Step 1 课前检测
1.)My school life
I have just moved to a house in Bridge Street. Yesterday a beggar knocked at my door. He asked me for a meal and a glass of beer. In return for this, the beggar stood on his head and sang songs. I gave him a meal. He ate the food and drank the beer. Then he put a piece of cheese in his pocket and went away. Later a neighbour told me about him. Everybody knows him. His name is Percy Buttons. He calls at every house in the street once a month and always asks for a meal and a glass of beer.
Step 2 Listening
_______________________________________ detectives _______________________________________________. They were expecting a valuable parcel of diamonds from________ Africa. _________________________, someone had __________the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds. __________________________, some of the detectives were waiting_________________________________ while others _________________________________. Two men took the parcel________ ________ __________ and carried it _______the Customs House. While two detectives were keeping guard _________________, two others opened the parcel. _________ _________ ___________, the precious parcel was full of _________ __________ __________!
1．detective n. 侦探
detective story 侦探小说
port 港口 airport 航空港 at the airport import export
field 田野 airfield 停机坪 on the airfield 在停机坪上
in the field of~~~在??的领域 翻译： 在数学领域，他是个了不起的人。
（1.）vt.&vi. 预计，预料 Jim has failed in mathematics as his teacher expected.正如他老师所预料的那样，吉姆数学考试没及格。
（2）vt. 等待，期待，盼望：（心理上的等待） I'm expecting a letter from Jimmy.
而wait (for)主要指“等待”这个动作本身： He waited for her for more than an hour, but she did not come.
他等了她一个多小时，但她没来。 Wait a minute, please.
请等一下。 expect sth. expect sb. to do sth. wait for sb. to do sth. 动作上的等待
4． valuable 贵重的 value n. 价值
precious 珍贵的 （带有一定的感情色彩） precious photo
5．diamond n.钻石 diamond ring 钻石戒指
precious stone 宝石
6． steal （stole， stolen）v. 偷
1）vt. vi. 偷盗，行窃：
英语中“偷”用steal&rob表达，宾语是物，用steal。宾语是人，用rob,跟地点连用，也用rob。 steal sth.
Someone has stolen my bike.
有人把我的自行车偷走了。 John never steals.
约翰从不偷东西。 rob sb. 例如 I was robbed. 我被抢了。 rob the bank 抢银行
He has stolen away Mary's heart.
He stole into the room.
7. main adj. 主要的
main building/street/sentence/idea main 不能与人连用
8． guard n.警戒，守卫
life guard 救生员
body guard 保镖
keep guard 守望，警戒 例如： They kept a close guard over the thieves.
stand guard 站岗，放哨
三、 语法 Grammar in use
1．过去进行时(The past progressive tense)
（1）过去进行时主要表示过去某个时刻或某段时间正在进行的动作。过去进行时和一般过去时经常同在一个句子里使用。过去进行时表示过去正在进行的动作或情况，一般过去时则表示比较短暂的动作或事件。正在进行中的动作或情况往往由连词 when, while, as, just as等引导：
While/ When/ As I was sweeping the floor, I found your pen.
while通常只引导持续时间较长的动作，并且主句和从句可以同时用过去进行时，而when和as一般不这么用： John was watching TV while his wife was talking with a neighbour over the phone.
Some students were dancing and singing while others were eating and drinking.
Just as I was opening the front door, the telephone rang.
Just as I was leaving the house, you came in.
We were having supper when the lights went out.
2）过去进行时往往与表示一段时间的状语连用，如all morning, all night, all day, all evening, the whole week等，表示这段时间一直在干什么：
They were preparing for the party for two whole days.
I am looking for Tim.
She looked after the baby.
He put the fire/ it out.
Mother woke the children/ them up.
She took the picture/ it down.
Please turn the radio/ it off.
He turned it on.
Put the cake on the table.
She is walking up the hill.
（ ）6. A. White. B. Yellow. C. Blue.
（ ）7. A. It happened in a clothing shop.
B. It happened in a hospital.
C. It happened at school.
（ ）8. A. Mr Black is free.
B. Mr Black is out.
C. Mr Black is busy.
（ ）9. A. Wednesday. B. Tuesday. C.Monday.
（ ）10. A. Because he didn’t want to go to the party.
B. Because he had some other things to do.
C. Because he was ill and couldn’t go.
（ ）11. Where is the woman?
A. She is in a shoe shop.
B. She’s in a toy shop.
C. She’s in a bookshop.
（ ）12. What’s she looking for?
A. She’s looking for a bear.
B. She’s looking for a toy car.
C. She’s looking for a toy bear.
（ ）13. How much is the gray teddy bear?
A. 200 yuan. B. 100 yuan. C. 80 yuan.
（ ）14. Why doesn’t the woman buy the first teddy bear?
A. It’s too small.
B. She doesn’t like the color.
C. It’s too big.
（ ）15. How much does the woman pay for the teddy bear in the end?
A. 80 yuan. B. 200 yuan. C.100 yuan.
21. What day was it the day before yesterday?
22. How long did the rain last?
23. Where did Miss Gao ask the students to play ping-pong?
24. Who taught the other students to play ping-pong?
25. Why were the students happy that day?
Step 3 英美文化 ----大英帝国的兴衰
I. Whigs and Tories 辉格党人和托利党人
These two party names originated with the Glorious Revolution (1688).
The Whig was those who opposed absolute monarchy and supported the right to religious freedom for Nonconformists. The Whig was to form a coalition with dissident Tories in the mid-19th century and become the Liberal Party.
The Tories were those who supported hereditary monarchy and were reluctant to remove kings. The Tories were the forerunners of the Conservative Party.
I. Agricultural Changes in the Late 18th Century 18世纪末的农业革命
During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the “open-field” system ended when the Enclosure Act was passed. The movement lasted for centuries. Agricultural enclosure had good as well as bad results:
（1） Farms became bigger and bigger units as the great bought up the small;
（2） More vegetables, more milk and more dairy produce were consumed, and diet became more varied;
（3） Enclosure was a disaster for the tenants evicted from their lands by the enclosures. These peasant farmers were forced to look for work in towns. Enclosure led to mass emigration, particularly to the New World;
（4） A new class hostility was introduced into rural relationships.
农村关系中产生了新的阶级对立。 II. The Industrial Revolution (1780-1830)工业革命（1780-1830）
1．The industrial Revolution refers to the mechanizations of industry and the consequent changes in social and economic organization in Britain in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
2．Britain was the first country to industrialize because of the following factors:
(1) Favorable geographical location. Britain was well placed geographically to participate in European and world trade; 优越的地理位置：英国地理位置优越，适合参与欧洲与世界贸易；
(2) Political stability. Britain had a peaceful society, which, after the 17th century, was increasingly interested in overseas trade and colonies. International trade brought wealth to merchants and city bankers. They and those who had done well out of new farming methods provided capital in large quantities for industrialization.
(3) The limited monarchy which resulted from the Glorious Revolution of 1688 ensured that the powerful economic interests in the community could exert their influence over Government policy.
(4) It was a country in which the main towns were never too far from seaports, or from rivers, which could distribute their products.
(5) Britain had many rivers, which were useful for transport but also for water and steam power. Britain also had useful mineral resources.
(6) British engineers had sound training as craftsmen.
(7) The inventors were respected. They solved practical problems.
(8) Probably laissez faire and “Protestant work ethic” helped.
(9) England, Scotland, and Wales formed a customs union after 1707 and this included Ireland after 1807. So the national market was not hindered by internal customs barriers.
(10) The enclosures and other improvements in agriculture made their contributions by providing food for the rising population, labor for the factories, and some of the raw materials needed by industry.
3．Typical examples of the inventions during the Industrial Revolution 工业革命中一些重大创新
(1) John Kay’s flying shuttle in 1733;
(2) James Hargreaves’ Spinning Jenny in 1766;
(3) Richard Arkwright’s waterframe in 1769;
(4) Samuel Crompton’s mule in 1779
(5) Edmund Cartwright’s power looms in 1784;
(6)James Watt’s steam engine in 1765
4． Consequences of the industrial Revolution 工业革命的结果
（1） Britain was by 1830 the “workshop of the world”;
（2） Towns grew rapidly and became the source of the nation’s wealth.
（3） Mechanization destroyed the livelihood of those who could not invest in it . The working men worked and lived in a appalling conditions.
（4） The industrial revolution created the industrial working class, the proletariat, and it later led to trade unionism. 工业革命产生了工人阶级，即无产阶级。后来形成了工会制度。
Step 4 趣味英语 The Hong Kong dog
一次在一堂电脑课上，铃响后，系里的女秘书突然跑到教室来宣布：“Dr. Walker has a touch of the Hong Kong dog and will be here a little bit late。” 听完宣布后，我一脸正经地向坐在隔壁的美国朋友抱怨说：“Dr. Walker 怎么可以抚弄他的爱犬以至于来不及上课呢？”老美听完后居然大笑着说：“真是太好笑了！The Hong Kong dog 并非指一种狗，而是指某人吃坏了肚子、拉肚子的意思。”这一解释让我尴尬得无地自容。
Step 5 每课必练
“Sorry” is a word that people in Britain often say in their daily life.
（轻擦）against my handbag. He to say “sorry”. One day, after I bought some bananas, the shopkeeper was passing me the change, but I wasn’t ready for it and a coin dropped onto the ground. “Sorry, Madam,” he said wwhy he said “sorry” to me. Another time, I stepped on a man’s fsaid “sorry”.
Slowly, I got to know that when something unpleasant happens in daily life, the British don’t
c I seldom see people quarrel on the buses or streets in Britain.
My mother was telling me about how she and her family got their first television when she was a teenager. Of course it was black and white. She said she only watch it at night. She doesn’t remember over watching it in the morning or afternoon. When I was young we had only about 3 or 4 different channels. My bothers ,my sisters and I would sometimes fight about which channel to watch. But we usually enjoyed the same shows.
Nowadays we can get hundreds of channels on TV.I can’t believe it! There are channels with old movies, cooking ,fishing and so on. It’s amazing! There is a channel for everything. I wonder how much my bothers, my sisters and I would fight if we had hundreds of channels when I was a child. Of course we had only one television set. These days I notice families with 2 or 3 or more television sets in their homes. I guess it stops people from arguing over which channel to choose from .
1.In those days, what kind of television sets did people only have?
A. Black and white ones. B. Colors Ones.
C. All kinds of televison sets.
2. My mother watched TV ________when she was young.
A.in the morning B.in the afternoon C.at night
3.Nowadays,how many channels can we g et on TV?
A.3 or 4 different channels. B.Only once channel C.Hundreds of channels.
4.When I was a teenager ,my brothers ,my sisters and I usually enjoyed______.
A. four shows B.the same shows C.different show
5. Which of the following in NOT true ?
A. My bother , my sisters and I would sometimes fight about which channel to watch when I was a child.
B. These days, there is only one channel with old movies, cooking and fishing.
C. People have many channels to choose from now.
Step 5 homework 作文一篇
Food is very important to people’s health.______________________________________