make flashcards制作抽认卡 practice conversations with friends跟朋友练习对话 practice doing sth 练习做某事
make vocabulary list制作词汇表 read aloud读出声来
listen to tapes 听磁带 watch sb do sth 看某人做某事
ask sb for help 向某人寻求帮助 have fun玩得高兴
be/get excited about sth 对...感到兴奋 end up doing sth 结束做某事
do a survey about sth 做关于....的调查 keep an English notebook记英文笔记
make mistakes犯错误 join an English language club加入英语俱乐部
It’s easy/hard/difficult/important for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事很简单/困难/重要
later on 以后，随后 to begin with首先
laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 begin/ start to do/doing sth开始做某事
decide to do sth 决定做某事 take a lot of grammar notes做大量语法笔记
enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事（只接动名词） like/ dislike/hate to do sth/doing sth
have trouble/difficulty (in) doing sth 做某事有麻烦/困难 look sth up （在字典、参考书等中）查询.... make up编造，组成，拼凑成 deal with problems 处理/解决难题
worry about sth 担心.... be angry with sb对某人生气
see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事 last for some time 持续多长时间
regard sth (名词或代词）as ....(名词或形容词） 把.....当做.... （认为...怎么样） complain about sth抱怨..... with the help of... 在....的帮助下
compare... to......把....跟....相比 break off 突然中止，中断
go by（指时间）过去；消逝 try one’s best to do sth尽力去做某事
interesting(令人感兴趣的) interested （感兴趣的）
exciting (令人兴奋的）excited (兴奋的)
disappointing令人失望的 disappointed 感到失望的
worrying 令人担心的 worried担心的;着急的
surprising 令人吃惊的 surprised惊奇的;惊讶的;诧异的
embarrassing 令人困窘的 embarrassed窘的;尴尬的;局促不安的
选词填空：①. The _______ makes me up.
②. The girl has a beautiful _________. ③. At midnight he heard a strange __________ .
两个词均表示“忘了” ， 但forget多用于“忘记某人、某事”; 而leave多用于“忘记，忽略拿/带??”。汉语中说“把??忘/丢在某地”，英语中用“leave sth.+地点状语”这一结构。
跟踪练习： 我忘了你的地址。 I _______ your address.
我把书包忘在图书馆里。 I ______my schoolbag in the library.
（6）join/take part in/attend
join:加入党派、团体、组织、俱乐部等, 与一段时间连用时用be in/ be a member of
join sb 指“与某人一起”
join in(doing) sth. 指“参加....活动”
take part in 参加活动并在其中起作用
attend出席， 到场； 只强调人到场，不强调其作用
Eg. 1)Jim _____(参加） the school dancing club last year.
2) The radio says that 10 great scientists will ____ the activity in our school.
A. join B. take part in C..attend D. join in
3) Anyone who sings well can ____ the activity in our school.
A. take part in B. take off C. take out D. take care of
① --How do you study for a test?
--I study by working with a group.
② We usually go to school by bike.
③English is spoken by many people.
by的意思是“通过??的方式”时，后接__________ ；当表示“乘坐”时，后跟__________ ；它还可以表示 _____________ ，用于被动语态，引导出动作的发出者
1.I live by/near the river. I’d like to sit by my teacher.“在?旁边，靠近”
2.I go by the post office every day on my way to work.“经过”
3.Can you finish the work by Thursday?“不迟于”
4. Our football team lost the game by only one score. “相差”
5. We had learnt about 1500 new words by the end of last term. “某个时间以前、到某个时间之前”
6.one by one, side by side等by短语。
（2）practice doing sth. 练习做某事
eg. We practice ________ English every day.（我们每天练习说英语。）
（3）What about/How about 后跟名词，代词或V-ing。用于征求意见。
Eg: What about a cup of tea？ How about you ?
What / How about going to the zoo this afternoon?
= Let’s go to the zoo this afternoon, shall we?
= Why not go to the zoo this afternoon?
= Shall we go to the zoo this afternoon?
= Would you like to go the zoo with me this afternoon?
（4) too?to? “太?而不能?” too后跟形容词或副词原级，to后跟动词原形。
可以和not?enough to?以及so?that sb can’t/couldn’t?互换。
跟踪练习 It’s too hard to understand the voices. （同义句转换）
（5）. She said memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little.
划线部分在该句中是从句，作___________的 ________.动名词即动词的-ing形式，相当于名词，在句子中可以作主语、宾语、表语、定语等。动名词作主语时，谓语必须用_________形式。如：I think that doing lots of listening practice _______ (be)one of the secrets of learning English.
（6） He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language.
该划线部分在句中作way的定语，常用来修饰名词或不定代词，放于所修饰词后，作后置定语。类似用法还有： the best way to learn more English. Singapore is a good place to travel.
(7)end up doing sth 终止做某事，结束做某事 后面加动名词短语，相当于finish doing sth . 但要注意与stop doing sth （有可能是暂时停止，不久还会继续下去） 的区别。
【另】end up with ? 以?结束 The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。 回顾以前学过的end的用法 ：in the end = at last at the end of
（8） make mistakes 意思是________,mistake 是______名词， 还可以为 make a mistake. 另：make 还可以构成其他短语：make a living __________ make money ___________ make friends ___________ make a decision ____________
make mistakes= make a mistake犯错若表示在某一方面犯错，用in， make mistakes in sth/ doing sth如：I ________________________________我在语法方面经常犯错。 mistake sb for…把…错认为…eg：I mistook him for his brother. by mistake为介词短语，错误的eg; I took your bag by mistake.
（9）I don’t have a partner to practice English with.
I want a pen to write with. He has no house to live in.
（10）ask sb for help向某人寻求帮助
with the help of...=with one’s help在.....的帮助下
help sb (to）do sth
help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事
help with sth帮助做某事
help sb. out帮助某人解决难题
help oneself to sth随便吃（喝）....
can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事
形容词是helpful, 常用短语be helpful to sb. (对某人有帮助)
1）We can’t help _______(laugh) at the joke.
2）Lin Fei often helps her parents_______(do ) housework at home.
3）It’s nice ______ you______ me with my maths.
A. for; to help B. for ; helping C. of; to help D. of ; helping
What do you learn at school? I learn…..
1）表示问候How do you do ? How are you ? How’s everything going ?
2)表示怎么样 How is your new house ? It’s great.
How do you learn English ? I learn English by reading lots of English magazines.
How do you go to school? …
(1)What….think of…. ?=____________________________
What do you think of this film?== How do you like this film?
(2）What to do ?How to do it?
I don’t know what to do next step? I don’t know how to do it next step?
(3)What’s the weather like today? =______________________________
(4)What a beautiful girl she is! =How____________________________
（12）unless = if …not如果不，假如不，除非。引导条件状语从句You will fail unless you work hard..
(13).compare… to /with…把…与…相比eg：Compare you to /with Anna, you are lucky..你和安娜相比，你是幸运的 Compared to /with you，I am richer.
compare … to把…比喻成…eg: Children are often compared to flowers.
1）find +n.找到某物Have you found your bike ?
I found a dog lying on the ground .
When we got to the bank, we found the door closed.
I find him friendly.
We found him in bed.
I found him working in the garden.
3）find+从句 We found that the boy was telling a lie .
4）find+it（形式宾语）+形容词（宾补）+to do sth. We found it necessary to learn a foreign language.
5）find sb (do) doing sth
(15) deal with __________, 同义短语为do with.
注意：deal with 与how 连用，do with 与what 连用。
Eg. How did you deal with your old bike ? = What did you do with your old bike?
（同义句转换) How do we deal with our problems?
______ do we ________ _________ our problems?
(16) instead / instead of
instead意为“代替”“替代”，作副词用，通常位于句尾。Mr. Wang is ill, I will take his class instead．
如位于句首时常用逗号与后面阁开。she didn't answer me, instead, she asked me another question. (她没有回答我，反而问了我另外一个问题。)
instead of为介词短语，后面常接宾语，宾语多为动词 + ing、名词、代词、介词、短语形式。
如：We'll ask Li Mei instead of Mary. 我们将去问李梅而不问玛丽。
跟踪练习： Would you like coffee __________? She’ll go __________ you.
He does homework instead of ________ (clean) the classroom.
1. - This math problem is _____ hard for me to understand. Can you help me ?
- Sure. It’s my pleasure.
A. very B. too C. quiet D. rather
2. Let’s ______ about future.
A. not to worry B. not worry C. not worrying D. not to worrying
3.---Is Mr Green really ill? ---_____.He’s in hospital.
A.I don’t think so. B.I hope so. C.I’m afraid so.
4.The students in our class was _____at the _____news.
A.frustrating, frustrated B.frustrate, frustrating
5.---Can you catch what I said ?
---Sorry, I can ___understand it.
A.almost B.hardly C.nearly
6.---They have a lot of strict rules at home. ---_____.
A.So we have. B.So do we. C.So I have.
7. If you don’t know the words, ______ in the dictionary.
A. look them up B. look up them C. look at them D. look them at
8. I am having trouble _______ out the problem.
A. working B. to work C. worked D. works
9. You needn’t worry _______ your son, because the police can help him.
A. at B. about C. in D. on
10. Many students asked the teacher _____ the time of the test.
A. for B. to C. about D. When
11. The girl couldn’t help ______ when she heard the news.
A. cry B. to cry C. crying D. Cries
12. Have you come up with any idea to_______ the air pollution?
A. deal to B. deal with C. do with
13. Many students asked the teacher _______ to do with the problems.
A. what B. how C. which
14. We have problems _______ to the top of the mountain.
A. gets B. to get C. getting
15. I find _____ very difficult to understand people who speak fast.
A. that B. this C. it
16. We regard him ____ the best teacher in our school.
A. for B. as C. like
1.__________ (get) up early is a good way to stay _________ (health).
4.Sarah was _________( excite ) when she heard the ___________ (excite ) news.
5.Have you ever ________ (learn) English by 6.The little boy got _______ (lose )and he couldn’t find his home.
_______ do you study ________ a test?
He______ watching movies____________.
She_______ _________ ____________complete sentences.
I _______ _______ _________ ________ that way.
_______ do we _______ ________our problem?
As young adults, it is our duty to ________ _______ ________ ________ deal with each challenge n our
education _______ _________ _________ of our teachers.