Unit3 P18 allow允许，准许，承认，后跟名词，代词，或从句。 He allowed that he was wrong。 允许某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth. Father didn’t allow me to go there. 被允许做某事 be allowed to do sth. I am allowed to watch TV on Friday afternoon. 允许做某事 allow doing sth. He allows smoking here. 十六岁的青少年 sixteen-year-olds 有兼职工作 have part-time jobs 穿/打耳孔 get one’s ears pierced 使/让某人做某事 have/get +宾语+过去分词（宾语与动词之间有逻辑上的动宾关系） 主谓关系） ---Did you have anyone ___ the trees? ---Yes, I had the trees____. A. to water , water B. to water , watered C. water, to be watered D. water, watered 去购物中心 go to the mall 我同意。 I agree. 我不同意。 I don’t agree.=I disagree. 同意某人的看法或意见 agree with sb. He quite agrees with me. 同意某事 agree to sth. They agree to the plan. 同意去做某事 agree to do sth. I agree to help him with English. P19 理发 cut one’s hair=have one’s hair cut 在周末 on/at weekends
在平时 on weekdays 和朋友一起共度时光 spend time with friends need 实意动词,变否定句和疑问句需加 助动词。 需要… need sth. He needs a watch. 某人需要做某事 need to do sth. 某物需要做某事 need doing sth. =need to be done. The watch needs mending. =The watch needs to be mended. need 情态动词,后跟动词原形变否定句 和疑问句时直接在need上做变化。肯定 回答用must,否定回答用needn’t. Need I go now? I ___ any help . I can do it myself. A. needn’t B.don’t need C.needn’t to D. don’t need to warm clothes, or you’ll catch a cold.
My bike needs ______. I’ll have it _____ tomorrow. ( repair ) P20 so+be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语，表示 某人/物也… so +主语+be动词/助动词/情态动词，表示 “的确如此” neither/nor+be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语，表示 某人/物也不… 在上学日的晚上 on school nights 直到…才，不到…不 not?until 不睡觉；熬夜 stay up 打扫干净；收拾整齐 clean up 情态动词的被动语态(can ,could ,may , might , must , should等) 肯定句: 主语+ 情态动词+助动词be+ 及物动词的过去
分词 否定句:主语+情态动词+not+助动词be及物+动词的过去分词 疑问句: 情态动词+ 主语+助动词 be+及物动词的过去分词 P21 1.多长时间一次（对频率提问）how often 2.上课迟到 get to class late =be late for class =come to class late 3.提前答完卷 finish a test early 4.参加考试 take the test 5.稍后参加考试 take the test later 6.考试及格 pass the test 7.考试不及格 fail a test 没能做成某事 fail to do sth. sometimes adv.有时，相当于at times,句中或句首。 some times 几次；几倍 Some of us have visited the Great Wall some times. sometime某时，指不确定的过去或将来的时间。 I’ll visit you sometime next week. some time一段时间，常与for连用。 We’ll stay here for some time. 8.需要严格的规则 need strict rules 9.对某人要求严格 be strict with sb. 10.对某事要求严格 be strict in sth. P22 1.前几天,不久以前 the other day=a few years ago 2.讨论，谈论关于?? talk about 3.穿校服 wear uniforms 4.问题是我所有的同学都认为校服很难看。 The problem is that all my classmates think the uniforms are ugly. 5.看上去很帅 look smart 6.想要做某事 would like to do sth. = want to do sth. = feel like doing sth. 7.穿我们自己的衣服 wear our own clothes 8.专注于(做)某事 concentrate on sth/doing sth. 更专注于… concentrate more on 8.感到更舒服 feel more comfortable
10.使某人/物保持某种状态 keep+ sb.+ adj. 11．以小组的形式学习 study in groups 12．变得吵闹 get noisy 13．向某人学习 learn from sb. 互相学习 learn from each other 13．目前 at present=now 14．自愿做某事 volunteer to do sth. 15有机会做某事 have an opportunity/a chance to do sth =have an opportunity/a chance of doing sth 16.在当地医院 at the local hospital 17.返校 go back to school=return to school 18.一次好的经历 a good experience 19.你认为…怎么样？How do you like …? = What do you think of /about…? 20.一本英英词典 an English—English dictionary P23 穿在我身上很好看 look good on me 至少 at least 每天晚上八小时的睡眠eight hours’ sleep a night 一所养老院 an old people’s home 小学 primary schools 休息多长时间；放假 have +一段时间+off a good way to keep both teachers and students happy. P24
挡道的；妨碍人的 in the way
和??一样 as ?as
和??不一样 not as/so?as
一个赛跑明星 a running star
在学校田径队 on the school running team 一名职业运动员 a professional athlete 实现某人的梦想 achieve one’s dream
I did call you this afternoon.
He does speak well.
They do have a lot of work to do . 某人/物发生某事 happen to sb./sth. 碰巧做某事 happen to do sth. 碰巧 It happened that从句 三．
?的重要性 the importance of?
对?是认真的；对?极感兴趣；热衷于 be serious about
the only thing I have wanted to do 四．
在上学的日子里on school nights
Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream.