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外研社七年级上期末复习 (2012新版)重点总结

发布时间:2014-01-10 10:45:35  

外研社七年级上期末复习 (2012新版)
重点总结

高分突破:

① let sb. to do sth.

(×)

② let sb. do sth. 中的sb.若是代词要用宾格 形式。 Let she sing an English song. (×)

Let her sing an English song. (√)
③ let sb. do sth. 中的sb.即使是第三人称单 数后面的动词仍用原形,例如: Let him plays soccer. (×)

Let him play soccer.

(√)

1)倒装句式: 介词+谓语+主语(名词)——完全倒装 Here_____ ______. (这是你的信) is your letter On the dresser is my photo. 介词+主语(代词)+谓语——部分倒装 you are Here___________. 高分突破:这种倒装句式中,谓语动词一 般不用进行时态。 Under the tree _______ a boy. B A. is standing B. stands C. stand

高分突破: 1)There be句型的就近原则:若有两个或两个 以上的主语时,谓语常与靠近它的那个主语一 致。 There ____ a book, two pens and some cups is on the table. There _____ two pens, some cups and a are book on the table. 2)变疑问句或否定句时,应将原句中的some改 为any。 3)与have的区别在于:have表示某人或某物拥 有什么;而There be表示在什么地方存在什么。

3)对不可数名词的数量提问: There is some broccoli in the bowl. How much ___________broccoli is there in the bowl? There are three bowls of broccoli on the table. How many ____________bowls of broccoli are there on the table?

4)在变特殊疑问句时,不要忘记加are(is) there。 (√) How many kids are there in the room? How many kids in the room? (×)

名词修饰名词:一般情况下变复数时,只有被修 饰的名词变为复数形式,例如: apple tree - apple trees toy train - toy trains shoe shop - shoe shops
如果修饰词为man, woman则两个名词都要变为 复数形式,例如: woman doctor - women doctors man teacher - men teachers

1) like v. ? like sth. / sb. 喜欢… ? like doing sth. 喜欢做…(长期的喜好,习惯) ? like to do sth. 想做…(短期的,具体的某一 次活动) = want to do dislike, love, hate 都 有类似的用法。 ? like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做… would like to do sth.想做… would like sb. to do sth.想要某人做… 2) like prep. be like 像… look/sound like 看/听起来像…

高分突破: like 和be like 的区别: Tom is like his father. Tom长得像他的爸爸。 Tom likes his father. Tom喜欢他的爸爸。

There is only ________ juice in little the fridge. Let’s go shopping. He has _______ friends here, he few feels lonely.
1.My father has many books, but he has_____ English books. C A. little B. a little C. few D. a few

D 2. The twins can speak only ___ French.
A. a few B. few C. little D. a little

few/a few修饰可数名词 little/a little修饰不可数名词 few, little表示否定意义,没有,几乎 没有; a few, a little表示有肯定意思, 有 几个。

1) a lot of = lots

of 可以用来修饰可数名词和不 可数名词。 Jim drank ________ beer. I have _________ things to do. 2) a lot作状语(=very much),表示程度、数量 或频率。 ?I like ice-cream a lot. 我很喜欢冰激凌。 我知道许多关于它的事。know a lot about it. I 3) a lot = a lot of/ lots of +名词 Do we have some rice at home now ? Yes, we have a lot.

For ______ breakfast, she likes eggs, bananas and apples. 早饭她喜欢吃鸡蛋,香蕉和苹果。 1) for 就……而言 2) have/eat + 三餐 “吃早/中/晚饭” 例如: I usually have lunch at home. have/eat + a + adj. + 三餐 “吃怎样的早/中/ 晚饭” 例如: a rich/ big/quick/… have __________________breakfast 吃了顿丰盛的/迅速的早餐 We had a quick super tonight.

1)on + 具体某一天 / 具体某一天的早、中、晚 / 怎样的早、中、晚 on Sunday \January 2nd on the morning of October 1st on Monday evening 2)in + 时间段、年、月、季节 in the morning / afternoon / evening in a year/ season/ month/ April/ week 3)at + 几点, 固定用法 at 8:00 at noon/ night at this time of year

高分突破: 如果时间状语前面有这些词:this, that, next, last, tomorrow, yesterday, every等,则不 用介词。 例如: See you next term. last week Did you have a good time_________? 上周你过得愉快吗?

too, also的区别: 1) too用于句末 例如: Tom is from America. Lucy is from America, too. 2) also用于句中(be动词后,行为动词前) 例如: Tom is from America. Lucy (也来 is also from 自)______________America. also come from

speak, say, talk, tell 1)speak 强调讲话这一动作本身,演讲或说 话的能力、讲某种语言。 I can speak a little English. 2) say 强调说话的内容。 Let me say ―Thanks‖ to you. He says he didn’t know it at all. 3)talk 强调交谈。 talk to/with sb. talk about sth./sb. 4) tell 强调“告诉”。 tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. tell a lie tell jokes tell a story

高分突破: say 还有“写着”的意思, 例如: (√) Look! There is a card. It says ―CLOSED‖. (×) Look! There is a card. It writes ―CLOSED‖.

1)listen to 听…… hear 听到…… 例如: listen to the music 听音乐 hear the music 听到了音乐 2) 动作短语: 表结果: look at see look for find listen to hear

be from = come from 来自 使用时注意动词的变化: ? She’s from Korea. = She comes from Korea. ? She isn’t from Korea. = She doesn’t come from Korea. ? Is she from Korea? = Does she come from Korea? 常见的错误: Where is he from? Where is he come from? (×) Where does he from? from? Where does he come (×)

1) enjoy + doing sth. 喜欢做某事 Jack enjoys playing the drum. 2) enjoy oneself 玩得高兴 = have a good time = have fun They are enjoying __________in the zoo themselves now. are having a good time = They _____________________in the zoo now. are having fun = Th

ey _______________in the zoo now.

反身代词 1) 表示“我自己”、“你自己”、“他自己” 等意思的词被称为反身代词。 2) 变化形式 数 单数 myself yourself himself herself itself 复数 Ourselves Yourselves Themselves

人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称

1) 形容词作定语修饰名词放在名词的前面,例如: a new teacher 2) 形容词修饰不定代词放在不定代词的后面, 例如: something dangerous anything different 3) 介词短语、分词作定语放在所修饰词的后面,例 如: a girl from China the boy with short curly hair the girl in red sweater the man wearing a pair of new shoes the kite made by Lucy

高分突破: 对介词短语、分词定语提问时疑问代词常用 which The man in the car is my father. Which ________man is your father?

other, others other adj. other + 可数名词的复数/不可数名词 “其他 的……,另外的……‖,不单独使用。 例如:I need other dictionaries. others pron. others = other + 可数名词复数 例如:I don’t like these books, please give me some others (=other books).

with和as well as连接主语时,谓语动词的单复 数由with和as well as前面的主语决定;但是 and连接主语时谓语动词用复数,例如:
goes to movies Tony as well as Bill ________________every week. 每周都去看电影。 goes to movies = Tony with Bill ______________ every week. = Tony and Bill _______________ every week. go to movies Tony’s friends as well as him go to movies ________________every week.

? what是对人的职业提问,而who是对人的 身份提问,因此在回答时要注意区别: ? Who’s that man? 那个男的是谁? ? He’s my uncle. ? What’s your uncle? 你叔叔是干什么的? ? He’s a policeman.

规则
一般动词在词尾加-s 在清辅音后读/s/ 在元音和浊辅音后读 /z/ 在以字母s, x, o, ch, sh 结尾的动词后加-es; 如词尾已有e,则只加 -s, 读作/iz/ 以辅音字母+y结尾的 动词,变y为i后,加 -es,读作/z/

例词
help – helps work – works climb – climbs

teach – teaches guess – guesses close – closes
study – studies fly – flies

spend, cost, pay, spend的主语是人,sb. spend time/money on sth. / (in) doing sth. take的主语是形式主语it it takes sb.+money to do sth. cost的主语是物,sth. cost sb. + money pay的主语是人,sb. pay + money + for sth. 例如: buying They spend $80 ________(buy)this interesting book. This interesting book _______them $80. costs They pay _____$80 for this interesting book.

Is this your sweater? Please put it away (把它收起来) ______
动词+代词+副词 Here are new clothes, them to him give_______________, please. (把它们给他)

天气怎么样? 1) How’s the weather like? (×) 2) What’s the weather? (×) 上海天气怎样? How’s the weather in Shanghai?
= What’s the weather like in Shanghai? in cla

ss 在课堂上 in hospital 在住院 at table 在吃饭 in the class 在班上 in the hospital 在医院 at the table 在桌旁

It’s time (for sb.) to do sth. 例如: 到了我吃该吃早饭的时间了。 to have It’s time for me ________(have)breakfast. = It’s time for____________. my breakfast 1) remember/forget to do sth./sb. 记得/忘记去 做…… 2) remember/forget doing sth. 记得/忘记已经做过 的事 I remember closing the window just now. 我记得刚才关了窗户的。 I forget to close the window. 我忘记关窗户了。

1) too adv. 也 Tom is from America. Lucy is from America, too. 2) too adv. 太 The box is too heavy.
高分突破: too和very的区别: too―太”表示超过承受范围 very―太”没有超过承受范

1) too much + n.(U) 太多…… too many + n.(C) 太多…… 2) much too ―太” 后接形容词或副词 It’s much too ________boring. too much Watch TV __________isn’t good for your health.

wait for 等待什么 wait to do sth. 等着做什么 can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待的做某事
高分突破: wait at/in ... 在哪里等 C Look! Jennifer is waiting ____ the bus stop. A. for B. to C. at D. on

1) call + sb. + at + telephone number “给某人打电话”, 例如: at Please call my teacher _____ 65774839. 2) Thanks for + sth./doing sth. 为……而感谢你。例如: your help Thanks for_________. =Thanks for___________. helping me 3) the photo of your family =your family photo

I don’t enjoy ___(drink) coffee. Enjoy doing Thank you for ____(help) me.

Thank sb for doing sth. 因为某 事感谢某人

----My father is ill.
I am sorry to hear that. ----____________________________.

(对此我感到很抱歉。) Do you read English ______? B
A.on every morning

B.every morning
C.in every morning

-- May I speak to Mary, please?
C --__________.

A.I’m Mary. B.Who are you?
C.This is Mary speaking. D.What happened?

every day 副词词组,表示“每天,天天”, 在句中作状语。 everyday 形容词,表示“日常的,每日的”, 在句中作定语。 Some people are very interested in the everyday stars’ __________life. 有些人对明星的日常生活非常感兴趣。 every day Peter practices his trumpet _________. Peter每天都练习吹喇叭。

We clean the house and keep it clean. My father is a good _____(厨师) Cook 厨师 cooker 炊具
We are ______ Spring Festival ____ a traditional family dinner. Celebrate … with … 用…庆祝…

She is ill __________ because of work.

hard

她因为艰辛的工作生病了。 because I like monkeys ____ _(因为) they are cute.
Because + 句子

Because of +名词、代词、V-ing

We usually eat a kind of dumplings _______ (call) yuanxiao called
This book isn’t hers. It’s ______(my).= it’s __________. my book mine 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+ 名词 It is more difficult for old ____ people ___ learn English. to

It adj. for sb. to do sth.

What abut +doing sth. Let sb. do sth. can—情态动词 + v. like + doing sth. health—n. healthy– adj. unhealthy– adj. have got-------- there be

? 一般疑问句 否定句: 加不加助动词看谓语动词(实义动词加); 加什么(do, does)看主语(单加does,复加do) ? 特殊疑问句的结构:疑问词+一般疑问句? 含实义动词的特殊疑问句的结构: 疑问词+do\does+主语+谓语+其他? ? 一个句子中不能既有be动词又有实义动词 ? 一般现在时谓语动词只有两种形式: 主语 谓语 主语 谓语 三单 —— 动词三单形式 复数 —— 原形 ? 现在进行时构成:be+v-ing

1. 姓名 班级 考号 2. 听力一定考前看题 3. 考完一定检查


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