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牛津上海广州版-英语七年级上册U1-U5及作业练习

发布时间:2014-01-10 13:46:50  

七年级上册英语

(牛津版)

1——————5知识总结

? E.g. I would like/want to play basketball.我想打篮球。

Playing chess是动词-ing短语,用在is后面作表语 ? E.g. He worked as a bus driver when he was 20. He is keen on running.

? be in glasses = be wearing glasses 意思是“戴着眼镜”=I am wearing glasses

舞者dance + r 演员act + or 招待员wait + er 工程师engine + er

? 表示“参加某一组织”,“代表某一队伍”时,常用介词on

? ? ? ? ? ? ? 当我们在次提及到某人或某物时,在名词前用the

? ? 例外:the UK, the USA

? play the guitar, play volleyball 乐器前加the,球类前不加the

? 序数词前加the,三餐前不加the,指一家人前加the

? many + C.修饰可数名词 much + U. 修饰不可数名词

? at the beginning of在?的开始 at the end of在?的末尾 in the middle在?中间

? why not + do sth. = why don’t you do sth.

Unit2 Our Daily Life

? 单数概念:one…the other…两者中的一个,另一个 E.g. I have two brothers. One is a doctor, and the other is a teacher. ? 单数概念:one…another…三者或三者中的一个,另一个

? 复数概念:some…other + n.(pl.)一些?,另一些?(无明确范围)

E.g. Some students come from Yuexiu, some are from Baiyun and others are from Panyu.

? 复数概念:some…the other + n.(pl.)一些?,另一些?(有明确范围)

E.g. There are nine apples on the table. Some are red, the others are green.

? 一般现在时

? 频率副词通常位于:be动词,助动词,情态动词的后面,行为动词的前面。sometimes还可以位于句首。 ? 一般现在时表示经常发生的动作或经常存在的状态、日常行为习惯或客观事实等。

? 谓语动词是be动词的变化:

否定句:主语 + be + not +其它 一般疑问句:be +主语+其它 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句?

? 谓语动词是行为动词的变化:主语+行为动词原型(+其它)

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she, it)时,要在行为动词后加“-s”或“-es”

否定句:主语+don’t(doesn’t)+动词原型(+其它) 一般疑问句:Do(Does)+主语+动词原形+其它

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句?

? 动词第三人称单数形式的构成:

1. 一般的动词后面直接加-s,如:walk→walks

2. 以-s, -x, -sh或-ch结尾的动词后加-es,如:discuss→discusses

3. 4. 特殊变化,如:do→does

?

E.g. the girl with big eyes, the boy with his hands on his head

? be in+颜色+

? interesting、exciting

interested

、excited通常描述人

? keep意为“保持”,连系动词。。类似用法的连系动词还有feel, become

等 ? 一般过去时

? 表示过去某一时间所发生的动作或存在的状态,一般与表示过去的时间状语连用。

? 规则动词的过去式变化方式:

1. 一般的动词后面加-ed

2. 以-e结尾的动词后面加-d

3. 以辅音字母+y结尾的动词变y为i,再加-ed

4. 以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed

?

drive→drove fall→fell get→got give→gave go→went hear→heard

know→knew meet→met leave→left put→put ride→rode run→ran say→said

see→saw speak→spoke stand→stood steal→stole take→took teach→taught wear→wore ? -ed发音规则:清辅音后发/t/E.g. asked ? fewer and fewer friendsless and less money钱越来越少

? all

部分否定:Not all the stars are the same. = All stars are not the same.

全否定句:None of the stars are the same. (none /n∧n/ 所有都不)

? It’s + adj. + to do sth. 做什么事情是怎样的。 It是形式主语,真正的主语是to do sth.

E.g. It’s important to learn English well. = To learn English well is important. = Learning English well is important.

? as well as连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词用“就远原则”,也就是跟最前边的主语保持一致。

? when

? when时间状语从句中,主句与从句的时态要一致。

? 区别except/besides和except for:

except:指“(不包括本身在内的)除??之外”,“-” E.g. He gets up early every day except Sunday.

besides:指“(包括本身在内的)除??之外”,“+” E.g. Five others were late besides me.

except for:指前后比较范围是不同类型的 E.g. Except for one old man, the bus was empty.

Unit5 Encyclopaedias

? 当neither…nor…连接两个主语时,主谓一致采用“就近原则”,即跟后边的那个主语保持人称和数的一致。

? a number of,=many

修饰不可数名词:much, (a)little, a great deal of

共同的:some, all, a lot of, lots of

? 可数名词复数的构成方法:

1. 一般在名词后加-s:dog→dogs

2. 以s, x, sh, ch结尾的名词加-es:watch→watches

3. 以辅音字母+y结尾的名词改y为i再加es:country→countries

4. 以o结尾的名词,加-s或-es:potato→potatoes, tomato→tomatoes

5.

6.

?

? 需要记忆的特殊复数形式 复合词的复数:改中心词为复数 girl student→girl students 一张纸a piece of paper,一条建议a piece of advice,一条新闻a piece of news,一支粉笔a piece of chalk,

一瓶墨水a bottle of ink,一碗米饭a bowl of rice,一杯啤酒a glass of beer,一公斤盐a kilo of salt

练习作业(100)

ⅰ. 从下面每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以替换划线部分的最佳选项。(10分,每题2分)

( A. goes to have B. gives C. prepares D. teaches

(

A. interesting B. bad C. exciting D.good and surprising

( A. was out of sight B. showed up C. went D. launched

( A. went slowly B. went quickly C. went quietly D. didn’t go

( A. left it B. lent it C. returned it D. borrowed it

ii. 从下面每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(50分,每题2分)

( ) 6. She got_____ ―A‖ in the maths test.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

( ) 7. Alice will ________ Tokyo to see her uncle next month.

A. leaves for B. leaves to C. leave for D. leave to

( ) 8. ----_____ is the Children’s Palace?

---- About 20 minutes’ walk.

A. How soon B. How long C. How far D. How much

( ) 9. ---Have you ever been to Shanghai?

---Yes. I ________ there a few months ago.

A. have been B. went C. have gone D. go

( ) 10. Eddie likes playing ________ basketball best. He doesn’t like playing _____ piano.

A. the, the B. /, the C. /, a D. a, the

( ) 11. —You have found your lost umbrella, haven’t you?

—Yes. I _____ it behind the door this afternoon.

A. have found B. will find C. found D. find

( ) 12. – Do you know who cleaned the blackboard, Tina?

-- Yes. John _____.

A. do B. does C. did D. is

( ) 13. He’s very good at ___________.

A. cycle B. cycles C. cycling D. to cycle

( ) 14. I’d like to go, __________, I’m too busy.

A. so B. or C. and D. however

( ) 15. _______ good advice he gives us!

A. How B. How a C. What D. What a

( ) 16. There ________ a meeting this afternoon.

A. will have B. will has C. will be D. is going to

( ) 17. I don’t like to eat sweet food, so I__________ eat a salty dumpling.

A. would like B. would prefer C. like D. would rather

( )18.----What did Mr. Smith do before he came to China?

---- He ______ in a car factory.

A. works B. worked C. is working D. will work

( )19. Tom was so careless that he _____ his right arm when he was riding to school.

A. hurts B. hurt C. is hurt D. has hurt

( )20. Ten minutes ago, there ________ an eraser, a pen and some books on the desk.

A. was B. were C. is D. had

( ) 21.----Did many students go to visit the museum yesterday?

---- Yes. They were _________.

A. excited B. exciting C. excites D. excite

( ) 22. ----My Chinese book is missing.

---- Don’t worry. Let’s ________it in the classroom.

A. look at B. look after C. look for D. look out

( ) 23. It is time _______ us _______ take a break.

A. for; for B. for; to C. to; to D. of ; to

( )24. ----________ Tom in the classroom just now?

----No, he _______. He went to the library.

A. Was; was B. Was; wasn’t C. Were; wasn’t D. Did; didn’t

( )25.----Did your kids _____ shopping with you last weekend?

---- No, they ______ swimming.

A. go; go B. went; go C. went; went D. go; went

Iii.用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。(40分,每题4分)

1. ―Can you work out this maths problem by _________ (you)?‖ the teacher asked the students.

2. My friends and I _________ (enjoy) ourselves at the English party last night.

3. I was __________ (surprise) at the news about his death.

4. John has joined the Hiking Club ________ (recent).

5. Miss Wang _________ (teach) us Geography last term.

6. In the Rocket Club, we will learn how ________ (build) rockets.

7. We can find a lot of ___________(information) in this book.

8. My grandmother told me an ___________ (amazed) story.

9. The black car drove away and _________ (appear).

10. The kids go back home after ________ (spend) a few hours at the summer camp.

练习作业答案:

ⅰ1—5 A D A B C ⅱ 6—10 B C C B B 11—15 C C C D C 16—20 C D B B A 21—25 A C B B D

Iii1--5 yourself; enjoyed; surprised; recently; taught

6—10 to build; information; amazing; disappeared; spending

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