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现在进行时表将来

发布时间:2014-01-09 11:48:35  

Grammar
用现在进行时表示将来 当句子涉及确切的计划、明确的意图 和为将来安排好的活动时, 现在进行 时可用于表示将来。

1. 现在进行时表将来使用的动词常为 趋向性动词和表示位置转移的动词, 常用的有: arrive, come, do, get, go, have, leave, meet, play, return, see, spend, start, stay, wear, work 等。如:
How are you going, by boat or by train?
I’m meeting you after class.

2. 现在进行时常表最近或较近的将来, 句子里常有一个表示未来的时间状语。 如:
They’re leaving for Xi’an this afternoon. What are you doing next Sunday? I’m not going out for dinner this evening.

3. 表将来的现在进行时有时含有 “决心”的意思, 多用在否定结构 中。如:
I’m not waiting any longer. I’m not going.

4. 现在进行时也可在时间、条件或原因 状语从句中表示将来。如:
When you are passing my house, please drop in. If they are not doing it, what should I do? Because the bride is coming, all the people are pleased.

5. 现在进行时表将来与一般现在时表将来 的区别: 用现在进行时表示将来, 其计划性较强, 并 往往暗示一种意图;
He is giving a talk this afternoon.

而一般现在时表示将来, 则其客观性较强, 即通常被视为客观事实, 多指按时刻表或 规定要发生的情况。
Summer holiday begins in three days.

注意:
如果主语是train, concert, programme

等表示事物的名词, 动词通常用一般
现在时表将来而不用进行时。如:
What time does the train to Shanghai leave? The museum opens at 8 tomorrow.

一般现在时表示将来时

① 按规定预计要发生的未来动作, 仅限
于动词come, go, leave, move, start,

return, arrive, begin, stay等动词。
The plane takes off at 10:10. That is,it’s
leaving in ten minutes.

② 在状语从句中用一般现在时代替将来时。
If you do that again, I’ll hit you. I will follow him wherever he goes. The more you eat, the fatter you will be.

③ 用在I bet 和I hope引导的宾语从句, 常 用一般现在时表将来。
I bet you don’t get up before ten tomorrow.

我敢说你明天不到10点是不会起床的。


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