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Unit 1 Will people have robots教案

发布时间:2014-01-16 09:49:36  

Unit 1 Will people have robots ? 一、考点回顾 (一)词汇

1. will v.将;会;要 2. robot n.机器人

3. everything pron.每件事物 4. paper n.纸;纸张 5. use v.使用;利用

6. fewer adj.(few的比较级)较少的;较

少数

7. less adj.(little的比较级)较少;较小 8. pollution n.污染 9. tree n.树;树木 10. building n.建筑物;房屋 11. astronaut n.宇航员,航天员 12. rocket n.火箭 13. space n.空间;太空 14. space station 空间站 15. fly v.飞行

16. took v.(take的过去式) 17. moon n.月亮;月球 18. fall v.落下;跌落;变为 19. fell v.(fall的过去式) 20. fall in love with 爱上 21. parrot n.鹦鹉 44. Fiction n.小说

45. unpleasant adj.使人不愉快的 46. scientist n.科学家 47. in the future 未来;将来 48. hundreds of 大量;许多 49. already adv.早已;已经 50. made v.(make的过去式) 51. factory n.工厂

22. alone adv.单独地;孤独地 23. pet n.宠物

24. probably adv.大概;或许 25. suit n.一套衣服 26. able adj.能;能够

27. be able to 能够……;得以…… 28. dress v.穿衣

29. casually adv.非正式地;随意地 30. which pron.哪个;哪几个 31. even adv.甚至 32. The World Cup 世界杯 33. wrote v.(write的过去式)

34. myself pron.(反身代词)我自己;我本

35. interview n.面试;面谈 36. predict v.预报;预言 37. future n.将来;未来 38. prediction n.预言;预测 39. came v.(come的过去式) 40. come true 实现;达到 41. Sound n.声音 42. Company n.公司

43. Thought v.(think的过去式) 52. simple adj.简单的;简易的 53. such adj.这样的;这种 54. bored adj.厌烦的;厌倦的 55. everywhere adv.各地;到处 56. human n.人;人类 57. shape n.外形;形状 58. huge n.巨大的;极大的 59. earthquake n.地震

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60. snake n.蛇 61. possible adj.可能的 62. electric adj.电的;导电的 63. toothbrush n.牙刷 64. seem v.像是;似乎

65. impossible adj.不可能的;不会发生

66. housework n.家务;家务事 67. rating n.级别;等级

(二)重点短语

1. make predictions 做预测 2. free time 空闲时间 3. fly?to? 乘坐?飞往? 4. on a space station 在太空站上 5. I disagree. 我不同意.

6. fall/be in love with sb. 与sb.相爱 7. keep pets 养宠物 8. be able to 能够

9. predict the future 预测未来 10. come true 实现

11. see sb. do sth. 看见sb.做某事18.help sb. do/with sth 帮助做… 19.make sb do sth 使某人做… make sb + adj 使某人怎么样了 …

20.it is … (for sb) to do sth 对某人来说做… 怎么样 21.the same … as 和… 一样

22.over and over again反复。一次又一次

(的全过程)

doing sth. 看见sb.正在做某事(片断) 12. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 13. hundreds of 数以百计的 14. try to do sth. 尽力做某事 15. look like 看上去长的像? 16. look for 寻找

17. 一段时间 + from now (从现在起)?之后

from now on = in the future 今后

(三)本单元目标句型:

1. Do you think there will be robots in people’s homes? 你认为在人们家里将会有机器人吗? (1)本句是一个含有宾语从句的复合句,省略了that, there will be robots in people’s homes 作think的宾语,为宾语从句。

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Do you think the boy will buy a few new computer games?你认为这个男孩会买一些新电脑游戏吗?

(2)从句there will be robots in people’s homes为there be 句型的一般将来时,其结构为“There + will be +主语+其他”,表示“将会有??”。

There won’t be any pollution some day.将来有一天会没有污染。

(3)in people’s homes 意为“在人们家里”。

2. There will be more/less/fewer people.将会有更多/更少/更少的人。

本句中more, less和fewer都是形容词的比较级。

(1)more的原级为many和much,意为“更多的”,多指数目、数量、程度等。more可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。

I want more orange.我想要更多的橘子。

(2)less为little的比较级,是more的反义词。less意为“较少的”,通常与不可数名词连用。 We have less snow this year.我们(这里)今年雪比较少。

(3)fewer为few的比较级,与可数名词连用,意为“较少的”。

I have fewer dresses and less money.我的衣服及金钱都比较少。

3. I’ll live in Shanghai, because I went to Shanghai last year and fell in love with it. 我将住在上海,因为去年我去了上海并且爱上了它。

(1)本句是一个含有because引导的原因状语从句的复合句,而状语从句则由and连接的并列分句组成。

(2)fall in love with?意为“爱上??”,指从没有爱意到产生爱意的这一转变,是非延续性动词词组,不可与how long 及for three years这类表示时间段的短语连用。fall in love with也可表示对某一事物的“喜欢”。

The prince fell in love with a fair maiden.王子爱上了一位美丽的少女。I fell in love with that soap opera.我喜欢上了那部肥皂剧。

【拓展】be in love with?意为“与??相爱着”,指处于恋爱这一状态中,可以与一段时间连用。 Tom and Mary have been in love with each other for ten years.汤姆和玛丽相爱已经十年了。

4. I might even keep a pet parrot! 我可能甚至会养一只宠物鹦鹉!

(1)might为情态动词,为may的过去式形式,意为“可能,也许”,本身无人称和数的变化,其后接动词原形,用于一般现在时态时,同样用以表示允许及可能性,但语气较may更委婉、更弱一些。

(2)本句中的even用来加强语气,修饰动词keep。even常置于它要强调的词语前面。

(3)keep a pet parrot意为“养一只宠物鹦鹉”,其中keep为及物动词意为“饲养”,其过去式、过去分词均为kept。

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Will you keep a dog or a cat? 你会养狗还是养猫?

5. He thought that computers would never be used by most people. 他认为电脑将永远不会被大多数人使用。

本句中的宾语从句为被动语态的句子,其构成为“be+动词的过去分词”,其主语为动作的承受者,若想说明动作的发出者,则用介词by,再加上动作的发出者。本句中most people即为动作的发出者,句子的时态由be动词体现,本句中的would be为过去将来时。

Trees will be planted tomorrow.树明天将会被种上。

(四) 本单元语法讲解:一般将来时

will / shall引导的一般将来时:一般将来时表示将来发生的动作或情况,最基本的结构:will / shall + 动词原形

“主谓(宾)句型”的一般将来时:

肯定句:主语+ will / shall +动词原形+(宾语)+其他成份

People will have robots in their homes.

否定句:在will / shall 的后面加not即可。will not = won’t

People will not (won’t) have robots in their homes.

一般疑问句:把will / shall 提到句子主语之前,结尾变问号。

Will people have robots in their homes?

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+will +主语+动词原形+其他成份?

When will people have robots in their homes?

1. 表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。本时态标志词: ① 含 tomorrow; next 短语;

② in + 段时间 ;

③ how soon;

④ by + 将来时间;

⑤ by the time sb. do …;

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⑥ 祈使句句型中:or/ and sb. will do;

⑦ 在时间/条件状语从句中,如果从句用一般现在时,主句用将来时;

⑧ another day

比较 be going to 与 will:

1. be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些。 如:

He is going to write a letter tonight.

He will write a book one day.

2. be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情,will表示客观上将来势必发生的

事情。

He is seriously ill.

He is going to die.

He will be twenty years old.

3. be going to 含有“计划,准备”的意思,而 will 则没有这个意思,如:

She is going to lend us her book.

He will be here in half an hour.

4. 在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用 will。如: If any beasts comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you. 掌握了它们的这些不同,你就能很好的区分 be going to 与 will 了。

(五)there be句型的一般将来时

1.there be句型的一般将来时的构成为“There will be+主语+其他”,意为“将会有……”。

There will be a wonderful basketball match tonight.

今晚晚上将会有一场精彩的篮球赛。

2.其一般疑问句形式为“Will there be+主语+其他?”其肯定回答为:Yes, there will;否定

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回答为:No, there won’t。

—Will there be a wonderful basketball match tonight?

今晚会有一场精彩的篮球赛吗?

—Yes, there will.是的,会有。/No, there won’t.不,不会有。

3.其否定句构成为“There will not/won’t be+主语+其他”,意为“不会有……”。 There won’t be much time left.不会剩下很多时间。

4.其特殊疑问句的构成为“特殊疑问词/词组+一般疑问句?”。

Where will there be more room?哪儿会有更多的空间?

二、典型例题

1.(2009?山东)When I returned to my hometown, I was nearly lost. Almost_____ had changed.

A. nothing B. anything C. something D. everything

2.(2009?兰州)Now the air in our city is ____than it used to be. Something must be done to stop it.

A. very good B. much better

C. rather bad D. even worse

3.(2009?济南)—You can use MSN to talk with Kevin on the Internet.

—I know. But can you tell me____?

A. what I can use it B. how can I use it

C. why can I use it D. when I can use it

4.(2009?福州)—Why are you in such a hurry, Mike?

—There_____ an NBA basketball game in ten minutes.

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A. will have B. will be C. have D. are going to be

5.(2009?淄博)Attention, please. There ______ a football game between China and Korea this evening.

A. is going to be B. has been

C. has D. will be

三、课堂练习

1. We should use____ plastic bags to protect our environment.

A. more B. less C. fewer D. much

2. I hope people____ to be 200 years old____ the future.

A. would live, from B. lived, for

C. will live, in D. live, to

4. I hear that he will be back____ two week’s time.

A. at B. in C. after D. for

6.—Has he returned the library book yet?

—Not yet. Don’t worry. He____ it soon.

A. returned B. has returned

C. will return D. returns

3. Mr. Brown____ to China last year and____ in love with it.

A. goes, falls B. went, fell

C. went, felt D. go, fall

7. 人将会更少。

There will_____ _____people.

8. 我们需要两张纸。

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We need two____ _____ _____.

9.当我第一次见到她时,我就爱上了她。

I____ _____ _____with her when I saw her for the first time.

10.他的父母在上海工作。他独自居住在北京。

His parents are working in Shanghai. He____ in Beijing______.

四、课后练习

(一)、用more,less,fewer 填空。

1. We plant trees every year, there will be _____ trees.

2. If we waste water, there will be _____ water.

3. If every family has a baby, there will be ____ people.

4. I think English is _____ popular than Chinese.

5. There will be ____ robots everywhere, and humans will have _____ work to do.

6. There will be _____ free time when people retire.

二、(1)用一般将来时填空。(借助will)

1.I _______ (visit) my uncle tomorrow.

2.There _______ (be) a football match in our school next week.

3.He _______ (help) you with your English this evening.

4.They _________(play) soccer if it doesn’t rain.

5. We _________ (have) a meeting tomorrow.

三、选择题

1. She will be a teacher _____ two months.

A. on B. after C. in D. at

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2. Please pass me two ____ .

A .pieces of paper B. pieces of papers

C. pieces paper D. piece papers

3. I think he _____ finish doing the work.

A. will B. will can C. will be able to D. be will able to

4. It’s sunny today. _____ , it is very cold.

A. Although B. But C. So D .However

5. Mike asked me to help him _____ his lesson this evening.

A. at B. with C. for D .on

6. ---Will there be any paper money _____ 100 years?

--- No, _______.

A. after, there won’t. B. after, they won’t.

C. in, they aren’t. D.in, there won’t.

7.In the future people will live _____ 100 years old.

A./ B.to C. for D.to be

8. I think _______ be more tall buildings and cars in five years.

A.there e B.there is C.there will D.there

9. Kids _____ go to school in the future.

A.don’t B. didn’t C.won’t D. wouldn’t

10.I think she _____ be a doctor in 5 years.

A./ B.would C.likes D.will

11._____ do you think your life will be like in 10 years?

A.How B.What C.When D.Why

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12. Will there be _____ money in 100 years?

A. some paper B any paper C. many paper D. any paper

13. They will study at home ____computers.

A.in B.at C.on D.from

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