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中考英语疑难讲解整理(一)动词--

发布时间:2014-01-10 13:46:40  

中考英语疑难易错题和知识点讲解整理(一)

-----动词与情态动词的疑难问题

1. Before you ’d better knock at the door first.

2. Why hasn’t Susan arrived there?She’s 注意:常见的瞬间动词和延续性动词:

leave—be away;buy—have;borrow—keep; die—be dead; come here—be here; go there—be there; begin—be on; finish—be over; put on—wear; catch a cold—have a cold; join the army—be in the army.

3. The computer still it.

4. What did you 注意:speak to sb./ language;

talk about sth./talk with/to sb.;

tell sb. sth.=tell sth. to sb./

tell sb. (not)to do sth./tell a lie/lies/tell a story/stories/tell the truth say sth./say to oneself

5. I’m glad you’ve come back from Beijing. Please tell me how long you there.

注意:一般过去时表示的持续状态强调过去某段时间的经历,表明动作已完成;现在完成时表示从过去某一时间持续到说话时为止的动作或状态。Eg:He lived in Beijing for 3 years while in primary school.

上小学时,他曾经在北京住过三年。(说话时他不在北京)

He has lived in Beijing for 3 years.

他已经在北京住了三年。(说话时他仍然在北京)

6. I you a pleasant holiday.

注意:wish sb..../ to do sth./for sth./that+从句;hope to do/for sth./that +从句

7. They are training hard in order not to 注意:lose the match= fail to win the match

8. We ’t find the missing boy.

注意:search指“在...中搜寻;检查某人或某物”

eg:search the forest 在树林里搜寻;

search him/his luggage 搜他的身/检查他的行李。

Eg:search for the missing boy 搜寻那个失踪的男孩;

search for his luggage 搜寻他的行李。

9. Which sign often seen in a park ? ―

10. –Do you like the material? --Yes , it

注意:不及物动词不能用于被动语态,be/感官动词/get,become,seem,turn等均为联系动词,所以都不能用于被动语态。

11. Jack, his brother,eating vegetables.

注意:unlike是介词“不像;和....不同”dislike是动词“不喜欢”

12. I don’t Walt Disney,but I him.

Teacher:Haley page1 共(6)页

注意:know“认识,与...关系密切” know about “了解,知道....的情况”.另外I don’t know= I have no idea. “我不知道”

13. Hehis voice in order to make us hear him.

注意:rise 为不及物动词后面不能直接跟宾语,“提高/上升/上涨/”raise 为及物动词后面能直接跟宾语,“提高/募集/提问”.

14. Why don’t you just your own business and leave me alone?‖ 。

15. So far this year we a fall in house prices by between 5 and 10 percent.注意:当句中有过去式从句/时间点/时间段+ago/for +时间段等时用现在完成时。

16. I’m very sorry to his brother’s death.

注意:hear of 听说; listen to 听“强调听的动作”;

hear from=receive/get....from“收到....的来信”;

hear 听到“强调听的结果”。

17. The teacher said to his students,‖Don’t forget to dictionary to school tomorrow.‖ 注意:bring 带来;take 拿走,带走.

18. The goverment has the parents to work with teachers in the education of their children. 注意:ask for “请求,索要”;call for “要求,提倡”; look for “寻找”;pay for“为...付钱”.

19. The story tells us the trouble.

注意:how to deal with=what to do with;另外:what to do/ how to do it.

20. We are going to us?

注意:join 指加入一群人或一个组织,eg:join us/the club。

,eg:join in/take part in the game.

21. When will we the sports meeting? 注意:hold “举行,进行”主语用sb.或sth.都可以,但注意sth.作主语时要使用被动语态,eg:We will hold a party next week./ A party will be held (by us) next week.

另外:take place/happen都表示“发生”句子主语都是sth.,并且都没有被动形式。他们的区别是take place 表示(有计划的)发生eg:The meeting will take place on Thursday.‖会议定于周四举行。”;而happen表示“(偶然)发生”eg:When did the accident happen? ―事故什么时候发生的‖.

22. Unluckily,the thieves important.

注意: break into “破门而入”; break off “终止”;

break out“发生” break down “损坏,出毛病” break in“打断话,插嘴” break up “解散,散开”.

23. We have to 注意: put off “推迟”; put up “举起”;

put out “扑灭”(=go out 熄灭); put on 穿上,张贴

24. Something must be done tothe swine flu.

注意: turn off “关掉”; turn on “打开”;

turn up/ down “调高点/低点” take off “脱下/飞机起飞”;

Teacher:Haley page2 共(6)页

put on “穿上/张贴” put off “推迟”keep off“使...远离/不靠近”

25. This digital camera too much. I can’t afford it.

注意:英文中的花费表达:

Sb. (in)Sb.money/time =It takes sb. time to do sth.

Sth. cost sb. money

Sb. pay money for sth.

注意:1)spend---spent----spent take--- took---taken

cost--- cost---cost pay---paid---paid

2)对time提问用how long;对money提问用how much。

26. Will you to put on the coat?

注意:do sb. a favour to do =help sb. to do.

27. He asked me to.

注意:lend/give sb. a helping hand “帮某人忙”另外:

lend sth. to sb.= lend sb. sth. ; borrow sth. from sb.=borrow sb. sth.

28. Eggs 注意:go作为系动词后接形容词表示“(从好的状态)变成坏的状态”;become作为系动词是一个中性词,用于意义好.坏两方面的变化都可以;grow则侧重于“逐渐变成某种状态”。change不能作系动词,因此其后无法直接跟形容词。

29. I

注意:forget “忘记”指从记忆中消失,想不起来。;

leave“丢下,遗忘”指东西遗落在某处忘记拿走。

lose“丢失”;miss “错过”

30. When he first we try this,no one wanted to do it.

注意:suggest (that)sb.(should)do sth. 此时sb.作为从句的主语使用主格形式; advise sb. to do sth.;“建议某人做某事

make sb. do sth.; 使某人做某事

assist sb. to do/in doing sth. 帮助某人做某事

31. Her mother that activity.

注意:play a part in “(在某件事中)起作用,扮演角色”

32. As we all know,electricity is discovered by Benjamin Franklin.

注意: discover “发现,发觉”(被发现的事物是本来就存在的)

invent “发明”inventor “发明家” invention“发明物”

33. The letter is in French. I can’t read it. (write—wrote—written)

34. Our monitor is suitable for the host because she is imaginative enough to new ideas.

注意: come on 多用于口语“快,走吧,得了吧”;

come up with“提出,想出”; catch up with sb.“赶上某人“

come down “倒塌,流传下来” ;come out “显露出来,结果是”;

turn out “结果是,证明是”。 turn over “翻转”。

35. The Browns their new flat busily these days.They will move into the new flat soon. 注意:当句中有these days 时用于现在进行时。

36. More and more waste has a lot of space. We should do Teacher:Haley page3 共(6)页

something to reduce it.

注意:take up “占去(地方、时间等),开始从事”;

take off “脱下,飞机起飞”; take place “发生”;

take away“带走,移去”

37. ---What about taking a taxi to the Friendship Store?

--- I can not it. Let’s take the subway instead.

注意: afford“负担得起”; offer ―主动给予,主动提出,提议”

pay for sth. “支付”; regard“认为,考虑(问题)”;

choose “选择”(choose—chose—chosen---choice).

38. The performance nearly three hours, but few people left the theatre early. 注意:last “持续”

39. The small child was not old enough to

注意: take off “脱下”; put on “穿上”(强调穿戴的动作);

wear “穿着”(强调状态);dress sb./oneself “为某人/自己装扮”

be dressed in +颜色

40. Please the map carefully and find out Shanghai.

注意:look at“看一下,朝...看”(= take a look at/have a look at);

watch “注视,观察”(看电视/看比赛); see “看见”;

read “阅读,查阅”(读书、看报、看地图)

41. I Mr.Smith’s house when I was in India.

注意:call at sw. “拜访某地(作短暂访问)”;call on sb. “拜访某人”;

call sb.=phone sb.“打电话给某人”; call to sb. “向某人喊”

42. I it in a bookshop on Nanjing Road. 注意:A:Have you bought the book?(询问动作是否发生过,用现在完成时) B:Yes, I have.

A:When did you buy it?

(问“何时”,谈到过去发生的事情,用过去时态)

B:I bought it two days ago.

A: Where did you buy it?

(问“何地”谈到过去发生的事情,用过去时态。)

43. The holicopter may car some day. 注意:take the place of sb./ sth.= take sb’s/sth’s place “取代,替代”

44. They failed to because of a traffic accident this morning. 注意:1)及物动词,后面直接跟宾语;

2)不及物动词后面不跟宾语/和介词组成词组后再跟宾语。

3)arrive at+小地点;arrive in +大地点;get to sp.; reach sp.

45. The teacher the problem with the monitor.

注意:discuss sth. with sb.= talk about sth. with sb.

46. The old man

注意:take care of= care for = look after (另外:care for “关爱,喜爱”)

47. I hear that the road by the goverment next year. 注意:wide adj. widen v. 扩宽 will be widened “将被扩宽”

48. Try to guess its meaning when you meet a new word. Don’t Teacher:Haley page4 共(6)页

your dictionary all the time.

注意:keep on (doing)“使继续下去,使不停”;

depend on “依靠,依赖=rely on”

(depend—dependent---independent);decide on “决定”

decide to do sth.=make a decision to do sth.

=make up one’s mind to do sth.)

49. This pair of shoes is so big that it doesn’t 注意:fit “大小,尺寸适合”;suit “款式,颜色等适合”;match“和...相配,相称”.

50. You have to 51. These dictionaries sell very well so that they tomorrow. 注意:英语中某些可以和well,easily,smoothly等副词连用的不及物动词如read,write,wash,clean,draw,burn,cook,sell,lock,open,shut,且主语是非生命的名词或代词时,用主动结构表示被动意思。Eg:The pen writes smoothly。 “这支笔写起来很顺畅” The cloth washes wel.“这衣服很好洗” This knife cuts easily. “这刀子很好用” 另外:sell out “销售一空”,作为及物动词短语,则需要使用被动语态。Eg:They will be sold out tomorrow. “明天他们将被销售一空。”

52. It from time to time here in winter.

注意:from time to time=sometimes 句中用一般现在时。

53. I . 注意:当句中有in the past +时间段,句中用现在完成时。

54. The day that they were looking forward to finally.

注意:The day (that they were looking forward to) finally.句子的真正主语是the day,后面括号的部分是一个定语从句来修饰主语,“他们所期盼的那一天最后终于到来了。”

55. I don’t think Mary will come today, ? 注意:在复合句中反意疑问句同主句一致,但当主句主语为I /we think,believe,expect等时,附加部分主语和动词看从句;否定或肯定看主句。

Eg:I believe that isn’t he? “我认为他有罪,是吗?”

I do believe that is he?“我认为他无罪,是吗?”

56. I think Mary will come today. 注意:当主句的谓语为think,believe,expect等动词时,否定时否定在主句动词部分。即。“否定前移”

57. He is strong enough to carry the heavy box. He any help. 注意:needn’t do sth don’t need to do sth. don’t need anything

58. –Could I have a cup of tea first? --Of couse,you can. 注意:词句中could 在此表语气,表客气和礼貌,其后仍用现在时。

59. --Must I hand in the article now? – No, you . 注意:由must引导的一般疑问句肯答用must,否答用needn’t/don’t have to。

60. Susan has just bought a big house with a beautiful garden.It very expensive. 注意:情态动词表推测:肯定推测must“一定”可能性最大,非常确定;need“必须,必要”,一般不用于肯定句;can通常用于否定和疑问推测;may“也许”可能性不大,自己本身也不确定,相当于 be not sure. Teacher:Haley page5 共(6)页

61. Hein the library. I saw him in the playground just now. 注意:情态动词must/may表示推测只能用于肯定句中,而否定和疑问的推测只能用can.

62. ----No,you

注意:must的否定回答为“needn’t/don’t have to/don’t need to;can的否定回答为“can’t”;may的否定回答为“mustn’t”但是在某些语言环境下如果不用语气那么强,也可以用may not 和can’t。

63. The meeting room is big enough and it hold 150 people. 注意:can可表示“能力/请求允许/可能性”

eg:1)He can swim very fast. 他能游得很快。

2)Can I have a bit earlier today? 今天我能早点离开吗?

3)He can’t be fifty. 他不可能有50岁。

64. Susan come to my birthday party,but 注意:当句中有“I’m not that sure”不确定的推测时,句子用may表示不确定的推测。

65. You be careful when you do your math homework. 注意:must除了表推测还可表命令,必要或是强制,还可表主张“一定要,必须要”。

66. –I think I wil call Bob this weekend. -- You You haven’t kept touch with him for ages. 注意:should相当于ought to,表示说话人提醒主语其责任、义务或是劝告,表示“按道理应该如此”。 另外:keep in touch with“与某人保持联系”

67. Everybody in the house get out when the fire broke out last night. 注意:could仅表示一种过去的能力,而 be able to 可以表示成功地做成了某件事,相当于manage to do sth. (be able to 可用于任何时态) 另外:can do sth.= be able to do sth.= have the ability to do sth.

68. Shall we go to America for our summer holiday? 注意:Shall we....?相当于Why not/don’t you do...?/Let’s do..?/How/What about doing...?表示建议或提议。 另外:表建议的肯定回答常用“That’s a good idea!/OK!/All right! 否定回答常用I’m afraid not....

69. Excuse me,but 注意:当句中表示“请求允许“用may或can都可以。

70. ---Send me a message as soon as you get home. ---All right,I .

注意:will用作情态动词时表示“意愿,自愿做或主动提出做什么”,主要是自己的“意志,愿望或决心等”。

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