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新目标英语八年级下1-7单元重点短语及句型总汇[1]

发布时间:2014-01-17 11:53:05  

Unit 1 Will people have robots? 八年级(下)1——10单元新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇

1. fewer people 更少的人(fewer修饰名词复数,表示否定)

2. less free time 更少的空闲时间(less修饰不可数名词,表示否定)

3. in ten years 10年后(in的时间短语用于将来时,提问用How soon)

4. fall in love with… 爱上…

5. live alone 单独居住

6. feel lonely 感到孤独(比较:live alone/go along等)

7. fly to the moon 飞上月球

8. hundreds of +复数 数百/几百

9. the same as 和……相同

10. wake up 醒来(wake sb. up表示 ―唤醒某人‖

11. get bored 变得厌倦

12. go skating 去滑冰

13. lots of/a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以)

14. at the weekends 在周末

15. study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习

16. agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见)

17. I don‘t agree. = I disagree. 我不同意

18. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上

19. on vacation 度假

20. help sb with sth/help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事

21. many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼

22. live in an apartment 住在公寓里

23. as a reporter 作为一名记者

24. look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明

25. Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗

26. in the future 在将来/在未来

27. no more=not …anymore 不再(强调多次发生的动作不再发生)

28. no longer=not… any longer 不再(强调状态不再发生)

29. besides(除…之外还,包括) 与except =but(除…之外,不包括)

30. be able to与can 能、会

31. be in college 在上大学

32. live on a space station 住在空间站

33. dress casually 穿得很随意casual clothing 休闲服饰

34. win the next World Cup 赢得世界杯 win award 获僵

35. 变成现实

36. take hundreds of years 花几百年的时间

37. be fun to watch 看起来有趣

38. over and over again 一次又一次

39. be in different shapes 形状不同

40. twenty years from now 今后20年

1

一般将来时常见的标志词

1.含tomorrow; next短语; 2.in+段时间 ;

3.how soon; 4. by+将来时间;

5.祈使句句型中:or/and sb.

例Be quick, or you will be late=If you don‘t be quick, you will be late

Unit 2 What should I do?

too loud 太大声 out of style 过时的

in style 流行的

call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb. 给…..打电话

enough money 足够的钱(enough修饰名词时不必后置)

busy enough 够忙 (enough修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)

a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票

talk about 谈论 on the phone 用电话

pay for 付款 spend…on +sth.=spend...( in) doing sth. 在…花钱 It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花…的时间

borrow …from 从….借( 借进来)

lend…to 把…借给(借出去)

You can keep the book for a week 你可以借这本书一周。(不用borrow或lend) buy sth for sb 为……买东西

tell sb to do /not to do sth.sth 告诉某人做某事

want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do 想某人做某事

find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白

play one‘s stereo 放录象

fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格

fail in (doing) sth… 在...上失败,变弱

succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成功

write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信

surprise sb. 使某人吃惊

to one‘s surprise 使某人吃惊的是…..

to one‘s joy 使某人高兴的是…..

look for a part-time job 找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果) get/find a part-time job 找到一份兼职的工作(有结果)

ask sb. for… 寻求/向某人要某物

have a bake sale 卖烧烤 与某人争吵

have a fight with sb.=fight with 与某人打架

drop off 离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去

prepare for…=get ready for… 为…做准备

after-school clubs(activities) 课外俱乐部(活动)

? be/get used to doing 习惯做某事

? used to do 过去经常/常常做某事

? be used for doing=be used to do sth. 被用于做某事

2

fill… up 填补;装满… be full of装满

return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人

get on /along well with 与…相处很好

1. all kinds of 各种各样

2. as much as possible=as much as you can 尽可能多

3. take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会)

4. a bit =a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时)

5. a bit of =a little 一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时)

6. be angry with… 生…的气

7. by oneself=on one‘s own 某人自己/独自地

8. on the one hand 一方面

on the other hand 另一方面

I find/feel/think it difficult to do... 我发现/感到/认为做某事很难.

see/hear/watch sb. doing sth. 看到/听见/注视某人正在做…

not…until 直到…才

shouldn‘t argue 不应该争吵

radio advice program 电台提建议的节目

be original 新颖的

leave something somewhere 把某物忘在某处

sports clothes 运动服

. the same age as=as old as 和--- 年龄一样

. the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子

complain about (doing sth) 抱怨、、、

take their children from activity to activity 带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动

.try to do sth, 尽量干某事 try doing sth 试着干某事

.be under too much pressure 压力太大

a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈

.take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部

competition starts from a very young age 竞争从很小年纪就开始了

compare…with 和---比较

organized activities 有组织的活动

本单元目标句型:

1. What’s wrong(with you)?/What’s the matter?

2. What should I do? 我该怎么办

3. You could write him a letter. 你可以给他写封信 .You should say sorry to him. 你应该给他道歉.

4. They shouldn’t argue. 他们不应该争吵.?

5. Why don’t you talk to him about it? =Why not talk to him about it?

=You should/could talk to him about it. =What/How about talking to him about it.

=You’d better talk to him about it.

6. The parents try to fit as much as possible into their kids lives.

7. Activities include sports, language learning, music and math classes.

8. Thirty people, including six children (six children included), went to visit the factory.

9. People shouldn’t push their children so hard.

10. Parents are trying to plan their kids’ lives for them. When these kids are adults, they might find t difficult to plan things for themselves.

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Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

in front of 在??的前面(外部) in the front of 在??的前面(内部)

in the library 在图书馆 get out of/get into 出??之外/进入

sleep late 睡懒觉 sleep well 睡得好 get to sleep=fall asleep 睡着 walk down/along 沿??走 take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽)

on Sunday evening 在星期日晚上 take photos 照相

at the train station在火车站 run away 跑开,逃跑

as+adj原形 as 和…一样… buy/draw/make sth. for sb.为某人买/画/制作 walk home 走回家 in history 在历史上

for example 例如 in the city of 在??市

on the playground 在操场上 ten minutes ago 十分钟前

take place发生(强调必然性) happen to sth./sb. 发生(强调偶然性)

of course=sure=certainly 当然 all over the world=around the world 遍及全世界 outside/inside the station 在车站外/内 next to 相邻,紧贴

close to接近于;在附近 be ill in hospital/bed 生病住院/在床

hear about/of 听说(间接听到) in silence 沉默不语

keep silent 保持沉默 an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历 have fun doing sth 干某事有乐趣 have difficult time doing sth干某事有困难 have meaning to 对—有意义

become the first Chinese astronaut in space 成为中国第一个太空宇航员

a national hero 一个民族英雄

be famous all over the world 全世界出名

for the first time 第一次

本单元目标句型:

1. I was doing sth. When+一般过去时的时间状语从句...

2. How about... / What about...?

3. While sth./sb. was doing sth., I was doing sth....

4. 当不明飞行物着陆时,你正在干啥?What were you doing when the UFO landed? Unit 4 He said I was hard-working

every Saturday 每周六 first of all 首先

both……and…… 两者都

neither….nor 两者都不(谓语动词要注意就近和对称原则)

most of… 绝大多数 an exciting week 令人兴奋的一周 agree on something 同意某人的计划;对….取得 一致意见

agree to do sth. 答应/同意做… pass on (to) 传递

be supposed to do sth. 被期望或被要求做... ... be mad at ……对??疯狂/生气 do better in=be better at 在......方面做得更好

be in good health 身体健康 report card 成绩单

sound /feel /smell /taste /look 是连系动词,一般只能跟adj.做表语

sound like/feel like/smell like/taste like/look like

听起来像…/感觉像…/闻起来像…/尝起来像…/看起来像…+sb./sth.

get… over 克服;恢复;原谅

open up 打开/展开/开发/揭露

4

care for 照料;照顾;意愿;计较

have a(surprise) party for sb. 为某人举行一次(惊喜0聚会

end-of-year exam=final exam 期末考试

not----anymore 不再 do a home project 做作业

be surprised\happy\excited to do sth 做某事感到惊讶、高兴、激动

be \get nervous 感到紧张

have a very hard time with.. 在---日子不好过

an disappointing result 令人失望的结果

take\ leave a message 捎(留)个口信

have a big fight

it is a good idea for sb. to do sth

to teach in China‘s rural areas

feel lucky

people who need help 需要帮助的人

something we can do for them 我们能为他们做的事

there is no difference between…and.. 在。。和。。之间没有区别

.the Hope Project 希望工程

Unit 5 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

at the party 在晚会上 ask sb. to do sth. 请某人做某事

stay at home 呆在家 half the class/students 一半学生

get injured受伤 have a great time =have a wonderful\good time 玩得高兴 take …away 运走,取走 put away 收起来,放好

all the time=always 一直,始终 make a living (by doing sth)谋生

in order to do sth… 为了做某事 have a party 举行聚会

go to college上大学 be famous for… 因??而著称

be famous as? 作为?而出名 make money =earn money挣钱

in fact 事实上 laugh at…嘲笑

too much太多(修饰不可数名词)

too many太多(修饰可数名词复数)

much too+形容词/副词 太?

get exercise 锻炼 注意(exercise当“锻炼”是不可数名词;而当“操”“练习”是可数名词) travel around the world 周游世界 work hard 努力工作

wear jeans 穿牛仔裤 let ... in 允许??进入,嵌入

keep?out 不允许。。进入 get an education 获得教育

take… away 拿开,拿走 study for the test 准备考试

make some food 准备食物 make dumplings 做水饺

half the class 一半的学生 the rules for school parties 学校派对的规则

children‘s hospital 儿童医院 join the Lions 加入狮队

give money to schools and charities 给学校和慈善组织捐钱

become a professional soccer player 成为一个职业的足球运动员

organize the games for the class party 为班级派对准备游戏

play sports for a living 靠体育运动为生

本单元目标句型:

1. If you do, you‘ll… 2. I‘m going to …

5 3. You should…

4. Don‘t you want to …? 5. Don‘t you think ….?

6.For many young people, becoming a professional athlete might seem like a dream job.

7.If you become a professional athlete, you will be able to make a living doing something you love.

8.However, professional athletes can also have many problems.

9.If you are famous, people will watch you all the time and follow you everywhere. This can make life difficult.

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?

1. raise money for 筹钱

2. collect stamps 集邮

3. run out of… 用尽

4. by the way 顺便说一下

5. on the way to.. 在…的路上

6. be interested in 对…感兴趣

7. more than=over 超过

8. fly kites 放风筝

9. start class 开始上课

10. start a snow globe collector‘s club 开办雪球仪收集者俱乐部

11. the most common(unusual, interesting) hobby 最普通的爱好

12. listen to music videos 听音乐碟片

13. organize a talent show to raise money for charity 为慈善机构捐钱而举办的才艺展示

14. extra English lessons 额外的英语课

15. have problems with the language 语言方面有问题

16. the capital of Heilongjiang Province 黑龙江的省会

17. an interesting city with a colorful history 一个有着丰富多彩历史文化的有趣的城市

18. three and a half years =three years and a half 三年半

19. a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans 一双滑冰鞋/一双鞋/一副眼镜/一条裤子/牛仔裤 ? How much is a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans? ? 本单元目标句型:

1. How long have you been skating? 你滑冰有多长时间了?

2. I‘ve been skating since nine o‘clock./since I was four years old.

我从九点一直滑到现在/我从四岁一直滑到现在。

3. I‘ve been skating for five hours. 我一直滑了五小时 。

4. The more I learn about Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in China.

我对中国的历史了解得越多, 我就越喜欢住在中国。

5. Was this your first skating marathon? No, I skated in a marathon last year.

6. When did you get your first pair of skates?

7. Alison was the first one to start and has been skating for the whole five hours.

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?

turn… down/turn… up

turn… on/ turn …off 关小声/调大声音(电器) 打开/关闭(电器)

6

move the bike 移动自行车

in a minute/right away/in no time 立刻,马上

be late for school/class=arrive late for school 上学/上课迟到

wait in line=stand in line 排队等候 cut in line=jump a queue 插队 get mad/annoyed 变得生气 happen to sb 发生在…身上

half an hour 半小时 at first 首先

at last=in the end=finally 最后 allow sb. to do /not to do sth.允许某人做/不做某事 be allowed to do /not to do sth. 某人不被允许某人做/不做某事

in public 当众地;公开地;公然地 in public places 在公共场所

break the rule 不遵守规则 pick… up 捡起

put …out熄灭 drop litter 扔垃圾

keep the voice down 控制声音

本单元目标句型:

1. Would you mind cleaning the yard?

2. Not at all. I‘ll do it right away.

3. Would you mind not playing baseball here.

4. Would you mind giving me a smaller one?

5. Sorry, we‘ll go and play in the park.

6. Could you (please) make dinner?

7. That‘s no problem .

使用-ing分词的几种情况

1.在进行时态中。如: 1.He is watching TV in the room.

2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.

2.在there be结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.

3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term.

They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.

4.在介词后面。如: Thanks for helping me. Are you good at playing basketball?

做某事怎么样? 5.在以下结构中

enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事;

finish doing sth; 完成做某事; can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事;

feel like doing sth 想要做某事; waste time/money doing 浪费时间 / 金钱做 …;

keep sb.doing 让…始终/一直做… stop doing sth 停止做某事(原来的事) stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事 forget doing sth 忘记做过某事; prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A喜欢做A更go on doing sth 继续做某事(原来的事); 喜欢做B remember doing sth 记得做过某事; “do some +doing”短语 like doing sth 喜欢做某事; 如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some

reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some find /see/hear/watch sb doing发现/看到/听到/观看某人做

speaking try doing sth 试图做某事; “go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等) need doing sth 需要做某事; 如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事; skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /go hunting mind doing sth 介意做某事; (打猎)

miss doing sth 错过做某事; .注意动词的过去分词的常见搭配:

practice doing sth 练习做某事; I feel(am/was) excited/ surprised/ amazed /interested

7 你介意打扫院子吗? 一点也不. 我马上就扫. 你介意不要在这打棒球吗? 对不起,我们到公园去打. 请做晚饭好吗? 没问题. 常见动名词、分词的习惯用法总结

/tired/pleased/worried/lost

Keep…closed/ a boy called/named Tom

8

Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?

1. fall asleep 入睡

2. give… away 赠送;分发

3. rather than 宁愿…而不是,胜于

4. would do…rather than do 宁愿…不愿做

5. hear of… 听说

6. make friends with 和……交友

7. photo album 像册

8. too personal 太私人化

9. not interesting\special \creative enough 不够有趣

10. make a special meal 做一顿特别的饭

11. an 8-year-old child 一个六岁的孩子

12. these days 最近

13. not…at all 根本不

14. different kinds of 不同种类

15. make her happy 使她高兴

16. someone else 别人(else总是后置)

17. improve English 提高英语

18. in different ways 以不同的方式

19. encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做

20. make(great) progress 取得进步

21. take an interest in/be interested in 对……感兴趣

22. on my twelfth\twentieth birthday

23. a goldfish—two goldfish

24. a pig named\called Connie

25. from across China

26. enter a test by singing popular English songs

27. come from all age groups

28. the winner of the women‘s competition

29. win the prize

30. try to speak English more

31. a spokesperson from the Olympic Committee

32. hear of

33. many other fun ways to learn English

34. make friends with a native speaker of English

35. find a good way to learn to learn English

本单元目标句型:

1. What should I get my mom for her birthday? 我应该为我的妈妈买什么?

2. Why don‘t you/Why not buy /What about buying/How about buying a scarf? 为什么不买条

围巾呢?

3. What‘s the best gift you have ever received? 你曾收到的最好礼物是什么?

4. What a lucky guy! 多幸运的家伙!

5. I think a dog is a good pet for a 6-year-old child.

6. Really? I don‘t agree. Dogs are too difficult to take care of.

9

7. What are advantages and disadvantages of keeping such a pet?

8. The trendiest kind of pet these days is the pot-bellied pig.

9. Pot-bellied pigs make the best pets.

10. However, life with a pig isn‘t always perfect.

11. Now she is too big to sleep in the house, so I made her a special pig house.

12. The movie was boring. I fell asleep half way through it.

13. A leaf from a tree is enough to make her very happy.

13. Gift giving is different in different countries.

14. The same gift may be given away to someone else.

15. In the USA, some people ask their families and friends to give money to charity rather than

buy them gifts.

16. In Sweden, doing something for someone is the best gift. People don‘t need to spend too

much money. Instead, making a meal is enough.

17. their English in different ways.

China will hold the….

18. Nearly all the singers sang very clearly, and looked comfortable on stage.

19. Some of these singers were able to sing English songs just as well as native speakers.

20. She said that singing English songs made her more interested in learning English.

21. He agrees that it is a good idea to have fun with English.

22. It suggests ways for Beijingers to take an interest in learning English.

常见动词不定式词组、句型用法总结

.固定用法(非谓语动词):以下是带to的动词不定式常见搭配

★希望做某事hope to do sth. ★决定做某事decide to do sth

★同意做某事agree to do sth. ★需要某人做某事need to do sth. ★使用某物做某事use sth to do sth ★迫不及待做某事can‘t wait to do

★准备做某事get/be ready to do ★尽力/努力做某事try to do sth

★计划做某事plan to do sth. ★不得不have to do

★轮流做某事take one‘s turns to do sth. ★拒绝做某事refuse to do sth.

★告诉某人做某事tell sb. to do sth. ★请某人做某事ask sb. to do sth.

★希望某人做某事wish sb. to do sth. ★想要某人做某事want /would like sb. to do sth. ★同意某人做某事agree sb. to do sth. ★教某人做某事teach sb. to do sth.

★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. ★帮助某人做某事help sb. to do sth/help sb.do

★encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做

★It‘s one‘s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard. ★It‘s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了 例句:It‘s time for me to go home.

★It‘s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是……(当adj.是表示性格、品德的形容词时用of)

例句: It is easy for me to learn it well. It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so. ★ It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间

例句: 1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike.

2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night.

3.It will take her two weeks to finish the work.

★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而不能

例: He was to angry to say a word.

★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是…

例: I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well.

★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例句:Who is the first to get there?

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★我不知/忘记了怎么办。I didn't know/forgot what to do.

★ 离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯

例句:Don‘t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room

★ be+adj+to do sth

例句:I am very sorry to hear that.

I am ready to help others.

I am happy/pleased/glad to meet you.

以下是不带to的动词不定式(即动词原形)的常见用法

★ let sb. do sth让某人做某事 ★ make do sth使得某人做某事

★ hear do sth do sth听见某人做某事 ★see do sth do sth看见某人做某事

★ why not 或why don‘t you +动词原形?为什么不….?(表示建议)例:Why not/Why don‘t

you take a walk?

★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事

★ 情态动词can/may /must /should+ 动词原形(包括情态动词的否定形式+动词原形)

★ 助动词do/does/did/will/would在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即don‘t /doesn‘t /didn‘t /will not

/would not+ 动词原形

★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事)

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

take a ride 兜风 take the subway

have been to, have gone to

on the one hand, on the other hand

a good place to practice your English

outside of China end up 结束

take a holiday/vacation 度假 all year round 全年

such as 例如 a zoo called/named… 一个叫做……的动物园 during the daytime 在白天 wake up 醒来

wake somebody up 唤醒/叫醒某人

have a great/nice/wonderful/great time 玩得高兴

a wonderful place to take a holiday/to visit 一个度假/游览的好地方

an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家

be asleep=fall asleep 睡着 go on a DISNEY cruise

travel to another province of China the reasons for learning English

an exchange student improve my listening skills

one….,the other..

Three quarters of the population are Chinese. 四分之三的人口是中国人(谓语动词用复数形式)

What‘s the population of China? 中国的人口是多少?(不用how much提问) the population of China is 1.3 billion 中国的人口是13亿。(谓动词用单形式) 本单元目标句型:

1. Me neither.

1. It‘s fun to learn another language.

2. Disneyland is an amusement park, but we can also call it a theme park.

3. It has all the normal attractions you can find at an amusement park, but it also has a theme.

4. the roller coaster is themed with Disney characters.

5. You can see Disney characters walking around Disneyland all the time.

6. These are huge boats that also have the Disney theme. You can take a ride on the boat for

several days, and you sleep and eat on board.

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7. There are also many attractions on board just like any other Disneyland.

8. The boat rides all take different routes, but they all end up in the same place.

9. It is just so much fun in Disneyland.

10. Here‘s what two of our students said about our school.

11. When I was a young girl, all I ever wanted to do was traveling, and I decided that the best

way to do this was to become a flight attendant .

12. I discovered that the most important requirement was to speak English well, so I studied

English at the Hilltop Language School for five years before I became a flight attendant.

13. It was because I could speak English that I got the job.

14. It‘s all I have ever wanted to be.

15. However, I know that I have to improve my English, so I have started taking lessons at the

school.

16. Maybe when I leave school I‘ll think about becoming an English teacher rather than a tour

guide.

17. What other job is he thinking of doing?

18. You can rent bicycles at the amusement park.

19. For many Chinese tourists, this small island in Southeast Asia is a wonderful place to take a

holiday.

20. Maybe you fear that you won‘t be able to find anything to eat in a foreign country.

21. However, if you ?re feeling brave, Singapore is an excellent place to try new food.

22. If you go to see lions, tigers, or foxes during the daytime, they‘ll probably a asleep.

23. One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all year round..this

is because the island is so close to the equator. So you can choose to go whenever you like—spring, summer, or winter.

现在完成时

1.现在完成时态表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。本时态标志词: already (―已经‖,用于肯定句中,放在have /has之后或句尾);

yet (―仍然‖―还‖,用于疑问句或否定句的句尾)

just(―刚刚‖,放在have /has之后);

before(―以前‖,放在句尾);

ever(―曾经‖,放在have /has之后)

never (―从没有‖,在have /has之后)

例句:

1.Our teacher has just left.

2.We have studied English already.

3.I have not finished the homework yet.

4.He has never been to Beijing before.

2.某个动作从过去已经开始,一直持续到现在,还有可能持续到将来.动作的持续性要通过一段时间来表示一段时间的表达方法有两种:

for: +一段时间 for a year for two weeks for three years

Since +过去的某一时刻, since nine since last week

Since +一般过去时态的时间状语从句 since you came ; since you got home.

注意:瞬间性动词不能和表示一段时间的时间状语连用,但是它们可以转换成相应的延续性动词.

1.直接用延续性动词

buy– have;catch(get) a cold –have a cold;borrow—keep;become—be;put on-- wear

2.转换成be+名词

join the army – be a soldier;join the Party –be a Party member;

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go to school– be a student

3转换成be+形容词或副词

die—be dead;finish – be over;begin—be on;leave—be away ; fall sleep – be asleep close – be closed come to/ go to/arrive at(in)+某地—be in(at) +某地

4.转换成 be+介词短语go to school– be in school ; get up_ be up;

现在完成时态常见标志词

1. already(已经), just(刚刚), never(从未/从没有), ever(曾经), yet(仍然/还), before

(以前(句尾时)

2. since+点时刻或从句; for+段时间; how long(疑问句中用来提问since/for短语的)

3. so far;till now;by now(到目前为止;迄今)

4. recently近来 in the past/last+段时间 在过去的几年中

5. once(一次),twice, three(four…) times

6. It is the+最高级

例:What‘s the best gift you have ever received? 你曾收到的最好礼物是什么? Unit 10 It‘s a nice day, isn‘t it?

feel like doing=want to do sth.想做某事

like to do sth./like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

would like to do=want to do 想要做某事

like sb. to do 想要某人做某事

feel like sth. 觉得像….

have a hard/difficult time doing sth费了很大劲做某事

have problem doing sth 做某事有困难

have fun doing sth 乐于做某事

need to do sth. 需要做某事(主语是人,强调主动)

need doing=need to be done 需要被…(主语是物,强调被动)

例如:I need to do my homework The bike needs mending/reparing

a thank-you note for.. 感谢信

look through 浏览

get along/ on well with 相处得好

at least 至少

at most 最多

be careful =look out 当心,小心

be careful to do/not to do sth. 小心做/不做某事

cross a street =go across a street 过街(穿过表面)

go through 穿过(空间/房间/森林等)

go past 经过/路过

come along 跟着来

say in a low/loud voice小声地/大声地说

something cost+钱= something is worth+钱 某物值多少钱

a high/low temperature 高/低温

the price is high/low 价格高/低

do/try one‘s best to do sth. 努力/尽力做某事

by noon

look through books in a bookstore

1. a boy you‘ve never seen before.

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1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

目标句型:反意疑问句句型如下: 注意:以下本单元语法反意疑问句容易考到的几个句型: It looks like rain, doesn‘t it? Yes, it does./No, it doesn‘t看起来要下雨了,是吗? He‘s really good, isn‘t he? 他确实好,是吗? You are new here, aren‘t you? 你是新来的, 是吗? You have never been to Beijing, have you? ( never表达否定含义,后面用肯定) She has few friends, does she? (few表达否定含义,后面用肯定) Tom had little work to do, did he? (little表达否定含义,后面用肯定) You can hardly do the work, can you? (hardly表达否定含义,后面用肯定) Let‘s go home, shall we? Don‘t be late again/Let us go home, will you?(祈使句用will you;但Let‘s开头的用shall we) Thank you so much for asking/inviting /having me!非常感谢你邀请我 How much does that shirt cost=How much is the shirt?那件衬衣值多少钱? He sure is. This is great weather, isn‘t it? It sure is. But it‘s a little hot for me. The line is slow, isn‘t it? Their prices are really low, aren‘t they? How big is your apartment? Did you see the game on TV Friday night? Sometimes it isn‘t easy being the new kid at school. The video you showed was really fun. I was having a hard time finding it until you came along. Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place. Thanks for the tickets for next week‘s game.I‘m really happy to have the tickets. I‘ll think of you as we watch the Black Socks win the game. The traffic is very busy at this time. I‘m going to look through the newspaper for a holiday job. Be careful to look both ways before you cross the street. If you have finished your homework, you could help with cleaning and cooking.

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