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发布时间:2014-01-11 10:46:53  


Unit 1

1. how often 多久一次 2. hardly ever 几乎不 3. as for 至于 4. junk food 垃圾食品 5. a lot of 许多 6. of course 当然 7. look after 照顾 8. do exercise 锻炼

9. make a difference 有区别\有重要性 10. surf the Internet 浏览因特网 11. Animal World 动物世界 12. do homework 做家庭作业

13. a healthy lifestyle 健康生活方式 14. get good grades 获得好成绩 15. get up 起床easye.2000y.net 16. keep in good health 保持健康 17. once or twice a week 每周一两次 18. eating habits 饮食习惯

19. ten to eleven times 十到十一次 20. pretty healthy 相当健康 21. go to the movie 去看电影 22. watch TV 看电视 23. read books 看书

24. the result for“watch TV”看电视调查结果

25. be good for 对??有益

26. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事27. try to do sth. 试着做某事 28. how many hours 多少小时 Unit 2

1. have a cold 患感冒 2. a few 有些

3. at the moment 此时/现在 4. have a stomachache 肚子疼 5. have a sore throat 嗓子疼 6. have a fever 发烧 7. lie down 躺下 8. see a dentist 看牙医 9. have a headache 头疼 10. have a toothache 牙疼

11. hot tea with honey 热茶加蜂蜜

12. stressed out 紧张 13. go to bed early 早睡觉 14. listen to music 听音乐 15. go to party 参加音乐会 16. on the other hand 在另一方面 17. stay healthy 保持健康 18. have a sore back 背疼

19. traditional Chinese doctors 传统中医

20. a balance of yin and yang 阴阳平衡

21. too much 太多

22. a balanced diet 饮食平衡 23. go out at night 在晚上出去 24. feel well 感觉舒服

25. conversation practice 对话练习 26. host family 房东

27. give sb a fever 导致某人发烧 Unit 3

1. at home 在家 2. how long 多久 3. get back 回来 4. think about 思考 5. decide on 决定\选定 6. theGreat Wall 长城 7. go fishing 去钓鱼 8. take a vacation 去度假

9. something different 不同的东西 10. go camping 去野营 11. go hiking 徒步行

12. show sb. sth. 给某人看某物 13. have a good time 玩得愉快 14. go bike riding 骑自行车行 15. go sightseeing 去观光 16. go fishing 去钓鱼 17. rent videos 租录像带 18. take walks 去散步 19. vacation plans 假期计划 20. plan to do sth. 计划去做某事 21. make a movie 拍一部电影 22. go swimming 去钓鱼 23. go shopping 去购物

Unit 4

1. get to school 到校 2. ride a bike 骑自行车 3. take the subway 乘地铁 4. take the train 乘火车

5. take a bus 乘公共气车 / by bus 6. take a taxi 乘出租车 7. walk to school 走到学校 8. how far 多远easye.2000y.net 9. bus station 公共气车站\bus stop 10. have a quick breakfast 匆匆吃过早饭

11. leave for 前往 12. the early bus 早班

13. the bus ride 公共气车之行 14. at about six-thirty 在大约六点半15. around the world 全世界 16. North America 在北美

17. means of transportation 交通方式18. a number of / the number of 19. on weekends 在周末

20. be ill in the hospital 生病住院 21. a map in Chinese 中文地图 22. speak Chinese 讲汉语

23. thank you so much 这样感谢你 24. don't worry 不要担心 Unit 5

1. 来参加我的晚会 come to my party 2. 在周六下午 on Saturday afternoon 3. 上钢琴课 have a piano lesson 4. 去看医生 go to the doctor 5. 太多家庭作业 too much homework 6. 谢谢邀请 Thanks for asking. 7. 玩得高兴 have fun 8. 去商业街 go to the mall 9. 棒球比赛 baseball game 10. 后天 the day after tomorrow 11. 为考试而学习 study for a test 12. 多谢邀请 Thanks a lot for the invitation.

13. 在度假期 be on vacation

14. 保持安静 keep quiet 15. 打网球 play tennis 16. 足球比赛 football match 17. 文化俱乐部 culture club 18. 整天 the whole day 19. 过来 come over to

20. 去看牙医 go to the dentist 21. 来加入我们。 Come and join us. 22. 我愿意。 I'd love to. 23. 下一次 another time

24. 临时照看他的妹妹 babysit his sister Unit 6

1. 在某些方面 in some ways 2. 看起来一样 look the same 3. 看起来不同 look different

4. 喜欢参加晚会 enjoy going to the parties 5. 多于;超过 more than 6. 共用;共有 in common 7. 同??一样?? as ? as ? 8. 擅长; 在?方面做得好 be good at 9. 与??一样 the same as 10. 使我大笑 make me laugh 11. 大多数 most of

12. 与??不同 be different from 13. 相反的观点 opposite views 14. 善待孩子们 be good with children 15. 喜欢讲笑话 enjoy telling jokes 16. 招聘老师 teacher wanted 17. 停止讲话 stop talking 18. 呆在家 stay at home

Review of units 1--6 1. 以??开始 begin with 2. 游泳池 swimming pool 3. 一起;总共 all together

Unit 7easye.2000y.net 1. 打开 turn on 2. 切碎 cut up

3. 把??倒进?? pour ? into 4. 剥去香蕉皮 peel the bananas 5. 多少 how many / much

6. 一匙?? one teaspoon of 7. 做水果沙拉 make fruit salad 8. 放进 put in Unit 9

1. 国际体育明星 international stars science

3. 专业演员 a professional actor 4. 上表演课 take acting lessons somewhere

16. 去商店 go to the store

17. 买饮料和零食 buy drinks and snacks 9. 一杯 a cup of 10. 混合在一起 mix up 11. 一片面包 a slice of bread 12. 把??放在??上 put ? on ? 13. 把??加到??上 add ? to ? 14. 在顶部 on the top

15. 一个??的食谱 a recipe for Unit 8

1. 郊游 school trip

2. 去水族馆 go to the aquarium 3. 闲逛 hang out 4. 照相 take photos 5. 其余什么 what else

6. 得到他的亲笔签名 get his autograph 7. 旅游者中心 the Visitors' Center 8. 在那之后 after that 9. 户外水池 the Outdoor Pool 10. 礼品店 the Gift Shop

11. 在一天结束时 at the end of the day 12. 乘地铁 take the subway 13. 睡懒觉 sleep late 14. 开车兜风 go for a drive 15. 上课 take a class

16. 在我的下一个休息日on my next day off

17. 一个繁忙的休息日 a busy day off 18. 整天 all dayeasye.2000y.net 19. 看录像 watch videos

20. 玩电脑游戏 play computer games 21. 把??拿出来 put ? out 22. 在院子里 in the yard

23. 举行一次庭院出售 have a yard sale 24. 有点无聊 kind of boring 25. 没有一个人 no one 26. 据我看来 in my opinion 27. 很快见到你 See you soon. 28. 将来 in the future 29. 从??回来 come back from 30. 与??在一起 be with sb.

2. 打破纪录 break the record 3. 太??以致于不能?? too ? to ?

4. 打高尔夫球 play golf

5. 一位了不起的中国乒乓球运动员 a great Chinese ping-pong player 6. 世界纪录名册 Book of world records

7. 世界打嗝/打喷嚏纪录 hiccupping / sneezing world record

8. 在这样的一小时内 in such an hour 9. 由于 because of 10. 出生 be born

11. 成为一个明星 become a movie star 12. 学会骑自行车 learn to ride a bicycle

13. 一个著名的小提琴家/钢琴家 a famous violinist / pianist 14. 开始滑冰start ice skating 15. 一位善良而慈爱的奶奶 a kind and loving grandmother

16. 成为一位滑冰冠军 become a skating champion

17. 在美国巡回演出 tour the U.S. 18. 学手风琴 learn the accordion 19. 参加 take part ineasye.2000y.net 20. 在国际肖邦钢琴大赛上 in the Chopin International Piano Competition

21. 获一等奖 win the first prize 22. 健在 be alive

23. 上清华大学 go to Tsinghua University

24. 主修;主研 major in

25. 女子单打选手 a women's singles player Unit 10

1. 程序师 a computer programmer 2. 学习计算机科学 study computer

5. 练篮球 practice basketball 6. 长大 grow upeasye.2000y.net 7. 搬到有意思的地方 move somewhere interesting

8. 听看来像 sound like 9. 时装表演 fashion shows

10. 时尚杂志的记者 a reporter for a fashion magazine

11. 找份兼职工作 get a part-time job 12. 同时 at the same time

13. 举行艺术展 hold art exhibitions 14. 取得好成绩 get good grades 15. 上吉它课 take guitar lessons 16. 学习外语 learn a foreign language

17. 加大锻炼量 get a lot of exercise 18. 保持健康 keep fiteasye.2000y.net

19. 周游世界 travel all over the world

20. 寄到?? send ? to

21. 新年决定 New Year's Resolutions 22. 与??交流 communicate with Unit 11

1. 洗碗 do the dishes 2. 扫地 sweep the floor 3. 倒垃圾 take out the trash 4. 铺床 make the / one's bed 5. 折叠衣服 fold one's clothes 6. 打扫起居室 clean the living room 7. 让某人搭便车 give sb a ride 8. 开会 have a meeting 9. 忙于做某事 work on sth. 10. 做家务 do chores 11. 洗车 wash the car 12. 呆在外边 be outside

13. 向某人借某物 borrow sth from sb. 14. 洗衣服 do the laundry 15. 邀请某人去某地 invite sb to

18. 带某人做某事 take sb. for sth. 19. 忘记做某事 forget to do sth. 20. 搬新家 move to a new house 21. 从事 work oneasye.2000y.net 22. 向某人寻求帮助 ask sb. for help 23. 厌恶做某事 hate to do/doing sth. 24. 照顾 take care of

25. 生气 get angryeasye.2000y.net 26. 英语课外作业 English project 27. 去渡假 go on vacation 28. 需要一些帮助 need some help 29. 饲养狗 feed dogs 30. 做早餐 make breakfast 31. 做鬼脸 make a face

32. 在??的帮助下 with the help of Unit 12

1. 舒适的座位 comfortable seats 2. 大屏幕 big screens

3. 友好的服务 friendly service 4. 离家近 close to home

5. 在城里有趣的地方 in a fun part of town 6. 最好的电影院 the best movie theatre 7. 服装店 a clothing store 8. 电台 a radio station

9. 质量好的衣服 good quality clothes 10. 相当差 pretty bad

11. 最有趣的人 the funniest person 12. 质量最差 the worst quality 13. 最佳表演者 the best performer 14. 才艺展示 talent show 15. 做??调查 do a survey of 16. ??的价格 the price of 17. 削价 cut one's price

18. 在中国的北部 in the north of China 19. 冰雪节 Ice and Snow Festival 20. 海南省 Hainan Province 21. 特价屋 Bargain House


在孩子学习英语的入门阶段,重要的是培养他们的语感和 词汇量,有了初步的阅读能力以后,就应该让他们学习一些语法知识。没有足够的语法知识,是不可能真正学好英语的.学习语法时,要尽量通过熟练背诵例句的感 性方式来学习。例如,在学习动词的四个现在时态时,可以让学生分别用汉语和英语熟练背诵下面四个句子: 我通常在餐厅吃早餐。(一般现在时)




I usually have breakfast in the dining hall.

I am having breakfast in the dining hall.

I have had breakfast,I won’t go to the dining hall with you.

I have been having breakfast for only three minutes, I am not full.

通过例句的背诵,学生可以对语法知识有个感性的架构,在阅读中去套用,去巩固。在开始教小学生语法时,应尽量避免使用公式化的方式,例如让学生背诵:现在完成时是由助动 词have (has)加动词的现在分词构成。这样会让孩子对英语语法产生惧怕。


第一章 名 词





1. 名词可以根据意义分为普通名词和专有名词

如:John is a student 。 student 是普通名词,John 是专有名词

普通名词前可以用不定冠词 a/an, 定冠词 the 或不加冠词,专有名词前一般不 加冠词,专有名词的首字母要大写。

2. 普通名词又可以分为个体名词、集体名词、物质名词和抽象名词,其中个体名词与集体名词是可数名词,物质名词和抽象名称是不可数名词。

3. 专有名词。专有名词是表示人名、地名、团体、机构、组织等的专有名词,多为独一无二的



1、名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。 可数名词--可以数的名词 不可数名词--数不清(没有复数)

Drink? milk tea water orange juice coke coffee porridge

Food? rice bread meat fish fruit cake dumplings

2、可数名词与不定冠词a(an)连用有数数形式,不可数名词不能与不定冠词a(an) 连用,没有复数形式


much/a little+不可数名词

some, any , a lot of (lots of) 两者都可以修饰。


不可数名词 数词 +量词 +of + 名词

对可数名词的数量提问用 How many

对不可数名词的数量提问用 How much


1) some, much ,a little ,a lot of ,a bit of , plenty of 用等表示多少。

注意既可以与可数名词复数,又可以与不可数名词连用的有:plenty of ,some ,a

lot of ,lots of ,most of 等。

如There is much water in the bottle .瓶中有很多水。

I'll tell you much good news.我要告诉你许多好消息。

We should collect some useful information 我们应该收集一些有用的消息。

2) 用单位词表示。

用a ... of 表示。

如 a cup of ( 一杯......),a bottle of (一瓶......)

a piece of ( 一张......),a pair of shoes (一双鞋)

如two cups of tea (两杯茶),five pieces of paper (五张纸)



如two hundred students (200 名学生)

ten thousand trees (10000 棵树)

测试点 He caught a lot of fish 他抓到了许多鱼(此处为许多条鱼,fish 的复数仍

为fish 或fishes)

=He caught a lot of fishes.

The paper is about some fresh-water fishes.这篇论文是有关几种淡水鱼的。(此 处fish 表示不同种类的鱼,加复数词尾-es)


名词单数就是该词本身,在其前面加a 或an。


如a desk (一张桌子) an old desk (一张旧书桌)




如 book--books (书) desk--desks (书桌)

2)以s ,x ,ch , sh 结尾加-es

如 box--boxes (盒子) bus--buses(公共汽车)

注意①以 th 结尾加-s, month--months


3)以辅音字母+结尾,变y 为i 再加- es。

如city--cities(城市) country--countries(国家)


4)以f 或fe 结尾,复数变f 或 fe 为v 再加-es

如 knife-knives(书) , half-halves(一半)

(thief ,wife ,life ,shelf ,knife ,leaf ,self ,half ,wolf)

注意①有少数词后直接加s,如roof-roofs (屋顶)

5)以o 结尾

(1)辅音字母加o 结尾名词的加-es

如tomato-tomatoes(西红杮) potato-potatoes(土豆)

(2) 元音字母加o 结尾名词的加-s

如 piano-pianos (钢琴), zoo-zoos(动物园) photo-photos (照片), kangaroo-kangaroos(袋鼠) kilo-kilos(千克)

注意zero 两种方式都可:zero-zeros 或 zeroes(零)


1) 元音字母发变化。

如 man--men(男人) , woman--women(妇女)

tooth--teeth(牙齿) , foot--feet(脚)

mouse--mice(老鼠) , policeman--policemen(警察)


2) 词尾发生变化。

如child--children(小孩) , ox--oxen(公牛)

3) 单、复数形式相同。

如fish--fish(鱼) ,sheep--sheep(绵羊) ,

deer--deer(鹿) ,Chinese--Chinese(中

国人) ,yuan--Yuan(元) ,jinn--jinn(斤)

注意 不说an English,要说an Englishman.

①fish 作鱼肉讲时不可数,没有复数。

②fishes 指各种不同种类鱼或指几条鱼。

4) 形似单数,实为复数意义。

如 people(人,人们)these people

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(不说a people,可说a person)

police(公安,警察)ten police

(不说a police,可说a policeman)

5) 由man 和woman 构成的合成名词,变复数将名词及 man 或woman 都变成


如a man driver-men drivers(男司机)

a woman doctor-women doctors (女医生)

6) 合成名词变为复数时,通常只将里面所含的主体名词变为复数。

如 passer-by-passers-by(过路人)

bus driver-bus drivers(汽车司机)



letter-box-letter-boxes (信箱)

注意①hair 和fruit 通常作单数,表示总体。若表示若干根头发或若干种水果,则


如Would you like some more fruit? 你要不要再吃点水果?

We bought a lot of fruit from the market. 我们从市场上买了许多水果,

China has some good frits. 中国有一些好的水果。(指种类)

She has a few white hairs. 她有几要白头发。

His black hair is going white. 他的黑发逐渐变成灰白色。

注意②wind ,snow 和 rain 这类词,有时也可以有复数形式,表示多次的风、雪


注意以 boy 和girl 开头的复合名词变成复数时,一般只把后一名词变成复数。

如 boy student-boy students(男学生)


7) 有些名词只有作复数。

如 scissors( 剪刀)a pair of scissors( 一把剪刀)trousers( 裤子 )shorts( 短

裤 )jeans( 工 装 裤 )compasses( 两 脚 规 )scales( 天 平 )sunglasses( 太 阳




如 Englishman--Englishmen(英国人)


注意 German 不是复合词,它的复数是Germans。




如 Mary's father(玛丽的父亲)

Jim's mother(吉姆的母亲)



1)单数名词词尾加's 复数名词词尾如没有s,也要加's。

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如Tom's knife(汤姆的小刀)

Children's books(儿童书籍)



如Jim and Mike's room 吉姆和麦克(共用)的房间

Jim's and Mike's rooms 吉姆和麦克(各自)的房间


如the students' reading-room(学生阅览室)

Everyone needs to have at least eight hours' sleep a night. 每个人每晚需要至

少8 小时的睡眠。(新目标英语九年级)



如This is a woman's work. 这是女人干的工作。

This is a girls' school. 这是一所女子学校。

4)以-s 结尾的专有名词,构成所有格仍然加's,或只加',但读音都是/iz/。

如 Mr Jones's(Mr Jones')book(琼斯先生的书)

Keats' works(济慈的作品)


如Where is today's newspaper? 今天的报纸在哪儿?

An hour's walk isn't far. 一小时的路程不远。

(1) 有些无生命东西的名词,如国家,城市季节,太阳,月亮,大地,江河,海


如 China's population(中国人口)

the city's life(城市生活)



my uncle's(我叔叔家) ,the doctor's(医生的诊所)


有生命的名词,我们用's 结构来表示所有关系,如果是无生命的,我们就要用"


the window of the house(这间房子的窗户)

注意当's 所有格用来表示事物类别或属性时不可用 of 所有格。如:男式鞋应是

men's,而不是shoes of men。

3.of +名词所有格

of +名词所有称为双重所有格,使用时要注意以下几项。

1)表示部分时,前面的词一定要有a ,an ,some ,any ,few ,two ,no ,several (几个)

之类有修饰语,不能是one 和the 。

如可说:a book of my brother's 我兄弟的一本书

不说:books of my brother's 或 book of my brother's .

2)当带有感情色彩时,可用the ,this ,that ,these ,those 于名词前。

如the pretty daughter of your sister's 你姐姐的漂亮的女儿

Did you read that book of Lu Xun's ? 你读过鲁迅的那本书吗?

3)of 前面的名词不能是专有名词。

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如不说:This is John of his uncle's.

4)of 后面的名词必须是特定的。

如These books of my friend's are good 我朋友的这些书很好。

5)of 后面的名词必须是指人的名词。

比较不说It is a leaf of the tree's.

a picture of my father 指的是爸爸本人的照片。

注意of 所有格和双重所有格有时可以交替使用,意义无甚区别。

如a friend of my brother→a friend of my brother's

测试点a car of Betty's cars ,不可换为a car of Betty.。Jim's and Tom's fathers

are in the same office now.吉姆的父亲的汤姆父亲目前在同一办公室。




(2)"英、法"联盟a 变e。

(3)其他一律加s 即Chinese,Japanese 单复数同形;Englishman,Frenchman

的复数为 Englishmen,Frenchmen;其他像 German,American,Australian


O 结尾的名词顺口溜

1)有生命的以o 结尾的名词变复数时,词尾加es,凡无生命的以o 结尾的名词


有生命:potato-potatoes, tomato-tomatoes, hero-heroes, Negro--Negroes

如无生命:zoo-zoos, radio-radios, photo-photos, piano-pianos, zero-zeros,

bamboo (竹竿)--bamboos, tobacco (烟丝)--tobaccos1)


小学-中学课本中以o 结尾的名词构成复数时,加es 的只有Negro (黑人),hero

(英雄),potato (土豆),tomato (西红杮),volcano (火山),这就是"两人两


或:黑人和英雄吃土豆和西红柿egroes and heroes eat tomatoes and potatoes)

2)其余以o 结尾的名词变复数时均加s。



zoo-zoos , bamboo-bamboos,photo-photos piano-pianos, radio-radios.

f、fe 结尾的顺口溜




躲在架后保己命,半片树叶遮目光。 wife (妻子)

,knife (刀子),wolf (狼)thief

(小偷),shelf (架子),life (生命)leaf (树叶),self (自己),half (一半),

这9 个名词变复数时,都要改"f(e)"为"ve"再加"s"。

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(2)以f 结尾的名词,一般把把f 改为ves,但也有特殊情况是直接加-s 的,

如gulf, roof, chief, serf, belief, proof, handkerchief。编成口诀联想:





man-men; woman-women; foot-feet; tooth-teeth; goose-geese; mouse-mice;


第二章 冠 词





共 3 类:定冠词(the Definite Article),不定冠词(the Indefinite Article)、零冠

词(Zero Article)。



a 、an 与数词one 同源,是"一个"的意思。a 用于辅音音素前,而an 则用于元


(1) 表示某一类人或某事物中的任何一个,经常用在第一次提到某人或某物时,用


I gave him a book yesterday .我昨天给了他一本书

I am reading an interesting story . 我在读一则有趣的故事。

(2) 表示人或事物的某一种类, 强调整体, 即以其中的一个代表一类。

A horse is useful to mankind. 马对人类有用。

(3) 不定冠词用在事物的"单位"前,如时间, 速度, 价格等意义的名词之前,表示 "


We often go to school two times a day. 我们常常一天两次去学校。

I went to the library once a week at least.

(4) 不定冠词用来指某人某物,但不具体说明任何人或任何物。

A boy came to see you a moment ago. 刚才有一个小孩来找你。


I want to read the story a second time 我想再读一遍这篇小说 。

(6) 表示不特定的"某一个"时。如:

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A Mr. Smith is calling on the phone. 有一位史密斯先生来电话找你 。


have a good time 过得高兴

(8) 一日三餐前有修饰语时。如:

-Mum, what shall we have for lunch?


-Oh, what a wonderful lunch! I enjoy it very much.

(9) 在形容词最高级前表示"非常"时。如:

Lesson Nine is a most difficult lesson, but it isn't the most difficult One.


a little / a few / a lot / a type of / a pile / a great many / many a / as a rule / in a

hurry / in a minute / in a word / in a short while / after a while / have a cold /

have a try / keep an eye on / all of a sudden


定冠词the 与指示代词this,that,these,those 同源,有"那(这)个" "这(那)些




Take the medicine. 把药吃了。


He bought a house. I've been to the house.



the sun, the sky, the moon, the earth


The fox is cunning .狐狸是狡猾的。

(5)与形容词或分词连用,表示一类人:the rich 富人; the living 生者。

(6)用在序数词和形容词最高级,及形容词only, very, same 等前面:

Where do you live? I live on the second floor. 你住在哪?我住在二


That's the very thing that Ineed 那正是我需要的东西。


He began to learn Russian in the 1950s. 他在20 实际50 年代开始学俄语 。

但注意:in one's 50s 意为"在某人五十多岁时"。如:

He looked quite healthy though he was in his 80s.


①表示"越 ......,就越......"时。如:

The lighter, the better. 越轻越好 。

② 表示"两者中比较......"时,用定冠词。如:

There are two books on the table. I like the thicker one.

(9)用在"动词+sb.+介词+the+身体部位名称"的结构中(注意:介词常用 in/on/by)。


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The ball hit me on the back. 球打中了他的头 。

(10) 在表示"计量单位"的可数名词前(注意:介词用 by)。如:

The workers are paid by the hour/day/month. 按月付给工人工资 .

(11)用在某些由普通名词构成的专有名词前:the Great Wall(长城),the People's


the People's Republic of China 中华人民共和国

the United States 美国


She plays the piano. 她会弹钢琴.

The little girl likes to play the violin. 小女孩喜欢拉小提琴。


They are going to the cinema tonight. 他们今晚要去影院看电影。


the Greens 格林一家人 (或格林夫妇)

(15)在方位名词之前 ,如:in the west on the west

(16)在某些短语中 in the day, in the morning (afternoon,evening), the day

after tomorrow ,the day before yesterday, the next morning, in the sky

(water,field,country) in the dark, in the rain, in the distance, in the

middle (of), in the end, on the whole, by the way, go to the theatre


(1) 在物质名词前,如:

Water is very important . 水是非常重要的 。

(2) 在抽象名词前,如:

Failure is the mother of success. 失败乃成功之母。

(3) 复数名词表示人或物的种类时,如:

Doctors cure patients. 医生治病救人 .

Those people are teachers, not students. 这些人是老师,不是学生 .

(4) 在有关游戏的名词前,如:

Do you like to play chess? 你喜欢下棋吗 ?

(5) 在"by + 交通工具"的短语里,如:

Shall we walk or go by bus? 我们乘车还是步行 ?

(6) 在国名,人名和地名前通常不用定冠词,如 :


7)在年份、季节、月份、节日、 假日、日期、星期等表示时间的名词之前,不


We go to school from Monday to Friday. 我们从星期一到星期五都上课。


The guards took the American to General Lee.


(9)在三餐、球类运动的名称前,不加冠词 。如:

have breakfast,play chess

(10) 在某些固定词组中,是否有冠词,意义不同。如:

----------------------- Page 10-----------------------

in hospital 住院,in the hospital 在医院里 in bed 在卧床 ,in the bed 在床上

in front of 在...... (外)前面,in the front of 在...... (内)前部

go to hospital 去医院看病 go to the hospital 去医院 (并不是去看病,而


口 诀

泛指用a/ an,单数可数;特指用the,不特不the。

释:1)泛指用a/ an,单数可数--泛指的单数可数名词前要用a/ an。2)特指用


3)不特不the--不特指则不用the,包括泛指的可数名词单数前用a/ an,泛指的




(1)the 用在"特指"谈话双方都知道的某个人或某些人或物前。如:

Where is the teacher?


(2)the 用在上文已提到的人或事物前。如:

I can see a cat. The cat is Lucy"s.


(3)the 用在世界上独一无二的事物前。如:

The earth goes around the sun.


(4)the 用在序数词或形容词最高级前。如:

Mike is the tallest of the three boys.


(5)the 用在由普通名词构成的专有名词前。如:the Great Wall (长城),the

People"s Park (人民公园)等。

(6)the 用在一些习惯用语中或乐器名词前。如:in the day (在白天),play the

piano (弹钢琴)等。



(1)名词前已有作定语用的this, that, these, those, my, your, his, her, our, their,

some 等限定词时,不用冠词。如:this eraser, her pencil-box, some boxes, those

women 等。

(2)泛指的不可数名词前一般不用冠词。如:meat, rice, water, bread, tea, milk,

juice 等。


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The people in the room are doctors.


(4)在表示学科的名词前一般不用冠词。如:Chinese, English, maths, physics,

history 等。在三餐饭和球类运动名词前一般不加冠词。如:have breakfast/ lunch/

supper, play basketball/ football 等。

(5)在季节、节日、星期、月份前不用冠词。如:autumn, summer, winter, spring,

Teacher"s Day, Children"s Day, Sunday, February 等。

(6)在表颜色、语种和国家名词前不用冠词。如:white, brown, French, Australia



Doctor Green is a scientist.





the Red Sea,the Pacific Ocean,the Persian Gulf, the Yangtze River

The Great Lakes(五大湖);Lake Erie(伊利湖)

2)有球无星:地球,月亮用the;行星不用the: Mars,Venus;

3)有山无峰:The Huangshan Mountains(黄山);Mount Everest(珠穆朗玛峰);

Mount(or Mt.) Tai(泰山).

4)有独无欧(偶):独一无二的,the earth,the moon,the sun 用the;


Europe,Africa,Asia,North America,South America,Antarctica,Oceania

5)有(足)族无球(运动):种族用the:the Indians(印第安人);球类运动



The Constitution(宪法); chapter one


The University of Fudan; Fudan University

第三章 介词


介词 preposition 缩写 prep.,又叫前置词,表示其后的名词或代词(或是相当于




1、表示时间的(at 、on、in、at、before ,after、by、 until、through、from、

since、within )

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at noon 在午时 at night 在夜间 at present 目前


On Sunday 在星期天 on Sunday morning 在星期天的上午

on March 8 在 3 月8 日


in 1999 在 1999 年 in November 在 11 月份

in summer 在夏季 in the afternoon 在下午


I think he will be back in an hour .我想他一小时后就会回来。

I heard that she would be back in a month.我听说她一个月后回来的。


Wei Hua got up before 7 o'clock this morning .今天早晨,魏华在 7 点之前起床



After that ,no noe should ever kill a seagull . 从那时起,任何人不得捕杀海鸥。


By the time I arrived ,she had already gone .




Florence often worked for twenty-four hours without rest .

弗洛沦斯常常工作24 小时而不休息。


During the lifetime of one man ,North America and Europe will more further

apart by nearly two metres .



He ,who led the United States through these years ,was shot on April 14,

1865 ,at a theater in Washington

领导美国度过了这些年代的他,于 1865 年 4 月 14 日在美国华盛顿一家戏院里



The worders were made to work from 7 in the morning to 7 in the evening .工人

----------------------- Page 13-----------------------

们被迫从早 7 点工作到晚7 点。


Since that time ,my eyes had never been very good.从那时起,我的眼睛一直不



He will arrive within an hour .他一小时内就人到。

2、表示地点(at、in、on 、under、over、above、below、near、by、between、

among、around、around、in front of、behind、in 、into、out of、along、



(1) at:在某地点(表示比较狭窄的场所)

at school 上学 at home 在家 at 320 Xinfu District 在新抚区 320 号

at the station 在火车站


She will arrive in Shanghai at ten .10 点她将到达上海。

(3)表示地点方向的on ,under ,over ,above ,below


on the table 在桌子上面


Sometimes Juliana could hear planes above the trees.


③over:在??正上方,是 under 的反义词

Over these tombs ,they built pyramids .在这些坟墓上,他们建起了金字塔。


The twin sisters put the basket under the tree .这姐俩把篮子放到了树下。


Three thousand metres below her ,she could see nothing except the thick

jungle .

3000 米以下,除了茂密的丛林之外,她什么也看不见。

(4)near ,by

①near:近的,不远的(=not far)是的反义词,near 还可以指时间,in the near future


Green's lake was a small lake near his home .格林湖是他家附近的一个小湖。


Juliana walked by the side of the river for six more long days .

朱莉安娜沿着河岸又走了足足6 天。

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(5)between ,among ,around


The differences between American English and British English are not very

great .美国英语和英国英语之间的差别不是很大。


There are some American students among us .在我们中间有几个美国学校。


They arrived at a valley with high mountains all around it .


(6)in front of ,behind

①in front of :在??的前面

There is a car in front of the house .房子前面有一辆小汽车。

②behind :在?..后边

Are there any cows behind the house ?房子后面有一些牛吗?

(7)in ,into ,out of


There are four girls in the room.房间里有4 个女孩。


如:come ,go ,walk ,jump ,run..

She took me from the hall into my classroom .她把我从门厅带进我的教室里边


(8)along ,across ,through


Go along Zhongshan Road and turn right at the second crossing .



Very slowly,the continents are moving across the face of the world .



The students walked through the gate with Uncle Wang .


(9)to ,for ,from

①到达??地点( 目的地)或方向

Where's Jack? He has gone to London.杰克上哪了?他去伦敦了。


Do you know what he comes here for ? 你知道他为什么来这儿吗?


How far is it from London to New York? 从伦敦到纽约有多远?

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These plates keep moving ,like great ships ,carrying the continents with them .



A person with good manners is always kind and polite.



He could swim with some special swimming shoes.



点时,不用with 而用 in。

What's this in English. 这个用英语怎么说?


What do you mean by the word"island"? "island"是什么意思

I prefer traveling by train .我更喜欢乘火车旅行。


(1) of , from

①of 属于)??的,表示?..的数量或种类

It was beginning of the term .这是学期开始的时候。


She is a lady from Canada .她是一位加拿大的女士。

(2)without ,like ,as

①without :没有,是with 的反义词

She often worked for twenty-four without rest .她通常工作24 小时而不休息。


Like many children of her age ,Ding Fang is a Young Pioneer .



They are carrying us as passengers.它们把我们当作乘客运载着。


Everyone tried to fight against the locusts .所有的人奋力扑打蝗虫。

(4) about:

① 关于,各处,四周

Nightingale wrote a book about nursing .南丁格尔写了一部关于护理方面的书。

② 询问某人,某物的情况或提出建议

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What about your family ? 你家里人怎么样?

口 诀


年月周前要用 in,



上午下午又是 in。


用on 换 in 才能行。



at 也在时分前,


说"过"要用 part。


in 在??里,

out 在??外,

在旁边的是 beside,

靠近的为 by 。

on 在??上,

under 在??下,

above 在上头,

below 在底下。




over、under 正上下,above、below 则不然,


beyond 超出、无、不能,against 靠着,对与反。

besides,except 分内外,among 之内along 沿。

同类比较except,加for 异类记心间。


before、after 表一点, ago、later 表一段。

before 能接完成时,ago 过去极有限。

since 以来during 间,since 时态多变换。

与之相比 beside,除了last but one。

----------------------- Page 17-----------------------


①早、午、晚要用 in

例:in the morning 在早上

in the afternoon 在下午

in the evening 在晚上

in the day 在白天

②黎明、午、夜、点与分用 at

例: at dawn, at daybreak 在黎明时候

at noon 在中午

at night 在夜间

at midnight 在午夜

at six o'clock 在 6 点钟

at 7:30 (seven thirty) 在 7 点半

at half past eleven 在 11 点半

at nine fifteen 在 9 点 15 分

at ten thirty a.m. 在上午 10 点30 分

at the weekend 在周末

③年、月、年月、季节、周用 in。

例;in 1986 在 1986 年

in 1927 在 1927 年

in April 在四月

in March 在三月

in December 1986 1986 年 12 月

in July l983 1983 年 7 月

in spring 在春季 in summer 在夏季

in autumn 在秋季 in winter 在冬季

in the fist week of this semester 这学期的第一周

in the third week 在第三周

④阳光、灯、影、衣、冒 雨用 in,

在阳光下,在灯下,在树阴下,穿衣、着装、冒雨等都要用 in。

例:Don't read in dim light. 切勿在暗淡的灯光下看书。

They are reviewing their lessons in the bright light.


They are sitting in the shade of a tree. 他们坐在树阴下乘凉。

He went in the rain to meet me at the station. 他冒雨到车站去接我。

in the bright sunlight 在明亮的阳光下

the woman in white 穿着白色衣服的妇女 ⑤将来时态 in...以后

例: They will come back in 10 days. 他们将 10 天以后回来。

I'll come round in a day or two. 我一两天就回来。

We'll be back in no time. 我们一会儿就回来。

Come and see me in two days' time. 两天后来看我。(从现在开始)

after... (从过去开始)

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⑥小处at 大处 in

I'm in Liaoning, at Anshan. 我住在辽宁省鞍山市.

有形with 无形 by,语言 、单位、材料in

例:The workers are paving a road with stone. 工人们正用石子铺路。(有形)

The teacher is correcting the paper with a new pen.


"Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy" is a good opera.


The product is separated by distilation into gasoline and gas oil. 这种产品

是用蒸馏分离出气油和粗柴油。 (表示方式、手段、方法--无形)

I really can't express my idea in English freely in-deed.

我确实不能用英语流利地表达我的思想。 (表示某种语言用 in)

The kilometer is the biggest unit of length in the metric system.

公里是米制中最长的长度单位。 (表示度、量、衡单位的用 in )

This board was cast in bronze not in gold. 这个牌匾是铜铸的,不是金铸的。

⑦特征、方面与方式、心情成语惯用 in


They found the patient in a coma. 他们发现病人处于昏迷状态。

He has not been in good health for some years. 他几年来身体一直不好。

The house was in ruins. 这房屋成了废墟。

Her clothes were in rags. 她的衣跟穿破了。

还有一些心理短语也用 in,如: in jest 诙谐地,in joke 开玩笑地,in spite 恶

意地, in fairness 公正地,in revenge 报复, in mercy 宽大,in sorrow 伤心


⑧介词at、to 表方向,攻击、位置、善、恶、分"。

介词at 和to 都可以表示方向; 用at 表示方向时,侧重于攻击的目标,往往表示

恶意;用to 表示方向时,突出运动的位置或动作的对象,侧重表示善意。

She came at me. 她向我扑过来。

She came to me. 她向我走过来。

He shouted at the old man. 他大声喝斥那老人。

He shouted to the old man. 他大声向那老人说

She talked at you just now. 她刚才还说你坏话呢。

She talked to you just now. 她刚才还同你谈话呢.

She threw a bone at the dog. 她用一块骨头砸狗。

She threw a bone to the dog. 她把一块骨头扔给狗吃。

九年级全册单词表Unit 1

flashcard 抽认卡 vocabulary 词汇 aloud 大声地 pronunciation 发音 specific明确的 memorize 记住 grammar 语法 differently 不同地 frustrate 使失望 frustrating 令人失望的 quickly 快地 add补充;增加 excited 兴奋 not at all一点也不 end up 结束

pronounce 发??音;宣布 spoken 口语的 slowly 缓慢的 mistake 错误 make mistakes 犯错 comma 逗号 challenge 挑战 solution 解决 later on 稍后

realize 认识到;了解到 matter 重要;有关系 it doesn't matter 没关系 afraid 害怕的 be afraid to害怕去做 laugh at嘲笑;取笑 complete 完全的 sentence句子

secret秘密;诀窍 learner 学习者 take notes 做笔记 term 学期 impress 使感动 trouble 困难;苦恼 fast 快速的 look up 查阅 soft 柔软 make up 组成 essay 散文 deal 处理 deal with 处理 unless 除非 unfair 不公平的 solve 解决

regard关心;将?..视为 duty 责任 easily 容易地

influence 影响;对??起作用be angry with 生??的气 go by 过去;消失 friendship友情;友谊 lose失去;丧失 disagreement 意见不合 development 成长;发展 adult 成年人

try one's best 尽力做 unimportant 不重要的 face 面临

soldier军人;士兵 break off 中断

psychologist 心理学家 Unit 2

used to 过去常常

be interested in 对??有兴趣 airplane 飞机 terrify 使害怕

be terrified of 非常害怕的 go to sleep 入睡 on 开着的;接通的 insect 昆虫 candy 糖果 chew 咀嚼 gum 口香糖 chat 聊天;闲谈 daily 每日的 comic 连环图画 death死;死亡 afford 负担 cause造成;使发生 Unit 3 piercee 刺穿 license 执照 silly 愚蠢的 earring 耳环 instead of 代替 stay up 熬夜 concentrate 集中 concentrate on 专注于 study学习;研究 design 设计;构思 present礼物;现在 at present 目前 opportunity 机会 volunteer机会;志愿者 local 当地的

experience 经历;经验 member会员;成员 Unit 4 million 百万 medical医疗的 research 研究;调查 tie 领带

worry 烦恼;忧虑

what if 如果...将会怎么样

himself 他自己 patient 有耐心的 in the end 最后 decision 决定

make a decision 作决定 head teacher 班主任 necessary 必需品

to one's surprise 令某人惊奇的是??exactly正;恰恰 even though 即使 no longer 不再

take pride in 对??注意;留心 attention 注意

pay attention to 对??注意 give up 放弃 waste 浪费

not...any more 不再

mess 混乱

old people's home 养老院 sleepy 困倦的 reply 回答;答复

newsletter 时事通讯;简报 obey 服从

in the way 当道的;妨碍人的 achieve完成;实现 race 比赛;比赛 realistic 现实的 taught 教 importance重要 care 照料

care about关心;担心 succeed成功;达到 point 要点;论点 pimple 丘疹 exam 考试

energetic 精力充沛的 confident 自信的 permission 许可;允许 herself 她自己

bother 使恼怒;打扰

not...in the slightest 一点也不 annoy 使生气;使烦恼 fairly 相当地;还算 plenty of 许多

get along with 和??相处 circle 圈子;阶层 listener 听者;收听者 knowledgeable 知识渊博的 represent 代表;表示 let...down... 使?失望 come up with 提出;想出 rest 剩余部分;其余 aid 帮助 first-aid 急救 nearby 附近的 shelf 架子 Unit 5 belong 属于 belong to 属于 author 作家;作者 picnic 野餐 hair band 发带 possibly 可能地 drop 落下;掉下 symphony 交响乐 optometrist 验光师 appointment 约会;约定 crucial 关键的;决定性的 make up 形成;组成 final 最后的 anxious 忧虑的

worried 烦恼的;焦虑的 owner拥有者;所有者 Oxford University 牛津大学 chase 追逐;追赶 sky 天;天空 helicopter 直升机 creature 生物 catch 赶上;捕获 unhappy 不快乐的 extremely 非常;极其 Review of units 1-5 net 网

come out 出版;发表 cover 覆盖;遮掩 press 按;压;挤 deep深的

downstairs顺楼梯而下;在楼下 correct 对的;正确的 burn 烧伤;烧坏 knee 膝盖 pain 疼痛;痛苦 hurt使受伤;伤害 safety 安全 offer 提供 refuse 拒绝;回绝 helpful 有帮助的 treat 对待 burn烧伤;伤痕

interview 面试;采访 noise 噪音;喧闹声 wind 风 neighbor 邻居 footstep 脚步声 garbage 垃圾;废料 mystery 神秘的事物 director 领导者 monkey 猴子 escape 逃跑 bark吠声;叫声 smell 气味 finger 手指 lift 举起 stone 石头 ant 蚂蚁 ocean 大海

dishonest 不诚实的 pretend 假装 use up 用光 attempt 试图;企图 Hemingway 海明威 Mark Twain 马克吐温 Fred 弗雷德

turn off 关掉

polar bear 北极熊 Unit 6 prefer 更喜爱 lyric 歌词

gentle 轻柔的;温和的 dislike 不喜欢 remind 提醒;使记起 heart 心;内心 string 细绳;线 sink 下沉;沉没 Yellow River 黄河 Fisherman 渔夫 latest 最近的 entertainment 娱乐 feature 特点;特征 photography摄影;照相 gallery 美术馆;画廊 photographer 摄影师 display 展览;陈列 on display展览 photograph相片

interest引起??关注;使??感兴趣classs 等级;类别 whatever 不管什么 miss 想念;错过 suggest 显示;暗示 energy活力;力量 okay=OK 好的 pro 赞成的观点 con 反对的观点 honest 诚实的 course 课程 Unit 7

tiring 引起疲劳的 educational 教育的 peaceful 和平的 fascinating 迷人的 thrilling 令人激动的 take it easy 从容;轻松 Florida 佛罗里达州 trek 旅行 长途跋涉 Amazon 亚马逊河 jungle 热带丛林 fall 瀑布;秋天(美)


suit 适合

suit sb.(fine) 合某人的意 expect 期待; expect 除了 sweet 甜的

taste 品尝;尝起来 to be honest 老实说 be bad for 对...有害 actually 实际上 fry 油煎;油炸 mainly 主要地

stay away from 与??保持距离 be in agreement 意见一致 itself 它自己;它本身 laboratory 实验室 type 类型 cancer 癌症 barbecue 烧烤 increase 增加 risk 危险;风险 biscuit 饼干 main 主要的;首要的 exclamation 惊叹词 tag 标签

tag question附加疑问句 contraction 缩略词;缩略形式 tasty 味道好的 vegetarian 素食者 shock 使??震惊

Niagara Falls 尼亚加拉大瀑布 touristy 游客很多的 spotlight 公众注意的中心 consider 考虑 lively 充满活力的 sight 名胜;风景 including 包括 tower 塔

Eiffel 埃菲尔铁塔 cathedral 总教堂

Notre Dame Cathedral 巴黎圣母院

Church 教堂 convenient 方便的

underground 地铁;秘密活动 general 一般事物

in general 大体上;一般而言 wine 葡萄酒 translate 翻译 pack 把??打包 light 灯;光;轻;点燃 Ace Travel 旅游社名 eastern 东方的 provide 提供 firm 公司 spot 地点;现场 Confucius 孔子 sail 航行 Pacific 太平洋 Unit 8

clean up 打扫干净 hunger 饥饿

homeless 无家可归的 cheer 使振奋;使高兴起来 give out 分发;发放 clean-up 打扫;清洁 sign 标牌;招牌 advertisement 广告 put off 推迟;延迟 set 摆放;放置

set up 建立;创立;开办 establish 建立;建造 think up 想出

major 主要的的;重大的 commitment 奉献;忠诚

elementary 基础的;初级的;小学的veterinarian 兽医 coach 教练;指导

take after 与(父母等)相像 fix 修理;修补 fix up 修理;修补 give away 赠送;分发 repair 修理;修补 similar 相似的;相仿的 put up 张贴;搭建 ask for 要求;请求

finding 发现

thousands of 数以千计 as soon as possible 尽快地 continue 继续 programming 编程 translator 翻译者 report 报导 willing 乐意的

be willing to 乐意做某事 quite a few 相当多的 dream 做梦;梦想 dream of 梦想着

sportspeople 爱运动的人 conclusion 结论 hold on to 继续;坚持 come true 实现 attitude 态度

hand out 分发;发放

call-in(=phone-in)听众来电直播节目strategy 方法;策略 work out 产生结果;发展 website (互联网的)站点 disabled 肢体有残疾的 organization 组织;机构 fill 装满;填满 pleasure 愉快;高兴 blind 盲的 deaf 聋的

unable 不能的;不会的 cannot(=can’t) imagine 相像

shut 关上(门、窗、盖等) carry 搬运;携带

help(sb.)out 帮助(某人)解决困难 specially 特意地;专门地 fetch 拿来;青来 at once 立即;马上 suppor 支持;帮组 appreciate 感激 donation 捐赠物;捐赠 part of speech词性;词类 pronoun 代词 adverb 副词

preposition 介词 conjunction 连词 Unit 9

invent 发明;创造 calculator 计算器 be used for 用来做?? scoop 勺子;用勺舀 adjustable 可调整的 heel 后跟;鞋跟 battery 电池 operate 操作;作业

battery-operated 电池供电的 slipper 拖鞋 heat 加热;变热 bulb 电灯泡;电灯 light bulb 电灯泡 microwave 微波 microwave oven 微波炉 crispy 脆的;易碎的 salty 咸的;含盐的 sour 酸的;酸味的 by mistake 错误地 chef 厨师 sprinkle 撒;洒

by accident 偶然地;意外地 beverage 饮料

according to根据;按照;据?所说ancient 古代的;古老的 legend 传说;传奇故事 Shen Nong 神农 bush 灌木;灌木丛 fall into 落入;陷入 remain 留下;被遗留 notice 注意到;察觉到 produce 生产;制造

pleasant 合意的;令人愉快的 mixture 混合;混合剂 in this way 这样 pie 馅饼

flying 飞盘;飞碟 Unit 10

by the time 到??时候 gotten get的过去分词 oversleep 睡过头

donate 捐赠;赠送

bakery 面包店

Bridgeport (美国)布里奇波特市 Connecticut(美国)康涅狄格州 throw 投;抛 taste 味道;风味 lemon 柠檬

cookie 小甜饼干;曲奇饼 abacus 算盘

binoculars 双筒望远镜 century 世纪;百年 rank 顺序;级别 active 活动的;积极的 indoors 在户内 create 创造;创作 wooden 木制的 knock 敲;击;碰撞 knock into 与??相撞 divide 分开;划分 aim 目标;目的 basket 篮;框 metal 金属 hoop 环;圈;篮圈 shoot 投篮;射击 below 在??的下面 backboard 篮板;背板 guide 指导;带领 towards 向着;朝着 court 球场 Berlin 柏林 develop 发展

popularity 普及;流行 rise 上升;达到较高水平等 risen rise的过去分词

worldwide 世界范围的;世界性的 association 协会 equipment 装备;器材

go off 发出响声 rush 冲;奔

run off 跑掉;迅速离开

on time 准时 lock 锁上;锁 relative 亲属;亲戚 broke break的过去式 break down 停止运行;出故障 fool 愚弄;欺骗;愚人;白痴 costume 成套服装;戏装 embarrassed 尴尬的;为难的 empty 空的;排空 show up 出席;露面

exhausted 及其疲惫的;精疲力竭的 describe 描述;描绘 April Fool's Day 愚人节 announce 宣布;宣告 Mars 火星

convincing 令人信服的;有说服力的 panic 恐慌;惊恐 Review of units 6-10 Halloween 万圣节前夕 Holland 荷兰 Unit11

restroom 公共厕所;休息室 shampoo 洗发水;香波 drugstore 杂货店;药店 cafe 咖啡馆;小餐馆 department 部门;局;部

department store 百货商店;百货公司escalator 电动扶梯

magic 魔术;魔力;魔术的;有魔力的 fresh 新鲜的 block 街区;街短 oak 橡树;橡木

uncrowded 不拥挤的;宽敞 safe 安全的;可靠的 slide 滑道;滑动装置 water slide 水滑道 clown 小丑;丑角 Unit12

shake 摇动;震动 shake hands 握手 custom 风俗习惯;习俗 bow 鞠躬;弯腰 kiss 吻;亲吻

Cali (哥伦比亚城市)卡利

set off 激起;引起

authority 权威机构;行政管理机构 reveal 揭示;揭露 hoax 骗局;恶作剧 flee 逃;逃走

fled flee的过去式及过去分词 spaghetti 意大利面 farmer 农夫;农场主 sell out 卖完;售完 girlfriend 女朋友 marry 嫁;娶;与??结婚

thrill (使)非常激动;(使)非常紧张 get married 结婚 ending 结局;结尾 embarrassing 令人尴尬的 a piece of 一片;块

Qomolangma 珠穆朗玛峰

staff 职员;工作人员

organized 有组织的;安排有序的 dress up 装扮;穿上盛装 market 市场;集市广场 lend 借给;借出 park 公园;停车 alright =all right好吧 direct 直接的;直率的 order 命令;指示 wonder 觉得奇怪;想知道 lead 引导;引诱 trouble 麻烦;烦恼 offend 冒犯;得罪 certain 某些;某个 structure 结构;构造 hand in 交上;提交

Colombia 哥伦比亚 relaxed 放松的;宽松的 drop by 顺便拜访

Lausanne (瑞士城市)洛桑 Switzerland 瑞士 land 国土;国家

after all 毕竟;终究 towards 对于;关于 greet 问候;向??打招呼 Peru 秘鲁 pick 捡起;拾起 pick up 捡起;拾起 wipe 擦;抹 napkin 餐巾

make a noise 发出令人不愉快的声音 stick 刺;戳;插 rude 粗鲁的;无礼的 point 指向

go out of one's way to do sth. 特地做某事 make sb. feel at home 使某人感到宾至如归 manner 礼貌;规矩 table manners 餐桌礼仪 be/get used to 习惯于?? fork 叉;餐叉 full 吃饱的;过饱的 lap 大腿 elbow 肘部

gradually 逐渐地;渐渐地 particular 特殊的;独特的 compliment 称赞;恭维 toast 敬酒;祝酒

unfamiliar 不熟悉的;陌生 spoon 匙;调羹 knife 刀;餐刀 crowd 挤满;充满 Unit 13

lagoon 泻湖;环礁湖 scientific 科学的 therefore 因此;所以 pink 粉红色的 lighting 光线;照明 hard 坚硬的;坚固的 serve 服务;招待;端上 fair 公平的;公道的 campaign 运动

endangered 濒临灭绝的 slogan 标语;口号

mysterious 神秘的;不可思议的 shiny 有光泽的;发亮的 skin 皮肤

rubbish 垃圾;废物 seek 寻找;探究 chatline 聊天热线 online 联机的;在线的 type 打字

mostly 多半;主要地;通常 abbreviation 缩略词;缩写式 form 组成;构成 phrase 短语;词组 homophone 同音异型异议词 combine 结合;组合 symbol 象征;标志;符号 punctuation 标点符号 mark 记号;符号 emotion 情感;感情 emoticon 由字符组成的图释 colon 冒号 bracket 括号 beside 在??旁边

e-mail=email电子邮件;发电子邮件 riddle 谜语

learn?by oneself 自学 experiment 试验;实验 proper 合适的

pleased 高兴的;满意的 queue 一对人;排队 normally 正常地;通常 whose 谁的

product 产品 lookout 前景;远景 beauty 美;美貌 keep out 呆在外边 toothpaste 牙膏 stardust 星团;幻觉 advertising 广告;广告活动 pros and cons 赞成和反对 aim 瞄准;对准 aim at 瞄准;针对

specifically 特定地;明确的 instance 例子;实例 for instance 例如;比如 list 列出;列举

confusing 令人困惑的 misleading 令人误解的 truth 真实;真相 at times 有时;偶尔 to start with 首先 tense 紧张的;焦虑的 home-made 自制的;家里做的 schoolbag 书包 Unit 14

bathing 游泳;洗澡 suit (一套)衣服

bathing suit 游泳衣;泳装 towel 毛巾;手巾 water 浇灌;浇水 guidebook 手册;指南

clean out 清除;把??打扫干净 refrigerator 冰箱 garage 汽车库;汽车间 suitcase (旅游用)小提箱

get back to sb. 过一会再给某人电话chop 砍;劈;剁 wood 木头;木材 light 点燃;点着 well 井;井水 farm 农场;农庄 anyway 不管怎样 award 奖赏;奖金 wave 波浪;波涛 scene 舞台

hit 成功且轰动一时的事物 appear 出现;露面 Unit 15 manatee 海牛 furry 皮毛的

enormous 巨大的;庞大的 playful 顽皮的

aggressive 侵犯的;挑衅的 gary 灰色 spotted 有斑点的 kangaroo 袋鼠 chimpanzee 黑猩猩 cheetah 猎豹 mangrove 红树 swamp 沼泽

purple 紫色的 purse 钱包;女用小包 guilty 内疚的;有罪的 taste 品味;审美力 saying 格言;警句;谚语 thought 思想;想法;考虑 count 有价值;重要

lead 领导的;领先的 lead singer 主唱者 some day 将来某一天 be off 离开;走开 poem 诗;韵文 cupboard 食橱;橱柜 turn 依次轮到的机会 mail 邮件;邮政 ancestor 祖先;祖宗 root 根;根源

overseas 海外的;国外的 homeland 祖国;家乡 government 政府 so far 到目前为止 southern 南方的 go for walks 去散步 villager 村民;乡村居民 thanks to 幸亏;由于 strongly 坚定的;坚决的 purpose 目的;意图 step 步;脚步;步骤 look forward 盼望;期待

habitat 生长环境 aquatic 水生的;水栖的 feed 动物的食物;饲料 underwater 在水下的 vegetation 植物;草木 weigh 称;称?重量 pound 磅

discover 发现;发觉 polluted 被污染的

present progressive 现在进行时present simple 一般过去时 infinitive 动词原型;不定式

passive 被动语态

present perfect 现在完成时 suitable 适合的;适宜的 tiny 极小的;微小的 cage 笼子

disgusted 厌恶的;憎恶的 educate 教育培养

care for 关心;关怀;照顾 urge 强烈要求;竭力主张 expression 词语;表达方式 recycle 再循环;回收利用 built build的过去式及过去分词stuff 原料;材料 pull 拉;拖;拔 Review of Unit11-15 material 材料;物质 business 商业;生意 plastic塑料的;塑料制的 certainly 确实地;无意地 proud 自豪的;骄傲的 flag 旗;旗帜 national flag 国旗

glue 粘贴;胶水 roof 屋顶;房顶;顶 discard 丢弃;抛弃 tile 瓦片;瓷砖 fence 栅栏;围墙 can 容器 recently 最近 planet 行星 society 社团;社会 president 总统;总裁 inspiration 灵感 spare 多余的;空闲的 model 模型


Unit 1 第一单元单词及短语

1. 多久一次 2.锻炼;运动 3.踩滑板;参加滑板运动 4..几乎不;几乎没有 5.ever.曾经 6.shop.购物 7一次

8..两次;两倍 9.次;次数 10..驾(船);在??冲 11.网络;互联网 12.节目 13中学 14.大多数 15.没有,无

16.结果;成果 17.活跃的;积极的 18. 对于;关于; 19.至于;关于 20.约摸;几乎 21.废弃的旧物;破烂物

22. 垃圾食品 23. .牛奶 24. .咖啡 25 (食物等的)薄片 26.可乐 27..巧克力 28.喝;饮 29.健康;

健康状况 30.多31..采访者 32习惯;习性 33.试图;想要;设法;努力 34.当然;自然 35照顾;照看 36生活方式 37.分数;成绩;

年级 38.(good和well的比较级)更好的;更使人满意的;健康状况有所好转的 39同样的;相同的 40..(表示比较)像??(一样) 41差异的;

不同的 42.(different的名词)不同;差异;区别 43..不健康的;不益于健康的 44..呸;啐 45或许;大概 46 (=though)虽然;即使;纵然 47.

(表示时间、距离、数量)达;计 48.爷爷;外公.49.大量;许50.保持;使保持某种状态 51.必须52. (little的比较级)较小的;更小

Unit 2 第二单元单词及短语

1..事情;问题;差错 2.得(病);患(病) 3.伤风;感冒 4.患感冒 5.胃痛;腹痛;肚痛6.疼痛的 7..后背;背脊 8.臂;胳 .

9.耳朵 10.眼睛 11 (以及复数)脚;足 12.手 13..头;头部 14..腿;腿部 15..嘴;口;口腔 16.脖子;颈部

17.鼻 18..胃;胃部 19.牙齿(以及复数) 20..喉头;喉咙;咽喉21.牙痛 22..发烧;发热23.休息 24

蜂蜜 25.牙医 26应该 27头痛 28.不应该 29. (距??)以前 30如此;这样31.疾病;生病 32.劝告;忠告;建议

33.渴的;口渴的 34.加压力于;使紧张 35.紧张的;有压力的 (短语)

36. 早;提早 37.问题 38. 方法;手段;方式;样式 39.传统的;惯例40.相信;认为 41..平衡;平衡状态;协调

42..(身体)虚弱的;无力的43.草本植物;药草;香草 44.豆腐 45.药;药物;药剂 45. 西方的;来自西方的

46. .每人;人人;各人 47get变得 48..(表示否定)很少的;几乎没有的 49 (表示肯定)有些;几个 50继续是;保持 51重要的;重大的 52.平衡的;协调的 53..饮食;节食54瞬间;片刻 55.此时;现在(短语)56.晚 57.

(=till)直到?之时;在?之前 58(表示惊奇呵;哎呀59寄宿家庭60昨天;昨日 61.听见;听说 (以及过去式)

Unit 3 第三单元单词和表达式

1..临时照顾婴幼儿(以及过去式) 2.设营;宿营;露宿3.计划;规划;方案 4.西藏 5徒步旅行;远足 6香港 7 (yes

的变体)是adv 8.多久 9向远处;离开;向另一方向 10.回来 11送;寄;派谴以及过去式) 12. 名信片 13. (美国

州名)夏威夷 14.美国加利福尼亚州西部港市)旧金山 15..自行车;脚踏车 16.乘骑;搭乘;乘骑(搭乘)旅行(的路程) 17.观光;游览 18..捕鱼;

钓鱼 19 租用;出租 20. .著名的;出名的 21.去度假 22.希腊23西班牙24.欧洲25.某物;某事26..湖;湖泊 27

(加拿大与美国之间的五个大湖的总称)五大湖28离去;出发2乡下;农村;乡村 30..大自然;自然界31忘记;忘却32.很;非常;常常 33..结束;完

毕;完成34泰国 35. t旅行者;游客36.意大利

Unit 4 第四单元单词和表达式

1.搭乘(某种交通工具) (以及过去式)2地铁;地下火车3.走;步行;散步4. (用以促使注意,表示惊异或询问)嘿;喂5.火车

6.四十.7.五十8.六十9七十 10.八十11九十 12.一百13.分钟 13花费(时间) v. 14..表示交通、传递等的方式15乘公车

16.远的;遥远的17多远18公里;千米19.淋浴 20.快的;迅速的21.自行车;两轮脚踏22.车站23..早的;提早的 24.英里

25.车站26.运送;运输27.北部的;北方的28北美洲 29地区;区域30事物;事情311另外的;其他的32依赖;依靠

33视??而定;决定于34河;江35..船36 (表示推测)一定36. (用于形容词、副词的比较级之后)比37 (用于构成部分形容词及副词的比较

级)(比??)更;更多的;更大 38.方法;手段;工具39. 小汽车40.镇;城镇40生病的;不健康的41担心;担忧;焦虑 42.朝??看 43 (表示程度)


Unit 5 第五单元单词和表达式

1.课;课程 2.又一的;再一的3.音乐会4..(who的宾格)谁;什么人 5.日历;日程表6.明天;明日7.后天 8..邀请 9.非周末休息日;工作日 10.可惜;

遗憾; 11.训练;锻炼12.化学13.美国的;美洲的 14 (学校的)课题;作业;项目15.比赛;竞赛 16.整个的;全部的;完整的17.从一边至另

一边 18.顺便来访 19.空闲的;有空的 20. l直到??之时;在??之前

Unit 6 第六单元单词和表达式

1..友好的;爽直2.孪生的;双胎的3..(心情)镇静的;无忧虑的 4卤莽的;轻率的5.严肃的;庄重的6.聪明的;伶俐的;机敏的

7.体格健美的;体格强健的8.注释;说明 9.表示??的意思;作??的解释 10.以??的方式;如同??那样

11. (某个)方面;某)点12.两个(都);两者(都) 13.她的(所有物);属于她的(东西) 14.物理;物理学15.然而16 超出??

17.共同的;共有的18.共同(的);共有(的) 19. t擅长;在??方面做得好 20.学业;功课21使;促使;迫使 22笑;发笑23 (表示对象、用途等)为;给;对 26.兴趣;爱好27.大多数 28.虽然;即使;纵然 29.必要的;必须的;必需的 30.打败;战胜;超过


Unit 7 第七单元单词和表达式

1.一种混合饮料2.奶昔(牛奶与香料,有时为冰淇淋,混合或搅打至起泡的饮料) 3.果汁机;搅和器4.打开(电器)5.切;割;削v.

6..分开;成碎片7.切碎 8l剥;削(水果等的皮) 9.倾倒;灌;浇10.到??里;进入到??之内 11酸奶;酸乳酪12.i (烹调用的)材料;原料;成份13. p小茶杯;一杯的容量14.西瓜15.t茶匙16. t总额;总数;数量17..命令;指示;用法说明 18.最后地;最终19x混合;混在一起20.混合在一起21.爆米花 22爆米花机23.煮沸;烹煮24.盐;食盐25.加;增加;加添 26把??加到??上27.三明治28.面包29黄油30..调味品;佐料31莴苣;生菜

32.火鸡33.薄片34.特级的;极好的35.t顶;上部37核对;检查.38. n(带茎叶的)嫩洋葱; 葱39鸭子40.调味汁;酱油41.薄煎饼;烙饼42滚动;卷起

Unit 8 第八单元单词和表达式

1.礼物;赠品2.鲨鱼3.水族馆4海豹5.逗留;徘徊6. (俚语)经常出没;闲荡7..纪念物;纪念品8..赢;获胜 9.亲笔签名

10.奖赏;奖金;奖品11.访问者;参观者;游客12.户外的;在户外的13.章鱼14.结束;结尾15班长16芝加哥 17.加利福尼亚州

18.睡过头;起得晚19.驾驶;驱车旅行20.息;不工作21..雨水;雨天;(持续的)降雨22.数字化视频光盘 23.院子;庭院24.庭院旧货出售25.幸运地

26.雨伞;伞27.雨衣28t湿的;潮的29.竞争;比赛;竞赛30.运动员31将来;未来32.再一次;又一次Unit Unit 9第九单元单词和表达式

1.生(孩子、幼畜)2.国际的;世界(性)的3.记录;(尤指运动中的)最高记录4.打嗝. 5.打喷嚏6.太??以致不能?7 (打)高尔夫球 8.巴西的;巴西人的9.国家的;全国的;民族的10.成就;功绩 11演出;表演12..体操运动员1金(制)的 14奖牌;奖章 15p冠军称号;(-s)锦标赛16.高尔夫球运动员 17成为;变成(以及过去式)18.把??叫做;称呼;为??取(名) 19.有天赋的;天才的20..慈爱的 21.有创造力的22..杰出的;出色的23.和蔼的;仁慈的;友好的;亲切的24.不寻常的;罕有的;独特的25孙子;外孙26.小提琴手27滑冰;溜冰28.滑冰2 (在比赛中)得第一名的人(动物、物品等);冠军30.在??旅行;观光;参观 31.美利坚合众国;美国32有名的;出名的;众所周知的 33钢琴手;钢琴家34. can的过去式)可以;能;可能v.

35作嗡嗡声;哼唱36.歌曲37. (艺术品、音乐的)幅;篇;首38.手风琴39.参加??;参与??40波兰41人;人物42.活着的;在世的43.运动选手;运动员44. 因为;由于45 亚洲;亚细亚洲46乒乓球运动 47.大学48.major主修;专研v.49主修;专研 50管理;经营 51号码;编号;(用于数字前,可略作No.或no.) n.53. (网球、乒乓球等的)单打比赛54..(=International Table Tennis Federation)国际乒乓球联合会

Unit 10 第十单元单词和表达式

1.生长;发育v.2.成长;长大(短语)3.电脑程序设计人;程序师.4..工程师5计算机科学6.飞行员;飞机驾驶员7.专业的;职业的8表演;演戏9..移动;搬动10梦;梦想;幻想11.在某处;到某处12.兼职的13.储存;储蓄14同时15.举行;召集;主持16展览;展览会17富有的;富裕的;富饶的.18. l旅行;游历19到处;遍及 20. (使)退休;退职;退役21到此时;至今22.决心;决心要做之事23器具;工具;乐器24. (在数目、数值、程度等方面)超过;在??以上25.传真26读者27.强健的;健康的28.通话;交际;交流思想29.女士;贵妇人;淑女 30.外国的;在外国的;对外的31教;讲授32.构筑;建造;建筑(以及过去式)


Unit 11 第十一单元单词和表达式

1.杂务;杂事;(尤指)日常的普通工作2伙伴;同伴;搭档3.盘;碟4.洗餐具5扫除;清扫;清除6.垃圾;废物;碎屑7取出8.折叠;折起来9. (指睡前或起身后)整理床铺10起居室;客厅 11会议;集会12.从事;忙于13.憎恨;憎恶14.处理琐事;干家务

15.洗衣店;要洗的衣物16.洗衣服17小吃;快餐18. (13-19岁的)青少年.19借;借入;借用20邀请;恳请21. (电)唱机n.


Unit 12 第十二单元单词和表达式

1无线电;无线电广播2.无线电台3.舒适的;安逸的4.seat.座位 5屏;幕;荧光屏6.近的;接近的7靠近;接近

8.服务;服务性工作 9.品质;特质10剧院;戏院12. (总称)衣服;衣着13.(pl.)牛仔裤14.时髦的;赶时髦的15.青少年n.

16.安逸的;自在的17.调频 18. n)调幅19爵士乐;爵士乐曲 21bad和badly的比较级)更坏的;更差的22.(bad和badly的最高级)最坏的;最差的 23.特价商品;便宜货24. t欣喜;高兴;愉快25.膳食;一餐26积极的;肯定的 27.消极的;否定的28.乏味的;无聊的;单调的29.(声音)响亮的;喧闹的

30.天才;天资;才干31业余歌手演唱会(文中指才艺表演)32.成功 33.演员;演出者;演奏者34表演者;短节目35.无;没有;缺少 36在一起;共同37. (关于)音乐的38.距离;路程39近的;靠近的;接近40. (far的最高级)最远的(地).41.省份42. (在)南方的43还是;还;仍然44.15摄氏度 45令人愉快的;美好的46.在)北方的47充足的;充分的 48 零下10摄氏度 49雪;下雪天气



班别 姓名 座号 得分

一、 单项选择。(15分)

( )1.I study English by asking the teacher .

A. to help B. for help C. for helping

( )2.If you practice English every morning, you’ll improve it quickly.

A. reading B. to read C. be reading

( )3.They felt about the English video but I thought it was .

A. excited, bored B. exciting, bored C. excited, boring

( )4.You can find their house a window .

A. has, opened B. with , opened C. with , open

( )5.He used to long hair.

A. has B. grow C. have

( )6. Though the man lives , he doesn’t feel .

A. alone, lonely B. alone, alone C. lonely, lonely

( )7.I’m too busy, so I have time to go to the music club.

A. always B. hardly C. once

( )8.The sun at night as usual.

A. can be seen B. can’t be seen C. doesn’t see

( )9.Twenty-year-olds are not to drive.

A. serious enough B. young enough C. enough serious

( )10.Her cousin can draw an artist.

A. as well as B. not so well as C. as good as

( )11.Peter liked to read books on basketball when he was young. He always books library.

A. to lend, to B. borrowed , from C. lent, to

( )12. If I were rich, I anything I wanted.

A. would buy B. will buy C. buy

( )13.If it tomorrow, we’ll have a picnic.

A. not rain B. won’t rain C. doesn’t rain

( )14.My parents are out, I look after my little sister.

A. have to B. must C. can

( )15.I think they can find .

A. strange anything B. strange something C. something strange

二、 单词拼写。(10分)

1.I’m very n when I speak in front of a group.

2.He never feels tired, he is e . 3.Many people are afraid to speak in p .

4.My mother doesn’t a me to go out at night.

5.Every driver must have a driver’s l .

6.I can’t concentrate on my (学习) with all that noise going on. 7.It would be a great (经历,体验) for you go be a volunteer. 8.You look very (困倦的), so you need enough sleep. 9.The students are walking in the (黑暗). 10.When I was a little girl, I was very (感兴趣) in dancing.

三、 词形转换。(10分) 1.Jane is so shy that she is afraid of (speak)in front of a group. 2.My father used to (tell) us stories when I was young. 3.Jack is so funny. He always makes us (laugh). 4.The famous writer spent nearly three years (write) his new novel. 5.She prefer to (talk) to one or two persons rather than a group. 6.If I (be) you, I would go there. 7.Whe is your favorite basketball (play) in China?

8.He’s really (tiring). He has been working all day. 9.Linda lost her money and she was (happy). 10. He fell (sleep) before he took off his clothes.

四、 情景交际。(15分)

(A) 在横线上填入适当的单词补全对话,每空一词10分

A: Zhu, is that you? B: Yes, you are Chen, you?

A: Yes, that’s .You’ve changed a lot.

B: Really? How? A: You used to be , but now you’re tall.

B: Yes , I am. A: You used to have hair. Now you have short hair.

B: Yes, that’s right. A: And you used to glasses.

B: Yes, I still do. But today I have contact lenses.

(B) 从方框中选择适当的句子补全对话5分 A: 1( )

B: It must be Carla’s. 2( )

A: How about this toy car? B: Oh, 3( ) He was the only little kid at the picnic.

A: Oh, and look, someone left a book. B: Oh, yeah... 4( ) , Hemingway is her favorite author.

A: How about this CD? B: The CD must belong to Grace. 5( )

五、 句型转换,每空一词。(10分)

1. Are you still afraid of snakes?(改写同义句) Are you still snakes?

2. The students clean the room every day.(改为被动语态) The is every day by the students.

3.Must the boy wear white suits? (作否定回答) No, .

4.Lily has an English-Chinese dictionary.(改为一般疑问句) Lily an English-Chinese dictionary? 5. I usually study English by making flashcards.(就划线部分提问) you usually study English?

六、 完型填空。(10分)

Small cars may take the place of (代替 ) bit cars in the future(将来). There is (1) for only two people in such a car. If everyone (2) such a car, there will be less pollution(污染) (3) the air. There will also be more space for (4) cars in cities, and the streets will be less crowded. The little cars will cost (5) less. Driving will be (6) , too, as these little cars can go only 65 kilometers per hour. If big cars are still used along with the small (7) , two sets of road will be (8) in the future. Some roads will be used (9) the big, fast cars, and (10) roads will be needed for the slower small ones.

( )1 . A. a place B. space C. a room D. seat

( )2 . A. rides B. pushes C. drives D. pulls

( )3 . A. in B. on C. for D. at

( )4 . A. stopping B. stop C. parking D. park

( )5 . A. lots of B. many C. more D. much

( )6 . A. danger B. dangerous C. safe D. safer

( )7 . A. one B. ones C. seat D. seats

( )8 . A. need B. needing C. needs D. needed

( )9 . A. as B. by C. for D. in

( )10 . A. the other B. the another C. another D. other

七、 阅读理解。(20分)


The other day, my friends and I talk about the rules that we have in school. At our school, we have to wear uniforms every day. The problem is that all my classmates think the uniforms are ugly. We think young people should look smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes. Our teachers believe that if we did that, we would concentrate more on our clothes than our studies. We disagree. We would feel more comfortable and that is good for studying. If we can’t do that, we should be allowed to design our own uniforms. That would be a good way to keep both teachers and students happy. It’s also probably a good idea for parents to allow teenagers to study in groups during the evening. I know we get noisy sometimes, but we learn a lot from each other. We also think that vacations should be longer. At present they’er too short. Longer vacation would give us time to do things like volunteering. Last summer I had an opportunity to volunteer at the local hospital, but I couldn’t because I had to go back to school. It would be a good experience for me because I want to be a doctor when I’m older.根据短文内容判断句子正(T)误(F)

( )1.All the writer’s classmates think the uniforms are comfortable.

( )2.The writer and his friends think the vacations are too long.

( )3.The writer and his friends want to design their own uniforms.

( )4.The writer and his friends think young people should look smart.

( )5.The writer wants to be a doctor when he is older.


Some children wish to be writers when they grow up. They mean that they want to write stories or book. They would be happy if many people read their stories or books some day, but I would like to tell these children that they will need to be good readers and read a lot before they become good writers. Nearly all great writers often listened to others telling stories long before they started school. They also kept on reading for hours and hours for years. Even when they have become writers, they spend much of their time reading books instead of watching TV in the evening. If you are a good reader, it won’t take you long to do the reading homework your teacher asks you to do. They you will have time to read other books for fun. You read so well that you always want to look for more books to read. If you want to be a writer, reading is very important. When you decide to become a writer, you had better tell yourself, ”I must read more and more if I really want to become a good writer.”根据短文内容,选出最佳答案。

( )1. Some children want to be writers because they

A. want to make money B. want to practice their handwriting

C. want people to read their books.

( )2. Many great writers before they became writers.

A. read s lot B. were good telling stories

C. learned from famous teachers

( )3. If you are good at reading, .

A. your teacher’s reading homework will be easier for you

B. you will spend a lot of time on your homework

C. the teacher will ask you to read more

( )4. From the passage we can know that .

A. good readers are good writers

B. reading helps to make one a good writer

C. it’s good to be a good writer

( )5. Which is the best title of this passage ?

A. How to be a good reader. B. How to become a writer

C. Books and stories.

八、 写作。(10分)



而现在她更喜欢打网球。以前她很害羞也很文静,可是现在她很开朗,也爱和朋友们聊天。Used to, straight , curly ,

构成:一般现在时由“主语+动词”构成。根据我们的学习内容,把动词分为三类—系动词be(即is,am,are),have \has(意思为有,吃等)和实义动词(表示.......人或动物动作的动词,即行为动词)。下面分类讲述三类动词的一般现在时。 ....


Be 的用法:动词除第一人称单数(即I)用am,第三人称单数用is外,其余一律用are。 ......


①I am a boy.我是男孩。②She is from Japan.她来自日本。

③They are students.他们是学生。

肯定句变成否定句只需在be 后加not既可。(is not =isn't,are not=aren't)以上三句的否定句依次为:

①I am not a boy.我不是男孩。

②She isn't from Japan.她不是来自日本。

③They aren't students.他们不是学生。


①Are you a boy?Yes,I am.No,I'm not.

②Is she from Japan? Yes,she is.No,she isn't.

③Are they students? Yes,they are. No,they aren't.

(2)have \has(意思为有,吃等) 肯定句由“主语+have \has+其他”构成。(注意:第三人称单数使用has,其余一律用have)例如:

①She has a new pen.她有一枝新钢笔 ②They have lunch at home.他们在家吃午饭。

③I have a brother.我有一个弟弟。

肯定句变成否定句需要用助动词don't/doesn't,即由“主语+don't/doesn't+have+其他”构成。(do not =don't,does not=doesn't)以上三句的否定句依次为: ①She doesn't have a new pen.她没有一枝新钢笔。

②They don't have lunch at home.他们不在家吃午饭。

③I don't have a brother.我没有一个弟弟。



① Does shehave a new pen她有一枝新钢笔吗? Yes,she does./No,she doesn't.

②Do they have lun at home?他们在家吃午饭吗?Yes,theydo./No,they don't.

③Do you have a brother?你有一个弟弟吗?Yes,I do./No,I don't.

(3)实义动词(表示人或动物动作的动词即行为动词)的一般现在时 肯定句由“主语+动词原形(s/es)”构成。(注意:只有在主语为第三人称单数的情况下,动词原形后面才加s/es)。

例如:①I do homework every day.我每天都做作业。②He watches TV every evening.他每晚都看电视。 ..


以上三句的否定句依次为:①Idon't do homework every day.我每天不做作业。

②He doesn't watch TV every evening.他每晚不看电视。

肯定句变成一般疑问句需要用助动词do/does,即一般疑问句为“Do/Does +主语+动词原形”。所以以上三句的一般疑问句形式依次为:

①Do you do homework every day?你每天都做作业吗?Yes,I do./No,I don't.

②Does he watch TV every evening?他每晚都看电视吗?Yes,she does.No,she doesn't.


第一单元Unit 1 Where is your pal from?

国家与语言(熟悉内容):China – Chinese (汉语,中国人) England – English Canada – Canadian (加拿大人) France – French (法语,法国人)America – American (美国人)Japan – Japanese (日语,日本人) Australia – Australian (澳大利亚人)

(p1)be from =come from 来自 Linda is from Japan.= Linda comes from Japan.那么Where's your pen pal from?= ? .

(p2)live住,居住(后跟地点是常用live in) 。例如:

I live in China. Do you live in China? Yes,I do.No,I don't.I don'tlive in China. Where do you live? (where 是副词,和动词live搭配时,动词后不能加介词in)

His aunt lives in Sydney.Does his aunt live in Sydney?Yes,she does.No,she doesn't . His aunt doesn't live in Sydney. Where does His aunt live?

(p3)说某种语言用speak, speak Chinese/ English / Japanese / French 说汉语/英语/日语/法语

问某人说某种语言用句型What language do/does sb speak?

What language do you speak?I speak Chinese.

What language does Mary speak?She speaks English .

(p5,3a)14 years old 14岁 解释:数字+ year(s) old ?岁 当数字大于1时,year用复数years。I am 30 years old. Her son is 1 year old. (p5,3a)can为情态动词,“能,能够,会”。后面跟动词时必须用动词原形。

肯定句变成一般疑问句需把can提到句首。肯定句变成否定句只需把can变成can't 既可。例如:

She can speak English. Can she speak English? Yes,she can.No,she can't .

She can't speak English.

(p5,3a)“Like+动词ing”表示“喜欢做某事”I like playing basketball.Tom likes listening to music.

注意:“Like+to+动词”也表示“喜欢做某事”,只是“Like+动词ing”表示习惯性动作(也可以说是爱好),而“Like+to+动词”表示一次性或短暂性的。Our PE teacher likes swimming.( 表示爱好) He likes playing basketball,but today he doesn't like to play basketball.他爱好打篮球(爱好),但是今天他没去打篮球(短暂性的)。

(p5,3a)Write to 人:写信给某人He often Writes to his mother. Do you often Write to your pen pal? (p5,3b)on weekens在周末

(p5,3b) favorite形容词“最喜爱的”,名词“最喜爱的人或物”。 My favorite sport is soccer.我最喜爱的运动是足球。Hammbugers are my favorite.是我最喜爱的食物。

(p5,3b)tell sb.about sth告诉某人某 事 My mother often tells me about my grandfather.我的妈妈经常告诉我关于我爷爷的事。

第二单元Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

(p7-8)“There be结构的一般现在时基本句型如下:

肯定句:①There is(There's) a big supermarket near my home.(可数名词单数)在我家附近有一个大超市。②There is(There's) some water in the glass.(不可数名词)在玻璃杯里有一些水。③There are 30 students in the classroom.(可数名词复数)在教室里有30个学生。

否定句There be结构的否定句只需在肯定句中be的后面加not即可。(is not =isn't,are not=aren't)。因此以上三句的否定句依次为:①There isn't a big supermarket near my home.名词单在我家附近没有大超市。 ②There isn't any water in the glass.在玻璃杯里没有水。(肯定句中的some,在疑问句和否定句中需要变成any) ③There aren't 30 students in the classroom.在教室里没有30个学生。



①Is there a big supermarket near your home?Yes,there is. No,there isn't.在我家附近有一个大超市吗? ②Is there any water in the glass?Yes,there is. No,there isn't.在玻璃杯里有一些水吗?③Are there 30 students in the classroom?在教室里有30名学生吗?Yes,there are. No,there aren't. 特殊疑问句:How many days are there in a week?一个星期有多少天?There are seven.有七天。

注:在There be结构的一般现在时基本句型中,若“某物/某人”为好几个并列,往往根据第一个人/物的单复数来确定be 的形式。比较以下两句的差异: There is a pen and two books on the desk.

There are two books and a pen on the desk.

(p8)方位词的用法:①next to在?旁边,②between?and?在?和?之间③across from在?对面,④behind在?的后面,⑤in the neighborhood在附近,⑥in the front of在(物体里面的)前面,in front of在(物体外面的)前面,⑦on在?街上

①The library is next to the bank. ②The library is between the restaurant and the bank.

③The bank is across from the restaurant. ④The park is behind the bank.⑤There is a payphone in the neighborhood. ⑥There is a blackboard in the front of classroom.在教室的前面有一块黑板。(黑板在教室的里面)There is a big tree in front of classroom. 在教室的前面有一棵大树。(大树在教室的外面) ⑦The library is on YiMeng Street.

(p9)go straight一着往前走,turn left/right向左/右拐,on the left/right在左边/右边


(p11,3a)the garden district 花园小区;take a walk 散步;

the beginning of ?的开始Do you like the beginning of the movie?你喜欢这步电影的开头吗?

(p11,3a)enjoy喜欢,过得快乐(后面跟的动词必须加ing)I enjoy the movie我喜欢这步电影。She enjoys watching TV.她喜欢看电视。

(p11,3b)have fun玩得快乐;play the guitar弹吉他(play后跟乐器时必须加the,但后跟球类时不加the,例如:play basketball)

课文解释:①(p11,3)I know you are arriving next Sunday. 解释:“be+动词ing”为现在进行时,在这句中next Sunday“下个星期天”为将来时间。you

are arriving next Sunday.是现在进行时表示将来动作的用法,这种情况多用于go,come,leave,arrive等表示动作来去的动词,例如:He is leaving tomorrow.


②let sb do sth让某人做某事(let us=let's) let's play basketball.

③the way to+地点:去某地的路 the way to school去上学的路上;the way home回家的路上(在这里home之前无修饰成分,为副词,去掉to)

④take a taxi 乘出租车;have a good trip旅途愉快

第三单元Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?


(p13)Let's后跟动词原形“咱们做某事吧”。肯定回答一般用“OK/All right”,否定回答一般用“Sorry,I?”等。 —Let's play tennis. —Let's dance.

—OK. —Sorry,I can't dance.


She likes pandas because they are cute.→Why does She like pandas?

(p15,3a,3b)be from =come from 来自 Linda is from Japan.= Linda comes from Japan. .

Where is Linda from?=Where does Linda come from?

(p16,3)What animal do you like?用于询问对方喜欢什么动物。例如:

What animal do you like? I like pandas.They're cute.

What animal does Tom like? He likes dolphins.They're friendly.

(p17,3a)play with玩?,和?一起玩 Mary often plays with us.玛丽经常和我们一起玩。 The boy is playing with a ball.那个男孩正在玩球。

(p17,3a)She likes to play with her friends and eat grass. =She likes to play with her friends and She likes to

eat grass. 解释:本句的主语是She,谓语是likes,play with her friends和eat grass.是由and连接的两个相同成分,所以and后省略了She likes to。

like to do 与like doing 的用法和区别见第一单元(p5,3a)的解释。


He is very fat,so he doesn't like PE.class.他很胖,因此他不喜欢体育刻。=Because he is very fat, he doesn't like PE.class.=He doesn't like PE.class

because he is very fat. (because引导的句子可以放前面,也可以放在后面) (p17,3a)leaf的复数为leaves

第四单元Unit 4 I want to be an actor.

(p19,1a)What do you do?(= What +is╱am╱are+sb?/ What +is╱am╱are+one's job?)用来询问对方的职业。例如:

What do you do?(=What are you?/What's your job?) I'm a waiter/policeman/docter/student.

What does Tom do?(= What's Tom?/ What's Tom′s job?) He is a student.

What does Tony's father do? He's '(=He is) a policeman.

(p20,2c)What do you want to do?用来询问对方想从事什么职业。例如:

What do you want to do? I want to be a policeman.

What does she want to do? She wants to be an actor.

Want to do 想做某事 I want to go home.我想回家。 Do you want to watch Tv?你想看电视吗?

(p21,3a)give sb sth给某人某物=give sth to sb 把某物给某人

Can you give me a pen?你能给我一枝钢笔吗?= Can you give a pen to me? Please give me an apple.=

Please give an apple to me.请给我一个苹果。

(p21,3a)in the day在白天 at night 在晚上

(p21,3a)thief 的复数为thieves

(p21)She works in a hospital.→Does she work in a hospital?Yes,she does. No,she doesn’t.

→She doesn’t work in a hospital. →Where does she work?

(p23,3a)call sb at+电话号码:给某人打电话,电话号码是? Please call me at 78966616.请拨打78966616找我。

(p23,3a,2)talk with/to sb 与某人谈话 (p23,3a,3)school play 校园剧

第五单元Unit 5 I’m watching TV



①I am writing a letter.我正在写信。 ②He is watching TV now.现在他正在看电视。③They are reading.他们正在读书。

现在进行时也可以表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。例如: ........

We are working on a farm these days. I am writing a book this month.

2)现在进行时的标志词:now,these days,look,listen。例如:

①He is playing basketball now.现在他正在打篮球。

②The students are helping the farmers these days.这些天学生们正在帮助农民。

③Look!They are dancing in the classroom.看!他们正在教室里跳舞。




①We are playing soccer now.现在我们正在踢足球。

②Marry is learning English these days.这些天玛丽正在学英语。

③I'm doing homework.我正在做作业。

(2)否定句句型:主语+be+not +动词的现在分词。(is not =isn't,are not=aren't) 动词过去式。以上三句的否定句依次为:①We aren't playing soccer now. ②Marry isn't learning English these days. ③Iam not doing homework.


① Are you playing soccer now?现在你们正在踢足吗?Yes,we are.No,we aren't.

②Is Marry learning English these days?这些天玛丽正在学英语吗?

Yes,she is.No,she isn't.

③Are you doing homework?你正在做作业吗?Yes,Iam.No,I'm not.

(p26,2a/2b) want to+动词:想做某事 I want to go to movies.我想去看电影。

She wants to go home now.现在他想回家。→Does she want to go home now? Yes,she does.

No,she doesn't.→She doesn’t want to go home now.→What does she want to do now?

(p26,2b/2c)go to the movies去看电影;do one's homework做(某人的)作业;write a letter 写信 ;

(p27,3a)Let's+动词原形:让咱们做?;其肯定回答为“OK!”或“All right.”,否定回答为“Sorry,I?” 。 —Let's go shopping.咱们去购物吧。 —All right.好吧。


at six o'clock在六点钟; on Sunday morning在星期天的早上;

in September在九月; in 1998在1998年

(p27,4)wait for 人/物:等待某人/某物 She is waiting for a bus.

(p27,4)talk to人/talk with人:与某人谈话 ①Tom is talking to his teacher.汤姆正在和他的老师谈话。

②Tom's mother is talking with his teacher. 汤姆的妈妈正在和他的老师谈话。(注意:talk to人/talk with人有一点区别,“talk to人”是一方说,一方听,例如①;“talk with人”是双方互相交谈,例如②。)

(p27,4)talk about sth谈论某事或某物 They are talking about the movie.他们正在谈论这部电影。

(p28,1a)in/at the library在图书馆;at the pool在游泳池;in/at the school在学校;at the mall在商业街/在购物广场;(补充)at home在家里;at the art club在艺术俱乐部;at shool在学校

(p29,3a)thanks for+名词/代词/V–ing相当于thank you for+名词/代词/V–ing:意为“因?而感谢你”

Thanks for helping me.(help为动词)谢谢你帮助我。 Thanks for your e-mail.(e-mail)谢谢你的电子邮件。

(p29,3a)Here are some of my photos.这里是我的一些照片。讲解:在here,there等引导的句子中,谓语动词为be时,be的单/复形式要与后面的主语保持一致。例如:

here are some new books.(books为可数名词复数)这有些新书。Here is your money.(money为不可数名词)给你钱。

第六单元Unit 6 It’s raining!


名词 意思 形容词 意思 名词 意思 形容词 意思

Sun 太阳 sunny 晴朗的 wind 风 windy 有风的;多风的

Cloud 云 cloudy 多云的;有云

(p31,1a)rain(动词)下雨;snow(动词)下雪 反义词:hot——cold;warm——cool

(p31,1a)How's the weather (in 地点)?=What's the weather like(in 地点)?(某地的)天气怎么样? How's the weather in BeiJing?=What's the weather like in BeiJing? It's cloudy/ sunny/ windy.

(p33,3a)How's it going?(= How's everything going?)两者均表示“一切好吗?”“近来怎么样?”,用来询问对方的工作、学习或生活情况。“Great!”是“It's great!”的缩写形式,在口语中可以表示“妙;好”之意。还可以根据情况回答“Not bad.”;“Terrible.”;“Pretty good.”。

(P35,3a)Thank sb for +名词/代词/V ing意为“因某事而感谢某人”

Thank you for helping me.(help为动词)谢谢你帮助我。Thank you for your help.( help为名词)谢谢你的帮助。


There are a lot of people in the park. Some are walking and others are swimming.公园里有许多人,有的在散步,有的在游泳。

(P35,3a) lie(意为“躺”)的现在分词为lying

(P35,3a)Look at this grop of people playing beach volleyball.解释:划线部分为现在分词做people的宾语补足语 (p35,3b)have a good time意为“玩得开心,过得快乐”

第七单元Unit 7 What does he look like?

(p41,1a)short/long hair短/长头发 curly/straight hair卷/直发 tall/short高矮 medium height 中等身高 heavy/thin胖瘦 medium build 中等身材 (p41,1a)What does he look like?用来描述别人长的什么样;回答时常用句型为:

①Sb+ be+ 形容词(tall/short/heavy/thin) ②Sb+have/has+名词/名词词组(short/long hair;curly/straight hair) ③Sb+ be of+ medium height/ medium build

What does your father look like?你爸爸长什么样?He's tall.He has short,straight hair.他很高,留着短而直的头发。 What does his mother look like?She is of medium build,and she has long hair.

(p43,3a-3)stop+V ing 停止正在做的事 Stop running.停止跑步。

Stop to +V停止正在做的事去做别的事 Stop to run.停下来去跑步。(停下现在做的事,然后去跑步。)

(p43,3a-4)like+V ing/to V喜欢做某事,爱好做某事

“Like+动词ing”表示“喜欢做某事”I like playing basketball.Tom likes listening to music.

注意:“Like+to+动词”也表示“喜欢做某事”,只是“Like+动词ing”表示习惯性动作(也可以说是爱好),而“Like+to+动词”表示一次性或短暂性的。Our PE teacher likes swimming.( 表示爱好) He likes playing basketball,but today he doesn't like to play basketball.他爱好打篮球(爱好),但是今天他没去打篮球(短暂性的)。

(p45,3a)I think+句子,意为“我认为?”,think引导的句子如果表示否定意义,否定转移到动词think前,因此该句子的否定句为“I don't think+句子”。就是在 I think后面的从句中,如果有否定含义,往往需要把否定词从从句移到主句,称为否定转移。

I think he is only 12 years old.→(否定句) I don't think he is only 12 years old.

(p45,3a)But my mom does.解释:在英文中,常常用do,does或have代替上文中的动词短语,而不能直接用某一个动词来替代。例如I don't have a long hair,but my sister does.我没有长发,但我妹妹有。

第八单元Unit 8 I’d like some noodles.

本单元重点是掌握询问别人想吃什么种类的面条/水饺,并能询问所要碗的型号,需要掌握的内容:would like的用法,一些食物的名称;可数名词和不可数名词;并能根据要求写简单的食品类广告。

(p47)①would like+名词/不定式(to+V)想要某物;想做某事

I'd like some cakes.我想吃蛋糕。Tom would like to go swimming.汤姆想去游泳。

②would you like sth?(你想要某物吗?)也是日常生活中用来征求对方许可的一种委婉、礼貌的句型,起肯定回答为Yes,please,否定回答为No,thanks。 Would you like a cup of tea?你想来杯茶吗?Yes,please./ No,thanks.好的。/不,谢谢。

③would you like to+V?(你想要某物吗?)是向对方提出建议或邀请的句型,起肯定回答为Yes,I'd like to.或Yes,I'd love to.否定回答为Sorry。 would you like to play basketball with us?和我们一起打篮球,好吗?Yes,I'd like to.好的,我愿意。

(p47,1a)What kind of noodles/dumplings would you like?用来询问对方喜欢哪种面条或水饺;

What kind of noodles would you like? Beef noodles,please.

(p48,2b) What size bowl of noodles/dumplings would you like?用来询问对方要哪种型号碗的面条或水饺

What size bowl of noodles would he like? He'd like a small/medium/large bowl of noodles.



②以辅音字母+y结尾的名词,先变y为i,再class加es。例如:family- families,dictionary- dictionaries; ③在以s,sh,ch,x结尾的名词后加es。例如:Class- Classes,watch(手表)-watches; ④在以f或fe结尾的名词,变f或fe为ves。例如:wife-wives,leaf-leaves;


第九单元Unit 9 How was your weekend?



用法:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:yesterday,last night/year,once,in 1990,two days ago等。也可表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,常与often,always等表示频度的时间状语连用。例如:

①I got up at 6:30 yesterday.昨天我在六点半起床。

②She was a middle school student in 2000.在二零零年她是一个中学生。

③He always went to school by bus last year.去年他总是乘公共汽车去上学。


③ 动词be第一人称单数和第三人称单数用was,其余一律用were; 动词have/has一律用had,没有人称和数的变化; 行为动词一律用过去式,没有人称和数的变化;


肯定句句型:主语+动词过去式。例如:①I watched the film two days ago.两天前我看了这部电影。

②Mary was a docter in 2001.在2001年玛丽是一名医生。

③The students played basketball yesterday.昨天学生们打篮球了。

④She bought a notebook last week.上个星期她买了一个笔记本。

否定句句型:①主语+wasn't/weren't+其他②主语+ didn't+动词原形。以上四句的否定句依次为:

①I didn't watch the film two days ago.两天前我没有看这部电影。

②Mary wasn't a doctor in 2001.在2001年玛丽不是一名医生。

③The students didn't play basketball yesterday.昨天学生们没有打篮球了。

④She didn't buy a notebook last week.上个星期她没买笔记本。


①Did you watch the film two days ago?两天前我看这部电影了吗?yes,I did. NO,I didn't.

②Was Mary a docter in 2001?在2001年玛丽是一名医生吗?Yes,she was.No,she wasn't.

③Did the students play basketball yesterday? yes,they did. NO, they didn't.

④Did she buy a notebook last week?上个星期她买笔记本了吗?yes,she did. No,she didn't.

(p54,2c)“What about ??”在英语中与“How about ??”含义相同,两者均表示“?怎么样?”后面可以接名词、代词或动词+ing形式,用来询问信息,提出建议或征询意见。

What about this sweater? (名词)这件毛衣怎么样?( 征询意见) How about playing soccer?(动词)踢足球怎么样?(提出建议)

I went to the movies. What about you?(代词)我去看电影。你干什么?(询问信息)

⑵must(必须),是说话者自己认为必须那样做,重点强调主观因素。起否定形式为mustn't,意为“不必?”。 ①I must do my homework every day.我必须每天做家庭作业。

②Tom must buy a pen for his brother. 汤姆必须给他弟弟买一枝钢笔。

肯定句变成否定句,需要在must后加not(must not=mustn't)。因此,以上两句的否定句为:

①I mustn't do my homework every day.

②Tom mustn't buy a pen for his brother.

(p71,1c)can“能,会;可以”,其否定形式为can't“不能,不会;不可以”。(二者后面必须跟动词原形)。例如:We can't arrive late for class. (p75,3a)too many意为“太多”,后面跟可数名词复数;too much意为“太多”,后面跟不可数名词。例如:

There are too many flowers in the garden.花园里的花太多了。

I have too much homework this evening.( homework为不可数名词)今晚我的家庭作业太多了。

(p75,3a)by“到(某时)之前,不迟于”You must go to bed by ten o'clock.你必须在十点前睡觉。

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