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Unit 23-grammar

发布时间:2014-01-13 09:50:05  

---Grammar

Objectives
At the end of this lesson, you’ll be able to

1.Know the different forms and meanings of Inversion 2. Use the Inversion to emphasize what you want to express

Yao Ming was born in Shanghai. So was Liu Xiang. Yao Ming can’t take part in the match because of his injury. Neither can Liu Xiang.

S. +V.

Natural order Inverted order
Inversion

V.+S.



自 然 语 序

主语+谓语

The boy came in.

倒 序 装 助动词/ 部分倒装 语 情态动 Never shall we (Partial 序 Inversion) 词+主语 forget them. +谓语

完全倒装 谓语动 In came the boy. (Full 词 + 主语 Inversion)

Discovery 1
How are the following sentences reported in the texts? 1.They couldn’t relax or read a book without plugging their ears.

2.We couldn’t get rid of the smell of fish.
1.Neither could they relax or read a book without plugging their ears. 2.Neither could we get rid of smell of fish.

summary

Neither/Nor+be/Aux./Mod.+S
(Partial Inversion)

Choose the correct answers 1.She never laughed,____ B lose temper. A.or she ever did B. nor did she ever C. or did she ever D. nor she ever did 2.If Bob’s wife doesn’t agree to sign the papers, _____. C A.neither he will B. neither does he C. nor will he D. he won’t neither

Discovery 2
How are the following sentence reported in the texts?
1.Drumming has seldom caused such conflict.

2.He is a keen gardener and a fish collector.
3.Laurene had rarely seen McKay move so fast.

1. Seldom has drumming caused such conflict. not only is he a keen 2. …not gardener, he is also a fish collector. 3. Rarely had Laurene seen McKay move so fast.

summary
Never/Little/Hardly/Not only/Rarely…+ be/Aux./Mod.+S. (Partial Inversion)

Page 21 Ex 9,10

Change the sentences into inverted order 1. We knew little about his plan. Little did we know about his plan. 2. The customer not only complained about the food, he also refused to pay for it. Not only did the customer complain about the food, he also refused to pay for it. 3. The plane had hardly landed when the people ran towards it. Hardly had the plane landed when the people ran towards it.

Discovery 3
Find the sentences in the text: 1. 如果他们知道他们的邻居是个鼓手,他们就 不会搬进这座楼里了。 Hadhad they known their neighbour was drummer, If they known their neighbour was aa drummer, they wouldn ’t have moved building. they wouldn ’t have moved intointo the the building. 2.他们搬进来不久,就开始有噪音了,而且他 们很少能够睡上整宿觉。 2.No No sooner had they moved in than the noise began and rarely did they get a full night’s sleep.

if
If a man could be two places at one time, then I would be with you. Could a man be two places at one time , then I would be with you. If the world should stop revolving, I would spend the end with you. Should the world stop revolving, I would spend the end with you.

summary
If + S. +V. (were/had/could/should) Were/had/could/shoul

d + S.
( Partial Inversion )

Change the sentences into inverted order 1. If I were not so busy, I should go with you. Were I not so busy, I should go with you. 2. If you had not lent Bob any money, nothing would have happened. Had you not lent Bob any money, nothing would have happened.

其他考点
Only 位于句首,强调句子的状语或状语从句时,句 子(或主句)主谓倒装: 1. Only then did I fully understand what my father said. 只有到那时,我才充分理解我父亲讲的话。 2. Only when I left school, did I realize how important study is. 只有当我离开学校时,我才意识到学习有 多么重要。

注意:如果only强调的是句子主语时。不倒装。
Only he can help us.

summary
Only +Adverbial + be/Aux./Mod + S.
( Partial Inversion )

Only after the New China________, ________ to C go to school. A. was founded; he was able B. was found; was he able C. was founded; was he able D. was found; he was able

Only by practising a few hours every day ________ D be able to master the language. A. you can B. can you C. you will D. will you

Compare theses sentences 1.A firework display came after the party. After the party came a firework display. 2.Rows of fruit trees were around the lake. Around the lake were rows of fruit trees. 3. A boy of seventeen was lying on the floor. Lying on the floor was a boy of seventeen. Lying on the floor

summary Adverbial/Predicative+ V. +S. (Full Inversion)

A 1. On the bed ___________.
A. lay a poor old lady B. a poor old lady lay C. did a poor old lady lie D. a poor old lady did lie

B 2. Round the corner _____________. A. a large policeman walked B. walked a large policeman C. did a large policeman walk D. did walk a large policeman

There are several trees in front of the building.

A toy bear is lying beside the sleeping cat. There is…doing There is a toy bear lying beside the sleeping cat.

summary

There +be/live/lie/stand…+S.
(Full Inversion)
Look! There ___ C a hill in front of the village in the painting. A.lives B. be C. stands D. lies

The teacher came in and the lesson began. In came the teacher and the lesson began.

The arrow went up into the air.
Up went the arrow into the air.

Adverb+V.+S (代词除外).
(Full Inversion)
(here/there/out/in/up/down/away…)
--May I have a look at your new dictionary?
--Here you are.

The puppy likes bones.

So does the brown dog.

A leopard can run So can a horse. very fast.

summary

So+be/ Aux./Mod.+S. (Partial Inversion)
As your spoken English gets better, your written English will be better too .

As your spoken English gets better, So will your written English.

1.Neither/Nor +be/Aux./Mod.+S
2.Never/little/hardly/not/rarely…+ be/Aux./Mod.+S.

3.(省略if) Were/had/could/should + S. 4.Only +Adverbial + be/Aux./Mod. + S. 5.Adverbial/Predicative + V. +S.

6.There +be/live/lie/stand…+S. 7.Adverb +V.+S. 8.So +be/ Aux./Mod.+S.

No sooner + be/Aux./Mod + S+ than… Hardly + be/Aux./Mod + S,

when…

Practice
1. 只有通过努力学习我们才能达到目标 (Only) _____________________________ reach our goals. 2. 他们刚到汽车站汽车就开走了。 (Hardly) _______________________________ when the bus pulled away. 3. 如果我接受了你的建议,现在工作就不会有麻烦了。 ______________________, I would have no trouble with the work now.(省略if) 4.这对老夫妇结婚40年,从来没有一次吵过架.(Never) The old couple have been married for 40 years and ___________________________ with each other. 5. 他上床后不久就睡着了。(No sooner) _______________________________than he fell asleep.

Translate the following into English,using inversion
1. 只有通过努力学习我们才能达到目标 (Only) Only by working hard can we reach our goals. _____________________________ 2. 他们刚到汽车站汽车就开走了。 (Hardly) Hardly had they got to the bus stop when the bus _______________________________ pulled away. 3. 如果我接受了你的建议,现在工作就不会有麻烦了。 Had I taken your advice I would have no trouble ______________________, with the work now. 4.这对老夫妇结婚40年,从来没有一次吵过架.(Never) The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once had they quarreled with each other. ___________________________ 5. 他上床后不久就睡着了。(No sooner) No sooner had he gone to bed __________________________than he fell asleep.

Rewrite some sentences to make a letter sound more emphatic.

? Dear sir, ? I am writing to complain about my recent stay at your hotel. I have never stayed in a more uncomfortable place before. It was not only dirty and untidy but there was a horrible smell, too. ? What I was disappointed with was the quality of the room: it was too small, the bathroom did not have a shower and the air-conditioning did not work. ? I have seldom had such terrible food. It was not fresh, and it was not carefully prepared, either. The waiter was wearing a dirty apron and all he was interested in was the receptionist. However, it was the bill I was presented with on my departure that shocked me most. ? I shall expect financial compensation of $300. Otherwise, I intend to turn to your national tourist authorities for assistance. ? Yours sincerely, Page 66 Ex 1 ? Michael Grant


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