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英语形容词、副词复习PPT

发布时间:2014-01-12 11:57:08  

形容词和副词专项复习
Designer: Zhang Yuting

Teaching aims:
? 1. 归纳复习形容词和副词的不同用法。 ? 2. 通过强化练习使得学生们能够初步掌握 这两类词。 ? 3. 提高同学们的英语学习兴趣。

Proverbs:
1. Do in Rome as the Romans do. 2. Walls have ears.

入乡随俗

3. Love me, love my dog.
4. Many heads are better than one. 三个臭皮匠,顶个诸葛亮 5. To kill two birds with one stone. 一箭双雕 6. Beauty lies in love’s eyes.

隔墙有耳

爱屋及乌

情人眼里出西施

拼词游戏:
1.recaluf 2.veern careful never sweet sometimes already instead honest strong adj. adv. adj. adv. adv. adv. adj. adj.

3. wetes
4. mesotisem 5. redayal 6. intesda 7.nestho

8. trgnos

一、什么是形容词

(用于修饰名词或 代词,描述被修饰成分的性质、特征、状态或 属性等。)

1.大多数形容词可以修饰名词作定语,位于 名词之前。 The patient must take in more healthy air.

2. 放在系动词(be动词)后作表语,即主语补语。 eg. Although my grandma is 80 years old, she is healthy. 3. 作宾语补足语 Having more sports can keep you healthier.

大多数形容词既可以作定语又可以作表语, 但是有部分形容词只能作表语。

大多数以a开头的形容词都属于这一类。这类 词还有: afraid,alike,alive,alone, asleep,awake , ill, well, unwell等。
T or F: He is an ill man. The man is ill. She is an afraid girl. The girl is afraid.
F T

F T

容易混淆的形容词:
1. alone和lonely alone The old man likes to be ________ in the garden. lonely The _______old man keeps a dog as a pet. 2. ill和sick sick lady day and night. The nurse looked after the _______ ill She has been ________ for several days. 3. alive和living alive Is his grandfather _________ in the world? living writer in the country. She was the best ________
(单独的) (寂寞的,孤单的)

4. sleepy和asleep
asleep in the room. Her baby is fast ________ sleepy After a long walk, he felt _________.
(睡着的)
(困倦的)

某些形容词加上定冠词后变成名词, 可以泛指一类人,与谓语动词的复 数连接。
the dead,the living,the rich, the poor,the blind,the hungry eg: The poor are losing hope. The old are taken good care of in our country.

有些形容词表示主动的意义,可解释为“令 人…的”,同时有一个相应的形容词或分词表 示被动的意义,可译为“感到…的”。

eg: 1. The have just moved into a pleasant room.
They were pleased with their new room.

2. The children’s stories are interesting.
We are interested in collecting stamps.

试一试: 1. exciting和excited
excited when he heard my words. He was ________ exciting What you said was _________.

2. surprising和surprised
surprised at the news. The girl felt _______ surprising present! What a big _________

3. frightening和frightened
frightened when he saw T

he boy was _________ frightening dog. the __________

二、什么是副词?
副词的分类:

副词可以分为时间副词,地点副词,方式副词, 程度副词,疑问副词,关系副词,连接副词, 句子副词。

副词:主要用于修饰动词、形容词和副词, 描述被修饰成分的特征或状态。 eg: Jim plays basketball well. (修饰动词play) She is very beautiful. (修饰形容词beautiful) Jim plays basketball very well. (修饰副词well)

(一)副词在句中的位置: 1) 大多数方式副词位于句尾,但宾语过长,副 词可以提前,以使句子平衡。(方式副词well, badly,hard等只放在句尾。) eg: Don’t go out. It’s raining heavily.

Don’t worry. The boy can do it very well.
We could see clearly a strange light ahead of us.

2)频度副词,如always, often, sometimes, usually等通常放在动词之前,但当句子里有 be动词,助动词或情态动词时,则要放在它 们之后。
eg: The old are always afraid of cold weather. He usually has lunch in the factory.

I have never been to Beijing.

3)副词修饰形容词或副词则告诉我们这 些形容词或副词的程度,一般位于这些 词前。 eg: He runs very fast. Jane sings quite well. That’s all right. His handwriting is very perfect. 改错:I very like sports. I like sports very much.

方式副词多以-ly结尾如:quickly, softly, heavily, quietly 但是
friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely, likely,lively,ugly,仍为形容词。
F T or F: She sang lovely. F He spoke to me very friendly. T Her singing was lovely. He spoke to me in a very friendly way.

T

有些以-ly 结尾既为形容词,也为副词。 daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early The Times is a daily paper. The Times is published daily. Tom usually goes to bed early. If you are early enough, you can catch the train.

难点解析: enough

enough 在英语中有三种词性:形容词, 副词和名词。作形容词修饰名词时,可 放在名词之前或之后;作副词修饰形容 词或副词时,应放在所修饰的词之后。
eg: I have enough time to read the book. He wasn’t careful enough with the knife. He cut himself. (adv.) Jack didn’t run quickly enough to (adv.) catch the bus. I have had enough.
(n.) (adj.)

动脑筋:
B 1. Our new dormitory building is _________ for us to live in. A) enough bright C) enough light B) bright enough D) light enough

C 2. There is ___________ in the small room.

A) enough bright
C) enough light

B) bright enough

D 3. The balloon is ___________ to fly into the air. A) enough bright C) enough light B) bright enough D) light enough

兼有两种形式的副词:
1. high和highly

high The plane was flying ________.
highly of your opinion. (表示程度,相当于much) I think ________ 2. late和lately late (迟) You have come too ________. lately (最近) What have you been doing ________? 3. deep和deeply deep He

pushed the stick _________ into the mud. deeply moved by the film. Even father was __________

4. wide和widely
wide He opened the door __________.

widely used in the world. English is _________

Sing a song:

Hiding from the rain and snow Trying to forget but I won’t let go Looking at __________ Listening to my own heart beat So many people ___________ Tell me where do I find someone like you girl *Take me to your heart take me to your soul Give me your hand _______ Show me what love ishaven’t got a clue Show me that wonders _________

Take me to your heart take me to your soul Give me your hand and hold me Show me what love is-be my guiding star __________ take me to your heart Standing on ____________ Looking at the moon through a ___________ I should go and see ___________ But they don’t really comprehend Don’t need ________________ without ______________ All I need is someone who makes me wanna sing*

They say _______________ We’re only here today Love is now or never Bring me to__________

Hiding from the rain and snow Trying to forget but I won’t let go Looking at a crowded street Listening to my own heart beat So many people all around the world . Tell me where do I find someone like you girl

Take me to your heart take me to your soul Give me your hand and hold me Show me what love is-be my guiding star It’s easy take me to your heart

Standing on a mountain high Looking at the moon through *Take me to your heart take me to a clear blue sky your soul Give me your hand before I am old I should go and see some friends But they don’t really Show me what love iscomprehend haven’t got a clue Show me that wonders can be true Don’t need too much talking They say nothing lasts forever without saying anything We’re only here today All I need is someone who makes Love is now or never me wanna sing* Bring me to your heart

Summing up:

形容词 (用于修饰名词或代词,描述
被修饰成分的性质、特征、状态或属性 等。) 副词 (主要用于修饰动词、形容词 和副词,描述被修饰成分的特征或状 态。)


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