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8.5 初中英语感叹句讲解与练习

发布时间:2014-01-17 10:00:47  

初中英语感叹句的学习

1. 感叹句的定义

感叹句是一种表示强烈感情的句式,能表达喜悦、愤怒、悲哀、惊奇、厌恶和赞赏的思想感情。

What a beautiful flower it is! (表示赞赏)多漂亮的花啊!

What nonsense! (表示愤怒)胡说!

How strange they are! (表示惊奇)多奇妙呀!

2. 感叹句:What

以what开头的感叹句的结构模式:What + (a) + (形容词) + 名词 + 谓语) + !

What beautiful roses (they are)! 多么美丽的玫瑰花呀!

What a lovely day (it is)! 多好的天气呀!

What a clever boy (he is)! 多么聪明的孩子!

3. 感叹句:How

以how开头的感叹句的结构模式:

How + 形容词 副词(主语 + 谓语)+ !

How blue the sky is! 天空多么蓝啊!

How clever he is! 他多么聪明呀!

How quickly you walk! 你走得多快呀!

How + 主语 + 谓语 + !

How she sings! 她唱得多好呀!

How he snores! 他真会打鼾!

课堂练习

一、填入适当的词完成下列感叹句。

1).________ difficult homework we had yesterday!

2).________cute dog it is!

3).________ interesting the story is!

4).________ bad the weather in England is!

5).________ honest boy Tom is ! + (主语

6).________ tasty smell the cake gave off!

7).________ good time we had on the beach yesterday!

8).________ exciting news you've brought us!

9).________cool your new car is!

10).________ scary these tigers are!

二、选择填空。

1. _______ fast the boy ran!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

2. _______ well you sing but _______ badly he dances!

A. How, how B. What, what

C. How, what D. What, how

3. ________ delicious the soup is! I’d like some more.

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

4. _______ fools they were! They believed what the man said.

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

5. _______ foolish they were! They believed what the man said.

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

6. _______ difficult questions they are! I can’t answer them.

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

7. I miss my friend very much. _______ I want to see her!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

8. _______ lovely weather we are having these days!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

9. _______ beautiful your new dress is!

A. How B. How an

C. What D. What an

10. _______ interesting work it is to teach children!

A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

三、所给句子填空,使填空句变为相应的感叹句:

1. The boy swam very fast.(同义句)_______ _______ the boy swam!

2. The school trip is very exciting. (同义句)_____ ______ the school trip is!

3. Hei Longjiang looks very beautiful in winter. (同义句)

_______ _______ Hei Longjiang looks in winter!

4. It is a very useful dictionary. (同义句)

_______ _______ _______ dictionary it is!

_______ _______ _______ dictionary is!

5. The students are listening very carefully.

________ ________ the students are listening!

答案:一、What,What a, How, How,What an,

What, What a, What, How, How

二、BAACA CACAC

三、1. How fast

2. How exciting

3. How beautiful

4. What a useful, How useful the

5. How carefully

What a funny time to eat breakfast! 吃早饭多么有趣啊!

1)

what a/an;是不可数名词

what。

2a/an/the/my/your/this/that/Tom’s等等乱七

how就OK了。如:

例句1:What a he is! 他是个多么好的男孩啊!

单数名词

例句2:

they are! 他们是多么好的男孩啊!

复数名词

例句3: it is! 多么冷的天气啊!

不可数名词

例句4:这男孩多好啊!

乱糟糟

★★★ how.

例:How well he plays the guitar! 他吉他弹得多好啊!

/

副词 (what不可以修饰副词,看到副词直接用how) How time flies!

How fast Liu Xiang runs

打油诗一首:

或what an

形后若是不可数或名复数

只用what就可以

形容词后乱糟糟

只写how就OK了

课堂检测

( ) 1._______a clever boy he is !

A. What B. How C. What’s

( ) 2._______she dances!

A. How good B. How well C. What well

( ) 3._______quiet the park is!

A. What a B. How C. How a

( ) 4._____his father works!

A. How careful B. How carefully C. What careful

( ) 5._____noisy they are making!

A. What B. How C. How a

( ) 6.______delicious soup!

A. How B. What C. What a

( ) 7.______heavy snow!!

A. What a B. What C. How

( ) 8.____old bike Li Lei is riding!

A. What a B. What an C. How

( ) 9.______exciting moment it is!

A. How B. How an C. What an

( ) 10.______supper we’re having today!

A. What a delicious B. How delicious C. What delicious

( ) 11.________fine weather it is today!

A. How B. What a C. What

( ) 12._____fast the boys are running!

A. What B. What a C. How

( ) 13._______the moon cakes are!

A. How delicious B. What delicious C. What a delicious

( ) 14.____surprising news it is!

A. How B. What C. What a

( ) 15.____time we’re having today!

A. What a good B. How good C. What good

( ) 16._______I miss you!

A. What B. How C. How do

( ) 17.Look! ______beautiful that lake is!

A. How B. What C. What a

( ) 18. ________ slowly Tom runs!

A. How B. What C. What a

( ) 19._____lovely the snow looks!

A. What B. How C. What a

( ) 20.________useful information it is!

A. What an B. How C. What

( ) 21._______beautiful flowers they are!

A. How B. What C. What a

( ) 22._______lovely a girl she is!

A. What B. How C. What a

( ) 23._______they love their country!

A. What B. How C. What a

( ) 24._______long hair she has!

A. What a B. What C. How

( ) 25._______beautiful music we are listening to!

A. How B. What a C. What

( ) 26._______exciting a football match it is!

A. What B. How C. What an

( ) 27._______hard-working Chinese people!

A. How B. What C. How do

( ) 28._______a lovely view!

A. Is it B. Isn’t it C. Aren’t they

( ) 29._______time they had yesterday!

A. How wonderful B. What wonderful C. What a wonderful

( ) 30.______worried they looked!

A. What B. How C. How are

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