Unit 2 Knives and forks are used for most food.
Do as the Romans Do
There's a saying, "When in Rome, do as the Romans do." And when you eat Western food, do as the Westerners do. Here are some things you may wish to know about eating together in the West. In the West, lunch is eaten later, always after midday, sometimes at one o'clock. Dinner is served around 7 p.m. or even later. In Spain it's usual to eat lunch at 2 p.m. and dinner at 10 p.m.!
At the start of a meal the Chinese usually say "manman chi". The French say "Bon appetit", and the Italians say "Buon appetito". But there's no similar expression in English! "Enjoy your meal" is usually only said by a waiter. For "ganbei", you can say "Cheers"!
Chopsticks are only used when people eat Chinese food. Knives and forks are used for most food. The fork is held in your left hand and the knife in your right, and the food is held with the fork and cut with the knife. Americans often cut all their food first, and then put the fork in their right hand to eat it. Soup is drunk with a spoon. However, there is some food which can be eaten with your fingers, such as chicken legs, seafood, bread and cake.
At the start of a meal, if you're the guest, you'll be invited to serve yourself ("Help yourself!"), or your plate will be filled by your host ("Can I serve you?"). If you've been given something you don't like, it should be pushed to the edge of the plate and left. You don't have to say why, but if you feel an explanation is required, just say, "I'm sorry. I can't eat this." No one will be cross. If you're offered more food, but can't eat any more, just say, "No, thanks. It was delicious, but I've had enough."
Generally, fewer dishes are prepared than in China. It isn't thought to be so important to offer too much food. Finally, it's sometimes difficult to know when the meal is over. If you've been invited to dinner by Western friends, you'll know that you're expected to stay and talk around the dinner table long after the last dish has been brought to the table, and it's thought quite rude if you leave as soon as you finish eating. The golden rule is: Watch the other people. Do as they do.
Read the passage and answer the questions 1. Who is the passage written for? a) A Western eating a Chinese meal. b) A Chinese person eating a western meal. c) A Chinese person eating a Chinese meal.
d) A Westerner eating in a Chinese home.
2. What is the tone of the passage? a) Serious. b) Conversational. c) Formal.
3. Where might you see a passage like this? a) In a travel magazine. b) In a dictionary. c) In an instruction manual. d) In a news magazine.
3.Complete the column in the West with notes.
In the West Meal
Lunch: after midday (after 12, around 1 pm); dinner: around 7 pm or later
Lunch: around 12:00 Supper: around 7:00 pm
at the start of a meal: in France: Bon appetite.
in Italy: Buon
in Britain: nothing
In Britain: Cheers!
How to eat Most food is eaten chopsticks food with a knife and fork. Being
You may be asked Suibian
to serve yourself,
or be served by
Refusing Politely say you food can’t eat or don’t want any more. Number Fewer dishes are of dishes offered than in
At the end People stay and
of the meal talk around the table; it’s rude to leave as soon
The same as the West.
as the meal is
1. There’s a saying, “When in Rome, do as
the Romans do.”
在该句中，do as the Romans do的意思是
While in the chemistry lab, do as I say,
please. 在化学实验室, 请按照我说的去做。
As I mentioned in my last letter, I’ll be back in Tianjin in June. 正如我上封信提到的，我将在6月份回到 天津。
2. No one will be cross. 没有人会生气的。
The old lady was really cross when the
boy’s ball broke her window.
All right, you two, don’t get cross with each
我们还学过cross用作动词，表示“横穿, 穿过, 交叉”。例如： It took them two months to cross the desert. 他们用了两个月横穿沙漠。 She was sitting on the floor with her legs crossed. 她盘着腿坐在地上。