,as前后的比较 对象的一致性。 The director gave me a better offer than ________. A.that of Dick's B.Dick's C.he gave Dick D.those of Dick (C为正确答案。A、B、D都是Dick的条件或Dick提供 的条件,只有C“他提供给Dick的条件”才能与前面 的“他提供给我的条件”进行比较。)

3.“the+比较级”特指两人或两个事物中较为突出 的一个。

If the manager had to choose between the two,he would say John was the better choice.
4.除了“the+最高级”外,最高级还有其它表达方 式。如:否定词never与比较级连用、比较级+than any other+名词单数、比较级+than any of the other+ 名词复数、比较级+than anyone else等。

How beautifully she sings! I have never heard a better voice.

5.含有名词的as...as结构需要注意词序的问题: 句型a.as +adj.+a/an+名词单数+as = a +名词单 数+as +adj.+ as He is as honest a man as you. (=He is a man as honest as you) 句型b.as many +名词复数+as as much+(a/an) +名词+as It is generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science. 句型c.倍数+as +adj.+名词+as

After the new technique was introduced,the factory produced twice as many tractors in 2007 as the year before. 6.as...as,(not) so...as结构中的形容词、副词只能 用原级,不能用比较级。 John plays football as well as,if not better than, David. 7.senior(年长的,高级的),junior(年幼的,初级 的),superior(优越的),inferior(下等的,低劣的)等 词与to连用,表示比较级。 He is three years senior to me.他比我大三岁。 8.注意下列结构中各个词的排列顺序:

?what +a/an+形容词+可数名词单数 ?what+形容词+不可数名词/名词复数 ? ?such +a/an +形容词+可数名词单数 ?such + 形容词+不可数名词/名

词复数 ?no such +名词?名词前不能加冠词? ?
? too + 形容词 +a + 单数名词 ? ? rather + 形容词 +a + 单数名词 ? how +形容词+a + 单数名词 ?
so + 形容词+a+单数名词

so many/so much/so few/ so little +名词 (其中的 many,much,few,little等词都表“多少”之意。 little 还可当“小”解释,这时用such little+名词) (1)Oh,John,what a pleasant surprise you gave me. (2)Can you believe that in such a rich country there should be so many poor people? (3)As I know,there is no such car in this neighborhood. (4)It was so bad a day that I didn't want to do anything.

强化训练 (一)单项选择 1.(2011· 江西)- The film is,I have to say,not a bit interesting. A - Why? It's________than the films I have ever seen. A.far more interesting B.much less interesting C.no more interesting D.any less interesting 2.(2011· 四川)—How are your recent trip to Sichuan? B —I've never had________one before.

A.a pleasant B.a more pleasant C.a most pleasant D.the most pleasant D.as big three times as 3.(2011· 全国)Mr.Stevenson is great to work for—I A really couldn't ask for a________boss. A.better B.good C.best D.still better

A 4.(2010· 海南)I have seldom seen my mother ______ pleased with my progress as she is now. A.so
C.too

B.very
D.rather

B 5.(2009· 浙江)It took________building supplies to construct these energysaving houses.It took brains,too.
A other than C rather than B more than D less than

(二)将下列句子译成英语 1.我从未听过比这更让我震惊的事情。 ______________________________________________ 2.那是个非常感人的故事。 ______________________________________________ 3.两兄弟中约翰更勇敢些。 ______________________________________________ 4.你不如你弟弟细心。 ______________________________________________ 5.广州是中国最大的城市之一。 ______________________________________________

1.I haven't heard a more surprising thing than this. 2.It is a most touching story. 3.John is the braver of the two brothers.

4.You are less careful than your brother.
5.Guangzhou is one of the largest cities in China.

(三)翻译下列小片段(尽量用形容词或副词相关的句 型)

中国是世界上第三大国家,它比亚洲其它国家都大。 中国有许多名城, 其中上海是最大的城市。与上海 相比,北京稍微小一些,但是, 北京是中国的首都, 也是一座非常漂亮的城市。说实话, 我从未见过比 北京更漂亮的城市。昆明虽然没有重庆那么大,但 和重庆一样,昆明也是我国西南最重要的城市之一。 西安和南京都是历史名城。以前, 中国西部贫穷落 后,而现在,西部人民和其它地方的人民一样过着 幸福的生活。

China is the third largest country in the world,and it

is larger than any other country in Asia.China has many famous cities,among which Shanghai is the biggest. Compared to Shanghai,Beijing is the smaller of the two, but Beijing is the capital of China. Besides,it is a beautiful city.To be honest,I have never seen a more beautiful city than Beijing.Kunming is not so large as Chongqing,but it is also one of the most important cities in the southwest.Xi'an and Nanjing are both cities with a long history.In the past,the west of China was poor and backward,but now,people there are living as happy a life as those in other places.


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