名词分为普通名词和专有名词,其中普通名词包括可数名词和不可数名词，可数名词可用作单数，也可用作复数。可数名词包括个体名词（表示一类人或物的个体。如：boy,desk,cat,window）和集体名词（由若干个体组成的集合体。如：family,class,police）。不可数名词包括物质名词（表示无法分为个体的实物。如：water,paper,silk,money）和抽象名词（表示性质、行为、状态、感情或其它抽象概念。如：work,happiness,music,difficulty,housework）专有名词表示个人、地方、机构、组织等。如：Tom,the Great Wall,the Spring Festival,France,the United States）
①加eg.tomato—tomatoes,potato—potatoes ②结尾是两个元音字母的加s,eg.zoo—zoos,radio——radios ③某些外来词变复数时词尾加s,eg. piano—pianos
④一些名词的缩写形式变复数时，词尾加s, eg.photo（photograph）——photos,kilo（kilogram）kilos ⑤zero变复数时，既可加s,也可加 eg.zeros／zeroes
妻子骑牛拿起刀, wife--wives; calf---calves; knife----knives;
追得贼狼满街跑, thief---thieves; wolf----wolves
碰倒架子丧己命, shelf---shelves; self---selves; life----lives
手帕树叶半空飘. leaf----leaves half----halves
（6）有些名词由单数变复数时，不是在词尾加s或es,而是变换其中的字母。eg.man——men,woman——women,policeman——policemen, Englishman——Englishmen,Frenchman——Frenchmen, foot——feet, tooth——teeth, child——children,mouse—mice,Ox—Oxen（公牛）
（7）还有一些名词的单数和复数形式相同。 eg.Chinese,Japanese,sheep,deer,fish works
eg.an apple tree,five apple trees, a girl friend,two girl friends,a twin sister
但是，当man和woman作定语修饰复数名词时，就要用其复数形式。 eg.two men teachers,three women doctors ②可用“量词+of+名词复数”这一结构表示可数名词的数量。eg.a room Of students,two boxes Of pencils
（1）表不定数量时,一般用much,（a）little,a lot of／lots of,some,any等词修饰。
（2）表确定数量时,一般用“数词+量词+of+不可数名词。如：two／three／…+量词复数十of+不可数名词。 eg.a bag Of rice,two glasses Of milk,four bottles Of water
eg： fruit水果——fruits表示不同种类的水果；food食物——foods各种食品；fish鱼——fishes鱼的种类；drink饮料、酒——a drink一杯／一份饮料、一杯酒； cloth布——,a cloth桌布、抹布； sand沙——sands沙滩； tea茶——a tea一杯茶；chicken鸡肉——a chicken小鸡；orange橘汁——an orange橘子； glass玻璃——a glass玻璃杯,glasses眼镜； paper纸——a paper试卷、论文；wood木头——a wood小森林；room空间、余地——a room房间
①不是以s结尾的名词变成所有格时，在词尾加’s. eg.Mike’s watch；Women’s Day
eg.Tom and Mike’s room汤姆和迈克的房间（表示汤姆和迈克共有一间房）
eg.Mary’s and Jenny’s bikes玛丽和詹妮的自行车（表示玛丽和詹妮各自的自行车）
at his brother’s at the doctor’s at the barker’s at Mr read’s
⑥ 用所有格表示时间或距离的方法：ten minutes’ drive十分钟车程，a month’s holiday一个月的假期
⑦用所有格表示节日的方法：Teachers’ Day, Children’s Day.需要注意的是除了父亲节和母亲节其他节日我们都用名词复数的所有格表示，因为爸爸妈妈每个人就只有一个所以不用复数，Mother’s Day, Father’s Day
（2）无生命的事物的名词所有格常用of结构 eg.a map of China,the beginning of this game,the door of the room
eg.the boy’s name=the name Of the boy（男孩的名字） the dog’s legs=the legs of the dog（狗的腿）
China’s population=the population Of China（中国的人口） China’s capital=the capital of China（中国的首都） ②双重所有格
eg.a fiend of my mother’s我妈妈的一个朋友 a picture of Tom’s汤姆的一张图片
(1).如主语是单数,后跟with,together with, as well as,like,but,except等引导的短语时,谓语动词仍用单数形式. Li Hua with me often goes to the cinema. The woman with two children is coming here.
The news is surprising. Maths is an important subject.
(3). 单数形式复数内容的名词作主语, 谓语动词用复数形式.
The police have caught the thief. The people there are very kind.
(4).一些集体名词如family,class,team等作主语时,若强调整体, 谓语动词用单数形式, 若强调个体, 谓语动词用复数形式.
His family is not a large one.他家不是个大家庭。Her family are watching TV.他全家人在看电视。
The team is playing very well.这个队打得很出色。
The team are all famous players in our country.全体队员都是我国有名的运动员。
Two hours is enough for us to get there One hundred dollars is enough.
Five kilometers is a long way for the childern.
The pair of shoes looks nice. That two pairs of trousers are both too long.
(7)由and连接两个或两个以上的名词作主语时,如表示整体概念, 谓语动词用单数形式. 若表示个体概念, 谓语动词用复数形式. My old friend and classmate has just come back from abroad.我的老校友刚从国外回来.
The singer and dancer is to attend our English evening.那位歌唱家兼舞蹈家将参加我们的英语晚会.
(8)“The number of +复数名词”作主语时，谓语动词要用单数形式。
“A number of +复数名词” 作主语时，谓语动词要用复数形式。
(9)neither…nor ;either…or… ; not only…but also等连接两个并列主语时，谓语动词要遵循就近原则。
(10)of + 抽象名词 =形容词be of importance= be important
（1）用much, a little, a lot of/lots of, some, any等表示多少，例如：
The rich man has a lot of money． There is some milk in the bottle． Is there any water in the glass？
I don't like winter because there's too much snow and ice．
（2）用a piece of 这类定语，例如：a piece of paper a piece of wood a piece of bread
a bottle of orange a glass of water（milk） a cup of tea a cup of tea a bag of rice three bags of rice 如果要表示“两杯茶”、“四张纸”这类概念时，在容器后加复数，例如：
two cups of tea four pieces of paper three glasses of water
不可数名词也可用a lot of, lots of, some, any, much等来修饰。
1.A. makes a few mistake B. made a few mistakes C. made few mistakes D. makes few mistake
( ) 2 We need some more____. Can you go and get some, please?A. potato B. potatos C. potatoes D. potatoe
( ) 3 _____are____for cutting things.A. Knife/used B. Knives/used C. Knife/using D. Knives/using
( ) 4 What big____ the tiger has!A. tooth B. teeth C. tooths D. toothes
( ) 5 Please remember to give the horse some tree___.A. leafs B. leaves C. leaf D. leave
( ) 6 -Can we have some ___?-Yes, please.A. banana B. oranges C.apple D. pear
2( ) 1 They got much ___ from those new books.A. ideas B. photos C. information D. stories
( ) 2 He gave us____ on how to keep fit.A. some advices B. some advice C. an advice D. a advice
( ) 3 When we saw his face, we knew___ was bad.A. some news B. a news C. the news P. news
( ) 4 What___ lovely weather it is!A. / B. the C. an D. a
3( ) 1 -Would you like___tea?-No, thanks. I have drunk two____.
A. any, bottles of orange B. some, bottles of orange C. many, bottles of oranges D. few, bottle of oranges
( ) 2 He is hungry. Give him ___ to eat.
A. two breads B. two piece of bread C. two pieces of bread D. two pieces of breads
( ) 3 It really took him:___ to draw the nice horse.A. sometimes B. hour C. long time D. some time
( ) 4 I would like to have___.
A. two glasses of milk B. two glass of milk I C. two glasses of milks D. two glass of milks
( ) 5 Can you give me ____?A. a tea B. some cup of tea C. a cup tea D. a cup of tea
( ) 6 Please give me ___ paper. A. one B. a piece C. a D. a piece of
( ) 7 John bought___for himself yesterday.
A. two pairs of shoes B. two pair of shoe C. two pair of shoes D. two pairs shoes
4( ) 1 -How many ____ have you got on your farm?-I've got five.A. sheeps B. sheep C. pig D. chicken
( ) 2 Some ___ came to our school for a visit that day.A. Germans B. Germen C. Germany D. Germanies
( ) 3. A group of______ will visit the museum tomorrow. A. Hungarian B. Australian C. JapaneseD. American 5( ) 1 This table is made of___.A. many glass B. glasses C. some glasses D. glass
( ) 2 -What would you like to have for lunch, sir?-I'd like____. !
A. chicken B. a chicken C. chickens D. the chicken
( ) 3 Children should make____ for old people in a bus.A. room B. a room C. rooms D. the room
6( ) 1 Tables are made of___.A. wood B. some woods C. wooden D. woods
( ) 2 I wonder why ______ are so interested in action (武打片) films.
A. people B. peoples C. the people D. the peoples
( ) 3I have read____ of the young writer.A. works B. work C. this works D. the works
7( ) 1 Let's meet at 7: 30 outside the gate of___?
A. the People's Park B. the Peoples' Park C. the People Park D. People's Park
( ) 2 ___ Chinese people are ___ hard working people.A. /; a B. We; the C. The; the D. The; a
A. policeman B. polices C. police D. peoples
8( ) 1 If these trousers are too big, buy a smaller____.A. set B. one C. piece D. pair
( ) 2 Last week I bought a TV____.A. pair . B. set C. piece D. block
( ) 3 There is a of wood left on the ground.A. cup B. piece , C. box D. pair
9( ) 1 There are sixty-seven___ in our school.
A. women's teacher B. women teachers C. woman teachers D. women teacher
( ) 2 There are five___in our factory.
A. woman driver B, women driver C. woman drivers D. women drivers
10( ) 1 They write most of their___ in English.
A. business letter B. business letters C. businesses D. businesses letters
( ) 2 We came to a ___ at last .and went in.
A. watch shop B. watches shop ,'C. watching shop D. watchs shop
( ) 3 This shop sells apples, bananas and things like these. It's a___.
A. food shop B. book shop C. fruit shop D. vegetable shop
( ) 4 She broke a___while she was washing up.
A. glass of wine B. glass for wine C. glass wine D. wine glass
( ) 5 I've forgotten both of the____.A. room numbers . B. rooms number C. rooms numbers D. room number 11.1. September 10th is____in China.A. Teacher's Day B. Teachers'Day C. Teacher Day D. Teachers Day
( ) 2 -Is the broom under ____ desk? -No, it's under____.
A. the teacher's; my B. teacher's; mine C. teacher's; me D. the teacher's; mine
( ) 3 Excuse me, where is the___?A. men's room B. mens' room C. men's rooms D. men rooms
12( ) 1 The football under the bed is____.
A. Lily and Lucy B. Lily's and Lucy's C. Lily's and Lucy D. Lily and Lucy's
( ) 2 This is my____dictionary.A. sister Mary B. sister's C. sister, Mary's D. sister's Mary's
( ) 3 He went to ___ shop to buy a shirt.A. a tailor B. the tailor C. a tailors D. the tailors'
( ) 4 Joan is____.
A. Mary's and Jack sister B. Mary and Jack's sister C. Mary and Jack sister D. Mary's and Jack's sister 13( ) 1 In a few____ time, those mountains will be covered with trees. A. year B. years' C. year's D. years
( ) 2 It's about ___ walk from my house.A. ten minute B. ten minutes' C. ten minute's D. ten minutes
( ) 3 The post office is a bit far from here. It's about_____.
A. thirty minutes's walk B. thirty minute's walk C. thirty minutes' walk D. thirty minutes walk
( ) 4 Half___ telephone calls are made in English. A. the world B. world C. the world's D. world's
14( ) 1 ____ face to the south.
A. Windows of the room B. The windows of the room C. The room's windows D. The windows in room
( ) 2 Please take two___.A. picture of the park B. pictures of the park C. the pictures of a park D. picture of a park
( ) 3 The workers are repairing___.
A. the roof of the house B. a roof of the house C. roof of the house D. this roof of house
15( ) 1 Miss Smith is a friend of____.A. Mary's mother's B. Mary's mother C. mother's of Mary D. Mary mothers 4
( ) 2 This is a book of ___.A. Tom B. Tom's C. her D. him
( ) 3 The post card is sent by ____.
A. a friend of my father B. a friend of my father's C. my father friend D. my father friend's
16( ) 1 Sydney is a city of___.A. America B. Germany C. Australia D. Japan
( ) 2 My father likes buying us ___.A. cars B. flowers C. peasants D. presents
( ) 3 In England, the last name is the ___.A. full name B. family name C. middle name D. given name
( ) 4 Mr Gao is a teacher. He works in a new____.A. shop B. school C. factory D. hospital
17( ) 1 My father is a____. He works in a hospital.A. teacher B. doctor C. farmer D. soldier
( ) 2 -Which animal lives only in China?-The____.A. tiger B. monkey C. panda D. elephant
( ) 3 April come before___and after___.A. March; May B. May; MarchC. June; May D. March; February
( ) 4 Which of the following is right?
A. China has a large population. B. China has much population.
C. China has many populations. D. China has a great deal of population.
( ) 5 Please do like this. Fold the paper____ and cut along the fold.A. into pieces B. in half C. on halves D. to half
1. 1-7 C C B B B B C 2. 1-4 C B C A 3. 1-7 B C D A D D A 4. 1-4 B A A C
5. 1-3 D A A 6. 1-3 A A D 7. 1-3 A D C 8. 1-3 D B B 9. 1-3 B D B
10. 1-5 B A C D A 11. 1-3 B D A 12. 1-4 D C C B13. 1-4 B B C C
14. 1-3 B B A 15. 1-3 A B B 16. 1-4 C D B B 17. 1-6 B C B A B D