新目标 九年级 Unit 3
Do you have any rules at home? Do you have any rules at school? Do your parents allow you to do the following things?
Students shouldn’t be allowed to sleep in class. Students shouldn’t be allowed to make noises. Students shouldn’t be allowed to throw the rubbish in the classroom. Students should be allowed to play basketball or football after class.
Students shouldn’t be allowed to get to class late.
What can students do at school?
Teachers allow students to play soccer after school.
Students are allowed to play soccer after school.
(should) be allowed to do (应该)允许做某事 allow sb. to do sth. = sb. be allowed to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow sb. not to do sth. = sb. be not allowed to do sth 不允许某人做某事
agree and disagree — Do you think … ? — Yes, I agree. — No, I disagree.
What can students do at school? wear a uniform eat in class work with his friends run in the hallway ask the teacher questions I am allowed to … He/She is not allowed to … You/We/They are allowed to …
Do you agree or disagree these school rules?
Don’t smoke. (No smoking!)
Boys shouldn’t have long hair.
Students shouldn’t Students shouldn’t fight. eat in class.
1a. Circle A (for agree) or D (for disagree). A D 1. Teenagers should be allowed to go out with their friends every night. A D 2. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive. A D 3. Students should not be allowed to have part-time jobs.
A D 4. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. A D 5. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to choose their own clothes.
He just got She chooses She got her his driver’s clothes herself. ears pierced. license.
Teenagers should be allowed to drive.
Teenagers should be allowed to buy/ choose their own clothes.
Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced.
sixteen-year-olds 是一个合成名词，意 为“十六岁的孩子们”。这类用连字符 连接的合成名词变复数时，通常把最后 一个词变成复数。例如： grown-up → grown-ups 成年人 【相关链接】 1) 用连字符连接的合成名词变复数时， 如果该词中的第一个词是名词或比其它 词更重要，一般将它变成复数。例如：
looker-on → lookers-on 旁观者 editor-in-chief → editors-in-chief 主编 2) 由 man, woman, lord等构成的复合名 词变成复数时，如果是偏正关系，两个 词通常均要变成复数。 e.g. man doctor → men doctors 男医生
woman singer → women singers 女
get one’s ears pierced 意为“穿耳孔”。 “get + 名词/代词 + 动词的过去分词”， 意为“请别人做某事”或“使某事完 成”。 e.g. Go and get your hair cut. 去理一下发吧。 Can you get your work finished in time? 你能及时完成工作吗？
Obey the family rules! As a teenager, you have a lot of rules at your home. Can you write down some of them? I’m allow
ed to … I’m not allowed to …
1b. Listen and mark “T” or “F”.
1. Anna can go to the mall with John. （T） 2. Anna wants to get her ears pierced. （F） 3. Anna is allowed to choose her own clothes. （T）
Look at the statements in 1a and make conversations. Use the phrases in the box.
1. Teenagers should be allowed to go out with their friends every night. 2. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive. 3. Students should not be allowed to have part-time jobs. 4. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. 5. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to choose their own clothes.
too silly(傻) not old enough
not serious enough
not calm enough
A: I think students should not be
allowed to have part-time jobs.
B: I agree. They aren’t old enough.
What is the boy doing? What are the girls doing?
2a. Listen and check what Kathy thinks. Kathy 1. Sixteen-year-old should not be allowed to work at night. 2. Larry shouldn’t work every night. 3. He should cut his hair. 4. He should stop wearing that silly earring.
√ √ √ √ √
5. He doesn’t seem to have many friends.
6. He shouldn’t work on weekends.
Listen again and choose “Agree”, “Disagree”, or “Doesn’t know” to show what Molly thinks. 1. Sixteen-year-old should not be allowed work at night. Disagrees 2. Larry shouldn’t work every night. Agrees 3. He should cut his hair. Doesn’t know 4. He should stop wearing that silly earring. 5. He doesn’t seem to have many friends. Doesn’t know
2b. Listen again. Fill in the blanks with correct forms.
Molly says that Larry is working late
tonight, but Kathy thinks Larry allowed shouldn’t be ________ to work late. disagrees Molly _________ with Kathy. She thinks
teenagers never gets _____. Then Kathy tired
thinks Larry shouldn’t work every night.
This makes Molly agree. They think he needs time ______ homework. Also they to do be cut think Larry’s hair should ______ because
it doesn’t look ______. Kathy thinks clean
Larry shouldn’t wear that _____ earring, silly
but Molly thinks she ________ like it. kind of
do homework cut one’s hair kind of like … looks cool have many friends work on weekends spend time with …
work late sixteen-year-olds be allowed to work at night disagree with … get tired work every night
The house is cleaned every day.
动作的接受者the house成了句子 的主语，就应该用被动语态。
结构: be + 动词的过去分词 一般现在时: am/is/ are + 动词的过去分词
一般过去时: was/were + 动词的过去分词
含有情态动词的被动语态：情态动词＋be ＋及物动词的过去分词。 ? 用法：当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者， 或者没有必要指出谁是动作的执行者，或 者只强调动作的承受者时，要用被动语态。 通过改变be的形式来体现时态： ?English is taught in most schools. I’m asked
to …. ?She was asked to sing a song. ?We will be invited.
1. Mary is allowed ______ TV for about half an hour a day. A. watches B. to watch C. watching 2. -- What did you do in the street this morning? -- We got some photos ______. A. taking B. to take C. taken
3. Did your teacher allow you ___ home? A. go B. to go C. going 4. You ___ to the meeting this afternoon if you have something important to do. A. needn’t to come
B. needn’t come
C. don’t need come
choice, clean up, allow, silly 1. Father doesn’t _____ me to stay out late. allow
2. You have to make a ______ between choice
your family and your career.
3. We ________ our school yard every clean up
4. Don’t be so ____. Please stop doing like silly
agree with, agree to 和 agree on 都表示“同意”，但用法不同。 ◎agree with 表示“同意”，后面接表 示人的名词或代词，也可以接表示“意 见，看法”的名词。 e.g. We all agree with him. 我们都同意他的意见。
Do you agree with my ideas? 你同意我的观点吗？ ◎agree to 表示“同意”，后面接表示 “计划，建议，安排”等的名词，接动 词原形时构成动词不定式结构。 e.g. He agreed to our plan at last. 最后他同意了我们的计划。 They agreed to come on Monday. 他们同意星期一来。
◎agree on 表示“(两人以上)就 …… 取 得一致意见，在……方面意见一致”， 其主语多为复数形式，宾语是表示事、 计划等的名词，而不是表示人的名词或 代词，它可以与agree in doing sth.替换。 e.g. They agreed on the plan. = They agreed in doing the plan. 他们对这个计划意见一致。
特别提示 agree with 也可以表示“某人适应 （食物、气候等）”。 The weather doesn’t agree with me. 我不适应这种天气。