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外研社九年级英语上语言点

发布时间:2014-01-13 13:58:50  

外研社九年级英语上语言点

module one

1That's/ it?s news to me一点不知道,毫不知情

2listen up认真听

3see the interview with sb观看采访某人

have/do an interview with

somebody=interview somebody 采访某人

4write a diary of记录

5Any more ideas?还有其他想法吗?

6do some reviews about对....评论,评论....review=go over 7anybody else,what else?else放在复合肥不定代词或特殊疑问词后

8some ideas on/about how to get good grades/how to get high /good marks

get low/bad marks 得低分,考的不好

9get out of the car=get off the car 下车

get out of bed=get up

10become dark/light(天)变暗,变亮了

11go the right/wrong way走对路,走错路

12look over检查,

13too dark to see anything 太暗看不见

If you have any money,I don't think you can buy anything for me.

在if从句中,too..to句型中,在think后的宾语从句中使用any ,anything

14the clouds cleared云散开

15on the edge of 在....的边缘

at the bottom/top of 在...的底部/顶部

16look down to /point to the sea/field/forest/sky看/指着(无法确定的物体)

look down at / point at 低头看/指着(具体事物)

look to one's left/right朝/向某人的左边/右边看

look around 环顾四周

17face to the south 面向南边

18give facts about 对于...列举事实

make suggestions about how to do...对如何做某事提出建议 make a choice to do...=choose to do...选择做某事

make a resolution to do ...= make a resolution for sth下决心去做某事=decide to do sth=make a decision to =make up one?s mind to do...决定做某事

19purpose in doing sth做某事的目的

20tell how he feels about/how he finds/likes...=

tell what he thinks of...告诉他觉得....怎么样

21the first time(第一次)+从句=when+从句+for the first time for the first time放在单句句尾

22have gone to 去了(某地)

have been to 到过/去过(某地)

have been in 来/到/在(某地)

23make a poster about sb 制作某人的海报

24be afraid of heights恐高

25...have a fantastic view of(某物体或景点)具有 ....美丽风景 sb see the beautiful view of 某人观看....的美丽风景

26 a number of=many后跟复数名词an amount of+不可数名词=plenty of后跟可数名词或者不可数名词

the number/amount of ....的数量

27write a composition about 写一篇关于...的作文

28 eight meters high=eight meters in height 八米高 29 from now on =in future从现在开始,从今以后

30as(当....时) we waited for the lift to the top

As(因为) you are a child,......

as a pupil 作为一名学生

32spend as much time as possible,但是不能说spend time as much as possible

33There is too much to see in one visit可看的东西太多,一次参观看不完

34 a place to bury dead people墓地

35the most wonderful sights 最美丽的风景

36present /show your poster to the class 向全体同学展示海报 module two

1What's up?=What's wrong?=

what's happening?什么事?怎么了?

2some old copies of books几本旧书

3get it /something right彻底弄清楚…,没有搞错的话

4as far as I know /remember/see 凭我所知,凭着我的记忆,在我看来,

5not...any more/longer不再…=no more/no longer 放在句中 6Sounds like a good idea!,听起来像是一个不错的主意 That is the idea.正是这个意思,干得好

7 go on doing something continue to do/continue doing something /continue with...

keep/work on doing .../keep doing...=doing ...without doing stopping继续做某事

8 a novel by sb某人的小说

9a bit =a little 一点...

not...a bit =not ...at all一点都不

not...a little=very 非常

10a work of literature文学作品

11How/What about doing something?做某事如何

What does it feel like to do something?觉得做某事如何? Sb feel like doing.某人想要...

I didn?t feel like a visitor at all.我感觉一点不像一个游客 你觉得...怎么样?How do you feel about ...

How do you find/like...?

What do you think of ....?

12be well/little-known /famous as /for 作为...而闻名,因...而闻名

13 in fact = actually实际上

15Why don?t you do...?=Why not do...?为何不做... 16What is your opinion of ...

What is your purpose in ...?

What is the advantage of...?

17learn more from ...向...学习更多

18find oneself in somewhere (不知不觉)发觉自己在... 19run away with...与...逃跑

20in the middle/center of..

on the edge of...

at the bottom/front/back/top/end/beginning of...

21his own funeral他自己的葬礼

22be surprised at ...对...吃惊

be surprised to do ...做某事很吃惊

I am surprised to find myself in hospital after drinking more wine.

It's surprising for sb to do sth.=It's surprising that ...某人做某事是令人吃惊的

23 be pleased to do...某人很开心做某人

be pleased with...对...满意

24 living +名词=名词+alive

活着的....

25be afraid/frightened of害怕 ...

be afraid to do...不敢做...

be/feel proud of =take pride in...对...感到自豪/骄傲be careful about =care about 关心/关怀/在乎...

be careful with...小心...

be interested in... =take (much)interest in=show an interest in...,be hopeful about...对...充满希望

be angry/mad with /at sb对某人很生气

be popular with...受到...欢迎,be popular for..因....而受到欢迎

be angry about/at /with.sth 对某事恼火

be worried about...=worry about...,对... 担忧/焦虑 be friendly/kind to对...友好/ 和蔼

feel /be sorry for对...感到歉意

be/get married to 与...结婚

be involved with...与...来往/混在一起/有紧密联系 be involved in ...卷入...之中

get/be into trouble with ...同....招致不幸/陷入困境/招惹麻烦,招惹了某人

25 be /have to do with ...与....有关

have something/nothing to do with...与....有关/无关

26 be punished for doing..by somebody 因为做某事被某人惩罚

27 in the south of...=in the southern part of...在…的南方 28 everyday life= daily life日常生活

29 on the first floor 在第二层

in the twentieth century/on the fourteenth birthday 30 be thought to be /do...被认为去做某事

31 be made of 由...制成(能看到原材料)be made from .. .(看不到原材料)be made up of... 由...组成

be made into ....某物被制成....

Sb be made to do 让....做某事

be made in +地点,be made by +某人

32

include/imagine/suggest/finish/practise/mind/avoid/keep/allow/enjoy/excuse/+doing

33 but rather(正)相反地 ,rather than而不是

34 more fun =funnier

more common/ usual /often /tired

/tiring/careful/unlucky/serious...

35 make fun of sb 取笑某人= play jokes on 开....的玩笑

module three

1 be trained for 为...而接受训练/train with 和...一起训练 2be against the rule /break the rule违反规则 ,obey the rule 遵守规则

3 sth stand for 某物代表..

sb represent 某人代表/be a symbol of...象征...

4 class four 60 points to class five 58 points四班和五班的比分是60:58

5 get to somebody让某人感到烦恼或困扰

6make a difference to对....产生重大影响/很重要/

prefer...to...喜欢...胜过.../in addition to除了.../pay

attention to集中注意力于..../give one?s life to做某事献出生命+doing...look forward to/期望...thanks to多亏/幸亏/由于...the key (关键)to...the guide(指南,入

门) to...be/get/becomeused to doing sth习惯于...

7 see/watch/notice/look at /hear/listen to/feel...do/doing ... 当四看两听一感觉与several times/often...连用则其后用省略to的不定式

8 so adj/adv that...can= adj/adv enough for somebody to do

so adj/adv that sb can?t= too...for sb to do ...

9 so do/will/have /does/...somebody 某人(情况)也是如此 so somebody do/does...的确如此

neither /nor+ do/be/...+somebody 某人(情况)也不是如此 10 first of all =first

first和firstly都有“第一点”之意,但是first可以修饰动词,at first 起初,首先(侧重以后情况有所变化)

above all = the most important is,第一点,最重要的是

11now that +句子,=because=as 由于…而for+句子表示”因为”,只可以放在主句后,since+句子表示“既然,由于”

12 A be advised by B on how to do..B建议A如何去做某事 13 skill at hurdling /hurdling skill 跨栏技能/技术

110 hurdles event 110跨栏比赛

14 set up建立 / put up张贴 /give up放弃/tidy up 整理,收拾/use up用光/ take up占据/ cut up切碎/ look up查阅/ wash up洗尽/ clean up彻底弄干净/pick up sth 捡起某物,pick sb up开车去接某人,停车带人cheer up 使...振奋/高兴,为....欢呼,喝彩,提起精神,振作起来

15 compare...with...把...与...做比较 be compared with compare...to...把...与...做比较/把...比作...

match匹配/fill 装满/connect连接...with...

16 win the first /second prize/place取得第一/二名

win the match/game/medal

/composition

beat/defeat sb 打败某人

win the match against sb比赛打败某人

go for (设法得到,喜欢,支持,偏爱)more medals

17 spend more time away from(the Internet)...花更多时间远离…

stay /keep away from...避开.

keep ...away from...

protect ...from...保护...免受...的危害

be free from rubbish...无(有害的)…;免于.....

be different from...与...不同

prevent/stop/keep somebody from doing...阻止某人做某事

18 advise her to study hard as well as (to)train hard 19score many points(打球) 得了很多分

20 have no chance to do...=be in with no chance to do ... =have no chance of doing...没有机会做某事

21 people of all age所有年龄段的人 people of your age你的同龄人

22当一个句子中有so far,by now,how

long,since ,,yet,already,...times,just,never,before,in /over the past/last three years,则用现在完成时态

23 a total of 122 countries总共122个国家

24 the best player (I have heard of )ever

ever用在前面有最高级修饰的名词后加强语气(“最...”胜过以往任何时候)

module four

1do sb a favour= give sb a hand= help sb=help...out帮助某人

ask for a favour请求帮助

would like a hand to do sth 做某事想要帮助

2 take shots of=take photos/pictures of 给…拍照

3 be/go on a (school)visit to.学校组织某人参观...

4 What?s the matter with...?

what?s wrong with...?....怎么了?

there is something wrong with...= something is wrong with...某人或某物出了故障

5see to 处理,照顾,关照

6 leave ...alone把某人独自留下,别打扰...

leave /place/put/keep/hold/save /store +sth +地点 把....放在/丢在...

leave for...=be off to动身前往某地

be left on ,leave the light on把灯开着,turn on the light开灯 7a couple /pair of ...一双/对

8 on the way to...去...的路上on the way home/back/there,回家路上/回来路上/去那里路上

by the way,顺便说一下in the way挡住去路,in some ways 在某些方面/采取跟多方法,in a way在某种程度上

9look through浏览,仔细查看 /look after照顾,保管/look up查阅/look at/look into调查,检查,往里看/look to sb?right /look down at/look over检查,快速的查看/ look over to(the building)看....的上方,look across to..朝....望过去

10at a time 一次/每次/at one time (过去)有个时期,一度for a

time一度,一会儿,暂时/at times有时,不时地,from time to time 有时,偶尔 for a long time = for long

11hold the paper against..把纸贴在...

12as a result结果,as a result of...由于....

13a computer two metres high =a two -metre-high computer 一台两米高的电脑

14think of...as=treat...as..=see...as...=think of ...as ...把...看作...

15take away 拿走 ,put away把...收起来,give ...away送掉,捐献get away离开,,throw away扔掉

16 much too+adj/adv, too much+不可数名词/比较级 much /a lot/even+比较级

more and more books/water越来越多的水

more and more popular越来越流行

less and less important越来越不重要=not more and more important

less and less water

fewer and fewer books

17 for ages/for long/for a long time

18 from now on= in future从现在开始,从今以后

in the far/near future在遥远的未来/在不久的将来,

19search

for+sb/sth ,search+somewhere ,do research into...调查/研究..=research..

20 can /can?t/be able to afford sth,can afford to buy sth买不起...

module five

1Sb be familiar with sth

=Sth be familiar to.sb某人熟悉某物

2hang/hold on a minute等一下!稍等片刻!

3go off 离开,be off to= leave for.

4 a kind /type/sort/variety of =一种/kind of 有几分 5no wonder+句子 ....难怪...

6work out查明,弄清楚,计算 /find out(经过一番努力)发现,找到;查明,/try out尝试;试用/come out 出版

put out 熄灭/sell out卖光/take out取出/拿出/hand out分发,turn out lights熄灭灯(或煤气)

7do physics /chemistry experiments做物理/化学实验 8as well as/in addition to/besides 除了…(加进来)

except/but/other than除了...(减出去)

except for 除了...(说明整个情况后,对细节加以纠正) 9drop in on sb顺便拜访某人

drop in at +地点(顺便拜访某地)=come/go over to

10 make sure +句子,确保../be sure of sth 确信/sb be sure that.../be sure to do...一定去做.../be not sure(can?t decide/don't know )if/whether...

11It takes sb time to do...某人花时间做某事=sb take time to do sth=it takes time for sb to do sth

It costs sb money to do...某人花钱做某事

Sb spend ...(in)doing.../on sth ...with...

Sb pay money for sth

It wastes time/money/energy for sb to do sth某人做某事浪费时间/金钱/能源

It?s wasteful for sb to do sth 某人做某事是浪费的

module six

1Guess what!猜猜看

2get/receive a letter from sb = hear from sb 收到某人来信 3pleasant=enjoyable=joyful

令人愉快的

4 do a little bit to do sth 做某事尽绵薄之力

5 We should open a window instead of turning on air conditioning.= We shouldn?t turn on air

conditioning .Instead ,we should open a window(instead也可以放在句尾).we是turning的逻辑主语,所以 instead of 后用

动名词

We should buy things produced locally( local products ) instead of_____(make)abroad.答案:made而不是making.因为things和made之间有被动关系

6 do harm to =harm 危害…

It is harmful to do sth做某事是有害处的

7It is unnecessary for sb to do sth 某人做某事是没有必要的=There is no need for sb to do sth.

8 as long as possible尽可能时间久/长些

as often as possible 尽可能

多(次数多),而as many/much as possible尽可能(数量)多的, 9spend more money than necessary超出必要的过多花费

10Lucky you!你真幸运!=How lucky you are! Good luck with your trip.祝你旅途愉快!

11Maybe/Perhaps it is water pollution.=It may be water pollution.=It could be water pollution. It is possibly water pollution.

It is possible /impossible for sb to do sth.=it is possible that .....

Sb is likely /unlikely to do sth.= it is likely/unlikely that sb do sth.

12 It is 被强调部分 that 其他成分

13 That's the idea这个主意不错,想法不错

14, including +名词=名词+included 包括某人

15 take it in turns doing ...轮流做....

16 make a summary of...对..进行概述

17 Reuse means“use again”.= Reuse means using again. 18 We should repair them if we can ____(save) money for our family.(to save)

19 find out what can ____(recycle) in the neighbourhood . 20 We should buy products such as ____(recycle) paper.(recycled)

21 I do take it seriously.我一定要认真对待/我确实当真了。 22 turn...over 把....翻过来

23put....back into....把...放回到....

24 communicate with ... 与...交流

25 by now,so far,how long, since..., in /over the past/last +时间段,与现在完成时连用,并且必须用延续性动词,by+过去时间,用过去完成时态,by+将来时间,用将来完成时态(will have done)

26 it 做形式主语

it is adj for/of sb to do sth

It is said/known/thought/reported that +主语从句

It seems that ...某人似乎或好像(做某事),而It seems as if +句子,表示“某人似乎好像做某事”

It is clear /funny /surprising that....(my camel kept lying down)

It is likely that.....可能...

It takes sb ... to do sth

it做形式宾语

feel/make/find/think it adj to do sth

module seven

1What are you up to?你在忙什么?

2 do a project about...做一个关于...的计划/项目/课题

3 Once(一旦) you have done your project,you can borrow it 4 at once = in a minute 立刻,马上

5 on the first day of.. ,on the morning of ...,on a cold day 6 at different times of a/the day 一天的不同时间

7 especially(极其,特别) cold ;especially (尤其是)teenagers; special prize(特别奖);specially visit you专程拜访你 8 be more like更像

9 go on a camel ride去骑骆驼

10 have a good/bad temper脾气好,脾气坏

11 later/early in the morning上午晚些时分

12 one hour and a half later

一个半小时后

one and a half hours late晚了一个半小时

13 You bet it is 一定是这样,肯定如此,是真的

14 You must have passed the exam yesterday你想必昨天通过了考试

You should have got up at half past six this morning你本应该今天早晨六点半起床。

15 be open to 对...开放

16 show/take...around...带...参观....

17 The book is hard/easy/difficult to understand= it is hard/easy/difficult to understand.这本书很难看懂

(仅限于easy,hard,difficult,才可以用动词不定式后的名词替换it) 18 if(是否)常放在ask,tell,find out,wonder(want to

know),can't decide,don't know,be not sure,Do you mind...?后面。

19 whether 可以放在介词后,动词不定式前,可以说whether...or not,还可放在be 动词前,后引导从句。if(是否)不可以如此。

module eight

1:The trouble/problem is,I have trouble/problems

/difficult(in) learning English.

= the trouble is that I have trouble /problems

/difficult (in) learning English.

2get sb to do sth (通过一番说服工作)让某人做某事

get sth done (自己)把某事做了 而have sth done 则是让/请某人做某事

get/keep sb doing sth让某人一直做某事

3 be in with a chance to do ...= have a chance to do..有机会做某事

4 I can't see over sb?s head 某人的头部挡住我的视线。 5His photo is of Tian?an Square.(be of 具有)

6die of heart trouble/a fever /a cancer(疾病/衰老等身体原因)die from an accident/an earthquake(外部原因) die

of/from a drink/over work(hunger,)因为外部因素而导致的身体内部问题

7 It's the Blues Boys playing! 就是It's the band which gets

everyone dancing的省略形式8 It doesn’t matter/That’s ok /That’s all right /Not at all(没关系) .回答Sorry . 而Don’t mention it (意为:不用谢;不客气; 不要这样说; 哪里哪里,没关系)可以回答Thank you .和Sorry . With pleasure 十分乐意。表欣然同意别人请求,而It’s

my pleasure. It’s a pleasure. 表示回答对方感谢用语,意思是“不客气”“不用谢.Never mind(用于安慰)没关系,不用担心

module nine

1 have a happy/sad ending有快乐的/悲伤的结局

2 It?s no laughing matter这不是什么可笑的事情

3 one of those cartoons which ____(make) youlaugh (one前用only则用makes)

4 The teacher I like____(come) to Shanghaitwice. (has come)

5 have a word with 和....说句话

keep/have collections of...收藏....

6 be in deep trouble 遇到大麻烦

7give it to me间接宾语(物)是代词一定要把直接宾语(人)用介词移到后面

8play a (main)part/role in 在....扮演角色

a cartoon in which(where) the hero saves someone 9 win the heart/hearts of...赢得.....的心

10lead ....against the rule of 带领....反抗....的统治 11 The whole series of Tintin began____(publish) in China.(to be published)

12hold parties on their own/alone/by themselves独自举办聚

leave children on their own/alone 把孩子独自留下

in my own private dream

13 be born from stone 是...石头生的

14 lovable可爱的,讨人喜欢的lovely可爱的,令人愉快的,秀美的

15 He draws as many as five cartoons 他画了多达五幅卡通片 16 It is important to be able to draw 会画很重要,able有将来时态和完成时态,还可以有不定式结构

17 one of the few heroes为数不多的英雄之一

18 climb up them

19 The main thing we should learn from Batman isto do good things for people.我们最应该向蝙蝠衫学习的是为人们做好事。

module ten

1do weight lifting举重/do weight training举重训练

2 What happened to you?你发生了什么事?/What happened about the camera?照相机怎么了?

3It is my father that/who gives me money.

4bump into, come across撞见,碰见

5 behave well /badly表现好/坏

6he cooked meals including meat/meat included. 7persuade(说服) /encourage (鼓励)sb to try(品尝) his cooking

8ban junk food from schools学校禁止垃圾食品

ban禁止/stop阻止 ....from doing sth

9put on so much weight增重,胖了很多

lose weight 减肥,瘦了

10It?s meant to be good for you 它应该是/一定对你有好处 11the city which gave its name to the hotsprings.赋予温泉名字的城市=the city which hot springs are named after

(get its name from..得名于=be named after...,以...而命名) 12 have a lot in common with 与....有很多相同之处

module eleven

1I am in the right place to talk about the city.我所处的位置正适合讨论这座城市

He is the right person who killed the girl.他正是杀死那个女孩的人

2 make/have two babies 生两个孩子

3 give/check/look up some facts about....

4 ten percent /plenty/most/the rest/all/some of ... 5 add to the traffic ,add...to...

6 There used to/need to be more shops.

7 I will be happier than (I am happy)ifyou give me some money.我会比(如果)你给我钱更开心。

8 make a law 制定法律制定法律

9 cure sb of his disease/illness治愈某人的病

10 protect sb from crime

11 sth be available to sb 某人可得到某物

module twelve

1 give a warm welcome to ...=welcome ...warmly热烈欢迎.... 2 do an English course 上英语课程

3 look sb?s best 显得最帅/美

4 have a good memory /understanding of 对....有着美好的记忆/很好的理解

5 a well-trained (训练有素的)and experienced (有经验的)teacher

6 a group of (up to) 15

多达15人一组

7 make progress 取得进步

8 do some activities 做活动

9 create fridendships with the students whichlast a long time与学生建立永久的友谊

10 have activities which take place afterclass/school 有课外活动

11 take trips to...到....旅行

12 places of interest景点

13 pay the course for one month 付一个月的课程费用 14 be put into groups 被分成几组

15虚拟句

a:I wish my whole family were with me.

I wish he had finished the work yesterday.

b:If I were you, I wouldn?t make her get to you.

If I had a million dollars, I wouldbuy a big house.(对将来虚拟)

c: I suggested he (should) not be/stay at home.

His words suggests(暗示) that he won't need my help .(非虚拟语气)

d:Could you drop in at my family and get mycomputer repaired?(Yes,I can)

16 do arts and crafts activities 进行艺术和手工活动,做工艺品

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