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发布时间:2014-01-14 09:50:51  

外研新标准 初三上

Module 1

Wonders of the world

Unit 2 I was on the edge of the Grand Canyon.

Objectives: 1.To guess the meanings of new words with the help of the contextual clues to judge and understand the author’s view and the details in the text 2. To learn some key words and useful expressions 3. Get information from the text using some skills: skimming, scanning 4. Sum up the tenses in the text

Words: natural, clear, below, edge, reply, disappear Expressions: look over, rise, on the edge of, at the bottom of, get out of Patterns: How long is it? What can you see? … is the greatest wonder …

Warming up

Work in pairs. Can you think of any wonders of the world?

Talk about:
buildings rivers towers mountains seas waterfalls

Use these words to help you. ancient deep high modern tall natural long wide

Let’s enjoy some wonders of the world.


Empire State Building 帝国大厦


CN Tower 加拿大国家电视塔


Niagara Falls 尼亚加拉大瀑布


Canadian Rockies 加拿大洛基山脉

Mt. Qomolangma 珠穆朗玛峰


The Changjiang River 长江

The Nile River 尼罗河

The Great Wall 长城

The Grand Canyon 美国大峡谷

Stonehenge in the south of England 巨石阵

Words and expressions

汉语是我们的母语,我们从学英语开 始, 就是用汉语来解释和记忆英语的。 变“用汉语解释和记忆英语”为“用 英语解释和记忆英语”。避免了将英 语转换为另一种语言——汉语所带来 的不便和时间耗费。不但提高了效率, 而且久而久之,有可能在头脑中建立 起两种思维系统,即在在汉语思维之 外,还可以逐步建立起独立的英语思 维系统。

用英语解释和记忆英语,本身就是在学 习和运用英语,对提高英语语感和英语 的阅读理解能力和综合运用能力很有好 处。是一举多得的好方法。真正做到了 用英语品味英语,越品越有味;用英语 理解英语,理解更准确。鉴于本环节初 次尝试此种设置,可能有些学生对英语 解释不能完全理解,为降低难度,英文 解释后面可进一步演示中文解释,学生 可再通过中文解释回顾早读课中已预习 过的单词,进一步加深记忆。

Read the explanation and speak out the word it explains.

of or produced by nature; not made by natural humans adj. 自然的
to get off


get out of

being bright; daylight, sunlight; lamp
adj. 明亮的 n. 光线; 灯 light

to give an answer in words or writing reply v. 回答

to be free of darkness/clouds/ haze; to remove sth. blocking; free of confusion clear v. (云)散开; 打扫干净 adj. 清晰的 rise to move upward v. 升起 the surface of the Earth ground n. 地面 in a lower position (than), under prep. 在......的下面 below

the outer or furthest point of sth. edge n. 边, 边缘 be on the border or outside li

ne 处于......的边缘 the lowest part of something n. 底部 at the lowest part of 在……的底部 at the bottom of

on the edge of bottom

a deep valley with steep sides canyon n. 峡谷 one of the outer surfaces of an object n. (墙、河等的左 side 或右)边, 面, 侧
to be no longer seen v. 消失 disappear

the amount of space between two places n. 距离 distance

extremely large in size or amount adj. 巨大的 huge

the front of the head, where the eyes, nose and mouth are; to turn or be turned towards sth. physically face n. 脸 v. 面对, 面临 something that one sees n. 景象, 景观 sight

Listen and describe.
Describe the photo using the following words.
buildings rivers towers ancient deep modern tall mountains seas waterfalls high long natural wide

Tips for Reading Skills
在阅读每个段落时,要注意综合 运用略读与扫读这两种方法。

略读(skimming)只看文章标题和下 标题,以及每个部分或者段落第一行。 关注文章中反复出现的关键词。 略读时,要花足够的时间去读段落 的第一句和第二句,直到完全理解其义, 因为第一句往往是该段的主题句(topic sentence),而第二句往往是对前句的 延伸(extension)或进一步的解释 (explanation)。

通过扫读寻找特定信息或特定词组 运用扫读(scanning), 迅速浏览从第 三句开始的后面部分,搜寻作者对开头两 句的支持句(supporting sentences),并同 时注意文章中间是否有转折词(transition), 因为这些词常常会把文章的思路逆转或加 入其它重要的信息。当读到段落的最后一 句时,我们又要使用略读, 这时必须再 次放慢速度(slow down your pace)直到完 全消化作者对段落的小结(conclusion),因 为该小结有可能与主题句截然相反或引导 读者进入下一个段落。

Skimming to get
general idea

Answer the following questions. 1. When did the writer arrive at the Grand Canyon area? Early morning. 2. Were there many people when the writer visited the Grand Canyon? No, there weren’t. 3. What did the writer think of the Grand Canyon? One of the wonders of the natural world.

Careful reading to solve difficult points

1. I was on the edge of the Grand Canyon, one of the wonders of the natural world. 我站在世界自然奇观之一的大峡谷边缘。 natural adj. ①自然的; 有关自然界的 ②天然的 We visited a museum of natural history. 我们参观了一个自然历史博物馆。 Coal and oil are natural products. 煤和石油是天然产物。

2. I got out of the car, went through a gate and walked along a path. 我从车内出来, 穿过一个门, 沿着一 条小路前行。 get out of ①逃避 ②弃绝 I couldn’t get out of going to that wedding. 我不能逃避出席婚礼。 He got out of the bad habit. 他改掉了这个坏习惯。

3. “Yes,” he replied, “you’ll get there in f

ive minutes.” “对”,他回答道,“五分钟就到了。” reply v. 回答, 答复[(+to)] They did not reply to our new proposal. 他们对我们的新建议没有作出答复。 He has not yet replied to my question. 他还没有回答我的问题。

4. The clouds cleared and the rain stopped. 云开了,雨停了。 v. ①散开 ②清除; 收拾[(+away/off/from)] adj. ③清楚的; 清晰的; 明了的 The clouds soon cleared away and it became quite warm. 云很快就散开了,天气变得暖和了。 The clouds have cleared away and the moon is shining again. 云已散去,月亮又在照耀了。 She cleared the leftovers from the table. 她清掉桌上的剩饭剩菜。

Professor Smith gave a clear explanation of the experiment. 史密斯教授对这次实验做了清晰的讲解。 We had a clear view of the mountains. 我们清楚地看到群山。

5. The sun rose behind me and beyond the rocks. 太阳从我身后的岩石远处升起。 rise vi. rose是的过去分词形式。 ①上升, 升起, 上涨, 升高 ②增加 The sun has not yet risen. 太阳还没升起。 The population of the city has risen to five million. 该市人口已增加到五百万。

6. I saw that the ground fell away and down to a river, far below me. 我看到大地沉降至下面深谷中的一条 河里。 below prep. ①(指位置) 在......下面; 到......下面 ②(指数量、程度等) 在......以下 Her skirt came below her knees. 她的裙长过膝。 The cost of the whole work was below two thousand dollars. 办理此事的全部费用在两千元以下。

7. I was on the edge of the Grand Canyon, one of the wonders of the natural world. 我站在世界自然奇观之一的大峡谷边缘。 ①edge n. 边, 棱; 边缘 ②on the edge of 处于……的边缘 Please sharpen the edge of this axe. 请把这把斧头的刃磨快。 She carefully positioned the cup on the edge of the shelf. 她把杯子小心地放在架子边。 They lived in a house on the edge of a forest. 他们住在森林边缘一所房子里。

8. … and on both sides the canyon disappeared into the distance… 两边都消失在苍茫的远方…… disappear vi. ①消失, 不见; 突然离开 ②不复存在, 灭绝 All at once Phil disappeared. 菲尔突然不见了。 The dinosaurs disappeared long ago. 恐龙很久以前就灭绝了。

Tips for teacher
Let the word fly 板块是帮助学生学


从…内出来 聚会

与……相处 好




1. get out of… 从……内出来 The cat got out of the box. 那只猫从箱子里面出来了。 2. get on well with… 与……相处好 Jim gets on well with his classmate. 吉姆和他的同学相处得很好。 3. get up 起床 I get up at seven o’clock in the morning every day. 我每天早晨七


4. get off 下(火车、公共汽车等) Please get off after the bus stops. 到站后请下车。 5. get ready for 为……准备好 The boy feels that he gets ready for his driving test. 那个男孩感觉准备好驾照考试了。 6. get from…to… 从……到达…… He gets from New York to Beijing by plane. 他乘飞机从纽约到北京。

7. get warm 变暖和 It gets warm here in March. 三月这里变暖和了。 8. get together 聚会 They usually get together once a month. 他们通常每月聚会一次。

从上面给出的例句我们可以看到 get


大家想一想与get 相关的搭配或口语表
达, 选择几个进行造句或对话练习。

1. I got stuck! 我被困住了。 (开车出门遇到塞车, 你就可以说 I got stuck in the traffic.) 2. Got you! 骗到你了吧! (你讲一个笑话别人却信以为真, 你就可 以很开心地说 Got you!) 3. Ten bucks to get in. 入场费是十元。 4. Get out! 太离谱了吧! (表示一点都不相信对方所说的话。) 5. You will get used to it! 你会习惯它的! (表示习惯于某件事, 例如讲到美国的天 气很干燥, 你就可以这样回答。)

用get的相关词组的适当形式填空。 got up 1. He is still asleep; he hasn’t ___ __. 2. When can we get together? 3. It’s ______ getting _____. warm Some trees get green. to 4. How long does he get ___from ___ Shenzhen __ Hongkong? 5. What do you ___ ____ ___ get ready for before your trip? got ___ out of 6. He ___ __ the car and shook hands with me. gets__ on____ well ____ with his 7. The boy always ___ father.

Scanning to get
detail information

I. 利用上下文推测词组意思。

请为文中的词组选择正确的含义。 1. I got out of the car, went through a gate and walked along a path. (Para1-Line2) A. to suffer; to experience sth. 经历(苦难、坏事) B. to through/pass; to go across 穿过 C. to use a lot of something 用尽, 花完 释义: 我从车里出来, 穿过一个门,沿着 一条小路前行。

2. I look carefully over them, but it was still too dark to see anything. (Para2-Line7) A. to inspect (商品) 检验; 仔细检查 B. to scan 粗略地看一看;浏览 C. to turn one’s eyes towards sth. 从上面看过去

释义: 我仔细向岩石远处望去, 但是天太黑, 仍旧什么也看不见。 技巧总结:从两个词组附近的单词的词义和词 性可推断出词组在句中的功能, 进而推测意思。 这是阅读技巧中常见的逻辑推理方法。

II. Choose the best answer. 1. The passage may come from ____. a) a guidebook. b) a grammar book. c) a dictionary. d) a diary. 2. There was nothing to see because ____. a) there was nothing. b) it was too dark. c) it was raining. d) it was in the morning.

3. The writer was facing to ___ on the edge of the Grand Canyon? a) the south. b) the north. c) the eas

t. d) the west. 4. The writer’s purpose in writing this passage is ___. a) To give facts about the Grand Canyon. b) To tell how he feels about the Grand Canyon. c) To introduce the Grand Canyon. d) To tell people to visit the Grand Canyon.

III. Match the words in the box with their meanings. 1 not made by people 2 an entrance 3 someone you don’t know 4 very very big 5 in any place

gate huge natural stranger

IV. Complete the table.

Grand Canyon
How deep /high is it? about 2km How wide is it?

(more than) 20km more than 400km

How long is it?

Make a table with facts about: ? the Changjiang River ? the Great Wall the Great Wall the Changjiang River

Imagine you have seen one of the wonders of the world. Write sentences describing how you felt when you saw it for the first time. 你可以用下面的表达方式: Say when you saw it. It was two years ago when I first saw the Great Wall … Describe its size. It’s about 6,700 kilometres long.

Say what happened. It was in autumn and we were walking …
Say how you felt.

It was the most wonderful sight
I have ever seen.


注: word 文档 点击此处链接

一、你能说出以下词组的意思吗? go through 穿过 look over

瞭望;越过……看 (地面) (突然) 变成下坡 在……底部

fall away

a the bottom of

disappear into the distance 消失在远方

二、根据句意及汉语提示完成句子。 1. the teacher is so proud of her student’s huge (巨大的) success. _____ 2. The Grand Canyon is the greatest wonder anywhere in the ________ natural (自然的) world. 3. The temperature in Harbin is very low in winter, usually below _____ (在……的下面) zero. 4. Can you tell me the ______ height (高度) of the tall building.

三、词组互译。 1. walk along a path 沿着一条小路走 _______________ 2. the three tallest buildings ______________ 三幢最高的建筑 3. at the bottom of the canyon 在大峡谷的底部 _________________________ 4. too dark to see anything __________________________ 太黑什么也看不见 5. There was nothing to see. 什么也看不到。 _________________________

get out of the car 6. 下车 _________________ become light 7. 变亮 _________________ 8. 云散开了。___________________ The clouds cleared. reach the top 9. 到达顶端 _____________________ disappear into the distance 10. 消失在远方 ________________________ 11. 问我自己一个问题 __________________ ask myself a question

四、汉译英。 1. 那人穿街过巷兜售他的花瓶。 He went through streets and alleys ________________________________ to sell his vases. —————————— 2. 他看到远处有灯光。 ________________________________ He saw a light in the distance. 3. 昨天,我看见安从出租车里出来然后 上了公交车。 Yesterday I saw Ann get out of a taxi ________________________________ and get on a bus. _______________

1. Read the passage again and review

the new words and expressions. 2. 发挥想象,连词成文(50-100字). go through, walk along, look over, at the bottom of, huge, get out of, wide, about, beside, natural.

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