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同义转换和语法复习(3)

发布时间:2014-01-13 12:54:33  

同义句转换

? 1. whisper = speak in a low voice

? 2. raise her hand= put up her hand
? 3. be unprepared = be not ready

? 4. calm = quiet; not worried
? 5. It's time for supper.= It's time to have supper. ? 6. Although she is little, she knows a lot. ? = She is little, but she knows a lot. ? = She is little, however, she knows a lot. ? 7. Tom is ahead of Lily in English. ? = Tom does/is better than Lily in English. ? = Tom is better than Lily at English.

? 8. The man ahead of me was my uncle.

? = The man in front of me was my uncle.
? 9. Debbie was so excited that she could hardly keep still. ? = Debbie was too excited to keep still. ? = Debbie was so excited that she almost couldn't keep still. ? 10. We need ten more apples.

? = We need another ten apples.
? 11. What do you think of the film? ? = How do you find/ like the film?
? 12. Lucy was nervous on the stage. ? = Lucy was worried and afraid/ frightened on the stage.

? 13. She came out immediately. = She came out at once.

? 14. Excuse me, can you tell me how to get to the school?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

= Excuse me, can you tell me how I can get to the school? 15. Five minutes to go. = There is five minutes left. 16. She went blind because she had an accident. = She went bline because of her accident 17. I'm glad to meet you. = I'm happy/ pleased to meet you. 18. In my opinion, she is a very good girl. = I think she is a very good girl. 19. We should take steps to protect the environment. = We should take actions/ measures to protect the environment

语法复习

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

一. 直接引语: 直接引用别人的原话, 一般要加引号 (以句号或问号结尾,有引号) 间接引语: 用自己的话应用别人的话, 不用引号 (以句号结尾,没引号) 二. 间接引语的五要素: 1) 引导词 引导词: 陈述句(句号).............that (可省略) 一般疑问句(问号)…….if / whether (....or not.) 特殊疑问句 (问号)………特殊疑问词(what/ how 等开头 ? 2) 语序 ---- 陈述语气 ? 主句…从句(语序) : 主+ 谓 +宾+……

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

3) 时态 ( 及人称的变化) 人称:一随主二随宾,第三人称不改变 时态: 1. 主句:一般现在时 从句:任何时态(根据实际情况和时间状语) 2. 主句:一般过去时 从句:过去的某种时态(退一步海阔天空) 3. 从句是真理:一般现在时

? 4) 祈使句/请求(please/ don't) ? -------ask / tell/order(命令)/ beg(乞求)/warn(警告) sb. ( not ) to do sth.

5) 时间状语的变化
直接引语 now 现在 today 今天
tonight 今晚 this week 本周 yesterday 昨天

间接引语 then 那时;当时 that day 那天
that night 那天晚上 that week 上周 the day before昨天

直接引语 the day before yesterday 前天 three days ago 三天前 last week 上周 tomorrow 明天

间接引语 two days

before 前两天 three days before 三天前 the week before 前一周 the next day 第二天

the day after tomorrow 后天 next week 下周

in two days’ time
the next week 第二个星期

地点状语 ? here------ there ? 指示代词 ? this-------- that ? these------- those ? 动词 ? come---- go ? take--- bring

? 1. She asked me ____ she could use my mobile phone. ? A. that B. what C. how D.if ? 2. He told me _____ he would buy a new car. ? A. which B. that C. what D. whether ? 3. Jane said _______ that she was very fond of traveling. whether that was her ? 4. John asked Mary _________ umbrella or not. what she was doing at that ? 5. John asked Mary _______ time. how excited she was when she ? 6. Lily told me ______ saw me. what exciting news it was. ? 7. Tom said _________


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