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初一英语25

发布时间:2014-01-09 09:47:11  

Unit 12 Section A 1a-Grammar Focus

【学习目标】

1. 学习一些见面礼仪,生活习俗和对时间的看法。

2. 掌握be supposed to do sth.结构的用法。

【重点、难点】

1. be supposed to do sth.结构的用法。

2. 对不同国家的见面礼仪,生活习俗的认识和理解。

【导学指导】

导入新课 小组讨论一下中国的见面礼仪、生活习俗与其他国家有什么

不同。

自主互助学习

一、自主预习

1. 词汇检测:译一译,读一读,背一背

1)握手 2)习俗 3)鞠躬 4)亲吻

5)arrive at 6)make some mistakes

2. 根据所学知识或查阅资料,完成1a的搭配。

二、合作探究

1. for the first time

拓展: 1) 第二次 _____________

学过含time的短语

________________________________________________________________.

2. shake 的用法:

1) 过去式shook 过去分词shaken 现在分词_______________

2) 握手_____________ "和某人握手" 可表示为

shake hands with sb / shake one's hands

他和我握手了. ________________________________________

3. bow 的用法

向某人鞠躬/低头 可表示为: bow to sb

4. 辩一辨:be supposed to 与should

三、听力导学

1. 1b 认真听录音,根据听到录音内容检查自己在1a的答案。

2. 2a 先看懂右边的插图和左边的句子,再仔细听录音内容,判断

玛丽娅做错了什么。

3. 2b 先看懂对话的大体内容,猜一猜空格要填的内容,再听录音

完成空格。

【课堂练习】

1. In Japan, the people are supposed to _________(鞠躬) when they

meet for the time.

2. It's not polite ______(亲吻) the others in public in China.

3. I was supposed to arrive at 8:00, but I (到达)

at 9:00.

4. When we meet Americans for the first time, we should

_________(握手)with them.

【要点归纳】

1. be supposed to do sth.结构的用法。

2.对不同国家的见面礼仪,生活习俗的认识和理解。

【拓展练习】 单项选择

( )1. Jim stood up and shook hands ____________ both of them.

A. by B. with C. for

( )2. Chinese never bowed ____________the enemies

A. in B. to C. on

( )3. John _______ Beijing the day before yesterday.

A. arrived at B. arrived in C. reached to

( )4. You ________stand in line when waiting for the bus.

A. mustn’t B. can’t C. are supposed to

( )5. She _______some _______in her competition yesterday.

A. has made; mistakes B. made; mistakes

C. had made; mistake

( )6. People in China ________when they meet for the first time.

A. bow B. kiss C. shake hands

( )7. To keep safe, drivers aren’t supposed to drink before driving.(2010年,玉溪中考)

A. aren’t willing to B. shouldn’t C. aren’t sure to

( )8. —I think you should ________your homework, right? —Sorry, sir. I haven’t.

A. finish B. finished C. finishing

( )9. If you arrive _______late, I don’t mind.

A. little B. a bit of C.a bit

( )10. What should you do when you meet someone ________the first time in England?

A. for B. in C. at

【总结反思】

【课题】 Unit 12 Section A 3a-4

【学习目标】

1.通过“应该”或“不应该”进一步了解一些国家的礼仪和对时间的看法。

2.掌握重点词汇和句型的运用。

【重点、难点】

了解一些国家的礼仪和对时间的看法及重点词汇和句型的运用。

【导学指导】

导入新课

根据所学知识或查阅资料小组讨论一下哥伦比亚和瑞士的一些风俗礼仪。

自主互助学习

一、自主预习

1. 词汇检测:译一译,读一读,记一记 1)Colombia 2)Switzerland 3)放松的

4)国家,土地 5)对于,关于

6)问候 7)顺便拜访 8)毕竟,终究

2. 认真阅读3a的文章,完成课本上的表格。

二、合作探究

1. Where I’m from, we’re pretty relaxed about time. 在我的国家,我们对时间的要求非常宽松。

1)“Where I’m from”, “在我来的地方”,是地点状语从句。地点状语从句是指用一个句子作主语的地点状语,常由连词where引导。如: I found my pen _______________. 我在丢失钢笔的地方找到了它。

2)relax v. “使??放松”. 形容词为修饰物的_________和修饰人的__________. 如:

Soft music is a kind of _________music, and it often makes me __________.

2. Spending time with family and friends is very important to us.花费时间和家人、朋友在一起是对于我们来说是很重要的。

1) “spending time with family and friends”是动名词短语作主语。动名词短语作主语谓语动词用_______ 数。如:在阳光下看书对眼睛不好。_____ ____the sun ______bad for your eyes.

2) sth. be important to sb. 谋事对某人重要。如:

学好英语对我们来说是很重要的。 .

3. We’re the land of watches, after all. 毕竟,我们是钟表的王国。

1)watch作名词时,“表”,其复数为__________; 作动词时,意为__________.

2)after all “毕竟,终究”. 置于句首,提示或强化可能被忽略的事

实或论点,作为说服对方的理由;置于句末,表示语气上的转折。如: (1)我们应该努力学习,毕竟我们不再是孩子了。

We’re _______to ________hard. _______ _______,We’re _________ ________ children.

(2)我累了,然而我终于到家了。I was _____, _______ I got home ______ ______.

三、合作学习

1. 小组讨论自主预习2的答案。

2. 角色扮演。小组合作完成3b的对话练习。

3. 角色扮演。小组合作先完成课本上的表格里的内容,再进行对话表演。

【课堂练习】

用所给词的适当形式填空

1. You can find some _________(rule) about time.

2. We must find places _________(study).

3. _____(spend) time with family is necessary to us.

4. When you are _______(invite), you shouldn’t be late.

5. Where I’m from, we’re pretty _______(relax) about time

6. We never visit a friend’s house without _______(call ) first.

【要点归纳】

了解一些国家的礼仪和对时间的看法及重点词汇和句型的运用。

【拓展练习】

单项填空

( )1. We often ______our friends’ homes at weekends.

A. drop around B. drop off C. drop by

( )2. It is not polite to get into a room without ________first.

A. knocking B. to knock C. knocked

( )3. She often makes plans ____others.

A. helps B. helping C. to help

( )4.Do you think ____useful to learn a foreign language ?

A. that B. it C. this

( )5. _______ is very funny.

A. Going hiking B. Going hike C. To go hike

( )6. This interesting book only ______ me ten yuan and I _______ ten month reading it.

A. cost, spend B. cost, spent C. spends, cost

【总结反思】

【学习目标】

1.通过对一些国家的风俗习惯和饮食文化、餐桌礼仪的了解,进一步提高对文明生活的认识。

2.能听懂Section B, 2a,2b的内容,完成相应的练习。

【重点、难点】了解一些国家的风俗习惯和饮食文化、餐桌礼仪,听力技能的提高。

【导学指导】

导入新课 通过查阅资料小组讨论一下中国的餐桌礼仪与其他国家的有什么不同。

自主互助学习

一、自主预习

1. 词汇检测:译一译,读一读,记一记 1) Peru 2)wipe 3)napkin 4)pick up 5)make noise 6) pint at 7)刺,戳 8) 粗鲁的

2. 根据所学知识或查阅资料独立完成Section B, 1的判断题。

二、合作探究

1. In China, you’re not supposed to pick up your bowl to eat. 在中国,你不应该端着碗吃饭。

pick 是动词,意为“拾取,挑选,采摘”。短语 pick up 有“捡起,拾起,(车辆)搭载(某人)或接送(某人)”等意思。如:

1)The girls ______ _______ apples on the farm. 姑娘们正在农场

摘苹果。

2)My car will ______ you _____this afternoon. 我的车下午来接你。

3)He ______ up a wallet _______ the way to school. 他在上学的

路上捡到了一个钱包。

2. You shouldn’t point at anyone with your chopsticks. 你不应该用筷子指着任何人。

辩一辩:point at, point to: 1)point意思为“指着,指向”,在用事物名词作主语时,一般和point to连用,在用人物名词作主语时,常用point at.如,Our teacher is the map on the wall.我们的老师在指着墙上的地图。The land of the clock six.时钟的针指向六。

三、听力导学

1. 2a 先看懂四幅图片的内容,然后认真听录音内容,把2a的插图顺序标上。

2. 2b 先猜猜左边与右边如何搭配,再听录音内容核实自己的猜测是 【课题】 Unit 12 Section B 1 a-2 c

否正确。

四、合作学习

1. 小组讨论自主预习2的判断。2. 小组合作完成2c的对话练习。

【课堂练习】

把下列句中的汉语翻译成英语。

1. In China, you’re not supposed to ____________(拾取) your bowl

to eat.

2. In Brazil, you should wipe your mouth with your napkin

___________(每次)you take a drink.

3. It’s polite to _________(发出噪音) while eating noodles.

4. You shouldn’t _____________(指着) anyone with your chopsticks.

5. We’re the land of watches, ______________(毕竟)

6. We often just _____________(顺便拜访)our friends’ homes.

【要点归纳】了解一些国家的风俗习惯和饮食文化、餐桌礼仪,听力技能的提高。

【拓展练习】

一、单项填空

( )1. The books are on the floor, please ________.

A. pick up them B. look for them C. pick them up ( )2. Our teacher points _________the blackboard and explains(解释) difficult sentences.

A. at B. to C. out

( )3. Mother said angrily, “I ask you to sit _______table, not to sit _____ the table.”

A. at; on B. in; in C. at; at

( )4. We go to school ________foot and eat meals __________ chopsticks.

A. by; by B. with; by C. on; with

( )5. You aren’t supposed to eat or drink while ________down the street.

A. to walk B. walking C. walks

( )6. The boy found _______ easy to fly kites.

A. that B. it C. this ( )7. To students, learning how to live is ____important ___learning how to study.

A. too; to B. so; that C. as; as

( )8. He sat down at the table, put the ________around her neck

and began to eat.

A. glasses B. napkin C. fork

As children , they are taught to be 1 time to go to school , to do work and to do 2 .When they are having a good time , they say that time flies . When a person is dying, then he is living on borrowed time. Time is money. Time is knowledge. Time is everything In America.

A working American has to work hard for eight 3 a day .This is working time . In his 4 time, he also works hard for 5 money . Even Saturday and Sunday are filled 6 activities. In the street you can hardly see a man who walks 7 .They walk very fast. In 8 they are running. They love time because time brings 9 money , comforts and progress. But sometimes they also 10 time, for they have become servants of the clock.

1._______2.________3.________4._______5.______6.______7._______

8.______9.______10.______

【总结反思】

【课题】 Unit 12 Section B 3a-Self Check

【学习目标】 1. 学会表达各国饮食起居、生活习俗和对时间的看法。

2. 掌握文中出现的重点词汇和句型结构。

【重点、难点】

学会表达各国饮食起居、生活习俗和对时间的看法及文中出现的重点词汇和句型结构的运用。

【导学指导】

温故知新

1. 2. In Switzerland, we never visit a friend’s house ________calling

first.

3. We need to know _______table manners when we visit Japan.

4. First ______all, you should finish your homework.

5. He picked _________his hat and went out.

6. Tom arrives _______Beijing on time.

7. He was pointing his finger ________me.

8. Don’t blame (责骂)him anymore. He is a child, ________ all. 自主互助学习 一、自主预习 1. 词汇检测:译一译,读一读,背一背 1)lap 2)elbow 3)gradually 4)particular 5)compliment 6) western restaurant 7) begin with 8)特地(不怕麻烦)做某事

9)使某人感到宾至如归 10)餐桌礼仪

11)习惯做某事 12)餐叉 13)吃饱的

14)不熟悉的 15)调羹 16)刀 17)挤满

2. 认真阅读3a的文章,在文章中找到3a的五个问题的答案。

3. 预习Self Check 1, 独立完成五个练习题。

4. 预习Self Check 3, 独立完成字谜。

二、合作探究

1. It’s even better than I thought it would be. 它甚至比我

想象的好得多。

1)even是程度副词,意为“甚至,更”,用来修饰比较级。归纳总结:还可修饰比较级的副词有 。

2)better是_______的比较级,最高级为___________.

2. I was a bit nervous before I arrived here?在我到这儿之前

有点紧张。

辩一辨:a bit, a little和 a few

1) a bit“有点儿,稍许”之意,可用作程度状语修饰形容词或副词,

也可修饰不可数名词,形式为a bit of + 不可数名词。

2) a little “一点,少量”,用作程度状语修饰形容词或副词,与a

bit 相同,也可直接修饰不可数名词,即a little + 不可数

名词。

3) a few “一些,几个”,用于修饰可数名词的复数,即a few+ 复

数名词。little, few表示否定,表示“几乎没有”之意。

练一练:(1) There is ________water in the glass.

(2) I have ________apples. (3) I think the coat is _______expensive.

3. You’re not supposed to eat anything with your hands except

bread.除了面包,你可以用手吃任何东西。

except 作介词时,意为“除??之外”,表示把某一部分从整体中排

除在外,相当于 ,后接名词、代词等。besides 作介词时,意为

“除??以外还有”,常表示包括被除去的对象在内。

练一练:

1)除了星期六和星期天,我们每天都去上学。

We go to school ________ Saturday and Sunday.

2)除了汤姆成功外,我们也都成功了。We all succeed _________Tom.

4. I find it difficult to remember everything. 我发现很难记住

所有的事情。

该句结构为“主语+find it +adj. +to do sth”, 意为 “发现做某

事怎么样”。其中it 是_____语,adj. 是宾语补足语,to do sth是

真正的______语。此结构可转换为 “主语+find that it be +adj. +

to do sth”. 如:We find it easy to learn swimming. 同义句:

三、合作学习

1. 小组讨论自主预习2,3,4的答案。

2. 小组合作完成Section B,3b和Part 4。

【课堂练习】

按要求写出单词

1. think(过去式) 2. gradual(副词 3. west(形容词)

4.familiar(反义词) 5.Korea (形容词) 6. knife(复数)

7. crowd(形容词) 8. manner(同义词)

【要点归纳】

学会表达各国饮食起居、生活习俗和对时间的看法及文中出现的重点词

汇和句型结构的运用。

【拓展练习】

单项填空

( )1. The boy feel ________ easy to learn English.

A. that B. it C. this

( )2. Everyone went to the zoo _______ Jim yesterday. He was ill.

A. besides B. except C. except for

( )3. Jim’s father is used to _______ in China.

A. working B. work C. works

( )4. My biggest challenge is _______English more fluently.

A. to learn speaks B. learning to say C.learning to

speak

( )5. The weather of Australia is ________that of China.

A. different B. different in C. different from

( )6. The old engineer is in _______better health, though he is 60.

A. more B. some C. even

【总结反思】

【课题】 Unit 12 Section B Reading

【学习目标】1.通过阅读这篇文章,了解和学会使用一些电子邮件英语。

2.学习文章中出现的重点单词,词组和句型。

3.培养学生的阅读能力。

【重点、难点】了解和学会使用一些电子邮件英语,学习文章中出现的重点单词,词组和句型。

【导学指导】

导入新课 小组讨论课本P101,1a, 1b的问题。

自主互助学习

一、自主预习

1.词汇检测:译一译,读一读,背一背

1)垃圾 2)打字 3)主要地 4)构成,组成

5)象征,标志 6)记号,符号 7)在??旁边

8)谜语 9)试验 10)合适的 11)高兴的,满意

的 12)通常,正常 13)谁的 14)自学

15)电子邮件英语 16) seek 17)chatline

18)online 19)phrase 20)emotion 21)written English 22)save time 23)at the proper time 24)send a message

2. 快速阅读文章,完成P101,3a的练习题。

3. 认真阅读文章,完成P101,3b的练习题。

二、合作探究

1.unfamiliar的用法:为形容词,意思为“不熟悉的;没有见过或听过

的”,其同义为strange,其反义词为 .1) be unfamiliar to?

表示“不深知的;生疏的” 2)be unfamiliar with?表示“没听过,

没听见,不熟悉的”如: (1) I their music.我没听过他们的音乐。 (2) That face me.那副面孔我很生疏。

2. 辩一辩:most, mostly与the most

1)most可修饰动词,意思是“最,第一” most常可作very 用,修饰

kind, helpful, grateful, beautiful等表示主观感觉的形容词和副词。这时不表示比较,不能和the连用。most作代词用,意思为“大多数的,最多的,最大的”,可与介词of 连用。most 作形容词用,意思是“大半

的,大多数的”,直接修饰名词。

2)mostly为副词,表示“大体上,大部分”等意思。3)the most表示“最

大数量,最大限度”。

练一练:(1) This is I can do.这是我力所能及的。 (2) She is out on Sunday.星期天她多半不在家。

(3) That problem troubles him .那个问题最使他头痛。

(4) It’s kind of you.你真好。 (5) I like vegetables. 大多数蔬菜我都喜欢。 (6) As of you know, I’ve given up smoking.你们大多数人都知道,我已戒烟了。

3. can’t stop doing sth “禁不住做某事”. can’t stop 后面跟动

名词归纳后面跟动名词的有 。

The baby couldn’t see her mother. She couldn’t stop ________(cry).

【课堂练习】

用所给词的适当形式填空

1. E-mail English is a new kind of _______(write) English that is being used ______(save) time.

2. ______(use) e-mail English _______(help) you write quickly.

3. E-mail English _______(most) use two types of words.

4. One ________(Canada) teacher says “People can use their computers to talk each other.”

5. E-mail English is fun. You can learn it _______(easy) by yourselves.

【要点归纳】了解和学会使用一些电子邮件英语,学习文章中出现的重点单词,词组和句型。

【拓展练习】

完形填空

Some British and American people like to invite friends for a meal at home. You should not be upset if your English friends don’t invite you home. It doesn’t 1 they don’t like you. Dinner parties usually start 2 7 and 8 pm and end at about 11. Ask your hosts what time you should arrive. It’s polite 3 flowers, chocolates or a bottle of wine as a gift. Usually the evening starts 4 drinks and snacks. If you want to be extra polite, say 5 you like the room, or the pictures on the wall. But remember –it’s not polite to ask how much things 6 . In many families, the husband sits at the end of the table 7 the wife sits at the other end. They eat with their guests. You’ll probably start the meal with soup or something small, then you’ll have meat or fish with vegetables, and then dessert, followed 8 coffee. It’s polite to finish 9 on your plate and to take more if you want it. Did you enjoy the

evening? 10 your hosts the next day, or write them a short “thank you” letter. British and American people like to say “thanks” all the time.

( )1. A. mean B. know C. say ( )2. A. at B. in C. between

( )3. A. bring B. bringing C.to bring ( )4. A. with B. at C. for

( )5. A. how many B. how often C. how much ( )6. A. cost B. spend

( )7. A. and B. but

( )8. A. as B. by

( )9. A. everything B. something

( )10. A. To call B. Calling

【总结反思】

C. take C. so C. after C. anything C. Call

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