haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

9A Unit 3 知识点归纳&练习(附答案)

发布时间:2014-01-10 11:49:13  

9A Unit 3 知识点归纳

【凿冰语法】

1. 动词不定式

动词不定式是由“不定式符号to+动词原形”构成的一种非谓语动词结构。有些动词不定式不带to,动词不定式可以作句子的主语、表语、宾语、定语、补语、状语或单独使用。不定式保留动词的某些特性,可以有自己的宾语、状语等。动词不定式和它后面的宾语、状语等一起构成短语,叫作不定式短语。

(1) 作主语

It is + adj.(形容词)/n.(名词)+ (for sb.) + to-v (动词不定式)

尽力处理每个挑战是我们的职责。

(2) 作表语

主语 + be + to-v (动词不定式)

我的梦想就是当一名警察。

(3) 作宾语

① 主语 + vt. (

主语

+ vt. (

③ 主语 动词不定式)

④ 主语 动词不定式)

I don’t know

(4) 作定语

不定式在句中作定语,置于被修饰的名词或代词之后。不定式短语作定语和被修饰词之间表示以下关系:

① 表示将来的动作。The next train to arrive is from Washington.

② 与被修饰词之间有动宾关系,如是不及物动词,则需加介词。

Would you please give me some paper to write on?

③ 与被修饰词之间有动宾关系,同时与句中其它词之间又有逻辑上的主谓关系

时,尽管有被动含义,却仍用主动语态。Do you have anything to say on the question?

如只有动宾关系,而无逻辑上的主谓关系,则需用被动语态。Do you have anything to be taken to your sister?

④ 不定式作定语时,一般可转换为定语从句。

The next train to arrive is from Washington.(to arrive=that will arrive)

(5) 作补语

雨下得很大,让我们等雨停下来。

工人们被迫每天工作十二小时。

(6) 作状语

① 目的状语,置于句首或句末,置于句首时常表示强调。如: ② 原因状语,多见于“sb. + be + adj. + to do...”结构句中。如:

My dogs name is “Lucky”—③ 结果状语,多见于“too...to”,“enough to...”结构句中。如:

课堂演练

1. Before going to the History Museum, our teacher told us _______the public rules. (2010上海市)

A. obey B. to obey C. obeying D. obeyed

2. Danny did all kinds of things to make the baby ______.(2010兰州市)

A. to stop crying B. stop crying C. to stop to cry D. stop to cry

3. They were all so tired that they could ______.(2010兰州市)

A. do nothing but sleep B. do anything but sleep

C. do nothing but to sleep D. do anything but to sleep

4. The teachers often tell their pupils _____across the road when the traffic light is red. (2010聊城市)

A. not go B. not to go C. don’t go D. didn’t go

5. --- What would you like for breakfast ?

--- I like hamburgers. But now I’d like________ some cakes. (2010黄石市)

A. eating B. to eat C. to drink D. drinking

6. There are so many kinds of Mp3 in the shop. We can’t decide . (2010眉山市)

A. what to buy B. to buy what C. which to buy D. to buy which

7. While I was walking along the lake, I saw some fish _____ out of the water. (2010四川省) A. jumped B. to jump C. jumping D. are jumping

【凿冰词句】

1. 擅长于…. /在….方面弱 do ______ ______/ be______ ______

2. 怎样处理… ____________________/_____________________

3. 变得越来越胖 get ______ ______ ______

4. 青少年的问题 ______ problems

5. 得到足够的睡眠 get ______ ______

6. (灯、电视等)开着/亮着 be ______

7. 关于某事与某人争吵 ______ ______ sb. ______ sth.

8. 目前 at ______

9. 使某人发疯 ______ sb. ______

10. 别在意… pay ______ ______ ______

11. 在A和B之间获得平衡 ______ ______ ______ ______ A and B

12. 对…很着迷 be ______ ______

13. 呆在外面很迟 stay out late

熬夜 ______ ______ ______

14. 提供某物给某人 offer _______________ = offer ________________ provide _______________ = provide_____________

15. 收到某人来信 ______ ______ sb.(短) = receive a letter from sb

______a letter from sb.(延)

16. 成功做某事 ______ ______ ______ sth.

= be ______ ______ ______ sth.

做某事失败 ______________________

17. 解出… ______________________

18. 让你独处 leave you ______ = leave you by yourself

19. 上交 ______________________

20. 分发 _______________________

21. 犯错误

22. 为…感到骄傲

23. 轮流做某事

24. 回复,回答(我的电子邮件)

25. 压力的解决方法

26. 对…有巨大价值

27. 使某人对….有所了解

28. 为…..腾出时间

29. 将担忧留给自己

30. 惹上麻烦

31. 与某人没有交流

32. 拒绝做某事

33. 空不出时间

34. 值得/需要(被)做

他的建议值得被采取。

35. 期待做某事

36. 以便,所以

37. 足够的朋友

38. 允许做某事

允许某人做某事

39. 对某人在某事上要求严格

40. 认真计划你的一天

41. 说实话

42. 承受压力

43. 通过这种方式

挡路

在某种程度上

在去某地的途中

决不

无论如何

44. 朝某人大喊

嘲笑某人

45. 因某事责备某人

46. 许多我这个年级的学生 _______________________ be ______ ______ …= ______ ______ ______ …_______________________ reply _______________________ _______________________ be ______ ______ ______ ______… = be ______ ______ ______ to give sb. an ______ ______ … _______________________ keep ______ ______oneself get ______ ______ no ______ with sb. _______________________. can’t ______ time ________________________ His advice ______ ______ ______. ________________________ ________________________ ______ of friends allow ____________________ allow ____________________ be strict with sb. on sth. ______ ______ _______carefully to ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ stress ______ ______ way ______ ______ way ______ ______ way ______ ______ way to ______ ______ way ______ ______ way shout ______ sb. ______ ______ sb. ______ sb. ______ sth. many students ______ ______ ______

47. 感觉不那么担心了 feel ______ ______

48. 没有密友可以交谈 don’t have any close friends ______ ______ ______

49. 没有选择只能(做)… ___________________________

50. 我希望能获得我父母的支持 I wish I______ ______ ______ ______ support.

51. 建议某人做某事 advise sb._______ (do) sth.

52. 第一个/ 最后一个做某事 the first / last _______ (do) sth.

53. 没有必要做某事 There is no need _______ (do) sth.

课堂演练

一、词汇

A) 根据中文填写合适的单词。

1. I don’t think the watch gives you good ________(价值) for your money. (08无锡)

2. The tourists had no ________(选择) but to wait for the next train. (08无锡)

3. I am pleased that he gladly ________(接受)our invitation. (08苏州)

4. The noise in the street _________(干扰) my reading just now. (09无锡)

5. The truth of the news is beyond ________(怀疑). (09无锡)

B) 用所给单词的适当形式填空:

1. Harry Potter is a film that is worth ________(see) several times. (08常州)

2. All the students know _______(hand) in homework on time is necessary. (08扬州)

3. You mustn’t touch the machines unless you ________(allow) to. (2010常州)

4. Thank you for your _______(value) help and practical advice. (2010无锡)

5. You can make a _____________(choose) among those programmes. (2011无锡)

二、单项选择

( ) 1. The old man donated a lot of money to the people in Yushu, _____ he is not rich enough.

(2010泰州)

A. because B. though C. since D. as

( ) 2. It’s said that smoking won’t be _______ in indoor public or workplace in China soon.

(2010镇江)

A. attacked B. admired C. attracted D. allowed

( ) 3. ______ they are twin brothers, they don’t look like each other. (2010宿迁)

A. Though B. Since C. However D. When

( ) 4. It’s very warm here in the room. You’d better ________ your coat. (2010徐州)

A. take in B. take away C. take out D. take off

( ) 5. ----Mrs. Black, could you give me some advice on how to written an application letter?

(2011南京)

----With pleasure. Remember that the letter should be written in the formal __________.

A. value B. style C. effect D. mood

( ) 6. ----It’s said that aliens tried to warn the astronauts on the moon to _______. (2011南京) ----Maybe they didn’t like human beings to get close to them.

A. stay up B. stay out C. stay away D. stay behind

( ) 7. ____ Amy likes to go to the cinema, but she doesn’t like to see horror films. (2011无锡)

A. Since B. As C. Though D. 不填

( ) 8. ----Will you please help me to repair the computer now? (2011无锡)

----Sorry, I’m too busy and I haven’t a minute to _______.

A. spare B. share C. spend D. save

( ) 9. David didn’t give up ________ he had failed in the experiment four times. (2011南通)

A. if B. while C. though D. since

( ) 10. The art exhibition is really worth _______, and you’re sure to learn a lot from it. (2011

南通)

A. visit B. to visit C. visited D. visiting

( ) 11. Don’t ________ the bus until it has stopped. Safety is first. (2011淮安)

A. get along B. get to C. get off D. get up

A. decision B. choice C. advice D. reason

( ) 12. __________ our hometown is only a small city, the number of foreigners living and

working here is growing fast. (09盐城)

A. Since B. If C. Although D. Because

( ) 13. There are two ways from here to the station. You can go ______ way. (09徐州)

A. both B. all C. either D. every

( ) 14. Would you please tell me ________ to deal with all the problems, editor? (09泰州) A. how B. why C. what D. which

( ) 15. ----Can you understand what I meant? (09宿迁)

----Sorry, I can ________ follow you.

A. always B. almost C. nearly D. hardly

三、翻译句子:

1. 我们别无选择,只能放弃旅行计划。 (2011镇江常州)

We ______________________________________.

2. 我们的作业必须准时交。 (2011苏州)

_________________________________________.

3. 叫他们按时上交作业,不要再上网了。(2011淮安)

Tell them ___________ their homework on time and not to surf the Internet __________.

4. ORBIS医生们几乎没有空闲时间与家人团聚。(2011盐城)

ORBIS doctors __________ have any __________ to get together with their families.

5. 爸爸的建议对我来说很有价值。(2011扬州)

_____________________________________.

6. 我认为父母在日常生活中一定要严格要求孩子们。(2010盐城)

I think parents must _____________ their children ____________.

7. 除了改掉自己的坏习惯,他别无选择。(2010无锡)

He has _____________ break his own bad habit.

8. 刚才没有人注意他所说的话。 (2011无锡)

Just now no _________________________ he said.

【自我提升】

一、词汇

A) 根据中文填写合适的单词。

1. He seldom _______(回复)to the e-mails his friends send him. (2010常州)

2. This is one of his most useful _____________(建议).

3. He showed great ___________ (勇气) when he faced the danger.

4. His grandfather got cancer three years ago , now he is __________ (受苦) from it .

5. She has just ___________(提供)me a cup of tea .

B) 用所给单词的适当形式填空:

1. Some students should give up _________ (play) computer games.

2. Why not _______ (share) your problems with your best friend?

3. Some students don’t have enough time _____________(finish) their homework.

4. _________ (hand) in your homework on time, or your teacher will be angry with you.

5. Keeping your ____________(worry) to yourself can make them worse.

二、单项选择:

( ) 1. My pet dog sometimes makes lots of noise and ________ me when I do my homework.

(08南京)

A. shows B. disturbs C. remembers D. refuses

( ) 2. Don’t worry. You ________ plenty of time to decide. (08徐州)

A. will give B. have given C. will be given D. are giving

( ) 3. The boy promised ______ late for school again. (08徐州)

A. to not be B. not to be C. not being D. being not

( ) 4. The bus is coming. Oh, no! It’s full. I’m afraid we can’t _______. (08徐州)

A. get up B. get on C. get out D. get off

( ) 5. ----Could you take care of our dog while we are away? (08扬州)

----________.

A. With pleasure B. It’s my pleasure C. Never mind D. That’s all right

( ) 6. On Mother’s Day, our school advised ___ of us to write a letter to our mothers. (08淮安)

A. every B. each C. everyone

( ) 7. ----Shall I give you a ride as you look so tired? (09南京)

----Thank you. ________.

A. It’s your duty B. Don’t mention it

C. Do as you like D. It couldn’t be better

( ) 8. ----Do you have any problems if you _______ this job? (09南京)

----Well, I’m thinking about the working day.

A. offer B. will offer C. are offered D. will be offered

( ) 9. _______ scientists have done a lot of research on A(H1N1) flu, there are still some cases

for further study. (09南京)

A. As B. Once C. If D. Although

( ) 10. ----Oh, my God! We have missed the last bus. What shall we do? (09南京)

----I’m afraid we have no _______ but to take a taxi.

A. choice B. decision C. reason D. information

( ) 11. They _____ the train until it disappeared in the distance. (09无锡)

A. saw B. watched C. noticed D. realized

( ) 12. ----Do you want tea or coffee? (09苏州)

----________. I really don’t mind.

A. None B. Either C. Neither D. All

( ) 13. ----What do you think of her dress? (09扬州)

----I think it still looks quite fashionable on her ________ it is a style of many years ago.

(09扬州)

A. though B. or C. so D. because

( ) 14. Without friendship, one won’t be happy ________ he is very rich. (09淮安)

A. if B. though C. even D. however

( ) 15. ----I’m thinking of the CCTV English Competition next week. I’m afraid I can’t do

very well. (09盐城)

----_________. I’m sure you’ll make it.

A. All right B. Good luck C. Well done D. Cheer up

三、翻译句子:

1. 他没有选择只好求助。(08常州)

He has __________________________.

2. 他认为这部小说值得再读一遍。(08无锡)

He thinks this novel ________________________.

3. Tom 问妈妈,当他煮鱼时需要注意些什么。(08盐城)

Tom asked his mother _______________________________.

4. 你的申请表务必准时上交。(09无锡)

Your application form must _____________________.

5. 我想知道你是否对测试结果感到满意。(09无锡)

I wanted to know ____________________ the result of the test or not.

9A unit3

【凿冰语法】

课堂演练 1-5 BBABCC

【凿冰词句】

1. 擅长于…. /在….方面弱 be good at… = do well in…/ be weak in…

2. 怎样处理… how … deal with…/what… do with…

3. 变得越来越胖 get fat / get fatter and fatter

4. 青少年的问题 teenage problems

5. 得到足够的睡眠 get enough sleep

6. (灯、电视等)开着/亮着 be on

7. 关于某事与某人争吵 quarrel/argue with sb. about sth.

8. 目前 at present

9. 使某人发疯 drive sb. mad

10. 别在意…

11. 在A和B之间获得平衡

12. 对…很着迷

13. 呆在外面很迟

熬夜

14. 提供某物给某人

15. 收到某人来信

16. 成功做某事

做某事失败

17. 解出…

18. 让你独处

19. 上交

20. 分发

21. 犯错误

22. 为…….感到骄傲

23. 轮流做某事

24. 回复,回答(我的电子邮件)

25. 压力的解决方法

26. 对……有巨大价值

27. 使某人对….有所了解

28. 为…..腾出时间

29. 将担忧留给自己

30. 惹上麻烦

31. 与某人没有交流

32. 拒绝做某事

33. 空不出时间

34. 值得/需要(被)做

他的建议值得被采取。

35. 期待做某事

36. 以便,所以

37. 足够的朋友

38. 允许做某事

允许某人做某事 pay no attention to… achieve a balance between A and B be crazy about… stay out late stay up late offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. provide sth. for sb. = provide sb. with sth. hear from sb.(短) =have a letter from sb.(延) = get/receive a letter from sb.(短) succeed in doing sth. = be successful in doing sth. fail to do sth. work …out leave you alone = leave you by yourself hand… in hand out make a mistake be proud of …= take pride in… take turns to do sth. reply to (my e-mails) the way(s) to deal with stress be of great value to … = be very valuable to… give sb. an idea of... make time for… keep worries to oneself get into trouble no communication with sb. refuse to do sth. can’t spare time be worth/ need doing His advice is worth taking. look forward to doing so that plenty of friends allow doing sth. allow sb. to do sth

39. 对某人在某事上要求严格 be strict with sb. on sth.

40. 认真计划你的一天 plan your day carefully

41. 说实话 to tell you the truth

42. 承受压力 suffer from stress

43. 通过这种方式 in this way

挡路 in the way

在某种程度上 in a way

在去某地的途中 on the way to

决不 in no way

无论如何 in any way

44. 朝某人大喊 shout at sb.

嘲笑某人 laugh at sb.

45. 因某事责备某人 blame sb. for sth.

46. 许多我这个年级的学生 many students of my age

47. 感觉不那么担心了 feel less worried

48. 没有密友可以交谈 don’t have any close friends to talk to.

49. 没有选择只能(做)… have no choice but to do

50. 我希望能获得我父母的支持 I wish I could have my parents’ support.

51. 建议某人做某事 advise sb. to do sth.

52. 第一个/ 最后一个做某事 the first / last to do sth.

53. 没有必要做某事 There is no need to do sth. 课堂演练

一、词汇

A) 1. value 2. choice 3. accepted 4. disturbed 5. doubt B) 1. seeing 2. handing 3. are allowed 4. valuable 5. choice 二、单项选择 1-5 BDADD 6-10 CDACD 11-15 CCCAD

三、翻译句子

1. have no choice but to give up travel plan 2. Our homework must be handed in on time.

3. hardly, spare time 4. be strict with, in everyday/ daily life 5. one paid attention to what

【自我提升】

一、词汇

A) 1. replies 2. advice/ suggestions 3. courage 4. suffering 5. offered

B) 1.

二、单项选择

1-5 BCBBA 6-10 BDCDA 11-15 BBABD

三、翻译句子

1. no choice but to turn for help

2. is worth reading again

3. what he should pay attention to when cooked fish

4. be handed in on time

5. if you are satisfied with

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com