海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

新目标英语八年级下重点短语及句型总汇 (1)

发布时间:2014-01-17 11:53:06  


Unit 1 Will people have robots?




4. fewer people 更少的人(fewer修饰名词复数,表示否定) less free time 更少的空闲时间(less修饰不可数名词,表示否定) in ten years 10年后(in的时间短语用于将来时,提问用How soon) fall in love with… 爱上… 5. live alone 单独居住feel lonely 感到孤独

The girl walked alone along the street, but she didn’t feel lonely 本单元目标句型: 那女孩独自沿着街道走,但她并不感到孤独

5. keep/feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪 1. What do you think life will be like in 1000 years?

6. fly to the moon 飞上月球 2. There will be fewer trees、more buildings and less pollution in the future.

7. hundreds of +复数 数百/几百(概数,类似还有thousands of; millions of) fewer ; less 表示否定之意,分别修饰可数名词和不可数名词;more二者都可以修饰。

8. the same as 和……相同 A be different from B A与B不同(=There is a 3. Will kids go to school? No, they won’t/Yes, they will。

difference/There are differences between A and B) 4. Predicting the future can be difficult.

9. wake up 醒来(wake sb. up表示 “唤醒某人” ) 5. I need to look smart for my job interview.

10. get bored变得厌倦(get/become是连系动词,后跟形容词如tired/angry/excited6. I will be able to dress more casually.

等) 7. I think I’ll go to Hong Kong on vacation, and one day I might even visit Australia.

11. go skating 去滑冰(类似还有go hiking/fishing /skating/bike riding等) 8. What will teenagers do for fun twenty years from now?

12. lots of/a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以) 9. That may not seem possible now, but computers, space rockets and even electric

13. at the weekends 在周末 toothbrushes seemed impossible a hundred years ago.

14. study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习 本单元语法讲解 一般将来时 15. agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见) I don’t agree. = I disagree. 我不同意

20.on a piece of paper 在纸上(注意表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。本时态标志词:

paper/information/news/work/homework/housework等常考到的不可数名词) 1.含tomorrow; next短语; 2.in+段时间 ; 3.how soon;

16. on vacation 度假 help sb with sth/help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事 4.by+将来时间; 5.祈使句句型中:or/and sb.

17. many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼 例:Be quick, or you will be late=If you don’t be quick, you will be late

18. live in an apartment 住在公寓里 live on the twelfth floor 住在12楼

19. live at NO.332,Shanghai Street 住在上海路332号 7.在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时

8.another day 20. as a reporter 作为一名记者 look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明 21. Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗 in the future 在将来/在未来 22. no more=not …anymore 不再(强调多次发生的动作不再发生) 23. no longer=not… any longer 不再(强调状态不再发生) 24. besides(除…之外还,包括) except =but(除…之外,不包括) 比较be going to 与will: 25. be able to与can 能、会 be going to 含有“计划,准备”的意思,而 will 则没有这个意思,如: ? (be able to用于各种时态,而can只能用于一般现在时态和一般过去时态中;have She is going to lend us her book. He will be here in half an hour. to用于各种时态,而must只能用于一般现在时态)例如: 1. I have been able 在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用will, 如: to/will be able to speak two languages. (不可以用can) 1 2. had to stay at home/ will have to (不可以用must) 34.be big and crowded 大而且拥挤 be in college 在上大学 26. live on a space station 住在空间站 27. 穿得很随意 casual clothing 休闲服饰 28. win the next World Cup 赢得世界杯 29. 变成现实 take hundreds of years 花几百年的时间 30. be fun to watch 看起来有趣 over and over again 一次又一次 31. be in different shapes 形状不同 twenty years from now 今后20年

32. as much as possible=as much as you can 尽可能多

33. take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会) 1. too loud 太大声 out of style过时的 in style 流行的

34. a bit =a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时) 2. call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb. 给…..打电话

35. a bit of =a little 一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时) 3. enough money 足够的钱(enough修饰名词时不必后置)

36. be angry with… 生…的气 4. busy enough 够忙 (enough修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)

37. on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand另一方面 5. a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票

38. I find/feel/think it difficult to do... 我发现/感到/认为做某事很难. 注意:the key to the lock/the key(answer)r to the question)/the solution to the problem .

39. see/hear/watch sb. doing sth. 看到/听见/注视某人正在做… 此处几个短语不能用of表示所有格

40. not…until 直到…才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词) 6. talk about 谈论 on the phone 用电话

41. 表示某人情绪有关的形容词用法: 7. pay for 付款

be/become + upset/tired/excited/interested/worried/surprised/amazed/annoyed 8. spend…on +sth.=spend...( in) doing sth. 在…花钱

说明:当主语是某人时,注意后面的形容词一般是-ed结尾的单词,而当主语是某物9. It takes sb. some time/ money to do sth. 某人做某事花…的时间 /金钱

时或修饰名词时,注意后面形容词一般是-ing结尾单词.) 10. borrow …from 从….借( 借进来) lend…to 把…借给(借出去)

例如:I was surprised when I heard the surprising news. 11. You can keep the book for a week 你可以借这本书一周。(不用borrow或lend)

42 be original 新颖的 12. buy sth for sb 为……买东西

43 leave something somewhere 把某物忘在某处 13. tell sb to do /not to do sth.sth 告诉某人(不)做某事

45. the same age as=as old as 和--- 年龄一样 14. want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do 想某人做某事

58. the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子 . complain about (doing sth) 抱怨、、、 15. find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白

60.take their children from activity to activity 带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动 16. fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格

61.try to do sth, 尽量干某事 try doing sth 试着干某事 17. fail in (doing) sth… 在...上失败,变弱 succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成

62.be under too much pressure 压力太大 功

63.a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈 18. write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信

64.take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部 19. surprise sb. 使某人吃惊(类似有:surprise/interest/please/amaze+某人)

65.compepition starts from a very young age 竞争从很小年纪就开始了 20. to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是…..

66.compare…with 和---比较 21. look for a part-time job 找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果)

67.organized activities 有组织的活动 22. get/find a part-time job 找到一份兼职的工作(有结果)

23. ask sb. for… 寻求/向某人要某物 have a bake sale 卖烧烤 本单元目标句型: 24. 与某人争吵

1. What’s wrong(with you)?/What’s the matter? What should I do? 我该怎么办 25. have a fight with sb.=fight with 与某人打架

2. You could write him a letter. 你可以给他写封信 .You should say sorry to him.你应26. drop off 离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去

该给他道歉. 27. prepare for…=get ready for… 为…做准备

3. They shouldn’t argue. 他们不应该争吵.? 28. after-school clubs(activities) 课外俱乐部(活动)

4. Why don’t you talk to him about it? ? be/get used to doing 习惯做某事

=Why not talk to him about it?=You should/could talk to him about it. ? used to do 过去经常/常常做某事

=What/How about talking to him about it.=You’d better talk to him about it. ? be used for doing=be used to do sth. 被用于做某事

5. The parents try to fit as much as possible into their kids lives. 29. fill… up 填补;装满… be full of 装满

6. People shouldn’t push their children so hard. 30. return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人

7. . When these kids are adults, they might find t difficult to plan things for themselves. 31. get on /along well with 与…相处很好 all kinds of 各种各样

2 Unit 2 What should I do?

句型 S + was/were +V-ing…

例A:She was doing her homework at 8:30 yesterday evening. (昨天傍晚八点半她正在做家庭作业。) 例B:We were having supper at that time. (那个时候我们正在吃晚饭。)

Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

1. in front of 在……的前面(外部) in the front of 在……的前面(内部)

2. in the library 在图书馆 get out of/get into 出……之外/进入 3. sleep late 睡懒觉 sleep well 睡得好 get to sleep=fall asleep 睡着 4. walk down/along 沿……走 take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽) 5. on Sunday evening 在星期日晚上 注意:(特指某日如星期、假日、某月某日或某个特定的上、下午、晚上用on) 6. in the tree在树上 on the tree在树上 take photos 照相 7. at the train station 在火车站 run away 跑开,逃跑 8. as+adj原形 as 和…一样… 例如: She is (not) as beautiful as her sister. I can run as fast as he(him) 9. buy/draw/make sth. for sb.为某人买/画/制作 walk home 走回家 10. in history 在历史 for example 例如 in the city of 在……市 11. on the playground 在操场上 ten minutes ago 十分钟前

12. take place 发生(强调必然性) happen to sth./sb.发生(强调偶然性) 例如:What has happened to you?=What’s the matter with you?=What’s wrong with you? 13. of course=sure=certainly 当然 all over the world=around the world 遍及全世界 14. outside/inside the station 在车站外/内

15. next to 相邻,紧贴 close to 接近于;在附近 16. be ill in hospital/bed 生病住院/在床 hear about/of 听说(间接听到) 17. in silence 沉默不语 keep silent 保持沉默 18. an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历

19. have fun doing sth 干某事有乐趣 have difficult time doing sth干某事有困难 20. have meaning to 对—有意义 a national hero 一个民族英雄

解说 如例1所示,在单句中使用过去进行时来表达时必须把该动作正在进行中的时间表明清楚,否则就不合逻辑了。例如:I was taking a bath yesterday. (错) (昨天我正在洗澡——昨天24小时都正在洗澡吗?)

所以本句应该如例1来表达,或者用一般过去时表达如下: I took a bath yesterday.(昨天我洗了澡。)

如果由上下文的文意,或者对谈中的话意可以了解“动作正在进行中的时间”,单句里就使用过去进行时来表达是很普通的,例如: A:I called you up yesterday evening. B:Did you? At what time?

A:At around ten o'clock. (大约在十点钟。)

B:Oh, I was taking a bath then.(哦,当时我正在洗澡。)



What were you doing when I arrived/at that time/at 8:00 last night/from 9:00 to 10:00 yesterday? I was doing sth. When+一般过去时的时间状语从句... 1. How about... / What about...?

2. While sth./sb. was doing sth., I was doing sth.... 3. 当妈妈正在做饭时,我在看电视。While my mother was cooking ,I was watching TV. 4. She didn’t think about looking outside the station.

11. I was so tired this morning. It was difficult to get out of the bed.

12. This was one of the most important events in modern American history.. 14. Our teacher asked us to stop what we were doing and listen.

本单元语法讲解 过去进行时(Past Progressive Tense)



When I got up this morning, Mother was preparing breakfast in the kitchen.


常用于修饰过去进行时的时间副词:过去的某一定点时刻(at + 过去的时刻),then (= at that time)(那时,当时),all + 时间,“When…/While…/As…”等副词从句,etc.

直接引语和间接引语 详情见书上

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working

1. every Saturday 每周六 first of all 首先 2. both……and……两者都(谓语动词要注意对称原则)

3. neither….nor 两者都不(谓语动词要注意就近和对称原则) 4. most of… 绝大多数

5. agree on something 同意某人的计划;对….取得 一致意见 6. agree to do sth. 答应/同意做…

7. pass on (to) 传递 be supposed to do sth. 被期望或被要求做... ... 8. be mad at …… 对……疯狂/生气

9. do better in=be better at 在......方面做得更好 be in good health 身体健康 10. sound /feel /smell /taste /look 是连系动词,一般只能跟adj.做表语 11. sound like/feel like/smell like/taste like/look like

听起来像…/感觉像…/闻起来像…/尝起来像…/看起来像…+sb./sth. 12. get… over 克服;恢复;原谅 open up 打开/展开/开发/揭露 13. care for 照料;照顾;意愿;计较

14. have a(surprise) party for sb. 为某人举行一次(惊喜)聚会 15. end-of-year exam=final exam 期末考试

16. be surprised\happy\excited to do sth 做某事感到惊讶、高兴、激动

17. be \get nervous 感到紧张 take\ leave a message 捎(留)个口信 18. have a big fight it is a good idea for sb. to do sth

19. feel lucky people who need help 需要帮助的人 20. there is no difference between…and.. 在。。和。。之间没有区别

Unit 5 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!


2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

ask sb. to do sth.请某人做某事 half the class/students班一半学生

get injured 受伤 have a great time =have a wonderful\good time 玩得高兴 take …away 运走,取走 put away 收起来,放好

all the time=always 一直,始终 make a living (by doing sth) 谋生 in order to do sth… 为了做某事 go to college 上大学

be famous for… 因……而著称 be famous as… 作为…而出名 make money =earn money 挣钱 in fact 事实上 laugh at…嘲笑 too much太多(修饰不可数名词) too many太多(修饰可数名词复数

much too+形容词/副词 太… get exercise 锻炼 注意(exercise当“锻炼”是不可数名词;而当“操”“练习”是可数名词)

10. work hard 努力工作 let ... in 允许……进入 keep…out 不允许--进入 11. get an education 获得教育 take… away 拿开,拿走 12. study for the test 准备考试 make some food 准备食物 13. make dumplings 做水饺 make the bed 整理床铺

14. the rules for school parties 学校派对的规则 children’s hospital 儿童医院 15. join the Lions 加入狮队

16. give money to schools and charities 给学校和慈善组织捐钱


1. If you do, you’ll… 2. I’m going to … 3. You should… 4. Don’t you want to …? 5. Don’t you think ….? 6。 If Ms Li goes to the party, we’ll have a great time.

If you wear jeans to the party, Ms Li won’t let you in.

7 .For many young people, becoming a professional athlete might seem like a dream job. 8 If you become rich, you will have a difficult time knowing who your real friends are.


转述他人话语:What did sb. say? He said I …She said she…/They said…

1. 许老师告诉我徐梦蝶会说二种语言。Mr. Xu told me that XuMengdie could speak

three languages.

2. 许老师说地球绕着太阳转。Mr. Xu said (that)the earth turns around the sun. 3. 许老师告诉我他将去北京。She told me he would go to Beijing the next day.

4. 许老师说欧洋正在做作业 Mr. Xu said OuYang was doing his homework at that


5. 许老师说王硕研勤奋。 Mr. Xu said Wang Shuoyan was hard-working. 6. 在英语上,与听相比,我更擅长于读。In English, I’m better at reading than listening. 7. 情况怎样? How’s it going?

8. 她不想再当我最好的朋友了。She didn’t want to be my best friend anymore. 9. She said helping others changed her life.




if 引导的条件状语从句。If是连词,所连接的句子叫条件状语从句,表示假设或条件,意思是 “ 如果…的话”,用法如下:

1、表示假设,表示将会发生和可能发生的事,或进行提醒警告。句子结构如下: If +句子(一般现在时),+主句(主语will/may/can) +动词) a. If you finish your homework , you can go out and play. b. If I have enough money next year , I will go to travel .

2. 表示真实条件、客观真理、自然现象、定理定义 民间谚语等,句型是: If + 句子 (一般现在时 ),+ 主句 ( 一般现在时).

13. How many Chinese dynasties can you think of? 你能想起多少中国朝代?

14. Can you think of famous characters from the history of other countries? Make a list.

1. raise money for 筹钱 collect stamps 集邮 run out of… 用尽 从其他国家历史中,你能记起一些著名人物吗?列个表。

2. by the way 顺便说一下 on the way to.. 在…的路上 15. In fact, the first Jews probably came to Kaifeng more than a thousand years ago and

3. be interested in 对…感兴趣 more than=over 超过 were welcomed by the Song Emperor.

4. fly kites 放风筝 start class 开始上课 事实上,第一批犹太人可能在一千多年前就来到开封而且受到宋朝皇帝的欢迎。

5. have problems with the language 语言方面有问题 16. There is some European influence in the city, and some of the old buildings in Harbin

6. the capital of Heilongjiang Province 黑龙江的省会 are in Russian style.这个城市有欧洲文化的影响,而且哈尔滨的一些老建筑还是俄

7. an interesting city with a colorful history 一个有着丰富多彩历史文化的有趣城市 罗斯风格的。

8. three and a half years =three years and a half 三年半 17. For a foreigner like me, the more I learn about Chinese culture, the more I enjoy living

9. a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans 一双滑冰鞋/一双鞋/一副眼镜/一条裤子/in China.对于一个像我一样的外国人来说,我对中国文化了解越多,我就越喜欢

牛仔裤 住在中国。

18. And although I live quite far from Beijing, I’m certain I will be here for the Olympic

? How much is a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans? Games in 2008. 尽管我住得离北京很远,但我相信2008年奥运会我一定在这儿。 本单元语法讲解

? 现在完成进行时:表示从过去某时开始到现在这一段时间里一直在延续的动作。 现在完成进行式结构:have / has +been+ doing/

1.I have been writing the letter since then.从那时起我一直在写这封信。(动作从本单元目标句型: 过去一直持续到现在还在继续)

1. How long have you been skating? 你滑冰有多长时间了? 2.I have been collecting stamps for ten years.自从10年前我就收集邮票了(动作

2. I’ve been skating since nine o’clock./since I was four years old. 从过去一直现在还在收集)。

我从九点一直滑到现在/我从四岁一直滑到现在。 3. How long have you been living here?你在这儿已经住了多长时间了。(“居住”

3. I’ve been skating for five hours. 我一直滑了五小时 。 动作从过去一直现在还在继续)

4. Was this your first skating marathon? No, I skated in a marathon last year. 现在完成进行时和现在完成时的区别:

5. When did you get your first pair of skates? 1现在完成进行时比现在完成时更强调动作的延续性:

6. Alison was the first one to start and has been skating for the whole five hours. 2如果没有时间强调,现在完成进行时表示动作仍在进行,现在完成时则表示动

Alison是第一个开始并且已经滑了整整5个小时。 作已经结束,

7. I’m talking to you from the Hilltop School Skating Marathon. 3现在完成进行时一般不适用于表状态的动词,而现在完成时则可:

8. For every hour they skate, each student raises ten yuan for charity.


9. Thanks for sending me the snow globe of the monster. In fact I think it’s probably my

favorite. 谢谢你送我的怪物雪球。事实上,我想它可能是我的最爱。

10. My mom says I have to stop, because we’ve run out of room to store them.


11. The first one I ever got was a birthday cake snow globe on my twelfth birthday.


12. I’m interested in the job as a writer. Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?


常见动名词、分词的习惯用法总结 Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?

1. turn… down/turn… up关小声/调大声 turn… on/ turn …off 打开/关闭(电器) 使用-ing分词的几种情况 2. move the bike 移动自行车 in a minute/right away/in no time 立刻,马上

3. be late for school/class=arrive late for school 上学/上课迟到 1.在进行时态中。如: 1.He is watching TV in the room.

4. wait in line=stand in line 排队等候 cut in line=jump a queue插队 2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.

5. get mad/annoyed 变得生气 happen to sb 发生在…身上 2.在there be结构中 。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.

6. half an hour 半小时 at first 首先 at last=in the end=finally最后 3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term.

7. allow sb. to do /not to do sth. 允许某人做/不做某事 They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.

8. be allowed to do /not to do sth. 某人不被允许某人做/不做某事 4.在介词后面。如: ?

9. in public 当众地;公开地;公然地 in public places 在公共场所 做某事怎么样? 10. break the rule 不遵守规则 pick… up 捡起 put …out 熄灭 5. 在以下结构中

11. drop litter 扔垃圾 keep the voice down 控制声音 6. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事; finish doing sth; 完成做某事;

12. do the dishes put on another pair of jeans 1. feel like doing sth 想要做某事; stop doing sth 停止做某事(原来的事)

13. be at a meeting help me in the kitchen 2. forget doing sth 忘记做过某事; go on doing sth 继续做某事(原来的事);

14. make some posters clothing store 3. remember doing sth 记得做过某事; like doing sth 喜欢做某事;

15. follow…around want to be polite 4. find /see/hear/watch sb doing发现/看到/听到/观看某人做 try doing sth 试图做某事;

16. stand in the subway door have different ideas about 5. need doing sth 需要做某事; prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事;

17. feel uncomfortable in all situations 6. mind doing sth 介意做某事; miss doing sth 错过做某事;

7. practice doing sth 练习做某事; be busy doing sth 忙于做某事; 本单元目标句型: 8. can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事; keep sb.doing 让…始终/一直做…

1. Would you mind cleaning the yard? 你介意打扫院子吗? 9. waste time/money doing 浪费时间/金钱做…

2. Not at all. I’ll do it right away. 一点也不. 我马上就扫. stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事

10. prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A喜欢做A更喜欢做B 3. Would you mind not playing baseball here?. 你介意不要在这打棒球吗?

11. “do some +doing”短语 4. Would you mind giving me a smaller one?

如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some 5. Sorry, we’ll go and play in the park. 对不起,我们到公园去打.

cleaning/do some speaking 6. Could you (please) make dinner? 请做晚饭好吗?

23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等) 7. That’s no problem . 没问题.

如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing8. Could you (please) not feed the dog?=Would you mind not feeding the dog?

(滑雪/go boating /go hunting (打猎) 9. = Would you (please) not feed the dog?=Please don’t feed the dog, will you? 请不要

喂狗好吗? .注意动词的过去分词的常见搭配: 10. If you finish these tasks, we can go to a movie tonight. I feel(am/was) excited/ surprised/ amazed /interested /tired/pleased/worried/lost 11. Your barber gave you a terrible haircut. Keep…closed a boy called/named Tom 12. The pen you bought didn’t work. 13. Sometimes, rules of etiquette are the same almost everywhere.

14. 看到有人抽烟你可以说:Could you please put out that cigarette?

15. 看到有人乱丢垃圾你可以说:Would you mind picking it up?

16. 看到有人插对你可以说:Sorry, would you mind joining the line?



★同意某人做某事agree sb. to do sth. ★教某人做某事teach sb. to do sth. ★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. ★帮助某人做某事help sb.(to)do sth ★encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做 1. give… away 赠送;分发 rather than 宁愿…而不是,胜于

★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard. 2. would do…rather than do 宁愿…不愿做

★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了 例句:It’s time for me to go home. 3. hear of… 听说 make friends with 和……交友

★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是……(当adj.是表示性格、品德4. photo album 像册 too personal 太私人化

的形容词时用of) 5. not interesting\special \creative enough 不够有趣

例句: It is easy for me to learn it well. It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so. 6. make a special meal 做一顿特别的饭 an 8-year-old child 一个六岁的孩子

Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?

7. not…at all 根本不 different kinds of 不同种类

8. make her happy 使她高兴 someone else 别人(else总是后置)improve English 提高英语 in different ways 以不同的方式

9. encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做 make(great) progress 取得进步

10. take an interest in / be interested in 对……感兴趣

11. on my twelfth birthday a pig named\called Connie

12. come from all age groups the winner of the women’s competition

13. win the prize try to speak English more

14. find a good way to learn to learn English

本单元目标句型: 1. What should I get my mom for her birthday? 我应该为我的妈妈买什么?

2. Why don’t you/Why not buy /What about buying/How about buying a scarf? 为什么


3. What’s the best gift you have ever received? 你曾收到的最好礼物是什么?

4. What a lucky guy! 多幸运的家伙!

5. Dogs are too difficult to take care of.

6. Now she is too big to sleep in the house, 常见动词不定式词组、句型用法总结


★希望做某事hope to do sth. ★决定做某事decide to do sth. ★同意做某事agree to do sth. ★需要某人做某事need to do sth. ★使用某物做某事use sth to do sth ★迫不及待做某事can’t wait to do ★准备做某事get/be ready to do ★尽力/努力做某事try to do sth ★计划做某事plan to do sth. ★不得不have to do ★轮流做某事take one’s turns to do sth. ★拒绝做某事refuse to do sth. ★告诉某人做某事tell sb. to do sth. ★请某人做某事ask sb. to do sth. ★希望某人做某事wish sb. to do sth. ★想要某人做某事want /would like sb. to do sth.

★ It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间 例句: 1 .It takes me an hour to get to school by bike.

2. It took me an hour to watch TV last night. 3 .It will take her two weeks to finish the work. ★ too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而不能 例: He was to angry to say a word. ★ find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是… 例: I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well. ★序数词+ to do 第…..个做某事 例句:Who is the first to get there? ★我不知/忘记了怎么办。 I didn't know/forgot what to do. ★ 离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯

例句: Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room

★ be+adj+ to do sth 例句:I am very sorry to hear that. I am ready to help others. I am happy/pleased/glad to meet you.

顺口溜:本领最多不定式,主表定补宾和状;样样成分都能干,只有谓语它不敢;大家千万要小心,有时它把句型改;作主语时用it,自己在后把身藏;七个感官三使役,宾补要把to甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾语从句可充当;逻辑主语不定式,不定式前加for sb.;to前not是否定,各种



★ let sb. do sth让某人做某事 ★ make do sth使得某人做某事 ★ hear do sth do sth听见某人做某事 ★see do sth do sth看见某人做某事 ★ why not 或why don’t you +动词原形?为什么不….? (表示建议)例:Why not/Why don’t you take a walk? ★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事

★ 情态动词can/may /must /should+ 动词原形(包括情态动词的否定形式+动词原形) ★ 助动词do/does/did/will/would在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即don’t /doesn’t /didn’t

/will not /would not+ 动词原形

★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事)


5. I’ve never been to an aquarium. 我从没去过水族馆.

6. I have been a student here for a year. 我成为这的学生有一年了. (不能用become) =I became a student here a year ago.

7. He has been dead for two years.(不能用die)=he died two years ago.

8. I have been a teacher since ten years ago(for ten years.) (不能用become)


Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

1. take a ride 兜风 take the subway 2. have been to, have gone to

3. a good place to practice your English outside of China 4. end up 结束

5. take a holiday/vacation 度假 6. all year round 全年 7. such as 例如

8. a zoo called/named…一个叫做……的动物园 9. during the daytime 在白天 10. an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家 11. travel to another province of China 12. the reasons for learning English

13. an exchange student improve my listening skills 14. one…., the other..

15. Three quarters of the population are Chinese. 四分之三的人口是中国人(谓语动词


16. What’s the population of China? 中国的人口是多少?(不用how much提问) 17. the population of China is 1.3 billion 中国的人口是13亿。(谓动词用单形式)

本单元语法讲解 现在完成时


already (“已经”,用于肯定句中,放在have /has之后或句尾);

yet (“仍然”“还”,用于疑问句或否定句的句尾) just(“刚刚”,放在have /has之后); before(“以前”,放在句尾);

ever(“曾经”,放在have /has之后)

never (“从没有”,在have /has之后) since+时间点/时刻或从句; for+时间段;

how long(疑问句中用来提问since/for短语 recently近来

in the past/last+段时间 在过去的几年中


1. It’s fun to learn another language.

2. When I was a young girl, all I ever wanted to do was traveling, and I decided that the

best way to do this was to become a flight attendant . 3. It was because I could speak English that I got the job. 4. It’s all I have ever wanted to be.

5. Maybe when I leave school I’ll think about becoming an English teacher rather than a

tour guide.

6. What other job is he thinking of doing? 现在完成时句型举例:

1. Have you ever been to an amusement park?

你曾经去过游乐园吗?Yes, I have./ No, I haven’t.

2. I have never been there. Me neither=Neither have I. 我也没有. 3. Where is he? He has gone to the Beijing.

4. How long has he been in Beijing? (不能用come/arrive)


once(一次),twice, three(four…) times

It is the+最高级 例:What’s the best 你曾收到的最好礼物是什么?


1. 1.Our teacher has just left. 2.We have studied English already.

3.I have not finished the homework yet. 4.He has never been to Beijing before.


for: +一段时间 for a year for two weeks for three years Since +过去的某一时刻, since nine since last week

Since +一般过去时态的时间状语从句 since you came ; since you got home.


Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?

1.feel like doing=want to do sth. = would like to do 想做某事 like to do sth./like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 1. need to do sth. 需要做某事(主语是人,强调主动)

need doing=need to be done 需要被…(主语是物,强调被动)

例如:I need to do my homework The bike needs mending/reparing 2. a thank-you note for.. 感谢信 3. look through 浏览 4. get along/ on well with 相处得好 5. at least 至少 at most 最多 6. be careful =look out 当心,小心 7. be careful to do/not to do sth. 小心做/不做某事 8. cross a street =go across a street 过街(穿过表面) 9. go through 穿过(空间/房间/森林等) 10. go past 经过/路过 11. come along 跟着来 12. say in a low/loud voice 小声地/大声地说 13. something cost+钱= something is worth+钱 某物值多少钱 14. a high/low temperature 高/低温 15. the price is high/low 价格高/低 16. do/try one’s best to do sth. 努力/尽力做某事 17. by noon 18. look through books in a bookstore 19. a boy you’ve never seen before.


1. Thank you so much for asking/inviting /having me!非常感谢你邀请我

2. How much does that shirt cost=How much is the shirt?那件衬衣值多少钱? 3. He sure is.

4. This is great weather, isn’t it? It sure is. But it’s a little hot for me. 5. The line is slow, isn’t it?

6. Their prices are really low, aren’t they? 7. How big is your apartment?

8. Did you see the game on TV Friday night?

9. Sometimes it isn’t easy being the new kid at school. 10. The video you showed was really fun.

11. I was having a hard time finding it until you came along.

12. Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place.

13. Thanks for the tickets for next week’s game.I’m really happy to have the tickets. 14. I’ll think of you as we watch the Black Socks win the game. 15. The traffic is very busy at this time.

16. I’m going to look through the newspaper for a holiday job. 17. Be careful to look both ways before you cross the street.

18. If you have finished your homework, you could help with cleaning and cooking.




19. It looks like rain, doesn’t it? Yes, it does./No, it doesn’t看起来要下雨了,是吗? 20. He’s really good, isn’t he? 他确实好,是吗? 21. You are new here, aren’t you? 你是新来的, 是吗? 22. You have never been to Beijing, have you? ( never表达否定含义,后面用肯定) 23. She has few friends, does she? (few表达否定含义,后面用肯定) 24. Tom had little work to do, did he? (little表达否定含义,后面用肯定) 25. You can hardly do the work, can you? (hardly表达否定含义,后面用肯定) 26. Let’s go home, shall we?

27. Don’t be late again/Let us go home, will you?(祈使句用will you;但Let’s开头的用

shall we)


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。